Presentation on theme: "Clicker Review. The following table represents a two person game played once by individuals who cannot communicate with each other. Each individual can."— Presentation transcript:
The following table represents a two person game played once by individuals who cannot communicate with each other. Each individual can either choose a cooperative or selfish strategy. Which statement best describes the outcome of the game? B cooperateselfish A cooperate10, 104, 8 selfish8, 46, 6 a)The game has no unique solution b)A and B have different dominant strategies c)Both parties will act selfishly d)The game has no Nash equilibrium
The weak version of the Coase theorem states that in the absence of transaction costs a)resources will be put to identical uses independent of the initial assignment of rights. b)wealth effects are independent of the initial assignment of rights. c)parties will be compensated for any harms caused by externalities. d)resources will be allocated efficiently independent of the initial assignment of rights.
A railroad emits sparks which damage the farmer’s crops. The amount of damage depends on the number of trains run. If the railroad is not liable for the farmer’s damages and transaction costs are zero, the railroad will run: Number of Trains Railroad Profits Total damages to farmer’s crops 1$ 2 2 5 4 3 9 6 410. 5 8 510 a)0 trains if the farmer’s profit (before deducting crop damage but allowing for other costs) is $15 b)1 trains c)2 trains d)3 trains e)4 trains f)5 trains
Suppose a factory emits pollutants that injure adjacent homeowners. The law will promote efficiency if it a)creates an incentive for the factory to relocate to a different location if the harm it causes is greater than its profits. b)creates an incentive for homeowners to move to a different location if the cost of moving is less than the harm caused by the pollution. c)holds the factory liable for damages or enjoins it from polluting when the harm it cause is greater than its profits d)holds the factory liable if the homeowners located there first and holds the factory harmless if it located there first
From the standpoint of positive law and economics, one would predict that the principal defense to trespass on land would be a)lack of knowledge that the land was privately owned b)the landowner was not using the property at the time of the trespass and hence there was no harm c)high transaction costs prevented a transaction between the trespasser and the owner d)the benefits from trespassing were greater than the cost imposed on the landowner e)the landowner failed to take reasonable precautions to prevent the trespass
The statement that best describes the difference between protecting entitlements by property rights or by liability rules is: a)the harm is greater from violating an entitlement protected by a property right than one protected by a liability rule. b)both apply to high transaction cost settings but the remedy under a property right is an injunction while the remedy under a liability rule is damages. c)the cost of enforcing a property right exceeds the cost of enforcing a liability rule. d)property rights are good against all trespassers while liability rules apply only to parties unwilling to compensate victims in voluntary transactions. e)a property right approach assumes that a voluntary transaction is economical whereas a liability rule approach assumes that transactions costs prevent a voluntary transaction