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Section 1.1 Safety Basics Section 1.2 Sanitation Challenges.

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Presentation on theme: "Section 1.1 Safety Basics Section 1.2 Sanitation Challenges."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 1.1 Safety Basics Section 1.2 Sanitation Challenges

2 Section 1.1 Safety Basics Burns and injuries can easily occur.
Establish fire safety procedures. Know first aid measures for injuries.

3 occupational back support
flammable lockout/tagout emergency first aid shock abrasion laceration avulsion puncture wound Heimlich maneuver cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) general safety audit routine document

4 Safe Working Conditions
Each worker must personally practice kitchen safety. Wear personal protective clothing: aprons gloves shoes back braces

5 Safe Working Conditions
Foodservice workers are responsible to help prevent: slips and falls. cuts. burns and scalds. other personal injuries, such as those from heavy lifting.

6 Safe Working Conditions
Follow safety guidelines including those for sharp tools. Clean and maintain all equipment, following safety rules. How do you think cleaning home equipment might be different from cleaning professional equipment?

7 Fire Safety Prevent and control fires through good work habits. Be prepared for emergencies. Fire protection equipment includes fire extinguishers and hood and sprinkler systems. emergency A potentially life-threatening situation that usually occurs suddenly and unexpectedly.

8 Emergency Procedures Every foodservice worker must know basic first aid and life-saving techniques. first aid Assisting an injured person until professional medical help can be provided.

9 Emergency Procedures Explain each of the following first aid procedures. Procedure Explanation Treat First-Degree Burns Cool skin with water, not ice; never apply ointments; bandage the burn Treat Minor Wounds Clean with soap and water; place sterile gauze on cut; apply direct pressure

10 Emergency Procedures Learn the Heimlich maneuver to help someone who is choking. Heimlich maneuver A series of thrusts to the abdomen that can help dislodge something that is stuck in a person’s airway.

11 Emergency Procedures Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should be performed quickly on those who are unconscious because of choking, cardiac arrest, stroke, or heart attack. cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) Emergency care that is performed on people who are unresponsive.

12 Section 1.2 Sanitation Challenges
Food becomes contaminated by exposure to harmful microorganisms or chemical substances. Insects and rodents can physically contaminate food.

13 sanitary contaminated direct contamination cross-contamination sanitation hazard toxin pathogen bacteria virus parasite fungus mold cleaning sanitizing result transmit

14 Contamination Basics Foodborne illnesses can sicken and even kill people. Foodservice workers must know how to keep a clean, safe food preparation environment.

15 Contamination Basics Two types of contamination: direct contamination
cross-contamination direct contamination Raw foods, or the plants or animals from which they come, are exposed to toxins. cross-contamination The movement of harmful microorganisms from one place to another.

16 Contamination Basics Know the different types of food hazards: biological, chemical, and physical. Foodborne illness can be caused by: improper cooking of food cross-contamination poor hygiene foodhandler illness hazard A source of danger.

17 Contamination Basics Biological hazards in the kitchen include:
Bacteria bacteria Tiny, single-celled microorganisms.

18 Contamination Basics Biological hazards in the kitchen include:
viruses viruses Simple organisms that are responsible for many food-related illnesses.

19 Contamination Basics Biological hazards in the kitchen include:
parasites parasite An organism that must live in or on a host to survive.

20 Contamination Basics Biological hazards in the kitchen include:
Fungi, mold, and yeast fungi Spore-producing organisms found in soil, plants, animals, water, and in the air. mold A form of fungus.

21 Contamination Basics In the event of an outbreak of foodborne illness:
tell a manager avoid panic save any suspected food How do you think you might help others avoid panic?

22 Chemical Hazards Cleaning products used in the foodservice industry:
detergents hygiene detergents degreasers abrasive and acid cleaners cleaning Removing food and other soil from a surface.

23 Physical Hazards Physical hazards:
glass, metal, hair, wood, other foreign matter To keep pests out of storage areas: keep areas clean dispose of garbage quickly keep food off of the floor and away from any walls

24 Chapter Summary Section 1.1 Safety Basics
Safety rules and equipment help keep workers safe. Use caution and keep the workplace free of built-up grease to avoid fire danger. Know first aid to treat emergencies.

25 Chapter Summary Section 1.2 Sanitation Challenges
Harmful microorganisms can contaminate food. Kitchen hazards include: biological, chemical, and physical. During a foodborne illness outbreak, follow company procedures and report it. Use cleaning products carefully.

26 Do you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter
Do you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions. The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.

27 occupational back soporte para la support espalda
A type of back brace with suspenders designed to support the lower back while lifting. Un tipo de faja con tirantes diseñado para sostener la parte baja de la espalda mientras se levanta algo pesado.

28 flammable inflamable Quick to burn. Que se quema rápidamente.

29 lockout/tagout bloqueo/etiquetado
OSHA procedure; all necessary switches on malfunctioning electrical equipment are tagged and locked from use. Procedimientos requeridos por la organización Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA); se etiquetan y se bloquea el uso de todos los apagadores en los equipos eléctricos que no están funcionando.

30 emergency emergencia A potentially life-threatening situation that usually occurs suddenly and unexpectedly. Situación que pone en peligro la vida y que normalmente ocurre repentina e inesperadamente.

31 first aid primeros auxilios
Assisting an injured person until professional medical help can be provided. Ayuda que se proporciona a una persona lesionada mientras que llega la ayuda médica profesional.

32 shock choque A serious medical condition in which not enough oxygen reaches tissues. Una condición médica grave en la que no llega suficiente oxígeno a los tejidos.

33 abrasion abrasión (raspadura)
A scrape or minor cut. Un rasguño o una pequeña cortada.

34 laceration laceración
A cut or tear in the skin that can be quite deep. Una cortada o desgarre de la piel que puede ser muy profundo.

35 avulsion avulsión An injury in which a portion of the skin is partially or completely torn off. Una lesión en la que una parte de la piel es parcial o totalmente arrancada.

36 puncture wound herida de punción
An injury in which the skin is pierced with a pointed object, such as an ice pick, making a deep hole in the skin. Una herida en la que la piel se perfora con un objeto puntiagudo, como un picahielo, haciendo un agujero profundo.

37 Heimlich maneuver maniobra de Heimlich
A series of thrusts to the abdomen that can help dislodge something that is stuck in a person’s airway. Una serie de presiones en el abdomen que puede ayudar a desalojar algo que está atascado en las vías respiratorias de una persona.

38 cardiopulmonary resucitación resuscitation (CPR) cardiopulmonar
Emergency care that is performed on people who are unresponsive. Atención de emergencia que se realiza en las personas que no responden.

39 general safety auditoría de audit seguridad general
A review and inspection of all safety procedures and equipment. Una revisión e inspección de todos los procedimientos de seguridad y del equipo.

40 sanitary sanitario Clean. Limpio.

41 contaminated contaminado
Food that is unfit to be eaten. Alimentos que no son adecuados para el consumo.

42 direct contamination contaminación directa
Raw foods, or the plants or animals from which they come, are exposed to toxins. Que los alimentos crudos, o las plantas o los animales de los que proceden, están expuestos a toxinas.

43 cross-contamination contaminación cruzada
The movement of harmful microorganisms from one place to another. El movimiento de microorganismos nocivos de un lugar a otro.

44 sanitation saneamiento
Healthy or clean and whole. Limpio y saludable.

45 hazard riesgo A source of danger. Una fuente de peligro.

46 toxin toxina A harmful organism or substance.
Un organismo o sustancia dañina.

47 pathogens patógenos Disease-causing microorganisms.
Microorganismos que causan enfermedades.

48 bacteria bacterias Tiny, single-celled microorganisms.
Microorganismos minúsculos unicelulares.

49 viruses virus Simple organisms that are responsible for many food-related illnesses. Organismo simple responsable de muchas enfermedades alimentarias.

50 parasite parásito An organism that must live in or on a host to survive. Un organismo que debe vivir en o sobre un huésped para sobrevivir.

51 fungi hongos Spore-producing organisms found in soil, plants, animals, water, and in the air. Organismos que producen esporas; viven en el suelo, plantas, animales, agua y en el aire.

52 mold moho A form of fungus. Una forma de hongo.

53 cleaning limpieza Removing food and other soil from a surface.
La eliminación de alimentos y otros productos de una superficie.

54 sanitizing desinfectar
Reducing the number of microorganisms on the surface. Reducir el número de microorganismos en la superficie.

55 routine rutina Regular set of actions. Conjunto de acciones regulares.

56 document documentar To write down the details of what happened.
Anotar los detalles de lo ocurrido.

57 result resultado Have an outcome. Que tiene consecuencia.

58 transmit transmitir Spread. Difundir.

59 Safety and Sanitation Principles
End of Chapter 1 Safety and Sanitation Principles


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