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New Practical English 1 Passage I Passage I The Way Americans Greet The Way Americans Greet Passage II Passage II A Little About Me A Little About Me.

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Presentation on theme: "New Practical English 1 Passage I Passage I The Way Americans Greet The Way Americans Greet Passage II Passage II A Little About Me A Little About Me."— Presentation transcript:

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2 New Practical English 1 Passage I Passage I The Way Americans Greet The Way Americans Greet Passage II Passage II A Little About Me A Little About Me Unit One

3 New Practical English 1 Passage I  Related Information Related Information  Intensive StudyIntensive Study  PracticePractice

4 New Practical English 1 Greeting The simplest thing to say is "Good morning," "Good afternoon'" or "good evening." This greeting is given to one whom you know only slightly, or to any one you are passing quickly. "How are you" is usually used when you are not in such a hurry. No answer is expected other than " Fine, thank you." "hello " is the commonest form of greeting between good friends. Text-related Information

5 New Practical English 1 When to Shake Hands It is customary to shake hands when you first meet someone. And usually friends shake hands when they meet after not having seen each other for some time. However it is not necessary to shake hands. Text-related Information

6 New Practical English 1 Mr.: “ 先生 ”a courtesy title for any male adult not styled “Sir”, “Dr.” etc. used before the man’s family name or his position. Text-related Information

7 New Practical English 1 Mrs.: “ 太太 ”a courtesy title for any married woman not styled “lady”, “Dr.”etc. used before her husband‘s surname. Text-related Information

8 New Practical English 1 Ms.: “ 女士 ” a courtesy title for a woman, whether she is married or not, followed by the family name. Text-related Information

9 New Practical English 1 Miss: “ 小姐 ”A title used to address an unmarried woman or a girl. It is followed by the family name. Miss can also be used as the title of address to an (esp. unknown) unmarried woman. In this case, it is not followed by the name. Text-related Information

10 New Practical English 1 Lady: “ 夫人、太太、女士 ”a courtesy title for a woman with dignity or social grace. It is also an English title for the wife of a knight or a baronet. Text-related Information

11 New Practical English 1 Dr. (Doctor): “ 医生、博士 ”the title of a medical practitioner or the title of the holder of the highest university degree. e.g. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD). Text-related Information

12 New Practical English 1 Prof. (Professor): “ 教授 ”The title to address a university teacher of the highest rank in a faculty. Text-related Information

13 New Practical English 1 Officer: “ 官员,警察先生 ” The title to address a person holding a public appointment, a position of responsibility and trust, such as a policeman or a customs officer. Text-related Information

14 New Practical English 1 Sir: “ 先生、长官、爵士 ”A form of polite address to a man; A title preceding the first name of a knight ( 爵士 ) or a baronet ( 准男爵 ); A form of address in writing to a stranger or in business letters. Text-related Information

15 New Practical English 1 Formation of Common English Names A common English name is usually composed of two or three parts: the first name is also called forename. If the person is a Christian, his first name will be given at his baptism, so it is also called the given name or the Christian name. Middle name is the second given name. When written, middle name is often shortened to the initial letter. Surname is often the father‘s family name, so it is also called family name or last name. For example: Anne Louise Strong, George B. Show. Text-related Information

16 New Practical English 1 Text Intensive Study Difficult Sentences Important Words

17 New Practical English 1 The Way Americans Greet The Way Para. 1 Americans often greet each other simply with “Hello”or “Hi”. They believe such an informal greeting often implies a close and friendly relationship. Similarly, Americans do not have a formal “farewell”. They will just wave “good-bye” to the whole group. Or perhaps, they will simply say “Bye”, “So long” or “Speaking of time, I’ve got to run” and then leave. To Americans, a friendly and informal relationship is thegreetrelationshipwaveSpeaking of most important thing. Text

18 New Practical English 1 Para. 2 Yes, a proper introduction will leave a good first impression upon others. However, American introductions are usually rather simple. In the United States, most people don‘t like using Mr., Mrs. or Miss in introductions. They find these terms too formal. They prefer first names to formal titles in most cases. For example, a gentleman may say, “Glad to meet you. I’m Miller. But call me Paul.”leaveimpressionHoweverpreferMiller Text

19 New Practical English 1 Sometimes a woman you meet for the first time may say, “Don’t call me Mrs. Smith. Just call me Sally.” So when your American friends do not use your last name or titles, don’t feel that they have been impolite. They only want to show friendliness. call Text

20 New Practical English 1 Para. 3 When you first get to know an American, he may ask you, “Where do you work?” “Are you married?” or “Do you have children?” Such questions may be too personal to Europeans. But Americans do sometimes ask such questions. They would like to get answers to these questions. In this way they can get better acquainted with you and have a topic for beginning conversation with you. doIn this wayacquainted with Text

21 New Practical English 1 Difficult Sentences The Way Americans Greet 美国人的致意方式 Example: I think the way she runs her bookshop is worth studying. “in which ” is omitted after the way “ in... way” means (to do something) by means of a certain method.

22 New Practical English 1 Speaking of... time, I‘ve got to run. 说到时间,我得赶紧跑了。 Example: Speaking of books, I should have returned the ones I borrowed last month. a present participle clause used as an adverbial of cause/time. It means “when it comes to time, I’m reminded of …” Difficult Sentences

23 New Practical English 1 However, American introductions are usually rather simple. 然而,美国式的介绍通常相当简单。 Example: Money is important. However, you cannot buy happiness with money. a conjunct to denote a contrast of this sentence to the previous one. It means “ 可是,然而 ” in Chinese. Difficult Sentences

24 New Practical English 1 “Glad to meet you. I’m Miller. But call me Paul.” family name given name Example: Addressing others by their given name usually implies a sort of informal and friendly relationship. Difficult Sentences

25 New Practical English 1 Example: Most people hate the cold weather, but some people do enjoy themselves in winter. Do is used here to emphasize the following verb. It means “ 的确, 真的 ” 。 But Americans do sometimes ask such questions. 但是美国人有时确实问到诸如此类的问题。 Difficult Sentences

26 New Practical English 1 Example: In this way you can improve your spoken English and do better in the job interview. used here to introduce a coordinate clause, which further develops the topic being discussed. In this way they can get better acquainted with you and have a topic for beginning a friendly conversation with you. 这样他们便能更多地了解你,并由此为开端与你友好地侃上 一场 。 Difficult Sentences

27 New Practical English 1 Important Words greet: v. say words of welcome to, express one‘s feelings on receiving sb. 问候,致意,打招呼 FOR EXAMPLE It is important for the students to learn how to greet people in English. The American professor greets his students with “Morning!”

28 New Practical English 1 relationship: n. particular connection or relation; instance of being related 关系,联系 FOR EXAMPLE He is making efforts to develop a lasting relationship with Lizzy. Important Words

29 New Practical English 1 relationship Translation 这位老师和学生们关系很好。 The teacher has a very good relationship With her students. Important Words

30 New Practical English 1 wave: v. move one‘s hand to and fro, up and down (to give a greeting or say goodbye) 挥手致意,舞动 FOR EXAMPLE  When Jane waved goodbye to her Chinese friends, she could hardly hold back her tears.  The policeman waved him nearer. Important Words

31 New Practical English 1 leave: v. go away from; fail or neglect to take/bring sth. 离开,出发;留下,遗忘 FOR EXAMPLE FOR EXAMPLE  The beautiful city has left a deep impression upon our mind.  He is going to leave for Australia next week.  I’m sorry. I have left my umbrella in your car. Important Words

32 New Practical English 1 impression : n. effect produced on the mind or feelings 印象 FOR EXAMPLE  The teacher has made a deep impression upon my mind with his devotion to teaching.  What‘s your first impression upon him? Important Words

33 New Practical English 1 impression Translation 他的演说给听众留下了深刻的印象。 His speech made a strong impression upon the audience. make a strong impression upon Important Words

34 New Practical English 1 prefer : v. like better, would rather do 更喜欢,宁愿 FOR EXAMPLE FOR EXAMPLE  I prefer to have the meeting in the morning rather than in the afternoon.  Which do you prefer, tea or coffee?  Many people prefer cycling to driving. Important Words

35 New Practical English 1 call: v. & n. address, name, ring sb. up 叫,称呼,打电话 FOR EXAMPLE  He is so tall that many of his friends call him Sky.  This tropical fruit is called coconut.  Please give me a call if you need my help. Important Words

36 New Practical English 1 acquaint : v. make familiar with, get to know, reveal to sb. 结识,认识 FOR EXAMPLE  I have become acquainted with my new duties.  You should try to acquaint him with the facts of the case. Important Words

37 New Practical English 1 acquaint Translation 我已经和他相熟。 I am already acquainted with him. Important Words

38 New Practical English 1 Read and Think Read and Complete Read and Simulate Read and Translate Practice

39 New Practical English 1 1 Answer the following questions according to the text. Read and Think 1What does an informal greeting really mean to Americans? It means a close and friendly relationship.

40 New Practical English 1 2Why don’t most Americans like using titles in introductions? They find these terms too formal. 3What do your American friends want to show when they address you with your first name? They only want to show their friendliness. Read and Think

41 New Practical English 1 4 Why do Americans ask you some personal questions? They want to know more about you so that they can begin a talk with you. Read and Think

42 New Practical English 1 2. Fill in the blanks without referring to the passage. Read and Complete Americans often 1 each other simply with “Hello” or “Hi”. They believe such an 2 ________ greeting often implies a close and 3 ________ relationship. greet informal friendly

43 New Practical English 1 Read and Complete Similarly, Americans do not have a 4 _______ “farewell”. They will just 5 ______ “good-bye” to the whole group. Or 6 _________, they will simply say “Bye” or “ So long” and then 7 _______. To Americans, a friendly and informal relationship is the most important thing. formal wave perhaps leave

44 New Practical English 1 3. Complete each of the following statements according to the passage. 1Most Americans prefer not to ___________________ in introductions. 2They like to ______________ in most cases. 3Mrs. Smith, Just _____________.” use Mr., Mrs. or Miss use first names call me Sally Read and Complete

45 New Practical English 1 4You should feel __________ when your American friends do not use your last name or titles in addressing you. 5This passage tells us that Americans are quite ________________. glad/happy informal/friendly Read and complete

46 New Practical English 1 4. Fill in the blanks with the proper words and expressions given below, changing the form if necessary. Read and Complete accept acquaint with leave prefermean personalname speaking ofget to know 1I believe that IOC (International Olympic Committee) has __________ Beijing for the 2008 Olympic Games. named

47 New Practical English 1 Read and Complete accept acquaint with leave prefermean personalname speaking ofget to know 2The new look of the city __________ a very deep impression upon those foreign visitors. 3I __________ to keep in touch with my friends through . has left prefer

48 New Practical English 1 Read and Complete accept acquaint with leave prefermean personalname speaking ofget to know 4Of course our __________ relationship is very good. But business is business. personal 5 The professors of the department only __________ neatly-typed papers. accept

49 New Practical English 1 Read and Complete accept acquaint with leave prefermean personalname speaking ofget to know 6To him, success in the interview ________ a chance to work for the famous software company. 7__________ greeting, would you please give me an example to use in English? means Speaking of

50 New Practical English 1 Read and Complete accept acquaint with leave prefermean personalname speaking ofget to know 8You will like the strict professor when you __________ him better. 9We are not well _______________ all the facts. get to know acquainted with

51 New Practical English 1 5Translate the following sentences into English. 1 在我们的印象中, 典型的英国绅士总是带着一把雨伞。 It is our impression that an English gentleman often takes an umbrella with him. with our impression Read and Translate

52 New Practical English 1 Read and Translate 2 对学生来说,文化背景的介绍是这本书最精彩的部分。 To the students, the introduction to the cultural background is the best part of the book. introduction to the cultural background

53 New Practical English 1 Read and Translate 3 我们在同外国女士交谈时,多数情况下我们不问及 年龄这样的个人隐私问题 。 When we talk with a foreign lady, in most cases we should not ask such personal questions as her age. in most cases personal questions

54 New Practical English 1 4 很多年轻人喜欢流行歌曲胜于喜欢老歌; 他们认 为流行歌手很酷。 Many young people prefer pop songs to old songs. They think pop singers are very cool. prefer…to Read and Translate

55 New Practical English 1 5 这个漂亮干净的城市给外国旅游者留下了深刻的印象。 This beautiful and clean city has left a deep impression upon foreign tourists. leave a deep impression Read and Translate

56 New Practical English 1 Read and Translate 6 陆杨教授站在飞机的登机口前向我们挥手告别。 Professor Lu Yang stood on the plane’s entrance and waved good-bye to us. wave good-bye

57 New Practical English 1 Read and Simulate 6Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English Sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

58 New Practical English 1 Read and Simulate 1 American people often greet each other simply with “Hello” or “Hi”. Young people often keep in touch with . Now you try 我们经常用微笑表达喜悦。 她说话经常带浓重的乡音 ( local accent ) 。 We often express our happiness with a smile. She often speaks with a strong local accent.

59 New Practical English 1 Read and Simulate 2 Similarly, American people do not have a formal “farewell”. Similarly, there are also many proverbs in Chinese. Now you try 同样,格林教授也无法忍耐惰性。 同样,他们也不愿意依赖他人。 Similarly, Professor Green couldn’t bear laziness. Similarly, they don’t want to depend upon others.

60 New Practical English 1 Read and Simulate 3 Speaking of time, I’ve got to run. Speaking of tea, I’ve got to have a drink of hot tea first. Now you try 谈到英语,我得上课去了。 谈到名片,我现在得再印一些。 Speaking of English, I’ve got to go to a class. Speaking of business cards, I’ve got to print some more now.

61 New Practical English 1 Read and Simulate 4 To Americans, a friendly, informal relationship is the most important thing. To the parents, a healthy child is the most essential thing. Now you try 对一个商人来说,利润是最重要的事。 对我来说,一个幸福的家庭是最有价值的东西。 To a businessman, profit is the most important thing. To me, a happy family is the most valuable thing.

62 New Practical English 1 Read and Simulate 5A proper introduction will leave a good first impression upon others. A sweet smile will add a pleasant look to your face. Now you try 一个幽默的句子会给一堂课增添一股活力 。 一个友好的问候会使谈话有一个良好的开端。 A humorous sentence will give a lively touch to the lesson. A friendly greeting will make a good beginning for a talk.

63 New Practical English 1 Read and Simulate 6 In the United States, introductions are usually rather simple. In Japan, greetings are usually rather formal. Now you try 在中国,家庭关系通常都很紧密。 在我家乡,公司通常都很小。 In China, family relationships are usually rather close. In my hometown, companies are usually rather small.

64 New Practical English 1 Read and Simulate 7They prefer first names to formal titles. English people prefer coffee to tea. Now you try 比起篮球来,这些男孩子们更喜欢足球。 比起西餐来,我更喜欢中国食品。 These boys prefer football to basketball. I prefer Chinese food to Western food.

65 New Practical English 1 Read and Simulate 8 Such questions may be too personal to Europeans. Such a life may be too hard to the little girl. Now you try 这样的结局对我来说是太匆忙了。 这样一种天气对游客来说是太热了。 Such an ending may be too hasty to me. Such weather may be too hot to the tourists.

66 New Practical English 1  Related Information Related Information  Intensive StudyIntensive Study  PracticePractice Passage II

67 New Practical English 1 Self-introduction This passage is a self-introduction. It is in a casual and informal style. We can see the speaker’s humor and friendliness in his self- introducing speech and his attitude towards work and life. Text-related Information

68 New Practical English 1 Mike Adams The name can be translated as “ 迈克 · 亚当 ”. “Mike” is the simplified form for Michael. Some other examples are: Richard ---Dick Robert ---Rob Thomas ---Tom Christina--- Chris Elizabeth--- Lizzy Catherine---Cathy (Kathy) Text-related Information

69 New Practical English 1 Text Intensive Study Difficult Sentences Important Words

70 New Practical English 1 Text A Little About Me Para. 1 Hello, I’m Mike Adams. I’m an English teacher. Do you want to know something about me? Para. 2 I was born in England. Then my family moved to America when I was 10. I’m tall, and I have a gentle face. My hair is dark brown but there is not too much left on the top of my head. I used to be a sportsman with a strong body, but now my muscles have become soft, and my stomach is getting a little largermovedgentlenot too much left

71 New Practical English 1 each year. I try to be kind to other people, but sometimes I’m very stubborn and never change my mind. I want to be an honest person. I’m very organized in both work and life. When I go on holiday, I carefully make a list of things to take, and I pack my bags two or three days before I leave. I like to have everything under control, and I don’t want any last-stubborn organizedpackI like tocontrol minute panic. panic Text

72 New Practical English 1 Para. 3 Now I’m teaching in a university in China. I love this country, and I also want my students to love me. So I work hard, and I like to look neat and tidy. I always wear a jacket and tie. Of course, I become a different person at home. I change into old but comfortable clothes. My work keeps me busy until quite late at night. But I usually find time to sit and talk with my wife and children. Even though I enjoy working very hard each day at the university, I still feel that my family is more important than anything else. wear a jacket and tieOf courseEven though Text

73 New Practical English 1 Difficult Sentences (Para. 2) My hair is dark brown but there is not too much left on the top of my head. refers to the hair The past participle phrase is used to modify the pronoun much. Translation: 我的头发是暗褐色的,但头顶上剩下的头发已不 太多了。 Example: I have so much work to do in the lab. But there is little time left before the end of the year.

74 New Practical English 1 (Para. 2) I like to have everything under control, and I don’t want any last-minute panic. Translation: 我喜欢使每件事都能有条不紊地进行,不愿意 有任何最后关头的匆忙与慌乱。 used as a compliment Last-minute is used as a pre- modifier of panic. Example: She likes everything in its place, and she doesn’t want anything in disorder. Difficult Sentences

75 New Practical English 1 Difficult Sentences (Para. 3) I always wear a jacket and tie. Translation: 我总是穿西装打领带。 西装加领带 No article is used before tie. eg. a lock and key“ 锁带钥匙 ” Example: The lady came to the village in a horse and cart (车马).

76 New Practical English 1 Difficult Sentences (Para. 3) Of course, I become a different person at home. Translation: 当然了,我回到家时就变了一个人。 Example: The wedding dress is very beautiful. Of course, the price is also quite high. A transitional phrase is used here to denote a concession, meaning “ 不过,当然了,然而 ” 。

77 New Practical English 1 It introduces a concessive clause. Difficult Sentences (Para. 3) Even though I enjoy working very hard each day at the university, I still feel that my family is more important than anything else. Translation: 虽然我喜欢每天在学校勤奋工作, 但我仍然感觉 家庭比什么都更重要。 Example: Even though they enjoy the beautiful scenery in the port city, they still miss their hometown in the mountains. It is an object clause of the verb feel.

78 New Practical English 1 Important Words move: v. change position; live in a different place 移动,搬家 FOR EXAMPLE  He moved his chair near the window.  We are moving (house) next week.  Let‘s move the box to the other room.

79 New Practical English 1 gentle: a. friendly, mild, not rough or violent 温柔的,轻柔的,温文尔雅的  I enjoy the gentle breeze so much.  Her gentle manners make her popular among the pupils.  He always wears a gentle smile on his face. guesswork Important Words

80 New Practical English 1 stubborn: a. obstinate, determined, difficult to persuade or deal with 固执的,顽固的 FOR EXAMPLE  The boy is as stubborn as a mule.  You shouldn’t be that stubborn in this case.  I know she is too stubborn to change her mind. Important Words

81 New Practical English 1 organize : v. arrange in a system, put into working order, make preparations for 组织,准备,使有条理 FOR EXAMPLE  The Students’ Union will organize a party on the New Year’s Day.  All the work is organized in a systematic way.  He is very good at organizing. Important Words

82 New Practical English 1 pack: v. put things in a box, bundle, bag, etc., get ready for a journey 打点行李, 准备行装 FOR EXAMPLE  Have you packed the clothes into the trunk?  You should begin packing at once.  I’m busy packing for a business trip to Shanghai tomorrow. Important Words

83 New Practical English 1 control: v. & n. power to direct, order or constrain; check, regulate 控制 FOR EXAMPLE  This child lacks parental control.  Things there are completely out of control.  She tried her best to control her temper. Important Words

84 New Practical English 1 panic: a. & n. unreasoning, uncontrolled, quickly spreading fear 极度恐慌 ( 的 ) FOR EXAMPLE  There is always danger of a panic when a cinema is on fire.  Don’t be panic. There is no danger.  The children were panic-stricken. Important Words

85 New Practical English 1 Read and Judge Read and Rewrite Read and Translate Practice

86 New Practical English 1 7 Are the following statements true or false according to the passage? Write T/F accordingly. Read and Judge 1 We could address the writer as Mr. Mike. 2 The writer lived in England before he came to China. F F

87 New Practical English 1 Read and Judge 3 He is a little bald-headed ( 秃顶的 ) and a little bit overweight. 4 He does not like sports any longer. T F 7 Are the following statements true or false according to the passage? Write T/F accordingly.

88 New Practical English 1 Read and Judge 5Sometimes it is difficult to make him change his mind. 6He has a good habit of planning things well and getting everything ready ahead of time. T T 7 Are the following statements true or false according to the passage? Write T/F accordingly.

89 New Practical English 1 Read and Judge 7 He likes to be presentable ( 体面的 ) at the university and comfortable at home. 8 He has a lot of time during the day to talk with his wife and children. T F 7 Are the following statements true or false according to the passage? Write T/F accordingly.

90 New Practical English 1 Read and Judge 9 He doesn’t like his job very much because it keeps him busy until late at night. 10 To him, family is of the greatest importance F T 7 Are the following statements true or false according to the passage? Write T/F accordingly.

91 New Practical English 1 Read and Rewrite 8 Rewrite the above story in the third person. You can begin the passage like this: “Mike Adams is an English teacher. Do you want to know something about him?”

92 New Practical English 1 Read and Rewrite Mike Adams is an English teacher. Do you want to know something about him? He was born in England. Then his family moved to America when he was 10. He is tall, and he has a gentle face. His hair is dark brown, but there is not too much left on the top of his head. He used to be a sportsman with a strong body, but now his muscles have become soft, and his stomach is getting a Key

93 New Practical English 1 Read and Rewrite little larger each year. He tries to be kind to other people, but sometimes he is very stubborn and never changes his mind. He wants to be an honest person. He is very organized in both work and life. When he goes on holiday, he carefully makes a list of things to take and he packs his bags two or three days before he leaves. He likes to Key

94 New Practical English 1 Read and Rewrite have everything under control, and he doesn’t want any last-minute panic. Now Mike is teaching in a university in China. He loves this country, and he also wants his students to love him. So he works hard, and he likes to look neat and tidy. He always wears a jacket and tie. Of course, he becomes a different person at home. Key

95 New Practical English 1 Read and Rewrite He changes into old but comfortable clothes. His work keeps him busy until quite late at night. But he usually finds time to sit and talk with his wife and children. Even though he enjoys working very hard each day at his university, he still feels that his family is more important than anything else. Key

96 New Practical English 1 Read and Translate 9 Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1Welcome to the Chinese Culture Club. You can learn Chinese painting and Beijing opera here. 欢迎到中华文化俱乐部来。在这儿你可以学习中国画和京剧。 中华文化俱乐部 京剧

97 New Practical English 1 Read and Translate 2 I was born in the north. Then my family moved to a city in the south. 我出生在北方。后来,我们家搬到了南方的一个城市。 出生 搬到了

98 New Practical English 1 Read and Translate 3 They love China, and they like Chinese food very much. 他们热爱中国,非常喜欢吃中国饭菜。 中国饭菜 / 中餐

99 New Practical English 1 Read and Translate 4 Her mother is of mixed blood. So she has brown hair but black eyes and yellow skin. 她的母亲是混血儿。因此她有一头卷曲的棕色头发,但 却是黑眼睛黄皮肤。 混血儿

100 New Practical English 1 Read and Translate 5 Linda used to be a dancer, but now she is a bit overweight. 琳达以前是个舞蹈演员,但是现在她有点胖了。 以前是 有点胖了

101 New Practical English 1 Read and Translate 6He is a serious scientist in the lab, but at home he is a loving father. 在实验室里,他是个严肃的科学家,但是在家中他是个 和蔼可亲的父亲。 严肃的 和蔼可亲的


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