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How States Can Promote Productivity in Schooling Presented by: Marguerite Roza Research Associate Professor University of Washington

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Presentation on theme: "How States Can Promote Productivity in Schooling Presented by: Marguerite Roza Research Associate Professor University of Washington"— Presentation transcript:

1 How States Can Promote Productivity in Schooling Presented by: Marguerite Roza Research Associate Professor University of Washington

2 Built-in cost escalators outpace revenues 2

3  Scenario #1: Slow cuts that work to erode public education  Scenario #2: Tinker around the edges, trying to protect students and learning  Scenario #3: Redesign schooling to improve processes and outcomes, and sustainability Three Paths Forward 3

4 Public education staffing had been growing through recessions and is only now starting to fall 4

5 Districts within states vary on spending, outcomes, & ROI

6 Unproductive spending buried in many district policies… For example: 6  Master’s bump: OK districts spend $38M on master’s bump.  Uniform longevity-based salary schedules mean STEM teachers earn less than electives teachers in most states despite higher labor market opportunities.  Small district subsidies: OK small districts spend more than larger despite little evidence of scale economies.

7 7 OK’s funding system provides some subsidy for small districts.

8 # Adults Total Comp What will happen to staff in coming years? Number of education staff per 1000 students peaked in 2008

9 Education processes are changing  Mass customization  Technological efficiencies  Information systems that inform teaching, learning, and effectiveness  Tolerance for new schooling models

10 Districts within states vary on spending, outcomes, & ROI

11 State finance design features: 1.Fund students, and student types - Avoid over-funding smaller districts, or create hold harmless provisions. - Remove process constraints or input specification 2.Create transparency, measure productivity -State enables data systems to assist districts 3.Incent innovation, ensure variation and options - Fund innovation for improved productivity, e.g. through competitive grants or innovation zones -Grow new schools (or program options) in low performing areas 4.Augment accountability - Student choice and funding portability - Process for school closure


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