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Taxonomy is the branch of biology that deals with A. naming organisms. B. classifying organisms. C. the anatomy of organisms. D. the biochemistry of organisms.

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Presentation on theme: "Taxonomy is the branch of biology that deals with A. naming organisms. B. classifying organisms. C. the anatomy of organisms. D. the biochemistry of organisms."— Presentation transcript:

1 Taxonomy is the branch of biology that deals with A. naming organisms. B. classifying organisms. C. the anatomy of organisms. D. the biochemistry of organisms.

2 B. classifying organisms.

3 According to the Linnaean system of classification, the organism Acetabularia mediterranea is most closely related to AMediterranea crassa. B. Acetabularia crenulata. C. Mediterranea crenulata. D. Crenulata acetabularia.

4 B. Acetabularia crenulata..

5 Which category contains the greatest number of different types of organisms? A. genus B. family C. phylum D. Class E.Kingdom

6

7 Which is the proper sequence of classification categories, moving from the largest to the smallest group of organisms? A. kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, species, genus B. kingdom, phylum, family, class, order, genus C. kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus species D. kingdom, phylum, division, class, order, family, genus

8 C. kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus species

9 The scientific names of organisms continue to be written in Latin because A. Latin invented the system. B.Latin is universally understood. C.Latin doesn't change as other languages change. D.it is easier to learn Latin than most other languages.

10 B.Latin is universally understood.

11 Considering organisms from the species level to the phylum level there is an increase in A. unity. B. diversity C. structural similarity. D. color similarity.

12 B. Diversity

13 Which of these categories of classification contains organisms that are most closely related? A. family B. class C. order D. genus

14 D. genus

15 The system of binomial nomenclature was devised by A. Charles Darwin. B. Charles Lyell. C. Aristotle. D. Carolus Linnaeus.

16

17 A biology class was investigating the properties of active and inactive organisms. Students used sprouted and dry seeds, fresh and boiled yeast, and awake and etherized crickets. These organisms were chosen because they were from three different A. kingdoms. B. phyla. C. classes. D. kingdoms, phyla, and classes.

18 D. kingdoms, phyla, and classes.

19 An organism that lacks a nucleus is called a(n): AProkaryote BEukaryote

20 AProkaryote

21 An organism that produces its own food by the process of photosynthesis is called: AHeterotroph BAutotroph CHerbivore DConsumer

22 BAutotroph

23 A virus is made up all of the following except: ANucleic Acid BProtein CCapsids DRibosomes

24 DRibosomes

25 A retrovirus is a virus that has _______________ as its genetic material. ADNA BRNA

26 BRNA

27 Viruses CAN: ALive independently BGrow CEat DDirect their host to replicate their genetic material

28 DDirect their host to replicate their genetic material

29 The _______ Cycle for a virus will display immediate symptoms of an infection. ALytic BLysogenic

30 ALytic

31 .______The HIV virus undergoes the ___________ cycle. The virus directs the host to replicate its virus. However no symptoms of the infection are apparent until years later. ALytic BLysogenic

32

33 A ________________ is a protective protein coat that surrounds the nucleic acid of the virus. ACapsid BDNA CPathogen DEpidemic

34 ACapsid

35 All Monerans AHave chlorophyll BLack a nucleus CCause disease DAre producers

36 BLack a nucleus

37 When growing conditions are not right, many bacteria form AAntibodies BAcid CBuds DEndospores

38 DEndospores

39 All of the following are shapes of bacteria EXCEP AStaphylo BCoccus CBacilli DSpirillum

40 AStaphylo

41 A large group (cluster) of similar bacteria: A.Capsule BStrep CDiplo D.Staph

42 D.Staph

43 Spherical shaped bacteria are classified as: AStaphylo BCoccus CBacilli DSpirillum

44 BCoccus

45 Gram ________ bacteria stain purple and have a very simple cell wall, only consisting of peptidylglycan: APositive BNegative

46 APositive

47 An _________________ cannot survive in the presence of oxygen. AObligate Aerobe BFacultative Aerobe CFacultative Anaerobe DObligate Anaerobe

48 DObligate Anaerobe

49 _______________ are toxins that are released by living bacteria AEndotoxin BExotoxin

50 BExotoxin

51 Short hairlike parts on the cell surface are called: ACilia BPseudopod CFlagella DSpores

52 ACilia

53 A pseudopod is considered: AContractile vacuole BFalse Feet CFlagella DProtist

54 BFalse Feet

55 Also known as seaweed, ___________________ algae are complex multicellular organisms that live mainly in salt water. A Brown BRed CGreen DGolden

56 A Brown

57 Agar is made from which protist: ARed Algae BBrown Algae CEuglena DSlime Mold

58 ARed Algae

59 Which of the following organelles deals with the removal or excess water and intake of needed water? AMacronucleus BOral Groove CContractile vacuole DMitochondria

60 CContractile vacuole

61 Which organelle deals with the reproduction of the protist? AMacronucleus BContractile Vacuole COral Groove DMicronucleus

62 DMicronucleus

63 All of the following aid in the protists’ movement except: AFlagella BCilia CPseudopod DEndospore

64 DEndospore

65 All of the following examples are Protists except: AAmoeba BSeaweed CVolvox DMoneran

66 DMoneran

67 All of the following are true for Euglenas except the following: AUnicellular BDo not have a cell wall CMove by flagella DMove by cilia

68 DMove by cilia

69 All of the following are true for Amoebas except the following: AEat by diffusion BAre part of the phylum Rhizopods CMove by pseudopod DIs a animal like protist

70 AEat by diffusion

71 All of the following are true for Ciliates except the following: AHave a macronucelus BUnicellular CMove by Flagella DExample is Paramecium

72 CMove by Flagella

73 Fungus are considered to be ______________. AAutotrophs BHeterotrophs

74 BHeterotrophs

75 Fungus reproduce by: ABinary Fission BConjugation CSpores DMitosis

76 CSpores

77 The reproductive part of the mushroom is the ______________. AStalk BCap CHyphae DAll of the above

78 BCap

79 According to the five kingdom classification system, Kingdom Fungi are one of the ____________________. AProkaryotes BEukaryotes

80

81 All of the following are true for Fungus EXCEPT: AFungus helps decompose things BFungus can be irritating to humans by causing athletes foot. CFungus can also be a source of food DFungus can cause the Tobacco Mosaic Disease

82


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