Tobacco Use as a Social Problem Health Problems: Cancer of the lungs, larynx, mouth, and esophagus Bronchitis, emphysema, ulcers, and cardiovascular disorders Shorter life expectancy ½ pack a day reduces lifespan by 4 years. Low birth weight babies Environmental (second hand)tobacco 75% of nicotine ends up in the air Why do people still smoke? Nicotine is highly addictive Good marketing by tobacco companies
Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drugs Iatrogenic addiction Occurs from long-term use or high dosages of prescription drugs Initially prescribed by a physician for a medical purpose Controversial Drugs Belief that Ritalin and Prozac are being over-prescribed Teens and Prescription Drugs Prescription drugs are being used illegally by teenagers 2.3 million youths between the ages of 12-17 take legal drugs illegally each year
Perspectives on Drug Abuse Biological Genetic factors through impaired enzyme production, brain function, and physiological response Drugs such as alcohol, heroin, and cocaine act directly on brain mechanisms responsible for reward and punishment Psychological Social learning and reinforcement on drug-taking behavior Personality disorders (e.g., impulsivity and anxiety) Social psychologists state that individuals who define drug behavior as good are more likely to abuse.