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$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ EPMC Ellen Rosenthal.

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Presentation on theme: "$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ EPMC Ellen Rosenthal."— Presentation transcript:


2 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ EPMC Ellen Rosenthal Bldg 204, Rm 203 703-805-4430

3 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Topics FM Scope FM Updates Time Now OSD/OMB Budget Review

4 Life Cycle Cost ICE Fiscal Environment Cost Analysis Estimate Annual Funding Incremental Funding MFP POM BES Funding Policies Planning, Programming Budgeting & Execution President’s Budget Commitment Reprogramming Budget Authority Obligation Outlay Budget Execution Congressional Enactment Force Structure Modernization Operational Capability Readiness Sustainability Budget Resolution Authorization & Appropriation Laws POE CCA SAC SASC SBC HAC HASC HBC Financial Management Scope Operational Concept Feedback CAIV MBIs Full Funding (Exceptions) FYDP DPG PDM PBD ICD APB

5 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ FM Updates Cost Analysis: Affordability, CAIV, Breaches Funding Policies: Funding Limitations, Severable Contracts, Multi-Year Service Contracts, 18 Month RDT&E Exception, AIS Systems, LRIP PPBE: FY-05-09/MID-913 Congressional Enactment: 108 th Congress Budget Execution: Reprogramming Limits. New Starts, OSD Goals, CFSR, Termination Liability, Fiscal Law

6 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Affordability Programs must be consistent with overall DoD planning and funding priorities Applies to all programs Foster greater program stability: –Fully Funded in the FYDP –Assess affordability at each milestone –CAIG and CPIPT shall address affordability

7 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Essential to balance three significant parameters or variables in acquisition programs: ­Cost ­Schedule ­Performance Two of those variables are dependent on the third. Under CAIV philosophy, performance and schedule are dependent on cost Applies to all programs by end of FY 02 Cost As An Independent Variable (CAIV)

8 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Nunn-McCurdy Breach Implications Law requires cancellation of acquisition program with 25% or greater unit cost overrun unless DAE provides specific “certifications” Certifications required to continue program: Program is “vital” to national security; There are no alternatives that provide equal or greater capability at less cost; Latest cost estimates for program are reasonable; and The current acquisition strategy is adequate to manage and control cost.

9 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Nunn-McCurdy Breach Implications (cont.) Program cancelled under provisions of Nunn- McCurdy unit cost breach: Area Missile Defense Program (Navy; 65% cost growth) Programs currently “on – watch” for cancellation: CH-47 Chinook Helicopter Upgrade (Army; 117%) Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (Army; 153%) Chemical Demilitarization (Army; 80%) Space Based Infrared System High (Air Force; 66%) LPD-17 Amphibious Ship (Navy; 75%) UH-1 Huey Helicopter Upgrade (Marine Corps; 68%)

10 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Major Appropriation Categories APPN CAT FUNDING POLICY OBLIGATION PERIOD O&M SCOPE OF WORK EFFORT RDT&E Activities & Exp, Minor Const & AIS E/SW @ R&D Fac Incremental 3 Years 5 Years - SCN Replenishment Spares, Civilian Salaries, Travel, Fuel, Supplies, Minor Const<$750K, H/W & AIS E/SW <=$250K Annual1 Year 5 Years 2 Years Annual Full Military Pay & Allowances, PCS Moves, Retired Pay Accrual Major Construction Projects >$750K Production Labor/HW, Initial Spares, HW & AIS E/SW>$250K MILPERS MILCON RDT & E PROC (SCN) * Minor Construction threshold changed by FY2002 Authorization Act, O&M threshold changed by Joint Appropriation Res. FY 2003

11 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Severable Services May enter into a contract for severable services that begins in one fiscal year and ends in the next fiscal year if the contract period does not exceed one year Funds made available for a fiscal year may be obligated for the total amount of the contract

12 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Multi-Year Service Contracts Operations & Maintenance Continuing requirement for services Furnishing of services will require substantial initial investment in plant/equipment, or incur substantial contingent liabilities for the assembly, training, or transportation of a specialized work force The use of such a contract will promote the best interest of the U.S. by encouraging competition and promoting economies of operation.

13 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Multi-Year Service Contracts (cont.) O & M - Covered Services Operation, maintenance and support of facilities and installations Maintenance or modification of aircraft, ships, vehicles, and other highly complex military equipment Specialized training necessitating high quality instructor skills (eg. Pilot and aircrew members; foreign language training) Base services (eg. Ground maintenance; plane refueling; bus transportation; refuse collection and disposal.) Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, Sec 2306C, Multiyear Services Contracts. (Originated in 2000 Authorization language).

14 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ RDT&E - 18 Month Exception There are requirements in which there is no logical way to divide the work, it is clearly unfeasible to limit the contract to a shorter period; or the planned technical effort is such that no responsible contractor can be found who will accept a contract for a less than completion increment. For these type of efforts that take longer than 12 months, but less than 18 months, the Service or Defense Agency Comptroller may approve financing the total requirement in one fiscal year.

15 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Funding Rules for Communications & Information Systems Procurement - Investment - New Equipment / SW > $250K - Upgrades / Replacement Equipment > $250K O&M - Expenses - New Equipment / SW < $250K - Upgrades/Replacement Equipment < $250K - Routine maintenance, Lease RDT&E - Development, test and evaluation costs - Development of major upgrades - HW / SW for RDT&E Facilities < $250K

16 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ LRIP According to FMR - Designed to be flexible Article UseAppropriation DT or OT RDT&E Operational Use Procurement Testing subsequent to acceptanceProcurement Modification of Test ArticlesProcurement

17 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ HOUSE 435 MEMBERS - 229 REPUBLICANS - 205 DEMOCRATS - 1 INDEPENDENT SENATE 100 MEMBERS - 51 REPUBLICANS - 48 DEMOCRATS Few with military experience - 1 INDEPENDENT 108th Congress The “Sitting Congress” for 2003 – 2004 (1st Session)

18 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Senate Armed Services Subcommittees –Readiness and Management Support –Emerging Threats and Capabilities –Personnel –Seapower –Strategic –Air-Land House Armed Services Subcommittees –Tactical Air and Land Forces –Readiness –Terrorism, Unconventional Threats and Capabilities –Total Force –Strategic Forces –Projection Forces SASC / HASC Subcommittees Different Subcommittee Titles in House and Senate

19 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Agriculture and Rural Development Commerce, Justice, State and Judiciary Defense District of Columbia Energy and Water Development Foreign Operations Homeland Security Interior Labor, Health and Human Services and Education Legislative Branch Military Construction Transportation/Treasury and Postal Service VA, HUD and Independent Agencies SAC / HAC Subcommittees Same Titles in House and Senate

20 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ DoD Appropriation Structure Projects RDT&E Budget Activity Program Elements Procurement Budget Activity Line Item Sub Activity MILPERS Budget Activity Group Sub Activity O&M Activity Group Budget Activity Project MILCON Budget Activity Group Level of Control for “Below Threshold” Reprogramming Purposes

21 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Below-Threshold Reprogramming Reprogramming Obligation Appropriations Max InMax Out Level of Control Period RDT&E Procurement O&M MILPERS MILCON * Over Threshold Reprogramming requires notification of Congress Program Element $10M Greater of $10M or 20% 2 Yrs Line Item $20M Greater of $20M or 20% 3 Yrs Budget Activity $15M1 Yr None, unless otherwise spec Budget Activity $10M 1 Yr No Restriction Project Lesser of $2M or 25% No Restriction 5 Yrs

22 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ New Starts What is it? –Any new program, project, sub-project, task that you haven’t told Congress about How do you determine a new start? –Budget submission R-Forms and P-Forms Why should you care? –Congress mad at Air Force about this –Congress now watching other services –Appropriation Law says you won’t get paid, if you don’t follow the rules

23 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ New Starts (cont.) Any New Starts over $10M RDT&E or $20M Procurement in first three years requires written Congressional approval in the Authorization Act If your program has not been approved in the Authorization Act, you must get written approval of the Congressional Authorization committees. Programs under this dollar threshold must do a letter notification to Congress and wait 30 days

24 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Congressional Interest HAC-D issued strong language in FY 00 House report criticizing DoD for initiating new programs without proper notification –Identified specific programs –Cited lax management FY 01 Appropriation Bill Sec 8091 “None of the funds in this Act may be used to compensate an employee of the Department of Defense who initiates a new start program without notification to the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Office of Management and Budget, and the congressional defense committees, as required by Department of Defense financial management regulations.”

25 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ OSD Goals – End of 1 st Year RDT&E Obligations80% Expenditures55% Procurement Obligations80% Advance Procurement Obligations100%

26 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Contract Funds Status Report (DD Form 1586) Required to obtain funding data on contracts over six months in duration No dollar threshold specified but generally applicable to non- firm fixed priced contracts in excess of $1.2 million (in FY 96 constant dollars) Purpose of CFSR is to assist Components in: Updating and forecasting contract fund requirements Planning and decision making on funding changes Developing fund requirements and budget estimates in support of approved programs Determining funds in excess of contract needs and available for deobligation Obtaining rough estimates of termination costs

27 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Contract Funds Status Report

28 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Termination Liability No laws or regulations governing how to cover/budget for termination liability Termination liability over $100M requires written notification to the Congressional Defense Committees at least 30 days prior to contract award. MYP contracts cannot be terminated without notifying Congress 10 days prior

29 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Execution Laws Anti-Deficiency Act (Title 31, U.S. Code, Sec 1341 & 1517) – Prohibits making or authorizing an obligation in excess of the amount available. – Forbids obligation to pay money from the US Treasury in advance of an appropriation. – Requires agency to fix responsibility for violations of the Act. Misappropriation Act (Title 31, U.S. Code, Sec 1301) – Requires funds to be used only for the purposes and programs for which the appropriation was made. – AKA “The Purpose Statute” Bona Fide Need Rule – Requires funds to be used only for needs or services in the year of the appropriations obligation availability period.

30 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ OSD Budget Review Balance Requirements to Available Resources Topline Readiness vs Modernization Address Administration / DoD Priorities National Programs Defense Planning Guidance (DPG) Programming Decisions (PDM) QDR

31 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ OSD Budget Review (cont.) Address Departmental Initiatives Readiness Levels/OPTEMPO Rates Quality of Life Defense Reform Initiative Infrastructure Savings Modernization Target Affordability Science & Technology

32 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ OSD Budget Review (cont.) Acquisition Initiatives Program Stability Acquisition Reform Total Ownership Cost ADM/Baseline Conformity Assure Joint Programs Are Consistent

33 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ OSD Budget Review (cont.) Balanced / Coherent / Consistent Budget Budget Scrub Programs Are Properly Priced Development / Production Transition Duplicative Programs Follow-on Systems Support Costs Budget Execution Rates Conform With Budget Policies Departmental Outlay Projections

34 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ OSD Balanced/Coherent/ Consistent Budget Program Phasing Development / Production Concurrency Acquisition Schedule: Milestone Approvals, Testing First Quarter/Fourth Quarter new starts at risk Production Lead-time/Non-recurring Costs Funded Delivery Period Should not exceed 12 months Program Pricing Basis of estimates for programs and cost exhibits Analysis of: Learning curves and Production rates OSD Escalation Indices Contract data/Configuration changes Budget to most likely cost (Target / Ceiling)

35 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ OSD Balanced/Coherent/ Consistent Budget Budget Policy Incremental Funding - RDT&E Full Funding - Procurement, MILCON Annual Funding - MILPERS, O&M Explanation of Funding Anomalies Appropriation Cognizance (“Color” of Money) Budget Execution Analysis of Accounting Reports Historical (3-5 years) track record Likelihood budget request can be executed Obligation Rates, Expenditure Rates Availability of prior yr funds for budget yr efforts

36 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ How to Survive Acquaint yourself with key OSD staff Prepare for hearing Focus on Advance Questions Conduct an internal budget review Ensure your submission answers all their questions Understand Issues:Budget policy, programmatic Hearing Focus on Advance Questions Limit attendance at Hearing Follow-up Hearing Questions Appeals - Address Specific PBD Rationale Recognize that outside “macro” issues will impact acquisition programs

37 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Impact Statements Tips for Effective Impact Statements: - Operational Impact Capabilities to Warfighter/User Impact to Program Believable - Business Case Greater Cost to the Government - Non-compliance with Policy

38 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Back-Up

39 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ 12345678910 Years O&M RDT&E Procurement Ships MILCON MILPERS Available for Obligation Available for Outlay Expired Funds

40 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Expired Funds National Defense Authorization Act of FY 1991 Effective 1993 Remains available for obligation adjustments and payments for 5 years after the obligation period Keeps fiscal identity (appropriation, fiscal year, line item, etc. After 5 year period, all obligated and unobligated balances are cancelled Any additional payments funded out of current appropriation - Limited to lesser of: - 1% of current appropriation - Unexpended balance of cancelled appropriation

41 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Types of Reprogramming Congressional Prior Approval Reprogramming Internal Reprogramming Below Threshold Reprogramming

42 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Congressional Prior Approval Applies to Actions Involving: - General Transfer Authority - Major System Procurement Quantity Increases - Congressional Special Interest Items - Amounts exceeding those specified for below threshold - Initiating a new start above $2M in the first year or $10M over a 3 year period Requires: - Approval by Comptroller, DoD - Approval by HAC / SAC and HASC / SASC - Approval by House and Senate Committees on Intelligence

43 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Omnibus Reprogramming DoD sends Congress one annual integrated package of reprogramming requests containing all “Bills” and “Bill- payers” DoD/Congress will not revisit any rejected “Bills” or “Bill-payers” DoD prioritized Congressionally approved “Bills” and pays to the extent funds are available from Congressionally approved “Billpayers” Major acquisition reprogramming requests sent to Congress on “exception” basis “Bills and Bill-payers” Approvals or Rejections

44 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Internal Reprogramming Applies to: - Reprogramming actions that do not involve changes from the purpose and amounts justified in budget presentations to Congress Requires: - Approval by the DoD Comptroller

45 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Life Cycle Cost Categories CE PDRR EMD R&D Cost Investment Cost Operating & Support Cost Disposal Cost Production, Fielding / Deployment & Operational Support Program Cost % ~9% ~37% ~53 - 54% ~0 - 1% Notional % of LCC ~18% ~66% ~16% ~0% Surface vehicle Space system ~1% ~31% ~66 - 68% ~0 - 2% Ship

46 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Total Ownership Cost (TOC) Reduction of Total Ownership Cost (TOC) is an initiative of the Defense Systems Affordability Council (DSAC). “DoD TOC is comprised of costs to research, develop, acquire, own, operate and dispose of weapon and support systems, other equipment and real property; the costs to recruit, train, retain, separate and otherwise support military and civilian personnel; and all other costs of business operations of the DoD.” One of the many dimensions of DoD TOC is “Defense Systems TOC”; this is defined specifically as the “Life Cycle Cost (LCC) of that system” (further defined in DoD 5000.4M). The PM should focus primarily on this dimension of DoD TOC and support reduction on DoD TOC through a continuous reduction of the system’s LCC. Reference:USD (A&T) Letter, Subject: Definition of Total Ownership Cost (TOC), Life Cycle Cost (LCC), and the Responsibilities of Program Managers, 13 Nov 98

47 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Total Ownership Cost (TOC) - Representative “Type” Costs Direct Costs of Acquisition System: Research, Development and Testing (Prime and Support Items); Production (Prime and Support Items); Initial Spares; Construction of Unique Facilities; Manpower Costs; Disposal Costs PM Primary Focus: The “Life Cycle Cost” of the specific acquisition system PM Interest (Beyond PM Influence and Control) : Generally, based on an incremental “fair share” that might be assigned to or associated with an Acquisition System $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ Indirect Costs Attributable to System: Program Management/System Program Office (PMO/SPO) operations; Other Infrastructure that plans, manages and executes the acquisition program; Training of Personnel; POL; Ammunition; Replenishment spares; Maintenance Indirect Costs of Command Infrastructure not directly involved with System : Operational Command HQ; Service HQ; OSD; Recruitment, training, retaining and separation of military and civilian personnel Indirect Costs of Installations where Deployed: “Routine” BASEOPS (e.g., Maintenance of Grounds and Buildings; Snow Removal; Chapel; etc.); Personnel and Support - Related Costs at Post, Base or Ship

48 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ FY99 C-5 Budget Justification This line item funds modifications to the C-5 aircraft. The four engine C-5 carries outsized and heavy cargo (tanks, helicopters, etc.) between main operating bases. The primary modificaiton budgeted in FY99 is the TF-39 High pressure Turbine (HPT). Other modifications enhance operational capability while improving flight safety, reliability and maintainability. The specific modifications budgeted and programmed are below. MODMODIFICATION COST TOTAL NRTITLEFY-97FY-98FY-99FY-00FY-01FY-02FY-03TO GOPROG. 3150NAVSTAR GLOBAL POSITIONING11. 4252AIRLIFT DEFENSIVE SYSTEMS1. 6032COMPARTMENT FLOOR CORROS0.40.30.7 6037TF39 ENGINE HIGH PRESSURE19.734. 6038AVIONICS MODERN PROGRAM113.453.7123.2107.0200.6597.9 96001STATION KEEPING EQUIPMENT10.82.413.610.20.437.5 96004SINCGARS7.913.113.234.3 99999XLOW COST MODIFICATI0. Z88888REPROGRAMMINGS1.71.7 TOTAL FOR C-561.681.263.6193.0121.0154.4107.5 200.6 BUDGET ITEM JUSTIFICATION (EXHIBIT P-40) Date February 1998 P-1 ITEM NOMENCLATURE: C-5APPROPRIATION/BUDGET ACTIVITY AIRCRAFT PROCUREMENT-AIR FORCE/Aircraft Modifications P-1 SHOPP LIST ITEM NO. 035 PAGE NO. 214

49 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Case Study - C-5 AMP Requirement –FY 98 DEPSECDEF direction - passenger safety high priority –Air Force decides to start Traffic and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) effort on the C-5 in FY 99 instead of FY 00 Budget Justification –FY9 9 President’s Budget (PB) showed C-5 AMP (Avionics Modernization Program) totaling $600M beginning in FY 00 TCAS effort included as part of overall C-5 AMP program –Answer to Congressional Inquiry (Aug 98) states AF intent to accelerate TCAS portion of C-5 AMP –During Staffer Days (Feb 99) briefed House Appropriations Committee (HAC) staffer - intent to accelerate TCAS portion of AMP from FY 00 to FY 99 Decision - New Start Notification Not Required –AF believed Congress notified and agreed with approach

50 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ FY00 C-5 Budget Justification This line item funds modifications to the C-5 aircraft. The four engine C-5 carries outsized and heavy cargo (tanks, helicopters, etc.) between main operating bases. The primary modificaiton budgeted in FY00 is the TF-39 High pressure Turbine (HPT). Other modifications enhance operational capability while improving flight safety, reliability and maintainability. The specific modifications budgeted and programmed are below. MODMODIFICATION COST TOTAL NRTITLEFY-98FY-99FY-00FY-01FY-02FY-03FY-04FY-05TO GOPROG. 3150NAVSTAR GLOBAL POSI8.18.15.378.6 4252AIRLIFT DEFENSIVE SYS5. 6032COMPARTMENT FLOOR1. 6037TF39 ENGINE HIGH PRE40.239.737.645.824.9207.7 6038AVIONICS MODERNIZATI9.722.6129.9195.3217.3163.12.4740.3 96001STATION KEEPING EQUI1.411.4 960048.33 RADIO13.31.915.2 99999XLOW COST MODIFICATI0. Z88888REPROGRAMMINGS6.96.9 TOTAL FOR C-584.782.470.0180.6237.6235.9260.3 455.6 4700.86729.5 BUDGET ITEM JUSTIFICATION (EXHIBIT P-40) Date February 1999 P-1 ITEM NOMENCLATURE: C-5APPROPRIATION/BUDGET ACTIVITY AIRCRAFT PROCUREMENT-AIR FORCE/Aircraft Modifications P-1 SHOPP LIST ITEM NO. 33 PAGE NO. 1

51 $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Case Study C-5 AMP - Lessons Learned Discussion –$9.7M spent in FY 99 for TCAS, using funds from other C-5 modification efforts –FY 00 PB sent to Congress with FY 99 updates –Budget depicted $9.7M for C-5 AMP (which was not supposed to start until FY 00) –HAC criticism published in NY Times –Appearance that Air Force diverted funds from Congressional special interest item to fund the new start Conclusion - Formal Congressional Notification Required –Staffer Day briefing does not constitute notification KEY POINT: Formal Notification

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