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1 How to Read Effectively Presented by Prof. Mei Renyi.

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1 1 How to Read Effectively Presented by Prof. Mei Renyi

2 2 I. The importance of reading II. Two types of reading A. Intensive reading B. Extensive reading Outline A. Input & output in language learning B. Reading as important input III. Review

3 3 I. The importance of reading A. Input & output in language learning Input reading listening Output speaking writing The more input, the more output. produce

4 4 1. Reading is the best way to improve your understanding of the language. And understanding is the first step to grasping the language. B. Reading as input I. The importance of reading e.g. (1) You will be graded on these matters. (2) He read anger in her eyes. (3) The progress of the evacuation was watched with anxious eyes and growing hope.

5 5 2. Reading is the main source of language material. I. The importance of reading B. Reading as input

6 6 3. Reading will open windows to the world—enrich your knowledge of the world, of cultures in other countries and of history. B. Reading as input I. The importance of reading

7 7 4. Reading can acquaint you with the subtlety and beauty of the language. B. Reading as input e.g. (1) It paled into insignificance. (2) They went out into the glaring white sunlight. I. The importance of reading

8 8 A. Intensive reading B. Extensive reading II. Two types of reading

9 9 1. Definition 2. Goals 3. Focus-preview vs. review 4. Steps A. Intensive reading 5. Difficulties in comprehension. II. Two types of reading

10 10 1. Definition To read intensively is to concentrate effort on a short piece in order to learn the basic skills of the language. A. Intensive reading

11 11 2. Goals To introduce you to the different features of the English language e.g. (1) grammar: tenses (2) vocabulary: wind up When I wind up my watch, I start it. When I wind up my essay, I end it. foot to foot the bill A. Intensive reading

12 12 2. Goals To improve your reading comprehension To arouse your interest in the texts (in articles written in English by native speakers) To help you develop your ability in working independently. A. Intensive reading

13 13 3. Focus preview vs. review Which is more important in intensive reading? A. Intensive reading

14 14 3. Focus (1) It helps you improve your ability in solving problems independently. Preview A. Intensive reading

15 15 3. Focus (2) It makes it possible for you to come to class with some preparation and clear purpose. A. Intensive reading Preview I know. I think I know. I don’t know.

16 16 3. Focus e.g. The progress of the evacuation was watched with anxious eyes and growing hope. A. Intensive reading I don’t know. 人们以关注的眼光注视着撤退的进展情况。 随着撤退的发展,人们感到成功的希望在 增长。

17 17 4. Steps Before class In class After class A. Intensive reading

18 18 (1)Survey a text Enrichment Reading Band 2 P. 3-4 Before class Questions raised: What is the environment? What is expected of the teacher? What is expected of the student? What is the concept underlying the approach? Key ideas: Classroom interaction Role of the teacher Students’ role Memorizing vs. inquiring mind Pure lectures few Title of the piece: the undergraduate classroom

19 19 e.g. a. … the faculty member aims to exchange ideas with students, rather than simply tell them what they should know. (Para.1. p.3) (2) Reread the text Before class From Language to ideas b. The point is not that Americans have the “right” approach to learning, but that the interactive classroom is a strong feature of US education. You will need to adjust to it.—and in time, take advantage of it. (Para. 2. P.3)

20 20 Your understanding is correct Listen to the teachers’ explanation carefully. Compare notes. In class Your questions Your surprise I know. I don’t know. I think I know.

21 21 (1) A careful analysis of the things you find difficult in preview and try to pinpoint where the problem lies. After class

22 22 e.g. Rewards in the form of good grades will come if you have an inquiring mind and think for yourself. (2) A study of the language used in the text. After class From ideas to language a. You will be able to get good marks if you like to ask questions and show curiosity and do independent thinking. b. How can you get good marks? You can get good marks if you often ask questions and have your own view.

23 23 5. Difficulties in comprehension A. Intensive reading Where does the difficulty lie?

24 24 Enrichment Reading Band 2 强化阅读英语 2 ( 1 ) They were subjected to tough exercises in preparation for the weightlessness they would experience in space. Tereskova trained for 15 months prior to her landmark journey into space. (Para. 3. P. 80. Unit 7) 5. Difficulties in comprehension ( 2 ) On her return to earth, she received a hero’s welcome. She became a symbol of the new Russian feminism, and of expanding opportunities for women all over the world. (Para. 7. P.81. Unit 7) ( 3 ) John Glenn woke yesterday for his first full day back in space to Louis Armstrong singing What a Wonderful World. (Para. 1. P. 83. Unit 7)

25 25 Enrichment Reading Band 2 强化阅读英语 2 ( 4 ) Millions of people watched Senator Glenn rocket back into the history books with Discovery’s launch on Thursday. (Para. 5. P. 84. Unit 7) 5. Difficulties in comprehension ( 5 ) His voyage into space has little to do with his official duties, and everything to do with budget dollars and NASA’s dream of building a space station, industry analysts said yesterday. (Par. 1. P. 81. Unit 7) ( 6 ) (…when the US was competing with the Soviet Union in space) since then, the adversary has become money. (Para. 5. P. 86. Unit 7)

26 26 Enrichment Reading Band 2 强化阅读英语 2 ( 10 ) New York is largely filled with people like us who were born somewhere else and came here willing to be lucky. (Para. 1. P Unit 9) 5. Difficulties in comprehension ( 11 ) …many people worry that the ethnic differences will make this the Disunited States. (Para. 5. P Unit 9) ( 12 ) But the cosmopolitan influx refreshes (to revive or stimulate) the uniformity of American culture. (Para. 5. P Unit 9)

27 27 5. Difficulties in comprehension Where does the difficulty lie? Vocabulary Grammar Background information Rhetorical devices …

28 28 A. Intensive reading B. Extensive reading II. Two types of reading

29 29 1. Goals 2. Materials B. Extensive reading

30 30 1. Goals To form the habit of reading faster and being able to get the gist. B. Extensive reading To expose yourself more to the language. To acquire more information through reading. To have more materials for speaking and writing.

31 31 2. Materials Readers’ Digest or easy originals … Simplified books B. Extensive reading e.g. Easier than those of intensive reading

32 32 Thank you !


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