4Outline I. The importance of reading A. Input & output in language learningB. Reading as important inputII. Two types of readingA. Intensive readingB. Extensive readingIII. Review
5I. The importance of reading A. Input & output in language learningOutputspeakingwritingInputreadinglisteningproduceThe more input, the more output.
6I. The importance of reading B. Reading as input1. Reading is the best way to improve your understanding of the language. And understanding is the first step to grasping the language.e.g.(1) You will be graded on these matters.(2) He read anger in her eyes.(3) The progress of the evacuation was watched with anxious eyes and growing hope.
72. Reading is the main source of language material. I. The importance of readingB. Reading as input2. Reading is the main source of language material.
8I. The importance of reading B. Reading as input3. Reading will open windows to the world—enrich your knowledge of the world, of cultures in other countries and of history.
9I. The importance of reading B. Reading as input4. Reading can acquaint you with the subtlety and beauty of the language.e.g.(1) It paled into insignificance.(2) They went out into the glaring white sunlight.
10II. Two types of readingA. Intensive readingB. Extensive reading
11II. Two types of readingA. Intensive reading1. Definition2. Goals3. Focus-preview vs review4. Steps5. Difficulties in comprehension.
12A. Intensive reading1. DefinitionTo read intensively is to concentrate effort on a short piece in order to learn the basic skills of the language.
13A. Intensive reading 2. Goals To introduce you to the different features of the English languagee.g.(1) grammar: tenses(2) vocabulary:wind upWhen I wind up my watch, I start it When I wind up my essay, I end it.footto foot the bill
14A. Intensive reading2. GoalsTo improve your reading comprehensionTo arouse your interest in the texts (in articles written in English by native speakers)To help you develop your ability in working independently.
15Which is more important in intensive reading? A. Intensive reading3. Focuspreview vs reviewWhich is more important in intensive reading?
16A. Intensive reading3. FocusPreview(1) It helps you improve your ability in solving problems independently.
17A. Intensive reading Preview 3. Focus (2) It makes it possible for you to come to class with some preparation and clear purpose.I know.I think I know.I don’t know.
18A. Intensive reading I don’t know. 3. Focus e.g. The progress of the evacuation was watched with anxious eyes and growing hope.人们以关注的眼光注视着撤退的进展情况。随着撤退的发展，人们感到成功的希望在增长。
19A. Intensive reading4. StepsBefore classIn classAfter class
20Before class Survey a text Enrichment Reading Band 2 P. 3-4 Key ideas: Classroom interaction Role of the teacher Students’ role Memorizing vs inquiring mindPure lectures fewTitle of the piece: the undergraduate classroomQuestions raised: What is the environment? What is expected of the teacher? What is expected of the student? What is the concept underlying the approach?
21Before class (2) Reread the text From Language to ideas e.g. a. … the faculty member aims to exchange ideas with students, rather than simply tell them what they should know. (Para.1. p.3)b. The point is not that Americans have the “right” approach to learning, but that the interactive classroom is a strong feature of US education. You will need to adjust to it.—and in time, take advantage of it. (Para. 2. P.3)
22Before class (2) Reread the text From Language to ideas c. Nevertheless, the course in which a professor lectures steadily to hundreds of silent students is relatively rare in the United States. (Para.4. P.3)d. If you do not understand a concept, you are expected to ask for clarification. (Para. 5. P. 4)f. … you will be graded on such matters as your attendance, your promptness in arriving in class, your ability to get assignments in on time, and your interest in the course as shown by your questions and by the answers you give to instructors’ questions. (Para. 5. P. 4)
23In class Listen to the teachers’ explanation carefully. Compare notes. Your understanding is correctI know.Your questionsI don’t know.Your surpriseI think I know.
24After class(1) A careful analysis of the things you find difficult in preview and try to pinpoint where the problem lies.
25After class (2) A study of the language used in the text. From ideas to languagee.g. Rewards in the form of good grades will come if you have an inquiring mind and think for yourself.a. You will be able to get good marks if you like to ask questions and show curiosity and do independent thinking.b. How can you get good marks? You can get good marks if you often ask questions and have your own view.
26Where does the difficulty lie? A. Intensive reading5. Difficulties in comprehensionWhere does the difficulty lie?
275. Difficulties in comprehension Enrichment Reading Band 2 强化阅读英语2（1）They were subjected to tough exercises in preparation for the weightlessness they would experience in space. Tereskova trained for 15 months prior to her landmark journey into space. (Para. 3. P. 80. Unit 7)（2）On her return to earth, she received a hero’s welcome. She became a symbol of the new Russian feminism, and of expanding opportunities for women all over the world. (Para. 7. P.81. Unit 7)（3）John Glenn woke yesterday for his first full day back in space to Louis Armstrong singing What a Wonderful World. (Para. 1. P. 83. Unit 7)
285. Difficulties in comprehension Enrichment Reading Band 2 强化阅读英语2（4）Millions of people watched Senator Glenn rocket back into the history books with Discovery’s launch on Thursday. (Para. 5. P. 84. Unit 7)（5）His voyage into space has little to do with his official duties, and everything to do with budget dollars and NASA’s dream of building a space station, industry analysts said yesterday. (Par. 1. P. 81. Unit 7)（6）(…when the US was competing with the Soviet Union in space) since then, the adversary has become money. (Para. 5. P. 86. Unit 7)
295. Difficulties in comprehension Enrichment Reading Band 2 强化阅读英语2（7）The timing of the senator’s flight could not have been better. (Para. 8. P. 86. Unit 7.)（8）Business Week magazine, taking a cold look at NASA’s finances, declared that the hero’s place on the flight made sound public relations sense. (Para. 12. P. 87. Unit 7)（9）That alone is reason enough to do it. (Par. 12. P. 87. Unit 7)
305. Difficulties in comprehension Enrichment Reading Band 2 强化阅读英语2（10）New York is largely filled with people like us who were born somewhere else and came here willing to be lucky. (Para. 1. P Unit 9)（11）…many people worry that the ethnic differences will make this the Disunited States. (Para. 5. P Unit 9)（12）But the cosmopolitan influx refreshes (to revive or stimulate) the uniformity of American culture. (Para. 5. P Unit 9)
315. Difficulties in comprehension English in Current Affairs 高级时事英语（1）…someone had tried to get away with building a sprinkler system on the cheap. (Para. 2. P Unit 2)（2）As my friends and I run into brick walls working our way into adulthood, I am increasingly amazed at the sometimes brutal truth that my father has imparted in his seemingly offhand way. (Para. 3. P Unit 2)（3）I wanted my father to call it a day and get on with the festivities. (Para. 4. P Unit 2)
325. Difficulties in comprehension English in Current Affairs 高级时事英语（4）Claude doesn’t put a lot of stock in what he calls book leaning. … But he has financed about $100,000 worth of book learning –and endured its being thrown in his face until the thrower had to return, hat in mind, for me kind of aid or another. (Para. 20. P Unit 2)（5）You can get by, but you can’t get away. (Para. 1. P Unit 2)（6）You are penny-wise and dollar-foolish. (Para. 3. P Unit 2)（7）You got champagne taste, but a water pocket. (Para. 2. P Unit 2)
335. Difficulties in comprehension Other examples:(1) I could not feel better.(2) You can’t be too careful.(3) It’s anyone’s guess.(4) We agree to disagree without being disagreeable.(5) Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested.
34Where does the difficulty lie? 5. Difficulties in comprehensionWhere does the difficulty lie?VocabularyGrammarBackground informationRhetorical devices…
35II. Two types of readingA. Intensive readingB. Extensive reading
37B. Extensive reading 1. Goals To form the habit of reading faster and being able to get the gist.To expose yourself more to the language.To acquire more information through reading.To have more materials for speaking and writing.
38B. Extensive reading 2. Materials Easier than those of intensive readinge.g.Simplified booksReaders’ Digest or easy originals…
39Review I. The importance of reading A. Input & output in language learningB. Reading as important inputII. Two types of readingA. Intensive readingB. Extensive readingIII. Review