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Communicable Diseases Get out a piece of paper.. 1.How many surfaces does the average person touch in 30 minutes? a. 10 b. 40 c. 100 d. 300 2.What is.

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Presentation on theme: "Communicable Diseases Get out a piece of paper.. 1.How many surfaces does the average person touch in 30 minutes? a. 10 b. 40 c. 100 d. 300 2.What is."— Presentation transcript:

1 Communicable Diseases Get out a piece of paper.

2 1.How many surfaces does the average person touch in 30 minutes? a. 10 b. 40 c. 100 d What is the most germ-contaminated surface in the average home? a. Toilet seat b. Phone receiver c. TV remote d. Light switch Journal

3 3.Which of these classroom surfaces has the most bacteria? a. Water fountain handle b. Doorknob c. Computer keyboard d. Student desktop 4.How long can viruses survive on common surfaces like doorknobs and staplers? a. 10 minutes b. 3 days c. 2 weeks d. 1 month

4 5.How many bacteria are on the average student’s desk? a. 10 b. 100 c. 10,000 d. 10 million 6.Regular soap and water can kill germs. a. True b. False

5 7.All bacteria are bad. a. True b. False 8.How many colds does the average kid catch a year? a. 1 b. 4 c. 8 d. 10

6 9.How many bacteria are on the average sponge? a. 100 b c. 600,000 d. 7 billion 10.You can help stop the spread of germs at home and school. a. True b. False

7 What is Disease? A disease is an illness that affects the proper functioning of the body or mind. A disease that can be passed to a person from another person, animal, or object is called a communicable disease. Diseases that cannot be caught from people, animals, or objects are called noncommunicable diseases. Page 108

8 Causes of Communicable Diseases The tiny organisms that cause communicable diseases are called pathogens. There are many different types of pathogens: Bacteria Viruses Fungi Protozoa Rickettsias When pathogens enter the body, an infection may result. Page 108

9 Types of Pathogens An infection is a condition that occurs when pathogens enter the body, multiply, and damage cells. Bacteria are tiny one-celled organisms that live nearly everywhere. Most types of bacteria are harmless, and many types live on and inside the human body. In fact, your body needs certain bacteria to work properly. Common disease caused by bacteria include strep throat, tooth decay, boils, bacterial pneumonia, and impetigo. Page 108

10 Bacterial waste in water

11 A virus is the smallest disease-causing organism. Colds, flu, and hepatitis are caused by viruses. Viruses also cause diseases of childhood and adolescence, such as measles, mumps, and chicken pox. It is important to know whether a disease is caused by a virus or by another pathogen so that the right treatment can be given. In general, bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics but viral infections cannot. Some viral infections are now treated with prescribed medications. Page 109

12 Influenza virus Measles Rash Mumps Swelling of salivary glands

13 Protozoa are single-celled organisms that are usually harmless but that can cause certain diseases. Malaria is a disease caused by protozoa that live in certain kinds of mosquitoes. If an affected mosquito bites a human, the person will be infected. Water contaminated with protozoa can also cause infections. Page 109

14 Fungi are primitive life-forms that feed on organic materials. Certain fungi live in the hair, nails, and skin. Fungi cause ringworm, an infection of the scalp and skin, and athlete’s foot, an infection of the skin between the toes. Athlete’s Foot Ringworm Page 109

15 Rickettsias are disease-causing organisms that resemble bacteria but multiply like viruses. They enter humans from the bites of insects such as fleas or lice. They can cause diseases such as typhus and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Louse Flea Page 109

16 How Pathogens are Spread Illness can occur when a pathogen enters your body. Here are some risk factors associated with communicable diseases: Direct contact with an infected person. Indirect contact with an infected person. Contact with a vector. Other contacts. Page 109

17 Preventing the Spread of Disease Preventing the spread of disease involves good personal hygiene and that starts with hand washing. Protecting others involves taking actions to prevent the spread of pathogens. If you are sick, determine the contagious period, that is, the length of time when a particular disease can spread from person to person. Stay home from school and away from other people during this period. Page 110

18 Causes of Noncommunicable Diseases Communicable diseases are caused by the spread of pathogens. Noncommunicable diseases are diseases that are not transmitted by pathogens. Many noncommunicable diseases are: Chronic diseases Degenerative Diseases Page 115

19 Diseases Present at Birth Some babies are born with physical or mental disabilities resulting from birth defects or genetic disorders. The causes of many birth defects are unknown. Genetic disorders are caused by a defect in genes. Page 115

20 Lifestyle Behaviors and Disease Heredity, age, gender, and ethnic group are risk factors over which people have no control. Many diseases are the direct or indirect result of harmful lifestyle behaviors, such as using tobacco or eating too many fatty foods. Page 115

21 Diseases Caused by the Environment These environmental substances can cause serious health problems or make existing health problems worse for some people: Chemical waste Certain construction materials Household chemicals Secondhand smoke Improper waste disposal Radon Carbon monoxide Page 115

22 1.How many surfaces does the average person touch in 30 minutes? a. 10 b. 40 c. 100 d What is the most germ-contaminated surface in the average home? a. Toilet seat b. Phone receiver c. TV remote d. Light switch Journal

23 3.Which of these classroom surfaces has the most bacteria? a. Water fountain handle b. Doorknob c. Computer keyboard d. Student desktop 4.How long can viruses survive on common surfaces like doorknobs and staplers? a. 10 minutes b. 3 days c. 2 weeks d. 1 month

24 5.How many bacteria are on the average student’s desk? a. 10 b. 100 c. 10,000 d. 10 million 6.Regular soap and water can kill germs. a. True b. False

25 7.All bacteria are bad. a. True b. False 8.How many colds does the average kid catch a year? a. 1 b. 4 c. 8 d. 10

26 9.How many bacteria are on the average sponge? a. 100 b c. 600,000 d. 7 billion 10.You can help stop the spread of germs at home and school. a. True b. False

27 Communicable Diseases

28 Journal 1.What foods does your family have for Thanksgiving? (Describe at least 3-4.) 2.What is your favorite part of the Thanksgiving meal? 3.What is your favorite part of Thanksgiving day? (food, football, sleeping…) Food item for Eagle Food Bank by Monday 11/24. Extra credit. 4. What if your parents told you today that you weren't going to be able to celebrate Thanksgiving…that they don’t even think they will be able to afford a can of soup or a box of cereal. What would your reaction be?

29 1. What is a communicable disease? 2. What is a noncommunicable disease? 3. List the five types of pathogens.


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