Presentation on theme: "Research Synthesis. Approaches to research synthesis Narrative reviews A discursive analysis of multiple research studies May include both quant."— Presentation transcript:
Approaches to research synthesis Narrative reviews A discursive analysis of multiple research studies May include both quant and qual studies May include theoretical or philosophical work Meta-analysis A statistical technique for combining the results of multiple studies Only applicable for quantitative studies, ones where effect sizes can be calculated
Qualitative research studies Quantitative research studies Narrative reviews of research Meta-analysis
Forest plots (the key to understanding a meta- analysis)
What would you conclude about the effect of DARE on drug use from looking at this Figure?
More info on meta-analysis A good source on meta-analysis is the Cochrane Collaboration, an international non-profit academic group specializing in meta-analyses of healthcare interventions. http://www.cochrane.org Simpler reference: Bergman NG, Parker RA (2002). Meta-analysis: neither quick nor easy. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2288/2/10.
Research reviews… Are organized by topic Summarize what is and is not known Identify areas of controversy Acquaint readers with existing research on a topic Illustrate trends in research Illustrate the need for further research
Be focused Clarify the thesis, topic, question Collect relevant research What sources journals, books, websites, dissertations, conference proceedings Does publication date matter? Read and summarize 12 step summary annotated bibliography, old school or RefWorks Doing Literature Reviews
Evaluate the pieces Set criteria for inclusion in review Create an organizational structure for the review Group studies by Research questions Results Characteristics of research participants Methods used Doing Literature Reviews
Write the review Discursive prose Thematic organization Synthesize and evaluate, rather than summarize Things to keep in mind Use evidence Be selective… select the most important points Use quotes sparingly Use caution when paraphrasing… fair representation & avoiding plagarism Start paragraphs/sentences with the idea, not a citation Find and keep your voice Use proper style… usually APA style Doing Literature Reviews
TOPIC: How is home understood, defined and described across theoretical and empirical literature? House and home Ideal house and home Between the real and ideal, the actual and remembered home Home as haven Home and family Home and gender Home and journeying Being at home in the world Home, self-identity, and being Organization of review of research Mallett, S. (2004). Understanding home: A critical review of the literature. The Sociological Review, 52 (1), 62-89.
Being in a hurry… overlooking studies Relying too heavily on secondary sources Focusing only on findings, at the expense of methods, instrumentation, research design Using only journal articles… not books, handbooks, encyclopedias Too broadly or narrowly conceived Summarizing studies, rather than synthesizing and evaluating what is learned Common errors