Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Museum Entrance People Government culture economy Welcome to the Museum of The Spread of Islam to Southeast Asia Curator’s Offices Geography.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Museum Entrance People Government culture economy Welcome to the Museum of The Spread of Islam to Southeast Asia Curator’s Offices Geography."— Presentation transcript:

1 Museum Entrance People Government culture economy Welcome to the Museum of The Spread of Islam to Southeast Asia Curator’s Offices Geography

2 Curator’s Office Allie Ehle, Casey Simmons and Jasmina Solankee are all currently sophomores at Westlake high school. Jasmina’s Birthday is Oct 12, 1994 Casey's birthday is on Feb 9, 1995 and Allies Birthday is on June 9, 1995 Currently all three are involved in sports at their school (golf, soccer, cross country, and Swimming) Jasmina was born in South Africa Casey was born in Ft.Stuart, Georgia And Allie was born in Coral Springs, Fl All three girls are in Ms.Hwakes 4 th period world history class Allie Ehle, Casey Simmons, and Jasmina Solankee Note: Virtual museums were first introduced by educators at Keith Valley Middle School in Horsham, Pennsylvania. This template was designed by Dr. Christy Keeler. View the Educational Virtual Museums website for more information on this instructional technique.Keith Valley Middle SchoolDr. Christy KeelerEducational Virtual Museums Return to Entry

3 Room 1 Return to Entry People

4 Room 2 Return to EntryGovernment

5 Room 3 Return to EntryEconomy

6 Room 4 Return to EntryCulture

7 Room 5 Return to EntryGeography

8 'Suf' means the coarse wool clothing worn by religious ascetics refers to the Muslim movements in Indonesia and Malaysia. Each Sufi movement in Southeast Asia had a leader, or sheik, who acted as spiritual teacher. They were an important part of the spread of Islam into the region, as all Southeast Asians respected the words of 'holy men' or ascetics. Source of early indigenous movements to purify Islam from indigenous animism. Return to Exhibit Sufis

9 During the time of the third caliph in 651 B.C.E the emperor of china was invited by “Uthman Ghani” to accept Islam as the religion. From then on many Chinese became Muslim and with the spice trade, mentioned later, the belief of Islam spread Admiral Zheng He from China sailed several times to the then Malay world, including Malacca, and went on until the Eastern coast of Africa. Zheng He, a Muslim originating from Yunnan, led seven naval expeditions on behalf of the Emperor, starting during the reign of Emperor Yong Le, with many Muslims among his crew. He sailed from China to all major ports in Southeast Asia and India. In Malacca he built granaries, warehouses and a stockade, and most probably he left behind many of his Muslim crew – because the local community was Muslim -- to take care of these interests. Return to Exhibit Muslim Chinese

10 C08%5C15%5Cstory_ _pg3_5 was called Nikodar Ooghul ascended the throne in the town of Alatak after his conversion to the religion of Islam that was rapidly growing in this country During his rulings over Persia and other countries he spread hi new found belief throughout many southeastern countries With his new followers he and his men journeyed throughout countries determined to convert many into the Islamic religion.. Return to Exhibit Sultan Ahmad

11 .Fourth Sultan of Malacca Ruled from Encouraged the study of Islam in Malacca Studied under Maulana Abu Bakar Also studied Sufism Helped Malacca become the center from which Islam spread to the rest of southeast Asia Islam became the state religion of Malacca under his rule Heavily promoted Islam Had the Islamic scriptures translated to Malay Used marriage alliances to spread Islam, along with strengthen the control of Malacca in these countries Malacca had become strongest state in southeast Asia at the time of his death in 1477 Return to Exhibit Manzur Shah 033.html

12 The Huang Cha rebellion was caused to the poor leadership of the emperor. Although he was well educated he did not pass his civil service exam. Due to this lack of knowledge he lacked leaderships skills. the people soon rebelled. Throughout this year and the years to come many rebellions would break out causing the Muslims located in many Chinese ports to leave and spread to south east Asia in turn spreading Islam throughout. Return to Exhibit Huang Chao Rebellion Huang Chao." Encyclopedia Britannica Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 07 Oct

13 sultanate.htm a sultanate is the territory ruled by a sultan, just as a kingdom is ruled by the king. Sultan is the name for an Islamic sovereign. Like a monarchy, a sultanate is a government where the supreme power lies with one person, although some sultans have absolute power. few in the world today but before, there were more. The rulers of Turkey were called Sultans.(Seljuk Turk Return to Exhibit Sultanates

14 tml /msg06033.html The Sultanate of Malacca controlled the trade through the Malacca Straits, the main shipping route. A first Portuguese expedition with the aim to take Malacca had failed in 1509 but later succeeded. Famous Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan was also there When Malacca on the mainland was captured by the Portuguese in 1517, it became unreachable to Muslim merchants and business shifted to Aceh, turning it into an extremely prosperous region. This aided the spread of Islam start and spread in a new region Return to Exhibit Portuguese Capture Malacca, 1511

15 the ruling classes accepted Islam and that further aided the spread The ruler of the region's most important port, Malacca, embraced Islam in the 15th century This lead to other Sultans and leaders to not only convert to Islam but also make it the official religion. Return to Exhibit Official Language of State

16 st_asian_history/ Before Muslim conquest, trade was overlapping networks of local merchants. To make the Spice Trade mainly Muslim, trading posts were conquered, putting it in control of Arab traders. This allowed Muslims to travel the entire length of the trade route while spreading the ideas of Muhammad Return to Exhibit Trade through out South East Asia

17 Spices came from places like the Moluccas Islands, which are a chain of islands in Indonesia. they welcomed boats from China and Southeast Asia ready to collect their spices and to pay for them Increased trading relations between Asia and the Middle East The “spices” included cinnamon, cassia, cardamom, ginger, and turmeric were known, and used for commerce. They found their way to the Middle East. Return to Exhibit The Spice Trade

18 4/Srivijaya-empire After the fall of this empire due to defeat by many different countries and empires a trading post was established and through this and many other trade Islam was established and since Islam was already a great religion throughout Asia many of the followers known as Muslims would trade goods thought this port that would start a line running to southeast Asia that would be part of the spice trade routes mentioned earlier and by trading their goods the religion of Islam was also traded Return to Exhibit Srivijaya

19 x.jpg Arab merchants were a huge contributing factor to the spread of Islam due to their many beliefs in Islam. Due to the fact that many were Muslims they spread the culture and goods throughout many of the places they journeyed. Often these traders travelled along the spice route mentioned which goes along south East Asia. This in turn influenced many people in these countries to consider converting to Islam as their main religion, while increasing the import and exporting of goods, bettering the economy Return to Exhibit Arab Merchants and the Economy

20 visual-arts-literature-and-performance Served as places where Muslim men gathered to pray together on Fridays served as boarding houses for traveling students, scholars, and traders Since Islam discourages the depiction of the human body many mosques are decorated with geometric designs and Arabic letters. Gave a clear orientation toward the holy city of Mecca. In Malay languages, the direction toward Mecca is called the kiblat. This brought a unifying religious “language” Return to Exhibit Temples and Mosques

21 visual-arts-literature-and-performance The Islamic elements are found in the literature of Java, such as: a stress on genealogy the appearance of wahyu. A wahyu is a divine revelation or vision from God The prohibiting of sharing mythical knowledge with non-Muslims a sign of divine appearance in the form of a ball of light which comes at a turning point in one’s life Return to Exhibit Oral Traditions and Stories

22 visual-arts-literature-and-performance Indonesia’s first president Sukarno was known for his passionate speeches where he tried to combine Islam, nationalism, and communism. Him and many others often used Islamic phrases and references to shadow-play characters in his speeches. Manuscripts connected to Islamic thought were written in several languages, with Arabic script. There was an Arabic script used to write Javanese, and an Arabic script used to write Malay Return to Exhibit Use of the Islamic Language

23 AAAAACac/tRRTjKhh5k0/s1600/HIJAB+bamboo_girl_by _Muslim_Women.jpg Since ancient times, marketing here largely had belonged to women. The coming of Islam barely changed women’s role in economy today mostly women who trade in small scale goods although now in more seclusion Because of their economic activities, women often were held in high regard. Would be educated to the extent of being able to acquaint herself with the workings of the family business. They would learn how to drive a hard bargain, keep records, exchange notes, and communicate in the language used in trade. With Islam did become more secluded Return to Exhibit Women in Southeast Asia

24 pages/wm-asia3.htm Southeast Asia is divided into two sub regions, he Mainland Southeast Asia and Maritime Southeast Asia Mainland Southeast Asia includes: Cambodia Burma Vietnam Thailand Laos Peninsular Malaysia Maritime Southeast Asia includes: East Malaysia Singapore Indonesia Timore-Leste Brunei Philippines Return to Exhibit Regions and Territories of Southeast Asia

25 These following cities played an important role in the spread of Islam. All of them came into contact with either Chinese Muslims, Sufis, and or Arab traders. Ayutthaya Melaka Palembang Surabaya Jakarta Malacca Return to Exhibit Major Cities

26 eography_29.html Eurasian, Philippine, and Indo-Australian tectonic plates cordilleras-parallel mountain ranges and plateaus archipelago-group of islands created from volcanic eruptions and earthquakes Southeast Asia located on the Equator mountainous terrain and tropical climate Indochina Peninsula and Malay Peninsula make up mainland Malay Archipelago (East Indies) divides Indian and Pacific Oceans Forced people to use sea travel Return to Exhibit Physical Geography of Southeast Asia

27 A dhow is a traditional Arab sailing vessel with one or more lateen sails. The term "dhow" is also applied to small, traditionally-constructed vessels used for trade and movement. They normally weighed 300 to 500 tons, and had a long, thin hull design. There are numerous kinds of dhows used by the Arab merchants, each specific to what it was carrying, whether it was only people, or only goods. Return to Exhibit Form of movement: Dhow

28 east_Asia_pol97.jpg /_u8AncKqvUQ/s400/ind+ocean.jpg Andaman Sea Gulf of Thailand Gulf of Tonkin South China Sea Java Sea Philippine Sea Sulu Sea Celebes Sea Flores Sea Banda Sea Timor Sea Arafura Sea North Pacific Ocean Return to Exhibit Bodies of Water Traveled On

29 Much of the reason of why Islam survived and spread in Southeast Asia was due to having written doctrines, called the Quran. Having the Quran helped Islam spread to Southeast Asia in the sense that it established the ideas of Islam in a more solid manner, as opposed to earlier animistic beliefs of the region. These animistic beliefs had oral traditions instead of holy books, and these oral traditions often changed over time. This is also true for the spread of Christianity, which has the Bible. Return to Entrance The Quran

30 The Crusades were a series of holy wars, with the goal of the Christians taking back their holy lands from the Muslims. The Crusades influenced the spread of Islam to Southeast Asia through ideas, battle, and trade. The effect on the spread of Islam was mainly that it was greatly slowed during this time due to the battles and conquering of the holy lands, forcing many Muslims to either convert to Christianity or relocate. It also contrasted Christian Europe with Muslim Middle East. The Spanish Christians had fought with Spanish Muslims during the holy wars in Spain, so when the Crusades reached the Philippines, the Christians had set out with a goal of conquering the Muslims, along with taking back the holy lands. Return to Entrance The Crusades

31 brotherhood.blogspot.com/2007/03/sultan-ahmed-masjid- blue-masjid.html  Mosque built by the first Ahmed and is yet another representative of Islamic art and culture  Due to the fact that this mosque was built after the death of the great Sultan Ahmad it represents the great progress that he made spreading Islam throughout southeast Asia  He did this because he believed that Islam was a great religion and in order to honor his accomplishments Muslims built this to spread the idea of Islam throughout other countries in southeast Asia Return to Exhibit Blue Masjhid


Download ppt "Museum Entrance People Government culture economy Welcome to the Museum of The Spread of Islam to Southeast Asia Curator’s Offices Geography."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google