Presentation on theme: "Chapter 17 (2012 Edition) Hairstyling. Hairstyling or dressing the hair ~ direct relation to the fashion, art, and life of the times Ready-to-wear clothing."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 17 (2012 Edition) Hairstyling
Hairstyling or dressing the hair ~ direct relation to the fashion, art, and life of the times Ready-to-wear clothing ~ wash-and-wear hair
educate clients in ~ home care maintenance ~ styling options for their hair Clients will judge your work by the finished style images.teamsugar.com/.../49_2007/HairStylist.jpg
Think retro-out of style today may be back tomorrow dorishinyblog.com/.../uploads/2009/06/hair.jpg
Client Consultation First step in the hairstyling process Take into consideration ~ face shape ~ hair type ~ lifestyle miniquehair.com/CONSULTATION.jpg
Be a creative problem solver If you create a style that is flattering and easy to manage, clients will be most loyal
Add to side bar: Finger waves develop: Dexterity (finger) Finger strength Coordination =596&tbm=isch&tbnid=VesgkxjPd3UbwM:&imgrefurl=http://makeupbeat.com/blog/2007/12/30/go-for- the-gold/&docid=FPpuF6MkstRqHM&imgurl=http://makeupbeat.com/blog/wp- content/uploads/2007/12/ _e_metallic_gold_eye_s1- 1.jpg&w=640&h=406&ei=coGtTtCXO8Lq0gGXt7GGDw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=317&sig= &page=11&tbnh=109&tbnw=148&start=214&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:214&tx=89&ty=4 7
Finger Waving Lotion Gel that makes hair pliable, keeps hair in place Made from karaya gum Found in trees in Africa and India Good lotion is harmless to the hair and does not flake when it dries
Pin Curls Parts of a Curl Base-closest to the scalp Stem-between the base and the first arc ~ gives direction and movement Circle-forms a complete circle ~ size of circle determines the width of the wave and its strength pre2005.flexiblelearning.net.au/toolbox/demos...
Mobility of a Curl Stem determines the mobility or movement No-stem curl: -placed directly on the base -produces tight, firm, long-lasting curl -minimum mobility Name the pin curls that have a no-stem curl.
Half-stem curl: -medium movement -half off base Name the pin curl with this stem. Full-stem curl: -greatest mobility -off the base -strong, definite direction (waves, not curl)
Shaping for Pin Curl Placements ~ section is molded in a circular movement ***Ex. Maypoles Open and Closed Center Curls Open-smooth waves and uniform curls Closed-smaller, fine hair, fluffy curl
Curl and Stem Direction Terms: Clockwise Counterclockwise
Base Pin Curls or Foundations Rectangular base: -recommended on front hairline -smooth upsweep effect Name the pin curl with this base, then add to side bar. i.ehow.com/.../ / main_Full.jpg
Triangular base: -use at front or facial hairline -prevents breaks and splits Arc base: -half-moon -gives good direction -used at hairline Which pin curl uses each of these bases? Add to side bar.
Square base: -curly styles without volume List the two pin curls that have this base. Add to side bar. Add to side bar: Pin at the base through ½ of the circle Incorrect-pinning through whole circle
Pin Curl Techniques Ribboning-forcing the hair between the thumb and the back of the comb to create tension ***smoothes the strand/more even results Carved or Sculptured Curls Formed without lifting the hair ***used to finish the hairline in fingerwaves
Designing with Pin Curls Barrel Curls -large center openings -rectangular base -similar to roller/not as much tension ***will not last as long as rollers Creating Volume with Pin Curls Cascade or Stand-Up Curls -create height
Roller Curls Advantages over pin curls: Much faster Wrapped with tension/stronger, longer-lasting set Variety of sizes Broadens creative possibilities
Parts of a Roller Curl Base (section) -same length and width as the roller Stem -first turn -direction and mobility Curl or Circle -determines size of wave or curl Fig Fig
dominicanhaircare.com/.../dreamstime_ jpg images22.fotki.com/.../ /ponyset2-vi.jpg Determine the good and bad qualities of these two roller sets.
Choosing Your Roller Size One complete turn creates a C-shaped curl One-and-a-half turns create a wave Two-and-a-half turns create curls
Roller Placement On base-full volume -sits directly on its base -over-direct (135 degree angle) Half base-medium volume -sits halfway on its base and halfway behind the base -hold strand straight up (90 degree angle)
Off base-least volume - sits completely off base * under-direct - 45degrees down from base Roller Direction Placement of rollers follows the movement of the finished style ***how you set is how you comb out
Hot Rollers Used on dry hair Stay in for minutes Less strong of curl than wet set (rollers) Stronger and longer-lasting than curling iron setssalon.ca/images/isinis%20hot%20rollers.jpg
Velcro Rollers Add to side bar: Not legal in Pa beauty schools Salons must remove hair and disinfect between each client Used on dry hair Wet hair will snag and pull the hair Leave in for 5-10 minutes
Fabric grips hair and stays in place Mist hair with hairspray Can place client under hooded dryer for 5-10 minutes ***Review page 96 for disinfection procedure
Comb-out Techniques Good set leads to good comb out If you follow well-structured system of combing out hairstyles, you will save time and get more even results (on test-organized order) *** after the tease ~ start at bottom ~ place hair as you go up to the crown ~ bring in the sides ~ top is last
Back-combing and Back-brushing Techniques Back-combing -called teasing, ratting, matting, or French lacing -mats hair at the scalp -forms a cushion
Back-brushing -called ruffing -soft cushion Both: -used for up-dos -adds a little height -after hot rollers or blow-drying ***read techniques list Glamour.com
Hair Wrapping Used to keep curly hair smooth and straight Very little volume-hair at scalp is not lifted Done on wet or dry hair summary-hair- care... Read “Here’s a Tip” and “Caution”
Blow-dry Styling Technique of drying and styling damp hair in one operation Women desire hairstyles that require the least time and effort to maintain Guide and educate the client through this process The client’s first impression of the haircut you have done will be determined by the quality of the blow-dry
Add to side bar: Warm air “molds” the hair (into the desired shape) Cool air “sets” and removes frizz (smoothes and looks like a curling was used) Demonstration on mannequin
Tools for Blow-dry Styling Blow-dryer-an electrical appliance designed for drying and styling the hair Concentrator-is a directional feature -creates a stream of air Diffuser-air flows more softly -keeps textural definition static.oprah.com/images/omag/beauty/ om...
Not on test: good to know-clients will ask. ***Ionic blow dryers and curling irons infuse the hair with beneficial negative ions that seal the hair cuticle, eliminate frizz, and create shiny, silky, healthy hair. ***Ionic blow dryers dry hair quicker than regular blow dryers by breaking up the water in the hair into smaller particles which can evaporate faster.
Keep blow-dryer perfectly clean and free of dirt, oil, and hair Air intake at back of blow-dryer must be clear at all times If intake is covered, dryer element will burn out prematurely brigknowsbest.com/.../uploads/2009/01/dryer.jpg
Combs and Picks Teeth closely spaced remove definition from curl Creates a smooth surface Widely spread teeth give a more textured surface Comb with pick on the one end lift the hair away from the head ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/21isi%2B2vcTL.... styletips101.com/.../2009/03/rattail-comb.jpg ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/31WT9XEGCXL._S...
Brushes Classic styling brush Half-round, rubber based Seven or nine rows Nylon bristles Heat-resistant/antistatic Little volume Less suitable for smooth classic looks https:/.../admin/images/productimages/j1699.jpg
Paddle brush Large, flat base For mid-to longer-length hair Keeps hair from snagging styletips101.com/.../2008/10/paddle-brush.jpg
Grooming brushes Mixture of boar and nylon bristles Boar bristles-distribute the scalp oils/gives shine Nylon bristles-stimulate circulation of blood to the scalp Adds polish and shine to fine to medium hair Great for combing out updos
Vent brushes Speeds up blow-dry process Ideal for fine hair And adding lift at the scalp
Round brushes Various diameters Metal cylinder bases-heat transferred creates a stronger curl Cooling button “sets” the hair in the new shape z.about.com/d/beauty/1/0/C/n/spornette.jpg
Teasing brush Thin nylon styling brush Good for back-combing Use the sides of the bristles to smooth into the desired style Sectioning Clips Keep whatever wet hair you are not working with sectioned off Do not allow wet hair to sit over dry hair
Styling Products “liquid tools” Gives style more hold Adds shine and curl Takes away curl Greatly enhances style conceptsinhair.com/.../matrix_hair_products.jpg
Know, to determine correct product for client: How long the style needs to hold What environmental conditions-dryness, humidity, wind, sun Type of hair Heavier products work by causing strands of hair to cling together, adding more pronounced definition Can weigh the hair down, especially fine hair Range from light to very firm hold
Types of Styling Products Foam or mousse light, airy, whipped styling product Good for fine hair Does not weigh hair down Excellent for drier, more porous hair
Gel Thickened styling preparation Strongest control for slicked or molded styles Gives distinct texture when spread with fingers Creates long-lasting body Firm-hold gel may overwhelm fine hair
Liquid gels or texturizers Lighter more viscous (liquid) Good for all hair types Offer firmer, longer hold for fine hair with least amount of heaviness Gives a lighter, more moderate hold for normal or coarse hair
Upselling As you style the client’s hair, talk about the products you are using to achieve the desired look, and why Have client hold product while you demonstrate the uses and benefits of each product cdn-www.expertvillage.com/showImage.aspx?site…
Straightening gel Creates a smooth, straight look Counters frizz Temporary Becomes undone in extremely humid conditions
Volumizers Sprayed at the base of fine, wet hair Adds volume Add a light gel or mousse to the rest of the hair for more hold Avoid the base (with the gel)
Pomade or wax Adds considerable weight Used on dry hair Very easy to mold Greater manageability Use sparingly on fine hair Excellent on short hair * Demonstrate use ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/41PGNDQNPDL._S... ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/31xXc1GhiaL._A...
Silicone Adds gloss and sheen While creating textural definition Non-oily silicone products/all hair types Provides protection while blow-drying Or at the very end for shine Spray shines/no weight Aquage “Beyond Shine”
Hair spray or finishing spray Form of a mist to hold style in Most widely used product Finishing spray used when style is complete and will not be disturbed ***Build-up removal treatments work well to cleanse the hair from all products ***Baking soda removes hair spray build up in one minute
Page 466 Direct the stream of air from the blow-dryer over the curl in a back-and-forth motion Service Tip-page 466 Never hold the blow-dryer too long in one place Always direct the hot air away from the client’s scalp to prevent scalp burns Direct it from the scalp towards the ends
Hot air flows in the direction in which the hair is wound/improper technique will rough up the hair, making if frizzy Add to the side bar on Page 468: 1.Start drying at the bottom in nape area 2.Drying order: Scalp Hair shaft Ends
Thermal Hairstyling Q. Who invented marcel waving in 1875? Add this to side bar Thermal waving/marcel waving and thermal curling are methods of waving and curling straight or pressed hair using thermal irons and special manipulative techniques on dry hair a. Marcel Grateau
Electrical or stove-heated Manipulative techniques/same for both irons Thermal Irons Irons made of quality steel Even heat controlled by stylist Non-electrical favored by stylists catering to clients with excessive curly hair Larger range of barrel or rod size Higher heat capabilities cdnbc.beautychoice.com/.../preview/ht-1108.jpg curlingironstove.com/images/elite%20custom%20...
Two parts to know: Barrel or rod and Shell (spoon) Flat Irons Straight edges Creates smooth, straight styles Beveled edge-bends the ends Improving-constant even heat even on high settings Ergonomic grips/lightweight blog.buffalostate.edu/fashion/merchandising/a...
Testing Thermal Irons After heating, test on tissue paper Hold for 5 seconds If scorches, iron is too hot Let cool before placing in hair Overly hot will scorch hair off/discolor white hair Fine, lightened, or damaged=less heat
Care of Thermal Irons Remove dirt, oils, and product residue Dampen towel with soapy solution and a few drops of ammonia (or prepared cleaners) Wipe barrel Non-electrical irons, immerse in solution Do not clean while turned on or still cooling
Comb Used With Thermal Irons Use hard rubber or other nonflammable substance Have fine teeth to firmly hold the hair Manipulating Thermal Irons Hold iron in a comfortable position that gives you complete control
Temperature Setting depends on texture of the hair Fine hair, lightened or tinted, or white hair use gentle heat (warm not hot) Coarse and gray hair-use more heat (hotter)
Thermal Curling with Electric Thermal Irons Straight hair-permits quick styling Pressed hair-permits styling without danger of returning to its former extremely curly condition Wigs and hairpieces-presents a quick and effective method of styling
Curling Iron Manipulations Method of holding the iron is a matter of personal preference Choose one-greatest ease, comfort, and control of movement 1.Practice opening and closing at regular intervals 2.Practice releasing the hair with quick, clicking movements
3. Practice guiding the strand to the center of the curl 4. Use the comb to protect the client’s scalp from burns Other Types of Curls Spiral curl-curling the hair while winding the strand around the rod End curls-for short hair
Volume Thermal Curls Used to create volume or lift Volume-based thermal curls-maximum lift or volume -curl is very high on base (135 degree angle) Add: over-directed
Full-Based Thermal Curls Full volume -125 degree (over-directed) Half-based -moderate lift or volume -90 degree angle Off-based -slight lift or volume 70 degrees Finished set-clip each curl in place until ready for styling
Safety Measures (3 needed for test) Use only after instructions Keep irons clean Do not overheat irons Test temperature on tissue paper Avoid burning yourself or client Place in a safe place to cool Heating conventional irons do not put handle too close to the heater
Be sure iron is properly balanced in heater Use hard rubber or non flammable combs Celluloid combs must not be used- flammable Do not use metal combs/too hot/burn scalp Place comb between scalp and iron/prevent burns Hair must be cleaned and completely dry Do not allow ends to protrude over iron/fishhooks Lightened, tinted, or relaxed hair-use gentle heat
Thermal Hair Straightening (Pressing) Temporarily straightens extremely curly or unruly hair with a heated comb Three types: On test!!!! Soft -removes up to 50-60% of curl -once on each side Add -no pressure blog.treasuredlocks.com/wp-content/uploads/20...
Medium press -removes up to 60-75% of curl -once on each side -with some pressure Hard press -removes 100% of curl -twice on each side Add-with pressure Also called double press myblackhairjourney.bravehost.com/press1.jpg
Analysis of Hair and Scalp Before press, analyze condition of hair and scalp If not healthy-give appropriate corrective treatments If scalp skin disease-advise client to see a dermatologist If hair shows signs of neglect-recommend a series of conditioning treatments
Failure to correct dry and brittle hair-results in breakage during hair pressing Burned hair strands cannot be conditioned Check hair for elasticity and porosity Good elasticity-stretches about 50% (when wet) of original length before breaking
Analysis covers: Wave pattern Length Texture (coarse, medium, fine) Feel (wiry, soft, or silky) Elasticity Color Condition Condition of scalp Read lists
Hair Texture Coarse, extremely curly hair has qualities that make it difficult to press Coarse-greater in diameter Requires more heat and pressure Medium curly-no special problems -least resistant to hair pressing
Fine hair requires special care -less heat and pressure Wiry, curly hair may be coarse, medium, or fine, and feels stiff, hard and glassy -very resistant to pressing -use more heat and pressure
Scalp Condition Classified as normal, tight, or flexible Normal-proceed with analysis If scalp is tight and hair coarse-press the hair in the direction it grows Flexible scalp-difficulty-may not be able to press the hair satisfactorily
Record Keeping Keep a record of the hair and scalp analysis Include all pressing treatments Question client about lightener, tint, gradual color (metallic), or other chemical treatments Release statement (may not hold up in Pennsylvania)
Conditioning Treatments Involve special cosmetic preparations for the hair and scalp, thorough brushing, and scalp massage Usually results in better hair pressing Pressing Combs Two types-regular and electric Constructed of good quality stainless steel or brass Handle is made of wood/does not absorb heat ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/31REW4N8TQL._S... https:/.../KENTUCKY%20MAID%20SPKM%2032W%20A.jpg
To temper a new pressing comb- -heat the comb until extremely hot -coat the comb in petroleum or pressing oil -let cool down naturally -run under hot water to remove the oil
Heating the Comb After heating the comb, test it on a piece of light tissue paper (end wraps or sanex strip) If paper scorches, allow comb to cool slightly before applying it to the hair
Cleaning the Comb Will perform more efficiently if kept clean Clean of loose hair, grease, and dust before and after each use Intense heat keeps the comb sterile To remove carbon-rub the outside surface and between teeth with a fine steel wool pad or fine sandpaper Place metal portion in hot baking soda solution for 1 hour; rinse and dry
Pressing Oil or Cream First apply pressing oil to hair Products have these effects: Makes hair softer Prepare and condition the hair for pressing Helps prevent the hair from burning or scorching Helps prevent hair breakage Condition the hair after pressing Add sheen to pressed hair Helps hair stay pressed longer ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/411N5NBSHSL._S...
Reminders and Hints for All Pressing (need 3 for test) Good judgment=avoid damage Client’s safety is ensured only when stylist observes every precaution Avoid excessive heat or pressure Avoid too much pressing oil Avoid perfumed pressing oil-allergic Avoid over frequently hair pressing Keep comb clean at all times
Avoid overheating Test temperature on paper before applying to hair Adjust temperature to the texture and condition of the hair Use comb carefully to avoid burning the scalp, skin, and hair Prevent smoking and burning by drying the hair completely Avoid excessive application of pressing oil
Use moderately warm comb to press short hair at temples and back of neck Hard Press Only recommended when the results of a soft press are not satisfactory Touch-ups Process is the same-with shampoo omitted
Caution Box Two types of injuries: 1.Immediate -burned hair that breaks off -burned scalp causing temporary or permanent loss of hair -burns on ears and neck that form scars
2. Not immediately evident -skin rash if allergic to pressing oil -breaking or shortening of the hair due to many frequent hair pressings
Special Considerations Pressing fine hair -less pressure Add-less heat Pressing short, fine hair -extra care at hairline -extra short. Comb should not be too hot -comb causes accidental burns/painful/scars
Immediately apply 1percent gentian violet jelly to the burn Pressing coarse hair -apply enough pressure so hair stays straightened Pressing tinted, lightened, or gray hair -might require conditioning treatments -gray hair can be particularly resistant -moderately heated comb, light pressure -avoid excessive heat/discoloration/breakage
Styling Long Hair Updo-hairstyle with the hair arranged up and off the shoulders Secured with implements like hairpins, bobby pins, and elastics Special occasions
Knot or Chignon -true classic/popular for centuries -created from simple ponytail -dressed up with flowers or ornaments,or kept simple -very straight and silky hair-set on hot rollers -wavy or curly, blow-dry straight -extremely curly-press first or leave for a textured-looking chignon
Basic French twist (not in textbook) -elegant, sleek look can go anywhere -straight, fine hair set first ***All hair is in the twist ***Level 1’s set on wet set rollers first, then comb- out ***review pinning on page 501
Pleat or Classic French twist -for weddings and black-tie events -shape is larger -front is designed/more creative than basic twist -inspect shape from every angle/well balanced and well proportioned ***Level 2’s set hot rollers, then comb-out, designing the front and sides ***Level 3’s no set required/ design the front/sides
Client Consultation Make sure you understand what the client has in mind Pre-bridal, come in with hairpiece to try several styles Take photographs to help decide which she likes best Keep the photo to duplicate style on her big day
Artistry of Hairstyling Master basic styles Create your own unique and attractive looks Styling trends change quickly Have a mannequin at home---Practice Create looks in magazines-try new ideas and techniques Every client presents creative possibilities