Presentation on theme: "Rituals Constantin Larisa. Papua New Guinea Land called the asthmatic Papua New Guinea is considered by local tribes a restricted area to foreigners,"— Presentation transcript:
Rituals Constantin Larisa
Papua New Guinea Land called the asthmatic Papua New Guinea is considered by local tribes a restricted area to foreigners, because here grows “ gharu" - Tree of life. Guarded and the Willows a sacred river, Asewetsj, clusters formed by the tree miraculously hidden life of unseen spirits of all generations asmatiens. God of eternal life, Fumiri-pitj, travels from trunk to trunk and transmits news mortals through a magical resin Rain extinguished the fire swords, say the bulks asmatiens, after centuries in a row because no foreigners allowed near the tribe of tree life in the prohibited area, today in the famous region have entered the growing number of traders. For any alien, brings gharu curse of death. And indeed, the ancient tradition was maintained by a staggering reality. For nature has conceived all around the land asmatien deadly marshes that can not be crossed only very few paths, known only by a few prominent men of the community. Legends of asthmatic say that the belly of the swamps lie hundreds of skeletons of those who have violated the territory without the supreme god Fumiri-pitj.
One tradition says the loyalty of women scarys was tried once by requiring them to cross the swamp and bring the trunk of a sacred gharu resin. No woman has come back after such a challenge to destiny. Western explorers were astonished to see that after such a tree has been transformed into primitive boats (with the consent of wise counsel tribes), all asmatiens longer afraid of the spirits inside the timber. So, which of a man who is in charge of rowing drum with a rod in the boat body to keep awake spiritual protection. Of "wood of life" are not bows and arrows, because if such a creature would be killed, it would become immortal and would start the war against the asmatiens. Unfortunately, this Eden at the end of the world in which man has not been achieved in recent years is driven by the tentacles of modern civilization. Foreigners found that gharu resin is one of the most valuable in the area of the Pacific. Westerners have learned the local trade (barter) with the natural product, lure them with alcohol. Even if there centuries of custom tribal rituals conducted in atmosphere of gharu incense smoke, the most "entrepreneurs" are often members of travel trade the asmatiens modern settlements in Papua New Guinea to sell sacred resin. Tree risk to lose their life sacred and swamps surrounding zones is not a deadly threat. Although tradition says that each such tree is a shrine, asmatiens young generations tend to move the ancient faith, curses like no longer works and miracles here remain to populate only stories.
This ritual is practiced by members of tribes on the islands that make up the Republic of Vanuatu, both as a ritual of "increased" and the ritual celebration of the harvest. The men jump from a tower 30 feet with ankles bound with vine stalk. If jumping is done correctly, the person reaches the top of the head or shoulders of the earth. Unfortunately, any mistake can result in serious injury or even death jumper’s. The boys begin to participate in this ritual as circumcision at the age of 7 or 8 years, but are allowed to jump from a lower height. Mother held in her arms an object that symbolises the boy’s childhood,and while th the child throws the subject of salt mother arms. The divers Vanuatu
Okrika tribe (Nigeria ) Iria is a ritual practiced by the African tribe girls Okrika. Girls aged between 14 and 16 years fall in "fattening rooms" where they are well fed to get the body of a woman. They are taught by the elderis Iria tribe tribe's traditional songs. The faith of this community is that girls develop feelings for water spirits. Before the girls to be considered suitable for marriage, they must free themselves from these feelings. For the girls go on the river bank at dawn for several days and sing songs they have learned. On the last day the initiateds go where the river water is said that spirits will try to take them by force. To prevent this Osokolo acid, an elderly community member girls hitting with a stick while they sat back in ensuring that safety and their future fertility.
Murs tribe The Murs tribe in southern Ethiopia, Africa, the Omo River valley has around 4,000 inhabitants. It is downright fantastic you find there if you get in that area, at first glance you might think that something has happened, your car has entered a black hole and be propelled into Jurassic, reaching into a different era, a primitive, where living conditions are not in the vision of a man today, in 2000 (or the minimum !!!). Murs tribe The Murs tribe in southern Ethiopia, Africa, the Omo River valley has around 4,000 inhabitants. It is downright fantastic you find there if you get in that area, at first glance you might think that something has happened, your car has entered a black hole and be propelled into Jurassic, reaching into a different era, a primitive, where living conditions are not in the vision of a man today, in 2000 (or the minimum !!!). The fact is, by comparison, the famous and funnis Flinstone lived better than Murs tribe in Ethiopia. Not only for people here is very normal to walk naked, nudity is just a matter of pride (that is when we see men cover... to understand that I'm not too proud?: D), but habits here we come across head, new people civilized! Have some traditions of the most barbarous and the most sadistic! Women get used to wear a large circle made of glue in lip rest of his life since the age of 16 years when the ritual begins drilling a painful lower lip. This circle can be removed only with meals. No one tribe is allowed to wear long hair, so all he covers his head with various ornaments made from shells or carved wood or metal. Long hair draws lice or ticks so it goes without saying! As for settlements, living in straw huts on the ground. Men and women are torturing and making some scars like tattoos on the body, skin, in order to remain standing and attract (not missing aesthetic sense even here in this forgotten corner of the world) is also painted men and white, for an addition of masculinity.
Maasai people rituals serve to maintain their political structure based on age-sets cattle, and to reduce population numbers. Each ritual transition between age-sets and age-groups is a step toward old age and metaphorically a step toward God. Each ritual of transition between sets of age and age groups is a step toward retirement and metaphorically a step towards God. The critical event in each ceremony is the sharing of meat, which brings all participants closer to God. Critical event in every ceremony is the sharing of meat, which brings all participants closer to God. When children are young, they usually stay within the Enkang, a form of enclosure formed by the fence of Thorny plants which protect the Tribe and their cattle from predators and other Tribes. When children are small, they usually stay within Enkang, as an enclosure formed by a fence of thorny plants that protect the tribe and their cattle from predators and other tribes. Here, the children tend the family herd. Here, children tend to herd the family. Maasai people
Maasai women are responsible to take care of their families. They also take care of children, collecting firewood, and get water (average distance to travel for water is approximately 30 km). Women are responsible for collecting and to cleaner plants to make containers that decorates with leather and beads. These containers are used to store milk, blood, water, honey and cornmeal. These containers are used to store milk, blood, water, honey and corn. Until their circumcision around the age of fifteen, Maasai girls have the freedom to enjoy sexual relations with junior warriors. By around their circumcision at the age of fifteen years, Maasai women are free to enjoy sex with junior warriors. The only restriction is that they are not permitted to become pregnant. The only restriction is that they are not allowed to become pregnant. After their circumcision, which is performed by the elder women, they are considered to be adult women (Esiankiki), and is immediately married (sometimes that day) to a man much older than themselves. After their circumcision, which is done by older women, they are considered adult women (Esiankiki), and are married soon (sometime in the day) to a man much older than themselves. Maasai women are respected as mothers, and will be members of the same age-sets as their Husbands. Maasai women are respected as mothers, and will be members of the same age-sets as their husbands. Often women will maintain close ties, both socially and sexually, with their former boyfriends, even after they are married (this is known as wife-lending), just so long as their relations are with a man belonging to the same age-set as their husband. Often, women will maintain close links, both social and sexual, with their former friends even after they are married (this is known as wife-lending), as long as their relationships with a man who made part of the same age-set as their spouse. If a Maasai woman has a child by a man other than her husband, the child is considered by the husband to be his own, and is not treated any differently than his biological children. If a Maasai woman has a child by a man other than her husband, the child is considered to be the husband's, and is not treated differently than one's biological children.
C HEROKEE I NDIANS WAS ONE OF THE CIVILIZED TRIBES IN THE U NITED S TATES. T HEY WERE LOCATED IN THE S OUTHEASTERN PART OF THE U.S. T HIS INCLUDES THE WESTERN PARTS OF N ORTH AND S OUTH C AROLINA, T HE NORTHERN PARTS OF A LABAMA AND G EORGIA, S OUTHWEST V IRGINIA AND THE C UMBERLAND B ASIN OF T ENNESSEE. T HEY WERE LOCATED IN THE SOUTHEASTERN U.S. T HIS INCLUDES PARTS OF WESTERN N ORTH AND S OUTH C AROLINA, NORTHERN A LABAMA AND G EORGIA, V IRGINIA AND SOUTHWEST OF C UMBERLAND B ASIN OF T ENNESSEE. I T APPEARS THE C HEROKEE SETTLED IN 1000 AD TO 1500 AD T HEIR DEVELOPMENT TOOK PLACE IN TO THE STAGES OR PHASES. I T SEEMS C HEROKEE ESTABLISHED IN 1000 TO 1500 AD T HEIR DEVELOPMENT TOOK PLACE IN THE PHASE OR PHASES. The Pisgah which took place 1300 AD to 1540 AD and the Qualla which took place 1540 AD to 1750 AD The first period was primitive and the second was influenced by European contact. Pisgah held in 1540 AD and 1300 AD Qualla held in 1540 AD 1750 AD The first period was primitive and the second was influenced by European contact. They were a large part of the Tribe that was Iroquian language group even though their language is very different. They were a large tribe that was part of the group Iroquian language, even if their language is very different. Despite this the Cherokee written language developed due to contact with the white men. Despite this written Cherokee language developed as a result of contact with white people. They were very interested in learning the ways white men. They were very interested in learning ways white men. Tribes Cherokees
Dinka is a tribe in southern Sudan, living in Bahr el Ghazal region of the Nile basin, juggling and parts of South Kordufan Nile and Upper regions. They are mainly agro-pastoral people, relying on cattle herding at Riverside camps in the dry season and growing millet (Awuou) and other varieties of grains (rap) in fixed settlements during the rainy season. They are mainly agro-pastoral people, relying on cattle in camps Riverside Herding dry season and growing my (Awuou) and other varieties of seeds (RAP) in fixed settlements during the rainy season. They number around 1.5 million people, constituting about 4% of the population  of the entire country, and constitute the largest ethnic tribe South Sudan. They number about 1.5 million people, representing about 4% of the population  the whole country, and constitute the largest ethnic tribe in Southern Sudan. Dinka, or as they refer to themselves, Muonyjang (singular) and jieng (plural), is one of the branches of the River Lake Nilotes (mainly sedentary agri-pastoral peoples of East Africa who speak nilotica languages, including the Nuer and Luo) (Seligman 1965). Dinka, or as they refer to themselves Muonyjang (singular) and jieng (plural), are one of the branches of Nilotes River Lake (mainly sedentary agro-pastoral peoples of East Africa who speak languages nilotica, including the Nuer and Luo) (Seligman 1965). Dinka tribe