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Unit 41 Out of Mists Part I Listening & Speaking Activities Listening & Speaking ActivitiesListening & Speaking Activities Part II Reading & Language.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 41 Out of Mists Part I Listening & Speaking Activities Listening & Speaking ActivitiesListening & Speaking Activities Part II Reading & Language."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Unit 41 Out of Mists Part I Listening & Speaking Activities Listening & Speaking ActivitiesListening & Speaking Activities Part II Reading & Language Activities Reading & Language ActivitiesReading & Language Activities Part III Extended Activities Extended ActivitiesExtended Activities

3 Part I Listening & Speaking Activities Warming-upWarming-upWarming-up BrainstormingBrainstormingBrainstorming ListeningListeningListening SpeakingSpeakingSpeaking

4 Which adjectives would best describe your childhood?Which adjectives would best describe your childhood? What was your favorite toy when you were a child?What was your favorite toy when you were a child? What games did you play as a kid? What was your favorite game?What games did you play as a kid? What was your favorite game?

5 What Is It? Work in groups to choose one game/play apparatus for children and then use no more than five sentences to describe it. You could try to answer the following questions:Work in groups to choose one game/play apparatus for children and then use no more than five sentences to describe it. You could try to answer the following questions: E.g. What does it look like? What is it for? Or How many children are joining the game? How is it be played? … E.g. What does it look like? What is it for? Or How many children are joining the game? How is it be played? … Present your brief description then to the class without telling them what it is for them to have a guess. Present your brief description then to the class without telling them what it is for them to have a guess.

6 Do you still remember the time when we...

7 Brainstorming Expressions of time for describing past eventsExpressions of time for describing past events ages ago, donkey‘s years (many years) ago, when I was little, in the end, from 1981 to 1997, since 1995 ages ago, donkey‘s years (many years) ago, when I was little, in the end, from 1981 to 1997, since 1995 Adjectives for describing childhood memoriesAdjectives for describing childhood memories (1) Positive adjectives: (1) Positive adjectives: sweet, tender, cheerful, happy, pleasant, beautiful, carefree, naïve, adventurous, exciting sweet, tender, cheerful, happy, pleasant, beautiful, carefree, naïve, adventurous, exciting (2) Negative adjectives: (2) Negative adjectives: bitter, unhappy, unpleasant, gloomy, painful, miserable, confusing, scary, troublesome bitter, unhappy, unpleasant, gloomy, painful, miserable, confusing, scary, troublesome (3) Neutral adjectives: (3) Neutral adjectives: vivid, clear, vague, hazy, nebulous vivid, clear, vague, hazy, nebulous

8 Expressions for places for childrenExpressions for places for children nursery, nursery school, kindergarten, day-care centre, play-center, pre-school center nursery, nursery school, kindergarten, day-care centre, play-center, pre-school center Expressions for people looking after childrenExpressions for people looking after children teacher, nanny, baby-sitter, nursemaid, nurse teacher, nanny, baby-sitter, nursemaid, nurse Expressions for games or for children’s play apparatusExpressions for games or for children’s play apparatus kicking shuttlecock, whipping tops, iron hoop, rope skipping, playing house, hide-and-seek, playing seesaw / teeter-totter, merry-go-round, building blocks, kite flying, Frisbee, slingshot, jackstone, tug-of-war, marbles kicking shuttlecock, whipping tops, iron hoop, rope skipping, playing house, hide-and-seek, playing seesaw / teeter-totter, merry-go-round, building blocks, kite flying, Frisbee, slingshot, jackstone, tug-of-war, marbles

9 Listening --- I wish I had a room to myself Listen twice and retellListen twice and retell Listen and answer the following questions:Listen and answer the following questions: 1. What adjective did Susan use to describe her childhood memory? -- vivid -- vivid 2. Why didn’t Susan get along well with her sister at the beginning? --It all started when Susan’s parents let her share a room with her sister. As her sister was five years younger, she went to bed earlier and then the light had to be turned off at her bedtime. Susan had to read with a torch light under the covers. Susan missed the days when she was the only child in the family with a room to herself. --It all started when Susan’s parents let her share a room with her sister. As her sister was five years younger, she went to bed earlier and then the light had to be turned off at her bedtime. Susan had to read with a torch light under the covers. Susan missed the days when she was the only child in the family with a room to herself.

10 3. How did her father solve the problem? --Her father must have found how she felt and built a room on to the house with lumber and nails. --Her father must have found how she felt and built a room on to the house with lumber and nails. 4.What did her sister say to Susan after she showed Susan to the new room? -- Daddy said you need to have a room of your own for your school work. -- Daddy said you need to have a room of your own for your school work. 5. How did Susan feel when she finally had a room to herself? --She felt she were on top of the world. --She felt she were on top of the world. 6.How was Susan’s first night in the new room? -- She couldn’t fall asleep because she missed her sister. -- She couldn’t fall asleep because she missed her sister. 7.What did she do then? -- She tiptoed through the darkness into her sister’ room and got into her bed. -- She tiptoed through the darkness into her sister’ room and got into her bed. 8. What brought tears to Susan’s eyes? --Her sister’s words “I’m so glad you’re back here” touched her. --Her sister’s words “I’m so glad you’re back here” touched her.

11 TEM 4 – Speaking I Can’t Forget That Day When … Talking on a given topicTalking on a given topic Describe an unforgettable experience you had in your childhood. Describe an unforgettable experience you had in your childhood.

12 Are Today’s Children Happier? Consider the following questions:Consider the following questions: A. What are the differences between your childhood and that of today’s children? A. What are the differences between your childhood and that of today’s children? (1) Schooling (1) Schooling (2) Habits (2) Habits (3) Plays and Games (3) Plays and Games (4) Language (4) Language (5) Personality (5) Personality B. Are today’s children happier than you used to? B. Are today’s children happier than you used to?

13 Different Childhoods

14 Group Oral Tasks Task 1: Children in Iraq (2)Task 1: Children in Iraq (2) Ziad is a 13-year-old boy in Latifiya, a city just south of Baghdad. What is his life like? What does he do every day? What are his worries? His wants? Ziad is a 13-year-old boy in Latifiya, a city just south of Baghdad. What is his life like? What does he do every day? What are his worries? His wants? You could present a conversation/short story/role-play about this topic. You could present a conversation/short story/role-play about this topic. Task 2: Child labour (1)Task 2: Child labour (1) Recently some factories in Guangdong have been reported to use underage workers. Suppose you are a news correspondent working for China Daily and covering this child labour case. Prepare a news report about it (Seek information online) Recently some factories in Guangdong have been reported to use underage workers. Suppose you are a news correspondent working for China Daily and covering this child labour case. Prepare a news report about it (Seek information online) Task 3: Starving children in Africa (1)Task 3: Starving children in Africa (1) Suppose you are hosting a radio news program Talk it as it is ( 实话实说 ) and several guests are invited to talk about starving children in Africa. What is the situation like? What are the causes? Any solutions? Suppose you are hosting a radio news program Talk it as it is ( 实话实说 ) and several guests are invited to talk about starving children in Africa. What is the situation like? What are the causes? Any solutions?

15 Task 4 Children’s Day (2)Task 4 Children’s Day (2) Suppose you are one of these four children below and the date for the photo is June 1 st. Recall what happened to you that day? What did you see? How did you feel? Prepare a short story about it. Suppose you are one of these four children below and the date for the photo is June 1 st. Recall what happened to you that day? What did you see? How did you feel? Prepare a short story about it.

16 Part II Reading & Language Activities Pre-reading TasksPre-reading TasksPre-reading TasksPre-reading Tasks Read the TextRead the TextRead the TextRead the Text Post-reading TasksPost-reading TasksPost-reading TasksPost-reading Tasks Words & ExpressionsWords & ExpressionsWords & ExpressionsWords & Expressions Language Work (A, B, C)Language Work (A, B, C)ABCABC

17 Pre-reading Task What do you know about the author?What do you know about the author? --- Anne Scott-James, a journalist and writer, editor, controversial columnist, one of the first generation of career girls. --- Anne Scott-James, a journalist and writer, editor, controversial columnist, one of the first generation of career girls. What is Fleet Street?What is Fleet Street? --- Fleet Street and the streets that join it have the offices of most of the leading British newspapers; the name is still synonymous with the press. --- Fleet Street and the streets that join it have the offices of most of the leading British newspapers; the name is still synonymous with the press. * Downing Street is home to two of Britain’s most senior Cabinet positions, the Prime Minister at Number 10 and the Chancellor of the Exchequer ( 财政大臣 ) at Number 11. * Downing Street is home to two of Britain’s most senior Cabinet positions, the Prime Minister at Number 10 and the Chancellor of the Exchequer ( 财政大臣 ) at Number 11.

18 Notable newspapers in Britain?Notable newspapers in Britain? ---Britain has four nationwide quality papers: ---Britain has four nationwide quality papers: “The Times” (in 1785; 100,000 copies a day; conservative), “The Times” (in 1785; 100,000 copies a day; conservative), “The Daily Telegraph” (1855; second biggest-selling daily newspaper ; conservative ), “The Daily Telegraph” (1855; second biggest-selling daily newspaper ; conservative ), “The Guardian” (1821; slightly bigger than the Times; liberal) “The Guardian” (1821; slightly bigger than the Times; liberal) “The Independent” (1986). “The Independent” (1986). “The Daily Mail”, “The Daily Mirror”, “The Sun”, “The Daily Express” and “The Daily Star” are usually considered to be “populars”. “The Daily Mail”, “The Daily Mirror”, “The Sun”, “The Daily Express” and “The Daily Star” are usually considered to be “populars”.

19 Out of the Mists Questions for skimming:Questions for skimming: 1. What does “Out of the Mists” mean? What can we learn from the title? 1. What does “Out of the Mists” mean? What can we learn from the title? --- Her memories of the time were nebulous as she was too young to remember the details. Her memories are like the scenes emerging out of the mists in the early morning. --- Her memories of the time were nebulous as she was too young to remember the details. Her memories are like the scenes emerging out of the mists in the early morning. 2. Look at the pictures on the page. What is it about? 2. Look at the pictures on the page. What is it about? Questions for reading comprehension:Questions for reading comprehension: 1. Why does the narrator decide to hurry past her memories of the First World War? --- She was too young to remember any details; her memories are rather nebulous/vague/hazy. --- She was too young to remember any details; her memories are rather nebulous/vague/hazy.

20 2. Who was in the narrator’s family? --- Her father was a captain serving at the Army and mostly fought at the front; her mother, probably a housewife; her elder sister Mary ; her younger brother; a nanny. --- Her father was a captain serving at the Army and mostly fought at the front; her mother, probably a housewife; her elder sister Mary ; her younger brother; a nanny. 3. What was wrong with her little brother John? --- He was incurably epileptic, which was a shadow over all their lives. --- He was incurably epileptic, which was a shadow over all their lives. 4. Summarize the first paragraph. --- The narrator introduces briefly her early childhood days in the First World War and her family. --- The narrator introduces briefly her early childhood days in the First World War and her family. 5. What are the narrator’s clearest wartime memories? --- Her clearest wartime memories are of being woken in the night when there was an air raid or her father arrived on leave. --- Her clearest wartime memories are of being woken in the night when there was an air raid or her father arrived on leave. 6. What would they do if there was an air raid? --- The family would rush to the grandparents’ residence, which had a basement and thus offered a reasonable protection against bombing. --- The family would rush to the grandparents’ residence, which had a basement and thus offered a reasonable protection against bombing. 7. How did the children feel about such experience? --- They enjoyed the excitement. --- They enjoyed the excitement.

21 8. What is another incident recalled by the narrator of her being woken at night? --- Of being woken if her father arrived home on leave. --- Of being woken if her father arrived home on leave. 9. Why did the narrator’s father have a terrible job to find the family? --- He arrived late and couldn’t get any transport, so he had to tramp along the country roads. And the hamlet where the family stayed was unknown to him. The landlady of a pub refused to give him directions because she was very angry at being woken. --- He arrived late and couldn’t get any transport, so he had to tramp along the country roads. And the hamlet where the family stayed was unknown to him. The landlady of a pub refused to give him directions because she was very angry at being woken. 10. How did they react when they heard the story from their father? --- The family were indignant. --- The family were indignant. 11. In what way did country people in the First World War differ from those in the Second World War? --- The country people in WWI were rather selfish, being perfectly safe while during the later war, they were more generous to each other because many of them also experienced the same ordeal of war. --- The country people in WWI were rather selfish, being perfectly safe while during the later war, they were more generous to each other because many of them also experienced the same ordeal of war.

22 12. Summarize the second paragraph. --- It talks about the narrator’s clearest wartime memories – experiences of being woken in the night when there was an air raid or at the unexpected arrival of her father on leave. --- It talks about the narrator’s clearest wartime memories – experiences of being woken in the night when there was an air raid or at the unexpected arrival of her father on leave. 13. What is the only other thing remembered by the narrator up to the age of five? --- She got into a temper and cut a hated pair of knickers into pieces and then got punished by her parents. --- She got into a temper and cut a hated pair of knickers into pieces and then got punished by her parents. 14. What were the retributions for her behaviour? --- Cancelled treats. The narrator was deprived of a longed-for children’s Christmas party. --- Cancelled treats. The narrator was deprived of a longed-for children’s Christmas party. 15. Why does a present-day sit-com scene of smashing crockery get a shudder from the narrator? --- She stills remembers that when she was little she would be punished for accidentally breaking a cup or glass. --- She stills remembers that when she was little she would be punished for accidentally breaking a cup or glass.

23 16. Why did the narrator say that she was born too soon for Dr. Spock? Dr. SpockDr. Spock --- When she was young, England was still under the influence of the Victorian values system. She was born too soon to enjoy the more democratic ways of child-rearing which had been suggested by Dr. Spock. --- When she was young, England was still under the influence of the Victorian values system. She was born too soon to enjoy the more democratic ways of child-rearing which had been suggested by Dr. Spock. 17. What was the Victorian philosophy of child-rearing? Victorian --- Parents were perfect and children were always in the wrong; children were usually a target for continuous criticism. --- Parents were perfect and children were always in the wrong; children were usually a target for continuous criticism. 18. Summarize the third paragraph. --- It tells of the narrator’s memories of being punished for doing something wrong when she was young, which shows the strict Victorian philosophy of child rearing. --- It tells of the narrator’s memories of being punished for doing something wrong when she was young, which shows the strict Victorian philosophy of child rearing.

24 Benjamin McLane Spock (May 2, 1903 – March 15, 1998) was an American pediatrician ( 儿科医生 ) who is best known for his book Baby and Child Care (published in 1946), one of the biggest best-sellers of all time.Benjamin McLane Spock (May 2, 1903 – March 15, 1998) was an American pediatrician ( 儿科医生 ) who is best known for his book Baby and Child Care (published in 1946), one of the biggest best-sellers of all time. Dr Spock insisted that parents should allow their children more freedom and babies and children should be brought up in loving, liberal manner.Dr Spock insisted that parents should allow their children more freedom and babies and children should be brought up in loving, liberal manner. His ideas about childcare influenced several generations of parents to be more flexible and affectionate with their children, and to treat them as individuals.His ideas about childcare influenced several generations of parents to be more flexible and affectionate with their children, and to treat them as individuals. The previous conventional wisdom had been that child rearing should focus on building discipline, e.g., babies should not be "spoiled" by picking them up when they cried.The previous conventional wisdom had been that child rearing should focus on building discipline, e.g., babies should not be "spoiled" by picking them up when they cried. Dr. Benjamin Spock

25 Victorian Era One of the most glorious in the English history; the British Empire established and reached its greatest expanse.One of the most glorious in the English history; the British Empire established and reached its greatest expanse. Stern morality: most religiously and morally strict; but pretentious and pompous in artStern morality: most religiously and morally strict; but pretentious and pompous in art Lack of sense of humor: “We are not amused”Lack of sense of humor: “We are not amused”

26 Victorian Literature:Victorian Literature: A new literary trend – critical realism A new literary trend – critical realism Novel as the most widely read and the most vital expression of progressive thought: Novel as the most widely read and the most vital expression of progressive thought: Charles Dickens (Great Expectations, Hard Times, Oliver Twist, Tale of Two Cities) Charles Dickens (Great Expectations, Hard Times, Oliver Twist, Tale of Two Cities) William Makepeace Thackeray ( 萨克雷 威廉 · 梅克比斯 )(Vanity Fair) William Makepeace Thackeray ( 萨克雷 威廉 · 梅克比斯 )(Vanity Fair) Charlotte Bronte (Jane Eyre) Charlotte Bronte (Jane Eyre) Emily Bronte (Wuthering Heights) Emily Bronte (Wuthering Heights) Mrs. Gaskell ( 盖斯凯尔夫人 )(Mary Barton) Mrs. Gaskell ( 盖斯凯尔夫人 )(Mary Barton) Jane Austin (Pride and Prejudice) Jane Austin (Pride and Prejudice) Anthony Trollope( 安东尼特罗洛普 ) (Barchester Series 巴塞特郡系列小说 ) Anthony Trollope( 安东尼特罗洛普 ) (Barchester Series 巴塞特郡系列小说 ) George Eliot ( 乔治 艾略特 ) (Mary Ann Evans) (Middle March 米德尔马契 ) George Eliot ( 乔治 艾略特 ) (Mary Ann Evans) (Middle March 米德尔马契 ) Samuel Butler( 塞缪尔 · 巴特勒 ) (Erehwon 埃瑞璜 ) Samuel Butler( 塞缪尔 · 巴特勒 ) (Erehwon 埃瑞璜 ) IT WAS the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way 这是最好的时代,这是最坏的时代;这是智慧的时代,这是愚蠢的时代;这是信仰的 时期,这是怀疑的时期;这是光明的季节,这是黑暗的季节;这是希望之春,这是失望之冬 ;人们面前有着各样事物,人们面前一无所有;人们正在直登天堂,人们正在直下地狱。

27 Post-reading Task SummarySummary Summarize the story This article records Anne’s reminiscences of her childhood around the time of the First World War. This article records Anne’s reminiscences of her childhood around the time of the First World War. Summarize the paragraphs: Paragraph 1: A brief introduction of her early childhood days in the First World War and her family Paragraph 2: Her clearest wartime memories --- of being woken in the night when there was an air raid or at the unexpected arrival of her father on leave Paragraph 3: Her memories of being punished for doing something wrong when she was young, which shows the strict Victorian philosophy of child rearing

28 Reproduce the storyReproduce the story nebulous, hurry past, father, front, mother, sister, John, nanny, incurably epileptic, shadow, not know nebulous, hurry past, father, front, mother, sister, John, nanny, incurably epileptic, shadow, not know clearest wartime memories, air raid, carried, grandparents, basement, enjoyed, father on leave, cottage, terrible job, no transport, unknown, indignant, landlady, cross, safe, selfishness, widely shared, generous clearest wartime memories, air raid, carried, grandparents, basement, enjoyed, father on leave, cottage, terrible job, no transport, unknown, indignant, landlady, cross, safe, selfishness, widely shared, generous up to the age of 5, temper, cut, knickers, ladder, retributions, not a smacking family, cancelled treats, deprived of, party, break a cup, smashing of crockery, get a laugh, shudder, born too soon, Victorian philosophy, target for criticism, shy in company, lucky grandchildren, assume, to the contrary up to the age of 5, temper, cut, knickers, ladder, retributions, not a smacking family, cancelled treats, deprived of, party, break a cup, smashing of crockery, get a laugh, shudder, born too soon, Victorian philosophy, target for criticism, shy in company, lucky grandchildren, assume, to the contrary

29 Words & Expressions nebulous nebulous [vague, hazy] [vague, hazy] a shadow over … [Word Study] a shadow over … [Word Study] [a feeling of future trouble] [a feeling of future trouble] e.g. Divorce will cast/throw/leave a shadow over/on the life of the children in the family. e.g. Divorce will cast/throw/leave a shadow over/on the life of the children in the family. People growing up under /in the shadow of war are more likely to be afflicted with psychological problems. People growing up under /in the shadow of war are more likely to be afflicted with psychological problems. on leave on leave [away from work or duty] [away from work or duty] e.g. Susan has gone to Paris on leave. e.g. Susan has gone to Paris on leave. have a terrible job to do … have a terrible job to do … [have difficulty in doing … ] [have difficulty in doing … ] tramp along tramp along [trudge along] [trudge along]

30 indignant [Word Study]indignant [Word Study] [angry because of something which is wrong or not fair] [angry because of something which is wrong or not fair] e.g. The fans got indignant when the referee was not fair towards their team. e.g. The fans got indignant when the referee was not fair towards their team. The local residents got indignant at the government's decision to allow the foreign troops to continue their stay in their town. The local residents got indignant at the government's decision to allow the foreign troops to continue their stay in their town. be cross at sth./with sb.be cross at sth./with sb. [be angry at … ] [be angry at … ] receive welcoming hugsreceive welcoming hugs [be welcomed by warm hugs] [be welcomed by warm hugs] up to … [Word Study]up to … [Word Study] [reach … / less than… ; equal to … ] [reach … / less than… ; equal to … ] e.g. The financial situation has deteriorated in this country, and the unemployment rate is now up to twenty percent. e.g. The financial situation has deteriorated in this country, and the unemployment rate is now up to twenty percent. Everyone, from the farmer in the field up to the president of a country, is equal before the law. Everyone, from the farmer in the field up to the president of a country, is equal before the law. The elevator can only hold up to fifteen passengers. Now there are 18 in it, which is so dangerous! The elevator can only hold up to fifteen passengers. Now there are 18 in it, which is so dangerous!

31 get/fly into a temperget/fly into a temper [get very angry] [get very angry] retributionretribution [deserved and severe punishment] [deserved and severe punishment] e.g. Many saw her death as divine retribution for her crimes. e.g. Many saw her death as divine retribution for her crimes. a smacking familya smacking family [a family with the rule to punish misbehaved children by hitting their buttocks forcefully ] [a family with the rule to punish misbehaved children by hitting their buttocks forcefully ] treattreat [a special and enjoyable occasion or experience] [a special and enjoyable occasion or experience] e.g. We’re going to Italy this weekend --- It’s my birthday treat. e.g. We’re going to Italy this weekend --- It’s my birthday treat. be deprived of …be deprived of … [be prevented from using or having…] [be prevented from using or having…] e.g. He claimed that he had been deprived of his freedom/rights. e.g. He claimed that he had been deprived of his freedom/rights. The earthquake deprived many children of reunion and happiness. The earthquake deprived many children of reunion and happiness.

32 with impunitywith impunity [without any danger of being punished] [without any danger of being punished] e.g. No one can break the law with impunity. e.g. No one can break the law with impunity. get a shudder from meget a shudder from me [make me shiver for fear] [make me shiver for fear] be in the wrongbe in the wrong [have done sth bad or illegal] [have done sth bad or illegal] e.g. The driver was unquestionably in the wrong. e.g. The driver was unquestionably in the wrong. round-the-clock criticismround-the-clock criticism [continuous criticism] [continuous criticism] righteousrighteous [morally justifiable] [morally justifiable] be shy in companybe shy in company [be shy when guests are present] [be shy when guests are present] to the contraryto the contrary [showing or saying the opposite] [showing or saying the opposite] e.g. For a long time it was thought to be a harmless substance, but we now have proof/evidence to the contrary. e.g. For a long time it was thought to be a harmless substance, but we now have proof/evidence to the contrary.

33 Language Work (A) nebulousnebulous retributionsretributions impunityimpunity crosscross righteousrighteous generousgenerous

34 Language Work (B) He refused to take his father’s advice because he thought it was not practical.He refused to take his father’s advice because he thought it was not practical. “You won’t be deprived of the necessities of life.” I explained.“You won’t be deprived of the necessities of life.” I explained. The book was wrapped in brown paper.The book was wrapped in brown paper. She suddenly got into a temper and left the room.She suddenly got into a temper and left the room. The man, whose name was unknown to me, came into the office and said he had an appointment.The man, whose name was unknown to me, came into the office and said he had an appointment. We had a terrible job to find George yesterday.We had a terrible job to find George yesterday. I’m sorry. I realise that I am in the wrong.I’m sorry. I realise that I am in the wrong. Our annual steel production has been up to 2 million tons now and is still rising.Our annual steel production has been up to 2 million tons now and is still rising. “Are you frightened of the dark?” I asked the little boy.“Are you frightened of the dark?” I asked the little boy. In a rage the girl cut the new jacket into pieces with a pair of scissors.In a rage the girl cut the new jacket into pieces with a pair of scissors.

35 Language Work (C) 1. a. The teacher should not make too much fuss over students' occasional mistakes in their speaking activities.1. a. The teacher should not make too much fuss over students' occasional mistakes in their speaking activities. b. I think that his occasional absence is excusable. b. I think that his occasional absence is excusable. c. His flat is so small that he hasn't even got a chair for an occasional visitor. c. His flat is so small that he hasn't even got a chair for an occasional visitor. 2. a. Divorce will cast/leave/throw a shadow over/on the life of the children in the family.2. a. Divorce will cast/leave/throw a shadow over/on the life of the children in the family. b. People growing up under the shadow of war are more likely to be afflicted with psychological problems. b. People growing up under the shadow of war are more likely to be afflicted with psychological problems. c. The traffic accident which killed his daughter cast a shadow over all his life. c. The traffic accident which killed his daughter cast a shadow over all his life.

36 3. a. The fans got indignant when the referee was not fair towards their team.3. a. The fans got indignant when the referee was not fair towards their team. b. The local residents got indignant at the government's decision to allow the foreign troops to continue their stay in their town. b. The local residents got indignant at the government's decision to allow the foreign troops to continue their stay in their town. c. The father got very indignant at the ingratitude of his daughter who ran away with the man she loved. c. The father got very indignant at the ingratitude of his daughter who ran away with the man she loved. 4. a. The financial situation has deteriorated in this country, and the unemployment rate is now up to twenty percent.4. a. The financial situation has deteriorated in this country, and the unemployment rate is now up to twenty percent. b. Everyone, from the farmer in the field up to the president of a country, is equal before the law. b. Everyone, from the farmer in the field up to the president of a country, is equal before the law. c. The elevator can only hold up to fifteen passengers. Now there are 18 in it, which is so dangerous! c. The elevator can only hold up to fifteen passengers. Now there are 18 in it, which is so dangerous!

37 5. a. People wearing glasses are usually assumed to be well-learned.5. a. People wearing glasses are usually assumed to be well-learned. b. Students should not assume that writing is an easy task and that they could do it without careful guidance. b. Students should not assume that writing is an easy task and that they could do it without careful guidance. c. lf you graduate from a foreign language department, some people will assume that you can speak any foreign language. c. lf you graduate from a foreign language department, some people will assume that you can speak any foreign language.

38 Part III Extended Activities DictationDictationDictation Read MoreRead MoreRead MoreRead More Grammar WorkGrammar WorkGrammar WorkGrammar Work Vocabulary WorkVocabulary WorkVocabulary WorkVocabulary Work TranslationTranslationTranslation Cultural InformationCultural InformationCultural InformationCultural Information

39 Dictation Americans love sports, and they love a champion//—the team or the player that wins. //But next to a winner, they love a good loser. //Most particularly, they love a good loser who becomes a winner, //an underdog who doesn’t stay under. //What makes a good loser? //In the first place, the good loser would take the chance //to congratulate his opponents on their skills and ability. //In the second place, he doesn’t blame the lost game on others//—his teammates, the coach, the referee, or just on bad luck. //In the third place, he doesn’t make excuses for himself//—saying that he is ill, //or that he can’t play well in cold weather, and so on.// In the fourth place, he doesn’t become gloomy or bad tempered //and stay that way for the rest of the season.//Americans love sports, and they love a champion//—the team or the player that wins. //But next to a winner, they love a good loser. //Most particularly, they love a good loser who becomes a winner, //an underdog who doesn’t stay under. //What makes a good loser? //In the first place, the good loser would take the chance //to congratulate his opponents on their skills and ability. //In the second place, he doesn’t blame the lost game on others//—his teammates, the coach, the referee, or just on bad luck. //In the third place, he doesn’t make excuses for himself//—saying that he is ill, //or that he can’t play well in cold weather, and so on.// In the fourth place, he doesn’t become gloomy or bad tempered //and stay that way for the rest of the season.//

40 Read the Text - A Letter from a Father Questions for discussion:Questions for discussion: 1. What roles are Father usually expected to play in his children’s life? (or What are FATHERS for?) 1. What roles are Father usually expected to play in his children’s life? (or What are FATHERS for?) breadwinner, care provider, protector, discipline builder, moral guider, … breadwinner, care provider, protector, discipline builder, moral guider, … 2. Have you ever learned any lesson from your father? 2. Have you ever learned any lesson from your father? Questions for reading comprehension:Questions for reading comprehension: 1. What did the father hope his son to do in the first paragraph? 1. What did the father hope his son to do in the first paragraph? --- The father hoped that the son could make friends and have enduring friendships --- The father hoped that the son could make friends and have enduring friendships 2. What did the father want most for the son to be? 2. What did the father want most for the son to be? --- a gentleman or a regular guy --- a gentleman or a regular guy 3. What are the sports for? What is the most important thing in sports? 3. What are the sports for? What is the most important thing in sports? --- for fun; not winning but how a team wins and loses --- both of them count --- for fun; not winning but how a team wins and loses --- both of them count

41 4. What kind of people will the son possibly meet in sports? --- Those who fail to see the proper purpose of sports and thus believe that sports is for victory --- Those who fail to see the proper purpose of sports and thus believe that sports is for victory 5. How is the son expected to respond if he is on the losing sides? --- To recognize the other team’s superiority and not say they won the game just because they were luckier; --- To recognize the other team’s superiority and not say they won the game just because they were luckier; To be man enough to congratulate them sincerely on their success; To be man enough to congratulate them sincerely on their success; To square your shoulders to face disappointment; To square your shoulders to face disappointment; To keep your temper in check and never show your feelings like a child To keep your temper in check and never show your feelings like a child 6. What if the son wins the game? What does the father think that the boy should do? --- to be a good sport who refrains, not bragging about/crowing about his accomplishments? --- to be a good sport who refrains, not bragging about/crowing about his accomplishments? 7. Why does a good sport usually refrain? What will he do then? --- Because he knows his skill and courage only partly contributes to the victory. And he cannot be winning all the time and may taste defeat as well. --- Because he knows his skill and courage only partly contributes to the victory. And he cannot be winning all the time and may taste defeat as well. A good sport will say something complimentary about the loser to make him feel less disappointed and humiliated. A good sport will say something complimentary about the loser to make him feel less disappointed and humiliated.

42 8. Explain the sentence “he is no more immune from the danger of failure than his opponent”. --- He may be subject to/run into failure just as his opponent may. / --- He may be subject to/run into failure just as his opponent may. / The chances for him to fail are no less than those for his opponent. The chances for him to fail are no less than those for his opponent. 9. What else should be remembered, as is mentioned in Paragraph 6? Why? --- Always be aware of playing as part of a team. --- Always be aware of playing as part of a team. Spectators don’t like such grandstand playing; instead, they enjoy teamwork Spectators don’t like such grandstand playing; instead, they enjoy teamwork 10. Explain the underlined part in the sentence “In the years to come you will forget who won what game at school, who scored what numbers of touchdowns, or baskets, or home runs, important as such things seem now. “ --- …though such things seem important now --- …though such things seem important now e.g. Ridiculous as it seems, the tale is true. e.g. Ridiculous as it seems, the tale is true. 11.What does the father want to his son to be as conveyed in this letter? --- He wants his son to be ____________ --- He wants his son to be ____________ 12.How can we judge a person, by his endeavour or the results of his endeavour? 13. What lesson can you learn from the father’s letter? a good sport

43 Words & Expressions well under waywell under way [moving forward; going smoothly; progressing] [moving forward; going smoothly; progressing] sign up for …sign up for … [sign an agreement to attend sth.] [sign an agreement to attend sth.] enduring friendshipenduring friendship hit the line hard with ….hit the line hard with …. [work hard at] [work hard at] root for sb.root for sb. [support sb.] [support sb.] lose sight of …lose sight of … [fail to see …] [fail to see …] spoil the meaning of sportsspoil the meaning of sports [ruin the meaning of sports] [ruin the meaning of sports]

44 How a team loses counts, tooHow a team loses counts, too [how a team loses is also important] [how a team loses is also important] jubilationjubilation [great happiness esp. because of victory] [great happiness esp. because of victory] tietie [draw, a result of neither side winning] [draw, a result of neither side winning] superioritysuperiority [sb. or sth being better] [sb. or sth being better] e.g. The Australian team soon demonstrated their superiority over the opposition. e.g. The Australian team soon demonstrated their superiority over the opposition. lucky breakslucky breaks [sudden good luck] [sudden good luck] be man enoughbe man enough [be brave enough] [be brave enough] congratulate sb. on …congratulate sb. on … [praise sb. for his/her achievements] [praise sb. for his/her achievements] e.g. I was just congratulating Ceri on winning her race. e.g. I was just congratulating Ceri on winning her race.

45 square one’s shoulderssquare one’s shoulders [make your back and shoulders straight to show you’re ready or determined to do sth.] [make your back and shoulders straight to show you’re ready or determined to do sth.] keep one’s temper in checkkeep one’s temper in check [control one’s temper] [control one’s temper] make an infantile display of one’s feelingsmake an infantile display of one’s feelings [show one’s feelings like a child] [show one’s feelings like a child] sportsmanshipsportsmanship [the spirit of fair play] [the spirit of fair play] brag aboutbrag about [crow about] [crow about] a good sporta good sport [a positive and generous person who does not complain about games that they lose] [a positive and generous person who does not complain about games that they lose]

46 refrainrefrain [keep oneself from doing …] [keep oneself from doing …] be immune from …be immune from … [be free from] [be free from] complimentarycomplimentary [praising] [praising] under … circumstancesunder … circumstances you can depend upon ityou can depend upon it [you can be sure] [you can be sure] A and B alikeA and B alike e.g. Friends and family alike were devastated by the news of her death. e.g. Friends and family alike were devastated by the news of her death. grandstand playinggrandstand playing [playing to show off] [playing to show off] touchdown [ 触地 ]touchdown [ 触地 ] basket [ 投篮得分 ]basket [ 投篮得分 ] home run [ 本垒打 ]home run [ 本垒打 ] in the years to comein the years to come [in the coming years] [in the coming years]

47 Grammar Work Since Rowland made a lot of money, he’s not content with his little cottage, so he had a fine new house designed by an architect.Since Rowland made a lot of money, he’s not content with his little cottage, so he had a fine new house designed by an architect. This room gets too hot when the sun shines so I‘m getting blinds fit on the windows.This room gets too hot when the sun shines so I‘m getting blinds fit on the windows. My car is too dirty. I’m going to get it washed by the garage men.My car is too dirty. I’m going to get it washed by the garage men. Why don’t you reply, Sam? I thought you were not here. --- I didn’t hear my name called.Why don’t you reply, Sam? I thought you were not here. --- I didn’t hear my name called. Please speak louder, Jane, so that you’ll make yourself heard by everyone in the class.Please speak louder, Jane, so that you’ll make yourself heard by everyone in the class. Have you got those figures checked? There might be some mistakes.Have you got those figures checked? There might be some mistakes. Tomorrow, we are going to get the classroom decorated for Christmas.Tomorrow, we are going to get the classroom decorated for Christmas. When I returned home from the market, I found a hole in my pocket and had my wallet stolen.When I returned home from the market, I found a hole in my pocket and had my wallet stolen.

48 Vocabulary Work PhrasesMeaning off the top of one’s head from the knowledge you have in your memory bear in mind that … remember a piece of information when you are making a decision or thinking about a matter Out of sight, out of mind. said to emphasize that when something or someone cannot be seen, it is easy to forget them sth. ring a bell with sb. sound familiar be on the tip of one’s tongue one thinks one knows it and that he/she will be able to remember it very soon sth. cross in one’s mind one thinks of sth. sb. rack one’s brains think very hard jog one’s memory make someone remember something

49 Translation 1. My father was very cross at my refusing to learn business as he had expected. 2. These kids are very naughty now, but they will grow up one day to understand that they will never get away with impunity if they do something disgraceful. 3. She had her things wrapped in a piece of blue cloth and then put the package into the suitcase. 4. I’ll be home on leave next month. 5. We had a terrible job to open the door. 6. The fact that she was nearby was unknown to them. 7. The criminal was deprived of all political rights. 8. I’m sorry. I’m in the wrong.

50 1. I don’t know if there is a psychological explanation for this, but my clearest wartime memories are of being woken in the night. 我不知道心理学对此作何解释, 不过我对战时最清楚的记忆就是在夜间被人叫醒 。 我不知道心理学对此作何解释, 不过我对战时最清楚的记忆就是在夜间被人叫醒 。 2.Many country people in that war, being perfectly safe, wrapped themselves in a cocoon of selfishness, but in the last war most experiences were widely shared and people are more generous to each other. 第一次世界大战时期许多乡村的人们感到很安全,于是就把自己裹在自私的 茧中,但在二战期间,因为大多数人都有共同的战争经历,所以相互间都变 得宽宏大量。 第一次世界大战时期许多乡村的人们感到很安全,于是就把自己裹在自私的 茧中,但在二战期间,因为大多数人都有共同的战争经历,所以相互间都变 得宽宏大量。 3. I could not even accidentally break a cup or glass with impunity, and even today the smashing of crockery, which gets such a laugh in a TV sit-com, gets only a shudder from me. I caught the tail end of the Victorian philosophy that parents were perfect, and children always in the wrong, a righteous target for round-the-clock criticism. 甚至我无意中打破了一个杯子也逃不了惩罚。直至今天, 打碎陶器这样的事在情 景剧中会引人发笑, 却仍会令我发抖。我正赶上维多利亚时代观念盛行的末期 ,即父母是完美的,而孩子总是错误的一方,他们理应受到时不时的批评。 甚至我无意中打破了一个杯子也逃不了惩罚。直至今天, 打碎陶器这样的事在情 景剧中会引人发笑, 却仍会令我发抖。我正赶上维多利亚时代观念盛行的末期 ,即父母是完美的,而孩子总是错误的一方,他们理应受到时不时的批评。

51 Oral Practice – Story Retelling Listen to the story twice and retell it.Listen to the story twice and retell it.

52 Cultural Information – King Arthur Group Project WorkGroup Project Work Work with your group members to present a brief introduction of King Arthur (page 104 and online for other known facts about him) (PPT). (Monday for preview) Work with your group members to present a brief introduction of King Arthur (page 104 and online for other known facts about him) (PPT). (Monday for preview) In addition, a short role play based on the story recorded in legend about how King Arthur became the king should be presented afterwards. In addition, a short role play based on the story recorded in legend about how King Arthur became the king should be presented afterwards.

53 I. Vocabulary (30’) 1.tramp along11. a wealth of stimulating experiences 2. psychological explanation12. a source of pleasure and satisfaction 3. receive welcoming hugs13. stern morality 4. with impunity14. to the contrary 5. round-the-clock criticism15. jubilation 6. child-rearing16. sportsmanship 7. career girls17. complimentary 8. controversial columnist18. humiliated 9. something of an oddity19. enduring friendship 10. be on top of the world20. superiority 21. rack one’s brains25. to cut a long story short29. nursery 22. ring a bell26. home run30. hide-and-seek 23. Out of sight, out of mind27. child labour /labor 24. King Arthur28. hopscotch

54 II. Fill in the Blanks (15’) The narrator’s memories of the First World War are (1)________ since she was very young then. She lived with her mother, sister and younger brother who was (2)________ epileptic, a shadow over all their lives.The narrator’s memories of the First World War are (1)________ since she was very young then. She lived with her mother, sister and younger brother who was (2)________ epileptic, a shadow over all their lives. Anne’s clearest wartime memories are (3)_________ in the night when there was an (4)________ or when his father arrived (5)________. Once the father had a terrible job to find them. They were all (6)________ when they heard that one land lady refused to give directions just because she was angry at being woken. The country people in WWI were perfectly safe so that they wrapped themselves (7)____________, but they were more (8)_______ to each other in WWII since the sufferings and wartime experiences were widely shared.Anne’s clearest wartime memories are (3)_________ in the night when there was an (4)________ or when his father arrived (5)________. Once the father had a terrible job to find them. They were all (6)________ when they heard that one land lady refused to give directions just because she was angry at being woken. The country people in WWI were perfectly safe so that they wrapped themselves (7)____________, but they were more (8)_______ to each other in WWII since the sufferings and wartime experiences were widely shared. The only thing that Anne remember up to the age of five was that she got in a temper and cut a pair of knickers (9)________. The (10)________ were frightful. Anne’s family was not a (11)________ family. But she was deprived of a (12)_________ Christmas party. She caught the (13)________ of the Victorian philosophy that parents were perfect but children were (14)_________, a (15)________ target for round-the-clock criticism. As a result, she was shy in company and couldn’t be as sociable as her grandchildren.The only thing that Anne remember up to the age of five was that she got in a temper and cut a pair of knickers (9)________. The (10)________ were frightful. Anne’s family was not a (11)________ family. But she was deprived of a (12)_________ Christmas party. She caught the (13)________ of the Victorian philosophy that parents were perfect but children were (14)_________, a (15)________ target for round-the-clock criticism. As a result, she was shy in company and couldn’t be as sociable as her grandchildren.

55 III. Paraphrase (15’) 1. get into a temper 2. get a shudder from sb. 3. shy in company 4. round-the-clock criticism 5. be well under way 6. I’m rooting for you 7. brag about 8. lose sight of 9. Above all, when you lose, keep your temper in check and never make an infantile display of your feelings. fly into a rage/ get angry make sb. shiver for fear/ make sb. afraid shy when others are present/around continuous criticism go smoothly I’m supporting you crow about/ keep talking about your achievements fail to see/ignore/neglect control your temper /never show your feelings like a child

56 IV. Sentence Making & Translation (40’) Teacher/not make/ too much/ fuss/ students’ occasional mistakesTeacher/not make/ too much/ fuss/ students’ occasional mistakes You/graduate/foreign language department/ assume/ any foreign languageYou/graduate/foreign language department/ assume/ any foreign language 在世界上很多地方战争使儿童丧失了正常的童年。( deprive ) 在世界上很多地方战争使儿童丧失了正常的童年。( deprive ) 他总认为自己是天才。( assume ) 他总认为自己是天才。( assume ) 这次的大地震将会给很多儿童的未来成长带来阴影。 (shadow) 这次的大地震将会给很多儿童的未来成长带来阴影。 (shadow) 有些政府官员接受贿赂( take bribes )却没受到惩罚。( impunity ) 有些政府官员接受贿赂( take bribes )却没受到惩罚。( impunity ) 我们祝贺他考试通过。( congratulate …on ) 我们祝贺他考试通过。( congratulate …on ) 他好像对流感这类传染病有免疫力。 (immune) 他好像对流感这类传染病有免疫力。 (immune)

57 Teacher/not make/ too much/ fuss/ students’ occasional mistakesTeacher/not make/ too much/ fuss/ students’ occasional mistakes Teachers should not make too much fuss about/over students’ occasional mistakes in speaking activities. Teachers should not make too much fuss about/over students’ occasional mistakes in speaking activities. You/graduate/foreign language department/ assume/ any foreign languageYou/graduate/foreign language department/ assume/ any foreign language If you graduate from a foreign language department, you are often assumed to speak any foreign language. If you graduate from a foreign language department, you are often assumed to speak any foreign language. … people often assume that you can speak … … people often assume that you can speak … … people often assume you to be able to speak … … people often assume you to be able to speak … 在世界上很多地方战争使儿童丧失了正常的童年。( deprive ) 在世界上很多地方战争使儿童丧失了正常的童年。( deprive ) In many places around the world children there have been deprived of a normal childhood (normal childhood/childhoods) by war. In many places around the world children there have been deprived of a normal childhood (normal childhood/childhoods) by war. … wars have deprived children of a normal childhood. … wars have deprived children of a normal childhood. 他总认为自己是天才。( assume ) 他总认为自己是天才。( assume ) He always assumes that he himself is a genius. He always assumes that he himself is a genius. … assumes himself to be a genius. … assumes himself to be a genius. … assumes himself as a genius. … assumes himself as a genius.

58 这次的大地震将会给很多儿童的未来成长带来阴影。 (shadow) 这次的大地震将会给很多儿童的未来成长带来阴影。 (shadow) This big/large/great/major earthquake will cast a shadow on/over many children’s future growth. This big/large/great/major earthquake will cast a shadow on/over many children’s future growth. 有些政府官员接受贿赂( take bribes )却没受到惩罚。( impunity ) 有些政府官员接受贿赂( take bribes )却没受到惩罚。( impunity ) Some government officials took bribes with impunity. Some government officials took bribes with impunity. 我们祝贺他考试通过。( congratulate …on ) 我们祝贺他考试通过。( congratulate …on ) We congratulated him on passing the exam. We congratulated him on passing the exam. … on his passing the exam. … on his passing the exam. 他好像对流感这类传染病有免疫力。 (immune) 他好像对流感这类传染病有免疫力。 (immune) He seems to be immune to such infectious diseases as flu. He seems to be immune to such infectious diseases as flu. Cf. Journalists, he insisted, must be immune (= protected) from prosecution. Cf. Journalists, he insisted, must be immune (= protected) from prosecution. Most people who've had chicken pox once are immune to it for the rest of their lives. Most people who've had chicken pox once are immune to it for the rest of their lives.


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