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William Shakespeare. Early Modern England Shakespeare’s Time: Late 16 th and early 17 th century England (1564-1616) Shakespeare’s Time: Late 16 th and.

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Presentation on theme: "William Shakespeare. Early Modern England Shakespeare’s Time: Late 16 th and early 17 th century England (1564-1616) Shakespeare’s Time: Late 16 th and."— Presentation transcript:

1 William Shakespeare

2 Early Modern England Shakespeare’s Time: Late 16 th and early 17 th century England ( ) Shakespeare’s Time: Late 16 th and early 17 th century England ( ) Columbus “discovered” America in Columbus “discovered” America in Queen Elizabeth I was ruler of England ( ) and then James I ( ) Queen Elizabeth I was ruler of England ( ) and then James I ( ) Protestant Reformation: Beginning with Martin Luther in 1517, Henry VIII cut off ties with Rome by 1536 and made himself head of the church of England Protestant Reformation: Beginning with Martin Luther in 1517, Henry VIII cut off ties with Rome by 1536 and made himself head of the church of England England primarily Anglican. Religious conflict continues. England primarily Anglican. Religious conflict continues.

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4 How Did People in Early Modern England Think and Live? Women: many could not read, did not attend school, once married were under the legal control of a husband (Queen Elizabeth as an exception) Women: many could not read, did not attend school, once married were under the legal control of a husband (Queen Elizabeth as an exception) Plague, disease, and violence was common Plague, disease, and violence was common Life expectancy was shorter Life expectancy was shorter London has a growing population (Urban) London has a growing population (Urban) People believed in witches! People believed in witches!

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6 Bio Born: Probably April 23,1564 (baptized April 26) Born: Probably April 23,1564 (baptized April 26) Parents: John Shakespeare and Mary Arden Parents: John Shakespeare and Mary Arden Stratford- upon- Avon Stratford- upon- Avon Attended Stratford Grammar School Attended Stratford Grammar School No University education No University education

7 Married Anne Hathaway in 1582 Married Anne Hathaway in 1582 Had three children: Susanna, Hamnet and Judith Had three children: Susanna, Hamnet and Judith May have spent some time teaching May have spent some time teaching In London by 1580s In London by 1580s

8 1592: Theatres close due to plague 1592: Theatres close due to plague Reopens in 1594 Reopens in 1594 Theatre company: Lord Chamberlain’s Men (Shakespeare wrote the plays!) Theatre company: Lord Chamberlain’s Men (Shakespeare wrote the plays!) Built Globe Theatre on the Thames’ south bank. Built Globe Theatre on the Thames’ south bank.

9 1603: Given the title the King’s Men 1603: Given the title the King’s Men Retired in 1612 Retired in 1612 Returned to Stratford (had a very successful career) Returned to Stratford (had a very successful career) Died 1616 Died 1616 First Folio:1623 First Folio: plays! 37 plays!

10 Robert Greene:"Groats Worth of Witte" 1592 "Yes trust them not: for there is an upstart Crow, beautified with our feathers, that with his Tyger's hart wrapped in a Player's hyde, supposes he is as well able to bombast out a blanke verse as the best of you: and beeing an absolute Iohannes fac totum [Jack-of-all-trades, Master of none], is in his owne conceit the onely Shake-scene in a countrey. O that I might entreate your rare wits to be employed in more profitable courses: & let these Apes imitate your past excellence, and never more acquaint them with your admired inventions."

11 “Good friend for Jesus sake forbeare To digg the dust encloased heare Blessed by y man y spares hes stones And curst be he y moves my bones” “Good friend for Jesus sake forbeare To digg the dust encloased heare Blessed by y man y spares hes stones And curst be he y moves my bones” -written on Shakespeare’s tomb stone -written on Shakespeare’s tomb stone “I gyve unto my wief my second best bed with the furniture” “I gyve unto my wief my second best bed with the furniture” -in Shakeapeare’s Last Will and Testament

12 Globe Theatre

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15 Shakespeare’s Theatre Anyone could watch theatre (min. price was a penny) Anyone could watch theatre (min. price was a penny) Boys and Men as actors. No women. Boys and Men as actors. No women. Very little set. Very little set. Elaborate costumes. Elaborate costumes. Actors had a repertoire of plays. Actors had a repertoire of plays. Performances during the day. Performances during the day.

16 Macbeth Production November 29 -December 3, 2005 Sir James Dunn Theatre

17 Macbeth Character List: Fill These in as we read and write down what you think they are like, what they may look like, your impressions of them etc. Duncan Duncan Malcolm Malcolm Donaldbain Donaldbain Macbeth Macbeth Lady Macbeth Lady Macbeth Gentlewoman Gentlewoman Seyton Seyton Porter Porter Captain Captain Old Man Old Man Doctor Doctor First Murderer First Murderer Second Murderer Second Murderer Third Murderer Third Murderer Banquo Banquo Fleance Fleance Macduff Macduff Lady Macduff Lady Macduff Son of Macduff Son of Macduff Ross Ross Lennox Lennox Menteith Menteith Angus Angus Caithness Caithness Weird Sisters Weird Sisters Hecate Hecate Apparitions Apparitions Three other witches Three other witches Siward Siward Young Siward Young Siward English Doctors English Doctors (and other Lords, soldiers, attendants, messengers etc.) (and other Lords, soldiers, attendants, messengers etc.)

18 Online Version of the Play online.com/plays/macbethscenes.html online.com/plays/macbethscenes.html online.com/plays/macbethscenes.html online.com/plays/macbethscenes.html The first option has definitions of some terms and words The first option has definitions of some terms and words The second option has a modern translation next to original text! The second option has a modern translation next to original text!


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