Presentation on theme: "TOURISM AND ITS EFFECT ON PEOPLE’S CAREER Hamra Deniz Can Berke Aksoy Sezin High School."— Presentation transcript:
TOURISM AND ITS EFFECT ON PEOPLE’S CAREER Hamra Deniz Can Berke Aksoy Sezin High School
Tourism is one of the leading job creators in the world. It also has a important part at the countries’ economy. There are 5 sectors of tourism; a)Accommodation b)Food & Beverage c)Environment & Recreation d)Transportation e)Travel Services
TURKEY 74 million People 35 million of International Tourist Receipts 34 Thermal Tourism Centers 27 Winter Sport Tourism Centers 28 Highland Tourism Centers 35 Natural Protection Areas 23 Clubs and Hotels with Golf Fields 7198 Travel Agencies 9000 Licensed Tourist Guide
Grew by 5% in 2013 1.087 million Arrivals Strongest Destinations: 1.Europe (+5%) 2.Asia and the Pacific (+6%) 3.Africa (+6%) 4 WORLD
563 million Tourists (+5%) Growth 5 EUROPE ASIA AND THE PACIFIC 248 million Tourists (+6%) Growth AFRICA 56 million Tourists (+6%) Growth USA 169 million Tourists (+4%) Growth
Tourism And Mutual Understanding Prepared by Ceren Çelebi Güneş Özgün Melis Naz Baki
What Does Mutual Understanding Mean? We need to know the exact meaning of ''Mutual Understanding'' to understand our topic. Mutual Understanding Part of Speech: noun Definition: shared understanding Synonym: agreement
HOW TOURISM HELPS MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING ? Tourism helps you to know different people and their cultures. While you are recognizing each other, at the same time you overcome your prejudices.
Creating Europe Awareness Europe is one of the most popular continents in the world as a tourist attraction. People come from Australia,Asia, North & South America and Africa to see the the joint of all the nations. This is an amazing opportunity to overcome the prejudices. We listed some ways to cope with prejudices.
As we can see from the table, 7 of 10 most visited countries in the world are in Europe. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Tourism_rankings
Creating Europe Awareness: What Can We Do? We can organize exchange projects for young people to show them that we are not so different and they can learn and respect other cultures. Like; Comenius, Erasmus, Europe in Exchange etc.
Creating Europe Awareness: What We Can Do? There may be a group of people who has been chosen by their ministry of culture and tourism, can show their traditions and teach the other tourists their own handworks, knittings, farming styles etc. free of charge. This also helps thousands of people to get a job and these activities attracts the new tourists to come their country.
Creating Europe Awareness: What We Can Do? According to the questionnaires, people said these five reasons to come to Europe. 1. Diversity of cultures 2. Several thousand years of history can be explored 3. Architectural must-dos in almost all countries 4. Beautiful sceneries 5. A lot of people speak at least basic English
Creating Europe Awareness: What We Can Do? So we can make researches about which countries' citizens visit our country. And we can develop our plans and prepare attractions for those countries. For example in Turkey, We should prepare brochures in German and train our tourism guides and teach Them German and German traditions We should also encourage the other nations to come to Turkey. We can hire guides who speak their language and find out what we are doing wrong.
Creating Europe Awareness: What We Can Do? We know that we can create amazing things under pressure. So why don't we organize competitions about respecting other nations' traditions? The ministries' of the countries can ask people from other nations to make a short film about their country and find the cultural differences and similarities between her/his country's. If he/she wins the competition, He/she will win a trip to that country.
Creating Europe Awareness: What We Can Do? A project has been done in Istanbul with the sponsorship of Turkish Airlines. 5 photographer came to Istanbul to take photos of people and the buildings. And these photos were shared in social media. With this project, more people wanted to visit Turkey. The tourists could also join this project. #InstaMeetTK0001
TOURISM’S CONTRIBUTION; ETHICAL VALUES 1.Tourism activities should be conducted in harmony with the attributes and traditions of the host regions and countries and in respect for their laws, practices and customs. 2.The host communities, on the one hand, and local professionals, on the other, should acquaint themselves with and respect the tourists who visit them and find out about their lifestyles, tastes and expectations; the education and training imparted to professionals contribute to a hospitable welcome 3.It is the task of the public authorities to provide protection for tourists and visitors and their belongings; they must pay particular attention to the safety of foreign tourists owing to the particular vulnerability they may have 4.When travelling, tourists and visitors should not commit any criminal act or any act considered criminal by the laws of the country visited 5.Tourists and visitors have the responsibility to acquaint themselves, even before their departure, with the characteristics of the countries they are preparing to visit
Tourism development has affected people in the tourist destinations both socially and economically. The affects are both positive and negative and vary in how significant they are for people. One positive social effect from tourism generated earnings is the increase in investment in the local community, improving the standard of living for locals, which is essential for further development. This can lead to an overall improvement in the welfare of the people, providing improved health and education services
There is a close correlation between economic and social significance, however, often positive economic affects result in negative social impacts, both equally significant. One example of this is the growth of tourism in an area like Byron Bay in Australia, where the demand for land to accommodate this growth has resulted in increased property values (demand and supply) which have forced locals to move to cheaper areas. The property values in Byron Bay doubled in less than 10 years, resulting in increasing rates etc…. Australia, Byron Bay
This impact also occurred in Spain where tourism where some communities experience growth in tourism of 18% and an increase in property values leading to local people being displaced. Sociologists have studied this phenomenon and note a loss of sense of identity and general lowering of self-esteem, which can lead to other social issues (crime), especially evident among young people who resent the tourists….
VALUES INFLUENCED BY TOURISM PHYSİCAL INFLUENCE «Cultural deterioration, damage to cultural heritage may arise from vandalism, littering, pilferage and illegal removal of cultural heritage items or by changing the historical landscape that surrounds it Resource use conflicts, such as competition between tourism and local populations for the use of prime resources like water and energy because of scarce supply Conflicts with traditional land-uses may also arise in coastal areas, when the construction of shoreline hotels and tourist faculties cuts off access for the locals to traditional fishing grounds and even recreational use of the areas»
CULTURE CLASHES Cultural clashes means difference between two different people. «Cultural clashes may further arise through: Economic inequality - between locals and tourists who are spending more than they usually do at home. Irritation due to tourist behaviour - Tourists often, out of ignorance or carelessness, fail to respect local customs and moral values. As an example, we can see the case of Catalunya. Catalunya has always been a worldwide force in the tourism industry. However, it has promoted a kind of tourism based on sun, fun and drinking. The kind of people that come to the country are only looking for those clichés and do not care about the local values. These are people who, in their own country would never shout in the street, drink alcohol all day or break all shopping windows they would find on their way "home". In Lloret de Mar, in the Costa Brava, the situation is now untenable (Patronat de Turisme Costa Brava Girona). Job level friction - due to a lack of professional training, many low-paid tourism-jobs go to local people while higher- paying and more prestigious managerial jobs go to foreigners or "urbanized" nationals.»
CRIME With the growth of the cities and countries, tourist numbers are increasing. So tourists are going to places with valuable things like phones, money etc. These are increasing the attraction of crime.
LEAKAGE «The direct income for an area is the amount of tourist expenditure that remains within its borders. Very often, this is a relatively small amount due to "leakage" - the amount of money that is drained out of an area due to tax payments, profits and wages paid outside the area and expenditure for imports.»
Infrasturucture cost Tourism is a source of money for the government and taxpayers. Because of that they want to build new airports etc. to take more tourists. «Possibilities to provide tax breaks and other financial advantages which are costly activities. Public resources spent on subsidized infrastructure or tax breaks may reduce government investment in other critical areas such as education and health. «
INCREASE IN PRICES Because of the tourists sometime local residents affected by increase of prices. So the land values grow. This is one of the biggest reason why local people sometimes can not afford their daily needs and also result in a dominance by outsiders in land markets and in-migration that erodes economic opportunities for the locals.»
the effects of universal language on tourism TOURISM AND LANGUAGE DEREN SU SOYDEMİR - ALPARSLAN ÜKE - EKİN KARAGÖLENT
Effects of Universal Language As we all know, language is the strongest communication tool between people and our midpoint is English.
THE BIGGEST REASON FOR A MIDPOINT OF LANGUAGE IS TOURISM. FOR TOURISM, WE SEE THIS AS A REQUIREMENT. WE GO COURSES, WE TAKE LESSONS AND WE ALWAYS TRY TO LEARN MORE LANGUAGES THAN WE HAVE LEARNT. WE USE ENGLISH AS A UNIVERSAL LANGUAGE AND SOMETIMES WE FORGET ABOUT THE COUNTRY’S OWN LANGUAGE. THIS IS NOT A BIG PROBLEM AS LONG AS WE CAN COMMUNICATE WITH EACH OTHER. BUT THIS KEEPS US AWAY FROM THE COUNTRY CULTURE.
English remains the dominant language of international business and global communication through the influence of global media and the former British Empire that had established the use of English in regions around the world such as North America, India, Africa, Australia and New Zealand. However, English is not the only language used in global organizations such as in the EU or the UN, because many countries do not recognize English as a universal language.
Languages and tourism shape the everyday life of tourism as well as its tactics and strategies. Speaking the language of the hosts could deepen the potential for tourists' relations with another people and place.
Universal language may refer to a historical language spoken and understood by all or most of the world's population. In some contexts, it refers to a means of communication said to be understood by all living things, beings, and objects alike. It may be the idea of an international language for communication between groups speaking different primary languages. In other conceptions, it may be the primary language of all speakers, or the only existing language.
There are lots of examples in the world. When people visit the countries, they usually speak english or the main universal languages which are spoken by most of the world’s population. If we want to give a little example, we can show this trip. We came to Spain for our school project but we speak in english as a necessity. It is a general habit that we use in our lives. But actually we have to learn some vocabulary and learn about the country, live the atmosphere and the culture of the country.