Presentation on theme: "Salon services I Chapter 5"— Presentation transcript:
1 Salon services I Chapter 5 Infection controlSalon services I Chapter 5
2 #1 What are bacteriaMinute, one celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristic's.
3 #2 Name and describe the two main classifications of bacteria. Pathogenic; bad, harmful, cause disease, produces pus, makes you sickNon pathogenic; good, harmless, beneficial, breaks down dead matter, helps in digestion
6 Stages of life of bacteria Active: grow, multiple, divideInactive: growth is slowed, spore forming state, becomes dormantBacteria changes stages when conditions become favorable or unfavorable-such as food source or temperature
7 #3 What are some of the beneficial functions performed by non pathogenic bacteria? Help metabolize foodprotect against infectious microorganismsstimulate immune systemBreaks down dead matter
8 #4 Name and describe the three forms of bacteria. Cocci round cellsBacilli rod cellsSpirilla spiral cells
16 #5 What is the difference between local and general infections? Local infections: in one area, can see pus and redness; pimple or abscessGeneral infection: can only see or hear symptoms, cough, sniffles, sneezing; gets in bloodstream carries bacteria all over the body
18 #6 How are viruses different from bacteria? Viruses invade bacteria by penetrating the cells and becoming part of themViruses can’t live on their ownAnti-biotic won’t effect virusesVaccinations can prevent viruses if one existsViruses need to run their course
19 viruses Mumps Measles HIV AIDS Chicken pox Small pox Rabies Influenza PolioYellow feverhepatitis
20 #7 How does AIDS affect the body. How is it transmitted #7 How does AIDS affect the body? How is it transmitted? How is it not transmitted?AIDS; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: breaks down the immune system allowing simple sicknesses to be fatal.AIDS is transmitted from person to person, blood and body fluids, unprotected sex, sharing needles, accidents with needles in health care, cuts and sores coming in contact with infected person.AIDS cannot be transmitted by casual contact, sharing food, household items or airborne contact.
21 #8 What is a contagious or communicable disease? A disease that is spread from person to another by any form or method.Can be as simple as a common cold or as deadly as meningititus
22 #9 Define immunity and name two types. Immunity; the bodies ability to destroy any bacteria that has gained entrance and resist the infection.Natural is born with you or inheritedAcquired is developed as you grow and as you get vaccinations or after you’ve had a sickness
23 Immune system The army inside your body that fights illnesses Low immunity increases illnessesOutside influences increase or decrease immunityHIV / AIDS attack immune systemHuman immunodeficiency virusAcquired immune deficiency syndromeAids causes simple illnesses to become fatal
24 #10 Describe the procedure for taking care of a blood spill. Stop and clean injured areaApply antisepticCover injury with band aid or other appropriate dressingUse finger guard or gloves as neededClean client and workstationDiscard all disposable objects by double bagging and label bio hazardWash hands with soap and warm waterDisinfect all tools contaminated with blood or body fluids by immersion in an EPA registered disinfectant that hills HIV-1 and Hepatitis B (hospital grade disinfectant)In class, don’t touch the blood or the area, call the teacher, don’t panic, be aware of blood spray or splatter (coughing or gagging) and always use common sense when something happens to produce blood.
25 #11 What is decontamination #11 What is decontamination? Explain the three levels of decontamination.Decontamination is the removal of pathogens and other substances from tools and surfaces.Sanitation: reduces the number of pathogens, lowest level, can be as simple as washing your hands or taking the hair out of the bristles of a brushDisinfection: second level, does not kill spores but control microorganisms on hands and simple surfaces (manicure equipment, salon implements, tables, toilet seats, etc.)Sterilization: Highest level, kills every organism on a surface whether harmful or harmless; not practical in the salon, mostly used in medical or research labs and clean rooms.
26 Hospital grade Non hospital grade Disinfectants Must be virucidal, bacterialicidal, pseudomonacidal, fungicidalNon hospital gradeCommerical use, household use, kills most but not all pathogenic bacteria
27 productsAntiseptics – for use on living tissue, doesn’t kill all pathogenic bacteria due to strength issuesDisinfectants –Non hospital gradeHospital grade pseudonomacidal, bactericide, virucidal, fungicidial
28 #12 What if efficacy and why is it important Efficacy; the power to produce an effect; in a chemical it is the ability to control bacteria, funguses and viruses.A efficacy statement is listed on the label (MSDS) of chemicals to the strength of bacteria control or destruction.
29 #13 What is an MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet This is information required on all products containing any type of chemical as to the dangers, handling and storage requirements.
31 #14 List and describe three types of salon disinfectants. Quaternary ammonium compounds; non toxic, odorless, fast acting, good for disinfecting implements.Phenols; caustic poison that can be safe and effective if used according to the directions. Mostly used on metal items, usually a 5% solution is effectiveSodium hypochlorite (common bleach); effective disinfection, not designed for salon implements, used in restrooms and as a required laundry additive
32 Ultra sonic cleaner used to clean small items such as piercing tools and tattoo needles. Must add effective disinfectant
33 OSHA occupational safety health agency Protects employees at the work placeRequires protective wearRequires safe work spaceRequires clean work surroundings
34 EPA Environmental protection agency Registers chemicalsControls pollutantsin the air, landand water
35 #15 Explain how to disinfect the following: Implements for haircutting:Pre cleanRinse pat dryWear goggles and glovesMix solvent or chemicalImmerse implementsRemove implementsRinse, air dryPlace in clean, closed disinfecting cabinetLinens and capes:Launder and bleach according to label directionsElectrical equipment: wipe and spray with EPA registered product for electrical equipment.Work surfaces:Use EPA registered disinfectant and follow manufactures directions
36 #16 List at least six precautions to follow when using disinfectants. Wear glovesAdd chemical to water not water to chemicalUse tongs, gloves or draining basket to remove item from chemicalKeep away from childrenDon’t pour disinfectants over handsCarefully weigh and measure chemicalsDon’t use un marked bottles or containersFollow manufactures direction exactly
37 #17 What are Universal Precautions? A set of guidelines and controls, published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and specified body fluids are infectious for HIV, AIDS, or other bloodborn pathogens. Universal precautions include hand washing, gloving, personal protective equipment such as goggles, injury prevention, and proper handling and disposal of needles and products that have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids.