Presentation on theme: "Nomenclature and Anatomy of Flowers. Flower Anatomy:"— Presentation transcript:
Nomenclature and Anatomy of Flowers
A complete flower has 4 parts present sepals petals stamens pistils
Sepal One of the outermost flower structures Commonly small, green, leaflike structures Collective word for sepals and petals is called perianth
Petals Usually conspicuously colored Collectively called the corolla Normally positioned between sepals and inner flower parts
Stamens Threadlike extensions that stand upright from the perianth Male reproductive parts of a flower Consists of the anther and the filament
Pistils Female reproductive parts of a flower Consists of the stigma, style, and ovary
Types of Flower Structure Solitary Inflorescence
Solitary Flowers Flowers that form singly on upright stalks Ex: tulips, roses, daffodils
Inflorescence A flower that is made up of several florets Flowers have a branching pattern from the main stem The main stalk of an inflorescence is a peduncle, stalks that support the florets are called pedicels
Types of Inflorescence Has an elongated inflorescence on the main stem. Ex: liatris, gladiolus Spike:
Types of Inflorescence Similar to a spike except florets aren’t directly attached to the stem Ex: delphinium Raceme:
Types of Inflorescence Has a flat top or slightly convex shape Has main stem with pedicels of unequal length Ex: yarrow Corymb:
Types of Inflorescence Broad and flat topped Has divisions that arise below a terminal flower Ex: Bird of Paradise Cyme:
Types of Inflorescence Flower cluster that is easily recognized Simple umbel has single pedicelled flowers all arising from the top of the main stem. Ex: agapanthus Compound umbel has secondary umbels arising from main stem. Ex: Queen Anne’s Lace Umbel:
Types of Inflorescence Thick flower spike surrounded by a conspicuous bract. The spathe (bract) is often mistakenly identified as the flower Ex: Anthurium Spadix:
Types of Inflorescence Slender, scaly-bracted inflorescence found on woody plants Ex: Willow, alder, birch Catkin:
Types of Inflorescence Short, dense cluster of flowers in a flat pattern Ex: sunflowers Head Flower:
Leaf Parts Three main leaf parts: Blade Petiole Stipules
Three main leaf parts: Blade (the leaf itself) Petiole (the leaf stalk that connects the leaf blade to the stem) Stipules (the two appendages at the base of the petiole) Any of these parts may be lacking. For example, when there is not a petiole, the leaf is sessile (attached directly to the stem).
Leaf Types Leaf type will affect texture, style and form in a floral design. –Simple leaf: a leaf with a single blade –Compound leaf: a leaf with more than one blade (leaflets). Leaflets are the smaller blades that make up a compound leaf and may be arranged in a variety of ways/ –See page 135, Figure –Draw and label the four leaves shown.
Leaf Vein Patterns Vein patterns in leaf blades are called venation Types –parallel –palmate –pinnate See page 136, Figure 9-22.
Leaf Vein Patterns Label the three types of leaf venation: 1. ____________ 2. _____________ 3. ____________ Name ______________
Leaf Shapes See page 137 Figure 9-24 Basic outline of the blade make up the shape of the leaf Ex: oblong, linear, pelate, elliptic Draw three different types of leaf shapes
Leaf Margins Page 137 Figure 9-25 Edge of the leaf blade is called a margin The appearance of the margin can affect the texture of a design Ex: entire, undulate, serrate, lobed Draw three different types of leaf margins
Post-harvest Physiology & Metabolic Processes: Please have your books open to pg 137 Background: Once plant material is harvested, the plants are still metabolizing. When flowers are cut, the supply of water and mineral nutrients for normal metabolic activity id temporarily cut off. And the flowers and foliage continue to lose water. Unless the water loss is inhibited, wilting and loss of turgor will result. Turgor (cell rigidity and firmness)
Water Uptake & Transport Cut flowers need to drink water, which carries sugars and other compounds and helps keep flower parts turgid (firm). Flower stems have a plumbing system called the xylem, which is made up of tiny vessels. The xylem is the water-conducting tissue that carries water up the stem, to the leaves, and to the flower. Please draw figure 9-27 on page 139 and describe what is happening in the picture. Phloem is another plumbing system, but it is the food-conducting tissue.