Personality Assessment ennea – Greek word for “nine” grammos – “figure” “nine pointed figure” Development of modern psychology Roots in philosophical and spiritual wisdom of ancient traditions (2500 BCE) Primarily concerns with self-knowledge
Myers-Briggs / Keirsey Temperament Sorter ENFJ / ISTP / ESFP / INTJ… etc Good for forming balanced teams, understanding gifts and talents of each person Focus on appreciating differences No “good/bad” …Just “different”
Enneagram underlying motivation This is why I do what I do Basic motivation leads to behavior: Healthy behavior Average behavior Unhealthy behavior
USEFULNESS Personal growth You will always be you. Healthy… Average… Unhealthy… Better understand others Motivation, priorities, and behavior of others Habit 5: seek first to understand, then to be understood Enhance relationships Work, Family, Friends, Children
Symbolic Image Circle: unity, wholeness, oneness Triangle: The Law of Three Everything that exists is the result of the interaction of three forces Hexad: The Law of Seven Process and development over time Nothing is static; everything evolves over time.
Principled, idealistic, orderly, strong sense of right and wrong Healthy: conscientious, ethical, wise judgment Average: critical, methodical, detailed Unhealthy: self-righteous, inflexible, obsessive If you want it done right, you’ve got to do it yourself.
Concerned, helpful, love and be loved Healthy: empathetic, sincere, warm, appreciative, encouraging, generous, thoughtful, altruistic Average: gushy, lots of good intentions, need to be needed, meddling “mother,” possessive Unhealthy: if unappreciated resentful & complain, play martyr & guilt others I love you, you love me…
Self-assured, ambitious, success oriented, motivates others, networking Healthy: high self-esteem, feel desirable, adaptable, energetic, charming, popular, authentic Average: competitive “winner,” pragmatic, goal-oriented, image conscious, problems with phoniness, arrogance, egotistical Unhealthy: success at all costs exploitative, opportunistic, immoral, pathological liars Look at me!
Perceptive, analytic, eccentric, thinker Healthy: observe everything with extraordinary perceptiveness, love learning, excited by possessing knowledge Average: specialized with knowledge, detached and preoccupied with data (live in their head), arrogant sense of intelligence Unhealthy: reclusive, secretive with knowledge, “mad scientist” Knowledge is power…
Likable, loyal, dependable, highly value trust Healthy: engaging and friendly, trustworthy and hardworking, cooperative and reliable Average: “team player” does what they’re told, indirect with conflict, indecisive, anxiety (“what if…”) Unhealthy: insecure, dependent and clingy, inferiority complex, over-react to everything I belong
Enthusiastic, busy, versatile, playful, generalist Healthy: excitable extrovert, productive and prolific, joyful appreciation of life’s experiences Average: insatiable appetite for new experiences, constant activity (“flighty”), fear being bored Unhealthy: quickly and easily frustrated, impulsive, escapist Carpe Diem! …Try anything once
Powerful, assertive, confident, strong, decisive, action-oriented LEADER Healthy: courageous, noble and honorable leader, use power constructively Average: “rugged individualists,” dominate people/situations, use power for self-interest Unhealthy: ruthless and hard-hearted, dictatorial, hold on to power and prevail at all costs Might makes right… Use your power for good not evil…
Peaceful, reassuring, passive, easy-going Healthy: deeply receptive, open, patient Average: overly accommodating, agreeable, avoid conflicts Unhealthy: stubborn, neglect problems, fatalistic Go with the flow… Don’t make waves…
The Wisdom of the Enneagram: The Complete Guide to Psychological and Spiritual Growth for the Nine Personality Types by Don Richard Riso and Russ Hudson This is an all-around great resource; probably my favorite book on the topic, but also more in- depth understandings… offers a lot of comments on healthy-average-unhealthy as well as suggestions for spiritual growth.
The Enneagram Made Easy: Discover the 9 Types of People by Renee Baron and Elizabeth Wagele This has a lot of comic-style images and cartoon- like explanations that make it an easy read to acquaint folks with the Enneagram for the first time.
Are You My Type, Am I Yours? : Relationships Made Easy Through The Enneagram by Renee Baron and Elizabeth Wagele High school students love, love, love this book… and so do adults. The thing I like best about this one is how it explains what a given number likes and struggles with when it comes to interacting with others (of their same number and all the others).
Understanding the Enneagram: The Practical Guide to Personality Types by Russ Hudson and Don Richard Riso This one has a great, easy to comprehend explanation of each type. I like that it calls out the characteristic virtue and vice of each number. I also appreciate the section it has on “mis-typing,” which helps participants figure out which number they are.