Presentation on theme: "Unit 3 The Road to Success The Road to Success In your mind, what does dream mean to you?"— Presentation transcript:
Unit 3 The Road to Success The Road to Success
In your mind, what does dream mean to you?
Dream no matter how vague, the total hidden in our hearts, our feelings are never quiet, until the dream becomes a reality. -- Lin Yu-tang
Q1: Have you remembered your dream when you are a child? Why do you have this dream?
shop assistant reporter policeman policewoman bank clerk waiter actor student
How to realize your dream?
Listen and Respond
Follow Your Dream One day in a high school, a senior named Monty Roberts was asked to write a paper about what he wanted to be and do when he grew up. Monty Roberts was the son of a horse trainer. He loved horses. That night he wrote a seven- page paper describing his goal of someday owning a large horse ranch. He wrote about his dream in great detail and he even drew a picture of a 200-acre ranch.
Follow Your Dream He put a great deal of his heart into the dream and the next day he handed the paper in to his teacher. Two days later he received his paper back. He got a large red F for his paper. He went to ask the teacher why. The teacher said, “The dream is impossible for you. You have no money. Owning a horse ranch needs a lot of money. You have to buy the land, the house, and the machines for your ranch. There’s no way you could ever do it.” then the teacher added, “if you will write this paper again with a more realistic goal, I will reconsider your grade.”
Follow Your Dream The boy went home and thought about it long and hard. He asked his father what he should do. His father said, “Look, son, you have to make up your own mind on this. However, I think it is a very important decision for you.” Finally after sitting with it for a week, the boy turned in the same paper, making no changes at all. He said to the teacher, “You can keep the F and I’ll keep my dream. I will follow my heart, no matter what happens.” Now Years have passed. This young man’s dream has finally come true. He is the owner of a large horse ranch.
No matter what others say ， you should have your own opinion. No matter what （ happens ）， follow your heart and don’t let anyone steal your dreams.
Dream is like the lighthouse, lighting up the way before us. Dream is the way to the future, where there is a dream, there is a hope...
Text A The Shadowland of Dreams
hallenge your knowledge hallenge your knowledge
Here is a competition among groups based on the understanding of the text. The group who gets the most points will be the champion group! hallenge your knowledge —
I. Required Questions In this round, every group should choose one letter and answer the question the letter carries. Each question is worth 10 points. Press to come back to this page. Press to go to Bonus Questions.
What’s the writer’s dream? How does Alex Haley respond to those who come to him for advice? Answer: He always encourages them, yet he also makes it very clear that there is a difference between wanting to become a writer and wanting to write.
What does Alex Haley think of writing as a profession? Answer: According to Alex Haley, writing is a lonely, stressful, and poorly paid job. And even those who do eventually succeed often endured long periods of neglect and poverty earlier in their career.
1.What did Alex Haley do before he became a freelance writer? Answer: He was a Coast Guard. He settled down in a storage room of an apartment in Greenwich Village and started his career as freelance writer. 2.Where did he settle down after he retired from the Coast Guard?
Why did Alex Haley stick to writing when he could hardly make enough to eat? Answer: Because he didn’t want to give up his dream and he didn’t want to be a person who, even at his death, would still be bothered with the question “What would have happened if I had tried”?
What was the author’s reaction towards hardships? Answer: He was determined to keep putting his dream to the test--- even though it meant living with uncertainty and fear of failure.
Why did the author reject his friend’s job offer in the end? Answer: Because he remembered his purpose, his dream of being a full-time writer. So he soon calmed down and told himself to stick it out and write.
Why does Alex Haley mention George more than once in the text? Answer: Because it was George who had helped him settle down in New York and it was also through George that he had met other struggling artists.
What did the author learn from people like Delaney and Belafonte? Answer: He learnt that one had to make sacrifices and live creatively to keep working at one’s dream. And he began to understand what it was like to live in the Shadowland.
What does “the Shadowland of hope” really means? Answer: “The Shadowland of hope” is a state of poverty, neglect, and fear of failure that anyone who dreams to accomplish great things will experience and should learn to endure before he or she succeeds.
What special meaning do the things in the brown paper bag have for the author? Answer: They are reminders of his struggle in the past. And they are part of his roots which will always encourage him to go ahead. He can never forget those things in the paper bag.
II. Bonus Questions In this round, there’re 5 questions, each of which is worth 20 points. The group which first answers the question correctly will take the 20 points.
Which expression is a slangy expression in Text A, what’s the meaning? Answer: He had once lent me a few bucks and liked to egg me about it. (Para.5) Meaning “to annoyingly remind sb. of sth.”
Look at the following picture and guess who they are. Answer: Siren Greek Mythology ： a group of sea mermaids who by their sweet singing lured seamen to destruction on the rocks surrounding their island.
What were Alex Haley’s articles mainly about? Answer: His articles were mainly about civil rights, black Americans and Africa. He shifted his topic to trace his family history and slavery in America.
Why did the author experience “a confusing and exciting time” after he became famous?
According to the author, what is the lesson anyone with a dream should learn? ! If one wants to be successful, one must “live in the shadowland” first, and it takes courage and persistence to stay the course.
Hey! Which group is the champion group? Congratulations!
What does the word “success” mean to you?
The definition of success Success is a state of mind. It’s definitely about achievement, but exactly what needs to be achieved in order to feel successful varies with each individual. Success is achieving something you have set out to do. Success can, and should, be found everywhere: at home, at work, at play, at school, and in personal relationships.
Essential factors to success
Confidence in yourself is the first step on the road to success. A friend in need is a friend indeed. The writer had to make sacrifices and live creatively to keep working at his dream. Only one reminds me of the courage and persistence it takes to stay the course in the Shadowland.
1. Keep a high degree of confidence
2. Pay attention to your appearance
3. Take exercise to keep fit
4. Must be good at learning and seeking progress
5. Dare to challenge higher goals
6. Should always learn to be proficient
7.Be diligent in thinking and summing up
8.Must keep optimistic point of view
Do you think you have made any true friends who would help you when you are in trouble? Have you learnt something from our friends? What’s that? Have you ever experienced a moment when you feel doubtful about the decision you’ve made? What sacrifices you might have to make at college in order to pursue your dream?
Peerless Doctor, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a _________ You can be ____________________ Police man, fire fighter or a post man Why not something like your old man You can be ____________________ Driver, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a _______ You can be ____________________ I know that we all got one thing That we all _______________
We got that one ________ we live for You never know what life could ______ Coz nothing last _______ Just hold on to the team you _________ I know you could reach the top _________ that you wont stop Be the one that you wanna be Now sing this with me Doctor, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a _________ You can be _____________________
Police man, fire fighter or a post man Why not something like your old man You can be _____________________ we may_____________________ But it doesn’t really matter We all _________ in the steam of this life Focus on every little thing That's what does really matter Luxury cars and bling That's not __________ You could reach the top
____________ that you wont stop Be the one that you wanna be Now sing this with me Doctor, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a _________ You can be_____________________ Police man, fire fighter or a post man Why not something like your old man You can be ____________________ Last year I used to dream about this day Now I’m here I’m ________for you
I hope I could ______ you Coz I've got all the love, Coz I've got all love for you Doctor, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a ________ You can be ___________________ Police man, fire fighter or a post man Why not something like your old man You can be _________________ Doctor, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a dreamer You can be __________________
Police man, fire fighter or a post man Why not something like your old man You can be ____________________ Doctor, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a__________ You can be_____________________ Police man, fire fighter or a post man Why not something like your old man You can be______________________
Peerless Doctor, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a _________ You can be ______________________ Police man, fire fighter or a post man Why not something like your old man You can be ______________________ Driver, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a ________ You can be ______________________ I know that we all got one thing That we all _______________ dreamer share together just the one you wanna be
We got that one ___________we live for You never know what life could ______ Coz nothing last ________ Just hold on to the team you _________ I know you could reach the top _________ that you wont stop Be the one that you wanna be Now sing this with me Doctor, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a _________ You can be ______________________ bring play for Make sure dreamer nice dream for ever just the one you wanna be
Police man, fire fighter or a post man Why not something like your old man You can _______________________ I know we may _______________________ But it doesn’t really matter We all _________ in the steam of this life Focus on every little thing That's what does really matter Luxury cars and bling That's not __________ You could reach the top caught up real life just the one you wanna be have different ways to think
_________ that you wont stop Be the one that you wanna be Now sing this with me Doctor, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a _________ You can be _______________________ Police man, fire fighter or a post man Why not something like your old man You can be _______________________ Last year I used to dream about this day Now I’m here I’m ________for you dreamer singing Make sure just the one you wanna be
I hope I could ________ you Coz I've got all the love, Coz I've got all love for you Doctor, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a ________ You can be ______________________ Police man, fire fighter or a post man Why not something like your old man You can be ______________________ Doctor, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a dreamer You can be ______________________ dreamer inspire just the one you wanna be
Police man, fire fighter or a post man Why not something like your old man You can be ______________________ Doctor, actor, lawyer or a singer Why not president, be a__________ You can be _______________________ Police man, fire fighter or a post man Why not something like your old man You can be _______________________ dreamer just the one you wanna be
Alex Palmer Haley ( ) Alex Haley's grave beside his boyhood home in Henning, TennesseeHenning Tennessee
1. Alex Haley TimeEvent He was born in Ithaca, New York He entered the U.S. Coast Guard and began his writing career. Coast Guard 1959 He resigned from the military and became a full-time writer He published his first major book The Autobiography of Malcolm X.
TimeEvent 1976 He published the complete version of. Roots Roots won the National Book Award and a special Pulitzer Prize 1992He died in Seattle.
Part One The author explains the difference between ________________ and_________ “being a writer” “writing” Main Idea
many a: (formal) a large number of people or things Many a strong man has weakened before such a challenge. Many a famous pop star has been ruined by drugs. 关于这个课题已经写了许多书 Many a book has been written on the subject.
Part Two The author tells about his _________ to stick to his dream of _______ and _______________. struggle writing his final success Main Idea
Author’s experience After leaving a 20- year career in the Coast Guard After a year or so One day Became a freelance writer HeHe still hadn’t received a break and began to doubt himself. HeHe got a call that changed his life, realizing he was going to stick out his dream and write.
Author’s experience As he learned from other struggling artists He a contract from Reader’s Digest He enjoyed fame and success with the publication of Roots One day at lunch In 1970 GraduallyGradually he began to sell his articles
genuine: adj. The strap is made of genuine leather. 1) sth. genuine is really what it seems to be 2) sb. who is genuine is honest and friendly and you feel you can trust him a genuine pearl She seems genuine, but can I trust her?
break n. have/take a break There was a small break at the corner of the frame. a prison break finally got the big break in life
put … to the test: force sb. / sth. into a difficult situation in order to discover what the limits of their strength, skills, etc. are The couple’s love was put to the test when the husband was crippled in a car accident. You should put these methods to the test of time. 你应该让这些方法接受时间的考验。
well: v. if a liquid wells or wells up, it comes to the surface of sth. and starts to flow out; if a feeling wells or wells up in you, you start to feel it strongly Anger welled up within me. I felt tears well up in my eyes.
come up with: find or produce (an answer, a solution, etc.) 举例 1 举例 2 我希望你能想出一个比这个更好的方案来。 I hope you can come up with a better plan than this one. 他想出一个推广产品的好方法。 He came up with a good idea for the product promotion. Back 自测 技巧 NHCENHCE 随笔随笔
rumor: n. information or a story that is passed from one person to another and which may or may not be true I heard a rumor that he was leaving. Rumor has it that … Pattern: Rumor has it that he's seriously ill. 据传闻, 国防部长不久就要辞职。 Rumor has it that the defense minister will soon resign.
What you say is true in a sense. Can you make sense of this poem? It would make sense to leave early. He talked a great deal of sense. She hasn't an ounce of common sense.
Part Three The author owes his success to his_______ and___________ in pursuing his dream of writing. courage persistence Main Idea
flood in: arrive or go somewhere in large numbers Applications flood in from all over the country. After he won the gold medal, letters flood in from all over the world.
be (hard) pressed to do: find it hard/difficult to do e.g. I like this novel very much, but I am always hard pressed to say the reason.
stay the course: (informal) finish sth. in spite of difficulties 虽然他很累，他还是坚持跑完了全程。 She always stays the course and never gives up in spite of the difficulties and risks she has encountered. Although he was very tired, he stayed the course and finished the race.
1. 有 …… 的希望 stand a chance of 2. 在多数情况下 in most cases 3. 满足某人心中的渴望 reward one’s longing 4. 长期无人问津 long periods of neglect 5. 假如 what if 6. 诱使某人做某事 tempt sb. to do sth. 7. 还清债务 pay off debts 8. 作为兼职 on the side 9. 上涌；涌出 well up 10. 提出，拿出；想出 （计划、答复等 ） come up with 11. 把 …… 塞进 jam … into …
13. 楷模 role model 14. 作出牺牲 make sacrifices 15. 品味教训 absorb the lesson 16. 公民权利 civil rights 17. 保守秘密 keep to oneself 18. 把 …… 上溯到 …… trace … to … 19. 收拾行李 pack up 20. 在某种意义上；在一定程度上 in a / one sense 21. 遇见，碰上；发现 come across 12. 开一家生意清淡的餐馆 run a struggling restaurant 22. （大量地）涌来 flood in 23. 处境艰难，做某事有困难 be (hard) pressed to do sth. 24. 坚持到底 stay the course
1. 幸运之神会眷顾一些作家，但数以千计的人心 中的渴望永远无法满足。 For every writer kissed by fortune, there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded. 2. 从内心深处，一个固执的决定涌上心头。 From deep inside a bull-headed resolution welled up. 3. 这就是你的全部家当了。我觉得前所未有的沮 丧。 There’s everything you’ve made of yourself so far. I’m not sure I ever felt so low. 4. 第一次我有了钱，机会之门处处为我敞开。
For the first time I had money and open doors everywhere. 5. 突然，往事潮涌而来。 Suddenly the past came flooding in like a tide. 6. 要是问我，哪一个对我意义最大，我会感到很 难回答。 I’d be hard pressed to say which means the most to me. 7. 但只有一样东西会提醒我，在梦想的阴影里坚 持自己的方向需要怎样的勇气和毅力。 But only one reminds me of the courage and persistence it takes to stay the course in the Shadowland.
There is a quotation from… that sb. especially likes / appreciates: “…” sb. believes / thinks everything does (the same goes for…). 某人特别喜欢 / 欣赏出自 ······ 的一句话： “ ······ ” 。 某人认为世间事物皆如此。 句型提炼 下一页 上一页 （划线部分可替换） Back
应用 ：我特别欣赏威廉 赫士 列特的话： “ 人生就是不断地 争取做不同于现在的我, 从事 办不到的事。 ” 我觉得这同样 适用于我们的校园生活。 上一页 There is a quotation from William Hazlitt that I especially appreciate: “Life is continued struggle to be what we are not and to do what we cannot.” I believe the same goes for our campus life. Back
下一页 上一页 句型提炼 For sb., sth. / doing sth. is / means... Yet for sb. else, it is more important to do sth. else than it is to do sth. 对某人而言，某事 / 做某事是 / 意味着 ······ 然 而对于另一人，做其它事比做某事更重要。
应用：对于多数大学生来 说，大学生活意味着获取 专业知识与技能。而对少 数大学生而言，寻求快乐 比寻求知识更重要。 For the majority of students, the college life means acquiring special knowledge and skills. Yet for the minority, it is more important to seek pleasures than it is to seek knowledge.
Sth., as sb. says (expects / estimates), is not always so easy ( encouraging / pleasing /… ). Even those who…have difficulty (trouble) doing sth.. 正如某人所说那样，某事不总是 ······ 甚 至那些 ······ 也很难做某事 。 句型提炼 下一页 上一页 Back
应用：正如一些专家预测 的那样，今年的就业市场 不容乐观。甚至许多拥有 硕士学位的大学毕业生也 很难找到满意的工作。 The job market, as some experts predict, is not so hopeful this year. Even many college graduates who hold the master degree have much trouble in finding their satisfactory jobs. Back
reward: Is this how you reward me for my help? The team have worked hard and their efforts have been rewarded with success. award: He was awarded a medal for his bravery.
n. He received a medal in reward for his bravery. A $1000 reward has been offered for the return of the stolen painting. rewarding adj. a rewarding trip/ experience
prospect: n. The manager held out bright prospects to me if I accepted the position. 1) chances of future success 2) the possibility that sth. will happen I see little prospect of his recovery. Is there any prospect of your visiting us soon?
acquaintance: n. 1) (formal) knowledge or experience of a particular subject He has some acquaintance with German, but does not speak it fluently. He has a wide circle of acquaintances. 2) sb. you know, but who is not a close friend
acquaint: cause to know personally 我已经了解了他们的风俗 I’ve acquainted their customer. I’ve acquainted myself with their customer. I’ve been acquainted with their customer. F
1. How did the author get to know about the school for colored people in Virginia? He overheard two miners talking about it while working in the coal- mine.
2. Why did the author resolve to go to the school? Because he heard that the school was established for colored people and opportunities were provided to poor but worthy students to work our all or a part of the cost of board and learn some trade or industry at the same time.
3. What kind of situation was he in when he reached the city of Richmond late one night? He was tired, hungry and dirty. And he was completely out of money. He had not a single acquaintance in the city, and, being unused to city ways, he didn’t know where to go.
4. How did he spend his first night in Richmond? He walked the streets till he became too exhausted to walk any longer. Then he found an elevated sidewalk and lay under it for the night upon the ground.
5. How did he earn some money for his breakfast the next morning? He helped unloading a cargo of pig iron from a large ship. 6. Why didn’t the head teacher admit the author to the institution at first? because of being so long without proper food, a bath and change of cloth, he didn’t make a very favorable impression upon her.
7. How did the author get a chance to prove his worthiness to the head teacher? The head teacher asked him to sweep the adjoining classroom and he did an excellent job, which proved his worthiness as a student in the institute.