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KOREA  Located between China and Japan  Continuous cultural and geopolitcal interactions with China and Japan  Korean language is considered “language.

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Presentation on theme: "KOREA  Located between China and Japan  Continuous cultural and geopolitcal interactions with China and Japan  Korean language is considered “language."— Presentation transcript:

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2 KOREA  Located between China and Japan  Continuous cultural and geopolitcal interactions with China and Japan  Korean language is considered “language isolate”

3 Modern Korea  One of the world’s fastest growing economies  Korean GDP ranked No. 12 in the world  World’s 8 th largest exporter

4 Korean Wave (Hallyu): Korean Cultural Export since early 1990s  Korean movies, TV dramas, and pop-music are very popular around the world; rapidly spreading beyond Asian countries  Korea is among the world’s top ten cultural exporters “Rain” “Wonder Girls” “DBSK” “BigBang” “Girls’ Generation” “Dae-Jang-Gum” TV drama “Super Junior”

5 Five Thousand Years of Korean History CountryTime 2333 B.C.Go-Joseon 1 st centry B.C.Three kingdoms (Shilla, Baekje and Goguryeo) 668 – 935Shilla (south: ) Balhae (north: ) Goryeo Dynasty 1392 – 1910Joseon Dynasty Japanese rule 1948Established Republic of Korea in South, Democratic Peoples Republic in the North Korean war 1961Military coup 1988Seoul Olympics

6 Go-Joseon CountryTime 2333 B.C.Go-Joseon 1 st centry B.C.Three kingdoms (Shilla, Baekje and Goguryeo) 668 – 935 A.D.Shilla (south: ) Balhae (north: ) Goryeo Dynasty 1392 – 1910Joseon Dynasty Japanese rule 1948Established Republic of Korea in South Korean war 1961Military coup 1998Seoul Olympic Game  King Dan-gun established Go-Joseon in 2333 B.C.

7 Three Kingdoms to Goryeo CountryTime 10 th centry B.C.Go-Joseon 1 st centry B.C.Three kingdoms (Shilla, Baekje and Goguryeo) 668 – 935 A.D.Shilla (south: ) Balhae (north: ) Goryeo Dynasty Shilla Goryeo Balhae  Buddhism became national religion.  Arts and culture flourished during Shilla Dynasty. Goguryeo BaekjeShilla

8 Joseon Dynasty CountryTime 10 th centry B.C.Go-Joseon 1 st centry B.C.Three kingdoms (Shilla, Baekje and Goguryeo) 668 – 935 A.D.Shilla (south: ) Balhae (north: ) Goryeo Dynasty 1392 – 1910Joseon Dynasty  Expanded territory boundary up to Yalu river in north.  Confucianism was promoted by government.  Korean alphabet was invented.  Sijo became popular.

9 Japanese Rule CountryTime 10 th centry B.C.Go-Joseon 1 st centry B.C.Three kingdoms (Shilla, Baekje and Goguryeo) 668 – 935 A.D.Shilla (south: ) Balhae (north: ) Goryeo Dynasty 1392 – 1910Joseon Dynasty Japanese rule  Japan annexed Korea by force in  Japan in 1938 outlawed use of Korean language in an attempt to eradicate Korean national identity.  Deep lament and resentment toward invaders prevailed in Korean literature and music, along with attempts to grapple with new, modern forms.

10 Divided Peninsula  In 1945 at Postdam conference US (Truman), USSR (Stalin) and UK (Churchil) decided to divide Korean peninsula at 38 th parallel without consulting Koreans. CountryTime 10 th centry B.C.Go-Joseon 1 st centry B.C.Three kingdoms (Shilla, Baekje and Goguryeo) 668 – 935 A.D.Shilla (south: ) Balhae (north: ) Goryeo Dynasty 1392 – 1910Joseon Dynasty Japanese rule 1948Established Republic of Korea in South Korean war 1961Military coup 1988Seoul Olympics

11 Korean War  North Korea invaded south by launching surprise attack on 6/25/50.  United Nations forces led by US defended South.  Many Koreans lost or separated from family members in both south and north. CountryTime 10 th centry B.C.Go-Joseon 1 st centry B.C.Three kingdoms (Shilla, Baekje and Goguryeo) 668 – 935 A.D.Shilla (south: ) Balhae (north: ) Goryeo Dynasty 1392 – 1910Joseon Dynasty Japanese rule 1948Established Republic of Korea in South Korean war 1961Military coup 1988Seoul Olympics

12 Modern Korea  Economic development plan began after military coup in 1961  2009 Korean GDP ranked No.12 in the world. CountryTime 10 th centry B.C.Go-Joseon 1 st centry B.C.Three kingdoms (Shilla, Baekje and Goguryeo) 668 – 935 A.D.Shilla (south: ) Balhae (north: ) Goryeo Dynasty 1392 – 1910Joseon Dynasty Japanese rule 1948Established Republic of Korea in South Korean war 1961Military coup 1988Seoul Olympics

13 Korean Alphabet: Hangul  King Sejong the Great invented Korean alphabet in  Alphabet organizes written language into syllabic units.  14 consonants & 10 vowels  Easy to learn: "A wise man can acquaint himself with them before the morning is over; a stupid man can learn them in the space of ten days”. From

14 Hangul (Korean Alphabet)  Purely phonetic alphabet  14 consonants  ㄱ ㄴ ㄷ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅅ ㅇ ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ  10 vowels  아 야 어 여 오 요 우 유 으 이  Hangul is a scientific system, invented following the shapes of vocal organs as they make sounds. From

15 Traditional Arts: Painting  Typically use few color, leaving background blank  Often combined with poem.  Painters signed their artistic name and signature stamps  Typically use few color, leaving background blank.  Often combined with poem.  Painters signed their artistic name and signature stamps.

16 Korean Ceramics  Celadon with pale jade green glaze and inlaid pattern was invented in 10 th century during Goryeo dynasty.

17 Korean Dance and Music  Court dance and music  Folk dance and music

18 Korean Dress

19 Korean Food  Cooked rice, main dish, and side dishes  3-12 side dishes  Kimchi  fermented pickled vegetable with or without hot pepper, hundreds of variations  Common elements of cooking  soy sauce  soy-bean paste (dyon-jang similar to miso)  hot-pepper paste (go-chu-jang)  sesame oil  Lots of vegetables

20 Religions of Korean People (based on 2004 census report)

21 Korean Shamanism  Shamanism has deep roots in folk beliefs.  Related to the ancient communal worship rites offered to the gods of heaven.  Participants seek to resolve human problems through a meeting of humans and the spirits mediated by the shaman Shaman is about to perform a ritual. The shaman wears a colorful costume, speaks in a trance as a spiritual oracle, and sings and dances to music.

22 Korean Buddhism  Introduced to Korea druing three kingdom era (around 372 A.D.)  Became state religion in three kingdoms and Goryeo dynasty  Deep influence in every aspect of Korean life, culture, and arts  Currently about 24% of population is Buddhist.  Buddha’s birthday is national holiday in Korea.

23 Korean Confucianism  Joseon dynasty promoted Confucian philosophies as national philosophy  Complex system, selectively imported from China, of moral, social, political, philosophical, and quasi- religious thought.  Became an indispensable component of the Korean moral system, way of life, and laws Memorial rite to the kings of the Joseon Dynasty is performed at Jong-myo Shrine

24 Korean Christianity  Catholicism was imported into Korea by a Korean scholar, Yi Seung-hun, who was baptized while visiting China.  Thousands of Catholics were executed during government persecution inthe late Joseon dynasty.  103 martyrs were canonized in  Protestant missionaries came to Korea during Japanese rule in the early 20 th century.  Dedicated to higher education and health care  Catholics and Protestant Christians are more populous in urban areas and often have higher education levels.

25 Ingenious Inventions: Geobukseon (Turtle –Shaped Warship)  The world first ironclad warship, Geobukseon (Turtle-shaped Warship), was built by General Yi Sun-shin in 1592 during the Japanese invasion.  The ships had armored and spiked decks and cannons and were designed to be highly maneuverable.

26 UNESCO’s World Cultural Heritages Dolmen Sites in Ganghwa, Hwasun, & Gochang Gyeongju Historic Areas Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks Depository Jongmyo Shrine of Joseon Royal Ancestors Changdeok- gung Palace Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple

27 UNESCO’s Memory of the World: Movable Metal Type for Printing  Invented in 13 th century (before 1232) during Goryeo dynasty  The world oldest extant movable metal print book is the Jikji (Korean Buddhist document), printed in Korea in  78 years prior to Gutenburg’s metal type printing

28 UNESCO’s Memory of the World: Printing Woodblocks of the Tripitaka Koreana  Woodblocks for printing Tripitaka (Buddhist scriptures)  81,258 pieces of woodblocks  Took 16 years to complete the project ( )  Woodblocks were treated by a special process for long- term preservation

29 UNESCO’s Memory of the World: Bulguksa and Seok-gu-ram  Bulguksa,  Constructed in 751 AD during Shilla kingdom  Main temple, gates, stone pagodas, bridges are all architectural masterpieces  Seokguram Grotto  Granite sanctuary for stone Buddha  Wearing a serene smile of benevolence

30 UNESCO’s Memory of the World  Hunmin-Jeongum Manuscript: Korean Alphabet  Joseon Wangjo Sillok: The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty  Jikji (Vol II): Baegun Hwasang Chorok Bjuljo: “Anthology of Great Buddhist Priests’ Zen Teachings”: The first printed book using movable metal type  Uigwe: The Royal Protocols of the Joseon Dynasty  Donguibogam: Principles and Practice of Eastern Medicine  Printing Woodblocks of the Tripitaka Koreana and Miscellaneous Buddhist Scriptures: World oldest printing woodblocks  Seugjeongwon Ilgi: The Diaries of the Royal Secretariat


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