Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to Phonetics with Tengwar and Hangeul Will Monroe Splash! Teaching Program April 18, 2010 Image credit: user “Eruhildo,” from commons.wikimedia.org."— Presentation transcript:
An Introduction to Phonetics with Tengwar and Hangeul Will Monroe Splash! Teaching Program April 18, 2010 Image credit: user “Eruhildo,” from commons.wikimedia.org
The Tengwar Image credit: (left) Lee, Alan, from tolkienlibrary.com; (right) Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel, The Return of the King, from books.google.com
How Tengwar Are Written Each of the main consonants has two parts: a stem and a bow. The stem can be short, extend above the bow, or extend below the bow. The bow can be single or doubled, face up or down, and be open or closed. Every main letter is a consonant; vowels are added as small marks (tehtar) above (or below) the letters.
Letters and Sounds of Tengwar Image credit: Måns Björkman, from ambar-eldaron.com
But Wait: There's More!
Dn't frgt bt th vwls...
A Few More Miscellaneous Rules... Image credit: Måns Björkman, from at.mansbjorkman.net
Making Sense of the One Ring Image credit: Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel, The Fellowship of the Ring, from 2lincolns.com
Hangeul (Hangul, Han'gŭl, Chosŏn'gŭl, Jeongeum...) Image credit: (left) David Hepworth, from commons.wikimedia.org; (right) unknown source, from commons.wikimedia.org
“A wise man can acquaint himself with them before the morning is over; a stupid man can learn them in the space of ten days.” 정인지 / Jeong Inji, 1443
The Consonants of Hangeul ( ㆆ ) ㅈ ㄱ ㄷ ㅂ ㅎ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅉ ㄲ ㄸ ㅃ ㅇ ㅅ ㄴ ㅁ ㅆ ㄹ h ch k t p j g d b jj kk tt pp ss r/l -/ng s(h) n m
... and (Why Not?) The Vowels ㅐ ㅔ ㅏ ㅓ ㅗ ㅜ ㅡ ㅣ a eo ae e o u eu i ㅒ ㅖ ㅑ ㅕ ㅛ ㅠ ya yeo yae ye yo yu ㅙ ㅞ ㅘ ㅝ ㅢ ㅟ wa weo wae we ui wi