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Infection control Salon services I Chapter 5. #1 What are bacteria Minute, one celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristic's. Minute,

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Presentation on theme: "Infection control Salon services I Chapter 5. #1 What are bacteria Minute, one celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristic's. Minute,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Infection control Salon services I Chapter 5

2 #1 What are bacteria Minute, one celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristic's. Minute, one celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristic's.

3 #2 Name and describe the two main classifications of bacteria. Pathogenic; bad, harmful, cause disease, produces pus, makes you sick Pathogenic; bad, harmful, cause disease, produces pus, makes you sick Non pathogenic; good, harmless, beneficial, breaks down dead matter, helps in digestion Non pathogenic; good, harmless, beneficial, breaks down dead matter, helps in digestion

4 PATHOGENIC Produce disease and sickness Produce disease and sickness harmful harmful

5 NON PATHOGENIC Harmless Harmless Non disease Non diseasecausing

6 Stages of life of bacteria Active: grow, multiple, divide Active: grow, multiple, divide Inactive: growth is slowed, spore forming state, becomes dormant Inactive: growth is slowed, spore forming state, becomes dormant Bacteria changes stages when conditions become favorable or unfavorable-such as food source or temperature Bacteria changes stages when conditions become favorable or unfavorable-such as food source or temperature

7 # 3 What are some of the beneficial functions performed by non pathogenic bacteria? Help metabolize food Help metabolize food protect against infectious microorganisms protect against infectious microorganisms stimulate immune system stimulate immune system Breaks down dead matter Breaks down dead matter

8 #4 Name and describe the three forms of bacteria. Cocci round cells Cocci round cells Bacilli rod cells Bacilli rod cells Spirilla spiral cells Spirilla spiral cells

9 Cocci round cells clusters, pairs, chains

10 Bacilli rod shaped cells

11 Spirilla spiral shaped cells

12 Reproduction of cells Mitosis; cells divide in half SisterCellsActivestage

13 Movement of bacteria COCCI are the slowest movers-they flow with the fluids surrounding them COCCI are the slowest movers-they flow with the fluids surrounding them

14 Bacilli based infection MYCOBACTERIUM FORTUTITUM MYCOBACTERIUM FORTUTITUM

15 Pedicure/hot tub/showers bacilli bacilli

16 #5 What is the difference between local and general infections? Local infections: in one area, can see pus and redness; pimple or abscess Local infections: in one area, can see pus and redness; pimple or abscess General infection: can only see or hear symptoms, cough, sniffles, sneezing; gets in bloodstream carries bacteria all over the body General infection: can only see or hear symptoms, cough, sniffles, sneezing; gets in bloodstream carries bacteria all over the body

17 Local and general infections

18 #6 How are viruses different from bacteria? Viruses invade bacteria by penetrating the cells and becoming part of them Viruses invade bacteria by penetrating the cells and becoming part of them Viruses can’t live on their own Viruses can’t live on their own Anti-biotic won’t effect viruses Anti-biotic won’t effect viruses Vaccinations can prevent viruses if one exists Vaccinations can prevent viruses if one exists Viruses need to run their course Viruses need to run their course

19 viruses Mumps Mumps Measles Measles HIV HIV AIDS AIDS Chicken pox Chicken pox Small pox Small pox Rabies Rabies Influenza Influenza Polio Polio Yellow fever Yellow fever hepatitis hepatitis

20 #7 How does AIDS affect the body? How is it transmitted? How is it not transmitted ? AIDS; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: breaks down the immune system allowing simple sicknesses to be fatal. AIDS; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: breaks down the immune system allowing simple sicknesses to be fatal. AIDS is transmitted from person to person, blood and body fluids, unprotected sex, sharing needles, accidents with needles in health care, cuts and sores coming in contact with infected person. AIDS is transmitted from person to person, blood and body fluids, unprotected sex, sharing needles, accidents with needles in health care, cuts and sores coming in contact with infected person. AIDS cannot be transmitted by casual contact, sharing food, household items or airborne contact. AIDS cannot be transmitted by casual contact, sharing food, household items or airborne contact.

21 #8 What is a contagious or communicable disease? A disease that is spread from person to another by any form or method. A disease that is spread from person to another by any form or method. Can be as simple as a common cold or as deadly as meningititus Can be as simple as a common cold or as deadly as meningititus

22 #9 Define immunity and name two types. Immunity; the bodies ability to destroy any bacteria that has gained entrance and resist the infection. Immunity; the bodies ability to destroy any bacteria that has gained entrance and resist the infection. Natural is born with you or inherited Natural is born with you or inherited Acquired is developed as you grow and as you get vaccinations or after you’ve had a sickness Acquired is developed as you grow and as you get vaccinations or after you’ve had a sickness

23 Immune system The army inside your body that fights illnesses The army inside your body that fights illnesses Low immunity increases illnesses Low immunity increases illnesses Outside influences increase or decrease immunity Outside influences increase or decrease immunity HIV / AIDS attack immune system HIV / AIDS attack immune system Human immunodeficiency virus Human immunodeficiency virus Acquired immune deficiency syndrome Acquired immune deficiency syndrome Aids causes simple illnesses to become fatal Aids causes simple illnesses to become fatal

24 #10 Describe the procedure for taking care of a blood spill. Stop and clean injured area Stop and clean injured area Apply antiseptic Apply antiseptic Cover injury with band aid or other appropriate dressing Cover injury with band aid or other appropriate dressing Use finger guard or gloves as needed Use finger guard or gloves as needed Clean client and workstation Clean client and workstation Discard all disposable objects by double bagging and label bio hazard Discard all disposable objects by double bagging and label bio hazard Wash hands with soap and warm water Wash hands with soap and warm water Disinfect all tools contaminated with blood or body fluids by immersion in an EPA registered disinfectant that hills HIV-1 and Hepatitis B (hospital grade disinfectant) Disinfect all tools contaminated with blood or body fluids by immersion in an EPA registered disinfectant that hills HIV-1 and Hepatitis B (hospital grade disinfectant) In class, don’t touch the blood or the area, call the teacher, don’t panic, be aware of blood spray or splatter (coughing or gagging) and always use common sense when something happens to produce blood. In class, don’t touch the blood or the area, call the teacher, don’t panic, be aware of blood spray or splatter (coughing or gagging) and always use common sense when something happens to produce blood.

25 #11 What is decontamination? Explain the three levels of decontamination. Decontamination is the removal of pathogens and other substances from tools and surfaces. Decontamination is the removal of pathogens and other substances from tools and surfaces. Sanitation: reduces the number of pathogens, lowest level, can be as simple as washing your hands or taking the hair out of the bristles of a brush Sanitation: reduces the number of pathogens, lowest level, can be as simple as washing your hands or taking the hair out of the bristles of a brush Disinfection: second level, does not kill spores but control microorganisms on hands and simple surfaces (manicure equipment, salon implements, tables, toilet seats, etc.) Disinfection: second level, does not kill spores but control microorganisms on hands and simple surfaces (manicure equipment, salon implements, tables, toilet seats, etc.) Sterilization: Highest level, kills every organism on a surface whether harmful or harmless; not practical in the salon, mostly used in medical or research labs and clean rooms. Sterilization: Highest level, kills every organism on a surface whether harmful or harmless; not practical in the salon, mostly used in medical or research labs and clean rooms.

26 Disinfectants Hospital grade Hospital grade –Must be virucidal, bacterialicidal, pseudomonacidal, fungicidal Non hospital grade Non hospital grade –Commerical use, household use, kills most but not all pathogenic bacteria

27 products Antiseptics – for use on living tissue, doesn’t kill all pathogenic bacteria due to strength issues Antiseptics – for use on living tissue, doesn’t kill all pathogenic bacteria due to strength issues Disinfectants – Disinfectants – –Non hospital grade –Hospital grade pseudonomacidal, bactericide, virucidal, fungicidial

28 #12 What if efficacy and why is it important Efficacy; the power to produce an effect; in a chemical it is the ability to control bacteria, funguses and viruses. Efficacy; the power to produce an effect; in a chemical it is the ability to control bacteria, funguses and viruses. A efficacy statement is listed on the label (MSDS) of chemicals to the strength of bacteria control or destruction. A efficacy statement is listed on the label (MSDS) of chemicals to the strength of bacteria control or destruction.

29 #13 What is an MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet Material Safety Data Sheet This is information required on all products containing any type of chemical as to the dangers, handling and storage requirements.

30 MSDS MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

31 #14 List and describe three types of salon disinfectants. Quaternary ammonium compounds; non toxic, odorless, fast acting, good for disinfecting implements. Quaternary ammonium compounds; non toxic, odorless, fast acting, good for disinfecting implements. Phenols; caustic poison that can be safe and effective if used according to the directions. Mostly used on metal items, usually a 5% solution is effective Phenols; caustic poison that can be safe and effective if used according to the directions. Mostly used on metal items, usually a 5% solution is effective Sodium hypochlorite (common bleach); effective disinfection, not designed for salon implements, used in restrooms and as a required laundry additive Sodium hypochlorite (common bleach); effective disinfection, not designed for salon implements, used in restrooms and as a required laundry additive

32 Ultra sonic cleaner used to clean small items such as piercing tools and tattoo needles. Must add effective disinfectant Must add effective disinfectant

33 OSHA occupational safety health agency Protects employees at the work place Protects employees at the work place Requires protective wear Requires protective wear Requires safe work space Requires safe work space Requires clean work surroundings Requires clean work surroundings

34 EPA Environmental protection agency Registers chemicals Registers chemicals Controls pollutants Controls pollutants in the air, land and water and water

35 #15 Explain how to disinfect the following: Implements for haircutting : Implements for haircutting : Pre clean Pre clean Rinse pat dry Rinse pat dry Wear goggles and gloves Wear goggles and gloves Mix solvent or chemical Mix solvent or chemical Immerse implements Immerse implements Remove implements Remove implements Rinse, air dry Rinse, air dry Place in clean, closed disinfecting cabinet Place in clean, closed disinfecting cabinet Linens and capes: Linens and capes: Launder and bleach according to label directions Launder and bleach according to label directions Electrical equipment : wipe and spray with EPA registered product for electrical equipment. Electrical equipment : wipe and spray with EPA registered product for electrical equipment. Work surfaces : Work surfaces : Use EPA registered disinfectant and follow manufactures directions Use EPA registered disinfectant and follow manufactures directions

36 #16 List at least six precautions to follow when using disinfectants. Wear gloves Wear gloves Add chemical to water not water to chemical Add chemical to water not water to chemical Use tongs, gloves or draining basket to remove item from chemical Use tongs, gloves or draining basket to remove item from chemical Keep away from children Keep away from children Don’t pour disinfectants over hands Don’t pour disinfectants over hands Carefully weigh and measure chemicals Carefully weigh and measure chemicals Don’t use un marked bottles or containers Don’t use un marked bottles or containers Follow manufactures direction exactly Follow manufactures direction exactly

37 #17 What are Universal Precautions? A set of guidelines and controls, published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and specified body fluids are infectious for HIV, AIDS, or other bloodborn pathogens. Universal precautions include hand washing, gloving, personal protective equipment such as goggles, injury prevention, and proper handling and disposal of needles and products that have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids. A set of guidelines and controls, published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and specified body fluids are infectious for HIV, AIDS, or other bloodborn pathogens. Universal precautions include hand washing, gloving, personal protective equipment such as goggles, injury prevention, and proper handling and disposal of needles and products that have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids.


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