Presentation on theme: "Pygmalion, a gifted artist, dislikes local women. He spends much time creating a stone statue of a beautiful woman. Pygmalion."— Presentation transcript:
Pygmalion, a gifted artist, dislikes local women. He spends much time creating a stone statue of a beautiful woman. Pygmalion
He falls in love with the statue and goes to the Greek Goddess Aphrodite to ask her to to bring the statue to life.
As a result of his prayers, his wish is granted and the statue is made into a real woman. The two marry and live happily ever after.
the Pygmalion Effect The Pygmalion Effect is that people tend to behave as you expect they will. If you expect a person to take responsibility, they probably will. If you expect them not to even try, they probably won’t. What we expect tends to come true. Psychological term
This play “My fair lady” ( 窈窕淑女 )by George Bernard Shaw ( 萧伯纳 ) is an adaptation 改编 of this Greek myth( 神话 ). Although there is no character called Pygmalion in the play, it is about the same theme 主题。
the myth the play The play by Shaw has the same theme as the Greek story. What is the theme of the play?
A brief introduction to Shaw George Bernard Shaw, Irish dramatist, literary critic, a socialist spokesman, and a leading figure in the 20th century theater. Shaw was a freethinker, defender of women’s rights, and advocate of equality of income. In 1925 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Shaw accepted the honour but refused the money. He was a very humorous playwright. George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)
ReadingPygmalion Reading Pygmalion Fateful meetings Act One
This text is mainly about the first experience of Eliza meeting with ___. A. Professor Higgins B. Colonel Pickering C. Professor Higgins and Colonel Pickering D. a gentleman Act One
Skimming 2 What do they do respec -tively? 1 What are the main characters of this act? 3 What are they doing at the beginning of the play? Tip: Some information is included in the stage directions, like the character, time, place, weather, lighting, etc.
when where who what 11:15,PM in 1914 London, England Colonel Eliza, Professor Higgins, Colonel Pickering fateful fateful meetings Fast reading 6
Scanning 1. Eliza greeted to the gentleman in order to _______. 2. Why did Eliza begin to cry? Because _______. 3. Professor Higgins believed that he could judge a person by _______.
Scanning 1. Eliza greeted to the gentleman in order to _______. A. talk with him B. ask him to buy some flowers from her C. ask him to teach her D. beg some money from him
2.The flower girl cried when she found Higgins making notes because A. She thought she did something wrong. A. She thought she did something wrong. B. She thought she didn’t have the right to sell B. She thought she didn’t have the right to sell flowers. flowers. C. She didn’t want Higgins to write down what C. She didn’t want Higgins to write down what she said. she said. D. She thought Higgins was a policeman in D. She thought Higgins was a policeman in disguise and wanted to arrest her. disguise and wanted to arrest her.
Scanning 3. Professor Higgins believed that he could judge a person by _______. A. his appearance B. his action C. his conversation D. his manners
status speaking or behavior clothes attitude expensive possessions education level how many foreign languages spoken or countries visited (like cars and jewellery) What other things can show one’s status in society?
CharacterPosition in society Evidence in the play Eliza Lower class Language: calls gentleman “sir” and ___________ (or captain) which is a compliment Behaviour: _______ to people of higher class Comprehending respectful “cap’in”
CharacterPosition in society Evidence in the play Henry Higgins Language: calls Eliza “___________” and Pickering “________________” Behaviour: _____ to lower class; _____ to same or upper class Middle class rude polite you silly girl my dear man
CharacterPosition in society Evidence in the play Colonel Pickering Upper class Language: prepared to begin a __________ with Henry, whom he does not know; generous with praise to him Behaviour: generally confident and ______; but _______ Eliza polite ignores conversation
CharacterQuote from the playWhat it shows Henry Higgins Look at this girl with her terrible English: the English that will condemn her to the gutter to the end of her days. 1.He is arrogant （傲慢的）. 2.He thinks the use of correct English grammar matters. 3.He thinks the girl can never overcome this problem.
CharacterQuote from the play What it shows Eliza Thank you, sir. Hey! I ain’t done nothing wrong by speaking to that gentleman. I’ve a right to sell flowers. 1.Eliza is respectful to people of a higher social class than her (sir). 2.She is aggressive （敢做敢为的） when defending herself. 3.She is sensitive （敏 感的） about how she appears to others.
CharacterQuote from the play What it shows Colonel Pickering That’s quite brilliant! How did you do that, may I ask? 1.Modest. In truth he is an authority （权威） on Indian languages. 2.He is prepared to learn from others. 3.He ignores Eliza but speaks to Henry as they are social equals.
Choose those adjectives in the list which best describe each character in the play. Impatient kind polite rude confident anxious eager enthusiastic ambitious （有雄心的） emotional （易于动感情的，情绪化的） self-important( 妄自尊大的 ) generous unsure ( 没自信的 ) superior ( 傲慢的 )
1. This text is mainly about Henry Higgins and Colonel Pickering _________ about teaching Eliza. A. making a conversation B. quarreling C. making a bet D. fighting Act Two
2. Eliza came to visit Henry Higgins and Colonel Pickering in order to let them _________ A. give her some money B. give her a job as a flower shop’s assistant C. teach her to speak well D. have a bath
3. Aliza only offered them ________ if they could teach her. A. 1 shilling B. 2 shillings C. nothing D. 3 shillings 4. Henry Higgins and colonel Pickering finally decided to _______ Eliza. A. throw back B. teach C. beat D. only teach her how to speak
5. Eliza refused to have a bath, from what she said, we can infer that she lived a ________ life. A. miserable B. happy C. free D. dirty
Things that need to changed How to make the changes 1. Eliza’s clothes 2. Eliza’s hygiene 3. Eliza’s behaviour 1. Buy new ones 2. Give her baths 3. Learn how to walk and behave in upper class social activities
Things that need to changed How to make the changes 4. Her language: ★ grammar ★ pronunciation ★ use of appropriate language (eg no swearing) 4. Have lessons to help her with all three problems: ★ learn the rules ★ practise repeating words till correct ★ learn socially safe topics to discuss
Pygmalion ---My Fair Lady Act Three Testing Eliza （ 1 ） The Ambassador’s Garden Party (2)
At Mr. Higgins’ home, Eliza was introduced to Higgins’ mother and two other guests Clara and Freddy Hill. Eliza looked all right, and her dress, pronunciation ( 发音 ) and manners had been improved, but she gave herself away ( 暴露了自己的身份 ). Eliza tried to make suitable polite conversations （谈话）, but she talked about the weather like a weather girl and accused someone of killing （指责 某人谋杀） her aunt for a hat, which was not reasonable （合理的）.
The Ambassador’s Garden Party (2) The ambassador and his wife thought Eliza was a princess( 公主 ) because she looked beautiful and her English was so good. Mr. Pommuck, the interpreter （口译者） for the ambassador could speak 32 languages and was good at discovering （发现） what country people came from. But he thought of Eliza as a Hungarian princess, because she spoke English perfectly （完美地）. This time she was a great success. However, she couldn’t bear （忍受） people’s staring at her, which causes her a lot of stress （压力）.
１.hesitate vi. 犹豫，踌躇 She hesitated about the choice between the two pairs shoes for her daughter. to do sth. to do sth. 犹豫做某事 hesitate about /over (doing) sth. hesitate about /over (doing) sth. (about) clause 从句 (about) clause 从句 如果有问题请尽管和我联系 ． Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any questions. She hesitated about accepting the invitation. He hesitated (about) whether his parents suggestion was practical. without hesitation She agreed without any hesitation.
２.mistaken adj, 在句中作表语或前置定语。 作表语 be mistaken about… 对某事持错误的见解。 You are mistaken about what he said. 人们对这个孩子有不对的看法。 The people has a mistaken opinion of this child. Mistake …for… 把 … 误认为 …(take for) He mistook my politeness for friendliness.
３.betray vt. 显露出 ( 本来面目 ), 背叛，泄露, 辜负 betray oneself/ betray that… 无意中露出本性；暴露 betray + n. + to 出卖，背叛 他们一张开嘴就露了陷。 betrayed themselvesThey betrayed themselves every time they open their mouths. 他背叛了祖国, 向敌人投降。 betrayedtoHe betrayed his country to enemy. 他的脸显露出他很生气。 His face betrayed that he was angry. I won’t betray his trust. 我不会辜负他对我的信任。
如再迟到, 你将被开除。 If you’re late again, you’ll be dismissed from your job. 老师提前 10 分钟下课。 The teacher dismissed his class 10 minutes earlier. He was dismissed from the hospital a week later. ４.dismiss vt 解雇, 开除, 免职, 解散, dismissive. adj. 表示拒绝或放弃, 轻蔑的； 鄙视的： a dismissive shrug.
5. I came to England to make your acquaintance. ( 与人 ) 相识 ;make the acquaintance of sb 了解 (U) (+with) I have some acquaintance with Spanish. 相识的人, 熟人 [C] She has many acquaintances in the business community. acquaint vt. [(+with)] 1. 使了解, 使熟悉 I acquainted him with the facts of the case. 2. 使认识, 介绍 Philip became acquainted with Kathy.
６.fortune [U] 运气, 好运, 幸运 success; good luck, [C] 一笔财富, 财产、钱财 一天幸运降临到他的头上。 One day the good fortune befell him. 父亲死时, 他继承了一笔财富。 He received a large fortune when his father died. make a fortune 发财 He made a fortune by selling houses. fortunate adj. 幸运的 fortunately adv. 幸运地 be fortunate to do sth./ in doing sth. 幸运地做某事 I am fortunate to have met you at a proper time. He was fortunate in having a doctor as his friend.
７.superior adj. 优秀 ( 等 ) 的，较高的、傲慢的 n. 上级、长官 This hotel serves a superior grade of coffee. 这家旅馆提供优等咖啡 I’ll speak to your superior about this careless work. be superior to 比 …… 高明 ( 强、好 ) ，上级的 这块地毯在质量上比那块好。 This carpet is far superior to that one in quality. be inferior to 下级（的），较低等的，较差的 be senior to 比 ……… 年长 ( 资深 ) be junior to 比 …… 年幼 ( 资浅 ) prior/posterior to… 在前的，居先的
8. pronounce vt. 发音, 宣布、宣称 (=announce, declare) 他发音清晰。 He pronounced his words clearly. 法官宣布判决。 The judge pronounced the sentence. 他宣称自己喜欢这个计划。 He pronounced himself in favor of the plan. The patient was pronounced dead on arrival at the hospital. pronunciation n. 发音（方式），读法
9.compromise n. vi, vt 妥协，折衷, 放弃 After lengthy talks the two sides finally reached a compromise./ came to a compromise (n.) In any relationship, you have to make compromises. I would rather die than compromise. compromise with sb. (on sth) Lu Xun never compromised with his enemies. We are not prepared to compromise on safety. He refused to compromise his principles( 原则 ).
10.overlook vt. 俯视，未看到，不理会，监视 The house on the hill overlooks the village. The monument overlooks the square. He overlooked a spelling error on the first page. Don’t overlook the disabled. 她不知道隔壁邻居的女人一直在监视她 She did not know that she was being overlooked by the woman next door.
11. The English that will condemn her to the gutter to the end of her days. 那一口英语使她注定要在贫民窟里待一辈子. condemn vt. 判刑，谴责，使 … 注定 condemn sb./sth for sth. 指责... 为 … 她知道社会将会谴责她遗弃孩子. She knew that society would condemn her for deserting her child. condemn sb to sth. 判某人某种刑罚, 使 … 注定 The judge condemned the criminal to death. His bad leg condemned him to a wheelchair.
1. ( 某人 ) 冒充 … 2. 结识, 与 … 相见 3. 惊愕地 4. 一般来说 5. 就 … 来说, 从 … 角度 6. 带 … 进来 7. 几天前 8. 带走, 拿走 1. pass … off as 2. make one’s acquaintance 3. in amazement 4. generally speaking 5. in terms of 6. show … in 7. the other day 8. take away
9. 需要 10. 逐渐模糊 11. 给某人派任务 12. 避雨 13. 一把, 几个 14. 透露身份, 显露 ( 本 来面目 ) 15. 伪装, 乔装 16. 毫不犹豫 9. in need of 10. fade out 11. set sb a task 12. shelter/hide from rain 13. a handful of 14. betray oneself 15. in disguise 16. Without (any) hesitation
17. 把.. 误认为 18. 要是 … 怎么办 19. 优于 … 20. 打赌 21. 注定 … 22. 使 … 相信 … 23 采取有效措施 25 下着倾盆大雨 Take/ mistake…for.. What if… Be superior to.. Make a bet Condemn… to… Convince sb of… Take effective measures It is pouring with rain. / The rain is pouring. It rains cats and dogs
23 答应要求 24. 简单情节 25. 令人头痛的结局 26. 根据 … 把.. 分类 27. 社会地位 28. 收集无价古董 29. 把某人当下贱人看待 30. 粗俗得可爱 Grant a wish A simple plot A troublesome outcome Classify…by… social status Collect priceless antiques Treat sb like dirt Deliciously low
31. 令人作呕的气味 32. ( 声音、画面 ) 逐渐模糊 、 33. 再一次 34. 古典名著的简版 35. 辛苦获得的知识 36. 我该怎么办？ 37. 用 … 的声音 38. 自以为是 39. 移交 A disgusting smell Fade out Once more/ once again easy versions of classic plays Hard-earned knowledge What is to become of me? in a (low/loud)…voice Fancy oneself as… Hand over
Confuse congratulate educate authentic status reaction mistake hesitate Bernard Shaw was very interested in the way people spoke. He argued that this showed their level of ____________ and therefore their position in society. He always said that he was never ____________ about people’s _______ after hearing them talk. In fact he __________ himself on his ability to decide whether they belong to a lower, middle or upper class after listening to their conversation. He never _____ education mistaken status congratulated hesitated
Confuse congratulate educate authentic status reaction mistake hesitate in his view that in England the ___________ of one person to another depended upon their speech. He thought that good grammar and pronunciation were the most important things you needed to be accepted as a(an) _________ member of the upper or middle class. So no one should be _____________ about the message he wrote in this play. reaction authentic confused
Summary At the beginning of the act, these main characters were _________from a heavy rain. When Eliza realized Higgins was taking notes she mistook him for ___________ ________. She asked to look at the note, only to find the writing unreadable. Then Higgins read it _______ her in his voice and decided where Eliza came from. Colonel Pickering, who had been watching Eliza, cut in and asked Higgins how he was able to do that. sheltering a policeman in disguise imitating
Higgins said he was studying and ________ phonetics and was making an income by teaching people to improve their _______. Then Higgins said Eliza, if educated to speak properly, could _____________ as a duchess at an ambassador’s garden party or as a shop assistant.Eliza was pleased at his remark but he _______her. As the two men left to ________their unexpected meeting, speeches pass herself off ignored celebrate classifying
Eliza was determined to find Higgins the next day to ask him to teach her to speak“___________ English”. So act one of the play is an account of the ______ meetings of the poor flower girl Eliza Doolittle, Professor Higgins and Colonel Pickering. authentic fateful
单词拼写 1.All of us are waiting to hear the final o______ of the discussion. 2. Only a h________ of brave people can take part in the bullfight in Spain. 3. The new computer is technically s________ to its competitors. 4. She was p___________ dead on arrival at the hospital. 5. English c________ such as Gone with the Wind are deeply loved by Chinese people. utcome andful uperior ronounced lassics
6.The _________ （改编） of the play for radio was easily done. 7.Two men formed a ________to rob the bank. 8.He did not________ （犹豫） to ask her to sit beside him. 9.____________ （使人心烦） financial problems depressed him. 10.The part of the arm between the elbow and shoulder is called the u________ arm. adaptation plot hesitate Troublesome pper
11. He was appointed __________ to Japan. 12.I really like the a ______ much better than modern art. 13.If you thought he should be impolite,you were ________. （错了） 14. She was terrified of saying something that would make her b________ herself. 15. The books in the library are _________ by subject. 16. Sweat p______ from Martin’s face. ambassdor ntique mistaken etray classified oured
In return in trouble in disguise in amazement in pain in delight in shock 1. The wan we regarded as a policeman was actually ____________. 2. The boy who got the first prize looked around him ___________. 3. She stared at the priceless antique ring _________________. 4. After the terrible accident, she was __________ for a long time. in disguise in delight in amazement in shock
In return in trouble in disguise in amazement in pain in delight in shock 5. After George slipped and broke his leg, he was ___________ for many weeks. 6. He gave me a musical box at my birthday party, and I gave him a wonderful new coat ________. 7. When Sam broke his older brother’s new cellphone, he knew he was _______. in pain in return in trouble
Henry Higgins and Colonel Pickering are sitting deep in conversation. 亨利 · 希金斯和皮克林上校下坐着专心地谈话。 deep in 意为 “ 专心于 ”, “ 全神贯注于 ” ， “ 深 陷于 ” 等, 后接名词。 (1) 埋头工作 (2) 沉思着 (3) 债台高筑 (4) 专心读书 deep in work deep in thought deep in debt deep in one’s book (s)
The emperor liked travelling in disguise. in return 作为报答 in trouble 处于困境中 in danger 在危险中 in pain 疼痛 in delight 高兴，欢喜 in shock 震惊 in short 简言之
Plot hesitate classify dismiss betray antique fortune uncomfortably 1.She claimed she was unfairly __________ from her job by her merciless boss. 2. You don’t have to spend a ____________ to give your family tasty, healthy meals. 3. The books in the library are ____________ according to different subjects. 4. The detective film is well organized in terms of _______. dismissed fortune classified plot
Plot hesitate classify dismiss betray antique fortune uncomfortably 5. After taking the medicine, he suddenly felt _________________. 6. For years they had been _________ state secrets to Russia. 7. Don’t _________ any more, start out early and start back early. 8. Priceless ___________ were destroyed in the big fire. uncomfortable betraying hesitate antiques
Pass…off as… make one’s acquaintance in amazement in terms of generally speaking show…in in need on fade out 1. She watched a bright object flying through the dark sky __________________. 2. The job is suitable for me _______________ salary, but it has its disadvantages. 3. George found that a few words on the screen ___________ and then the screen blacked out. 4. ---I’m delighted to ___________, Mr. Smith. ---Me, too. in amazement in terms of faded out make your acquaintance
Pass…off as… make one’s acquaintance in amazement in terms of generally speaking show…in in need on fade out 5. ______________________, he is perfect except for his carelessness. 6. He escaped by ________ himself _______ a guard. 7. I will ______ you ______. You can visit our new decorated house before we leave here. 8. The people living in the disaster area are ___________ more food and tents after the terrible earthquake. Generally speaking passingoff as show in in need of
Official brilliant betray condemn raise abroad compromise disgust overlook effective Members of Chinese communities and ambassadors across Canada have 1__________ some Taiwan 2________, especially Chen Shuibian’s “move” to seek “Taiwan independence”. The Taiwan government sent a letter to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki—Moon in July, 3________ an application to join the United Nations in the name of “Taiwan”. The 4__________ act offended people at home and 5____________. By doing that, they condemned officials raising disgusting abroad
they 6________their former principles. They 7__________ the fact that “There is only one China in the world and both Taiwan and the Chinese mainland belong to one China”. We shall never 8_____________ to split China. We are sure that Chinese 9___________ leaders will take 10_____________ measures to handle the attention-getting issue. Official brilliant betray condemn raise abroad compromise disgust overlook effective betrayed overlooked compromise brilliant effective
根据中文意思完成句子。 我前几天在街上偶然碰到玛丽了。 I _____________Mary in the street _________. 2 ．她伪装成记者去参观农场。 She _________________as a journalist to visit the farm. 3 ． 今年的电影无论从数量上还是从质量上都优于去年。 The films of this year are ___________ those of last year, ____________ both quantity and quality. 4 ．我很高兴认识你这个朋友。 I am happy to _________________________. ran across met with/ ran into the other day passed herself off superior to in terms of make your acquaintance
5 ．我们应该把钱捐给那些需要帮助的人。 We should donate money to those who are ________________. 6 ．他毫不犹豫地接受了这份工作。 He accepted the job _________________. 7. 弗雷德被误认为是大使, 于是许多人都想办法 要与他结识. When Fred ___________________ an ambassador, many people tried to __________________________. in need of help without any hesitation was mistaken for make his acquaintance
8. 会谈结果是双方和解, 最后达成了协议. The _________ of the conversation is a _________________ reached by both sides. 9. 伊莱扎让人烧掉了那些令人作呕的衣服, 以 便能够开始她作为淑女的新生活. Eliza ______________________________ so that she could begin a new life as a lady. 10. 不要把我的工作说成是你自己的, 这不公 平. Don’t __________________ your own. It isn’t fair. outcome compromise had those disgusting clothes burned pass my work off as
Company Logo 1. He stared at me _____________ for my sudden appearance. 2. I went to visit a museum in our city _______________. 3. The idea seemed to _________ and the club was never formed. 4. Your visit will _____________ the sting( 刺 ) of her sorrow. 5. _________ money, he's quite rich, but not in terms of happiness. 6. He_______ glass _______a gem stone and sold it to a buyer. 7. The friendly host and hostess______ their guests _____ the party room. 8. They made every effort to save the crops _________ water on this dry land. 9. _________________,youths of sixteen are too young for such work. 10. I'm very pleased to ______ your ___________. 11. He sent her a blessing ________, in fact, he hated her a lot. 12. I failed in the experiment, I decided to do it _________ and I believe I will make it. in amazement the other day fade out take away In terms of passed off as show in in need of Generally speaking make acquaintance in disguise once more
1.Generally speaking, women love longer than men. 2.He passed his sister off as a doctor. 3.It was a good year for fims, in terms of both quantity and quality. 4.I made his acquaintance at a party. 5.She was terrified of saying something that would make her betray herself. 6.I remember her name but can’t place her face. 7.The books in the library are classfied by subject. 8. Sweat poured from Martin’s face.
1.His smile faded out as soon as he heard the news. 2. I want ro take away the book which you showed me yesterday. 3. Tell me the story once more.
Fill in the blanks with the proper words : 1.You should look up the right ________ ( 发音 ) of this word in the dictionary. 2.A police o_______ came to our help when our car broke down on the way. 3.If you ____________( 犹豫 )too much, you’ll lose the game. 4.The law has been c___________ as an attack on personal liberty. 5.The new____________( 大使 ) is highly experienced in international diplomacy. pronunciation fficer hesitate ondemned ambassador 3
1.The _________ （改编） of the play for radio was easily done. 2.Two men formed a ________to rob the bank. 3.He did not________ （犹豫） to ask her to sit beside him. 4.____________ （使人心烦） financial problems depressed him. 5.This book was the _________ （结果） of a large amount of scientific work. 6.The part of the arm between the elbow and shoulder is called the u________ arm. 7. He was appointed __________ to Japan. 8.I really like the a ______ much better than modern art. 9.If you thought he should be impolite,you were ________. （错了） adaptation plot hesitate Troublesome outcome pper ambassdor ntique mistaken