Presentation on theme: "Hirsutism Hirsutism is a common disorder, which affects up to 10% of women between the age of 18 and 45 years. defined as the presence of excessive terminal."— Presentation transcript:
Hirsutism Hirsutism is a common disorder, which affects up to 10% of women between the age of 18 and 45 years. defined as the presence of excessive terminal hair in androgen-dependent areas of a woman´s body differentiated from hypertrichosis, which is usually familial in nature and associated with an endocrine dysfunction - such as thyroid dysfunction - or with medications such as phenytoin or minoxidil. Hypertrichosis is excessive growth of thin vellus (nonpigmented) hair at any body site, and is not androgen dependent.
Hirsutism Caused by increased androgen action on hair follicles, excessive production of androgen. – May be a result of increased levels of circulating androgens or increased sensitivity of hair follicles to normal serum levels of androgens. -develop thick, pigmented hair (terminal hair) as opposed to nonpigmented and thin hair (vellus hair) which is normally seen in these areas. -often a source of psychological discomfort
Skin Tags A skin tag is a common, acquired benign skin growth that looks like a small piece of hanging skin. Skin tags are often described as bits of skin- or flesh- colored tissue that projects from the surrounding skin from a small, narrow stalk. (may vary in appearance) Common areas; neck, underarms, eyelids, and under the breasts (especially where underwire bras rub directly beneath the breasts) and groin folds. Although tags are generally acquired (not present at birth) and may occur in anyone, more often they arise in adulthood. Much more common in middle age and they tend to increase in prevalence up to age 60, but they can occur in children around the neck and underarms. Since they are thought to arise more readily in areas of skin friction or rubbing, tags are also more common in overweight people.
Skin Tags Hormone elevations, like those seen during pregnancy, may increase the formation of skin tags, skin tags are more frequent in pregnant women.pregnancy benign condition not directly associated w/ any major medical conditions Removal; scissors, freezing (liquid nitrogen), and burning (medical electric cautery at physician's office). small tags may be removed easily w/out anesthesia, larger growths may require local anesthesia (injected lidocaine)injected lidocaine topical anesthesia cream prior to the procedure may be desirable in areas with a large number of tags. Dermatologists, family physicians, and internal medicine physicians can treat, occasionally an ophthalmologist is needed to remove tags very close to the eyelid margin.