Presentation on theme: "Anders Briefs and Other Issues for Appeal Alan DuBois, Senior Appellate Attorney Federal Public Defender for the Eastern District of North Carolina Brett."— Presentation transcript:
Anders Briefs and Other Issues for Appeal Alan DuBois, Senior Appellate Attorney Federal Public Defender for the Eastern District of North Carolina Brett Sweitzer, Appellate Attorney Federal Community Defender Office for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
After you’ve lost must you appeal? Need to consult with client If unable to, or whenever client requests it, you must file a notice of appeal Even if: –there are no issues (Roe v. Flores-Ortega, 528 U.S. 470 (2000)) –there is an appeal waiver (U.S. v. Gomez- Perez, 215 F.3d 315 (2d Cir. 2000))
So what if there are no issues? The Anders Procedure Brief to Court and client showing you have: –Examined record –Identified issues of “arguable” merit; and –Shown why these issues are nonetheless frivolous Request to withdraw Court gives client a chance to supplement, then conducts independent review of record Court affirms, or identifies non-frivolous issue(s) and appoints new counsel
When are there no issues? Losers v. Frivolous Claims Many “losers” can and should be raised when winners or marginal issues can’t be found Anders should be filed only when potential issues are “wholly frivolous” Fifth Circuit checklist
Frivolous Claims “Frivolous” = “non-arguable” But what is “non-arguable?” –Contrary circuit precedent? SCOTUS precedent? –Unpreserved issues? –Patently harmless error? –Within-range Guidelines sentences? Below range? U.S. v. Ballion, 466 F.3d 574 (7th Cir. 2006) U.S. v. Whitley, 501 F.3d 74 (2d Cir. 2007) –Almendarez-Torres? U.S. v. Pineda-Arrellano (5th Cir. 2007)
Not so fast! Bailey v. U.S., 516 U.S. 137 (1995) –“use” of firearm under §924(c) Apprendi v. N.J., 530 U.S. 466 (2000) –drug quantity thresholds elements of offense Crawford v. Washington, 541 U.S. 36 (2004) –hearsay exception not end-run around Confrontation Clause
Being a Fortune-Teller: Bousley v. U.S., 523 U.S. 614 (1998) Failure to preserve pre-Bailey “use” claim defaults claim in habeas Must preserve (seemingly) hopeless issues on appeal Is this crazy, or a “get-out-of-Anders free” card?
Anders in the States Anders procedure is NOT constitutionally required –Smith v. Robbins, 120 S. Ct. 746 (2000) One method among several State procedures vary by jurisdiction
Anders is not (necessarily) a dirty word Is it ever preferable to file an Anders brief? –Client gets opportunity to argue his (frivolous?) issues –Independent court review ANOTHER OPTION: Self-Representation –Proceeding pro se may be preferable for some clients
Issue Selection and Cert Petitions Mixing winners or arguable claims with client-driven losers –Chances of success vs. client satisfaction Don’t forget to listen to clients sometimes, they’re right!