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ASKING FOR AND GIVING INFORMATION DR. DAVID MIRALLES Passive “se” and Third-Person Passive.

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Presentation on theme: "ASKING FOR AND GIVING INFORMATION DR. DAVID MIRALLES Passive “se” and Third-Person Passive."— Presentation transcript:

1 ASKING FOR AND GIVING INFORMATION DR. DAVID MIRALLES Passive “se” and Third-Person Passive

2 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive Introduction: You already learned how to use se as the third person reflexive pronoun (El se despierta. Ellos se visten. Ella se baña.). Se can also be used to form constructions in which the person performing the action is not expressed or is de-emphasized.

3 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive In Spanish, verbs that are not reflexive can be used with se to form impersonal constructions. These are statements in which the person performing the action is not expressed or defined. In English, the passive voice or indefinite subjects (you, they, one) are used. Se habla español en Costa Rica. Spanish is spoken in Costa Rica. Se puede leer en la sala de espera. You can read in the waiting room. Se hacen operaciones aquí. They perform operations here. Se necesitan medicinas enseguida. They need medicine right away. Impersonal constructions with se

4 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive ¡ATENCIÓN! Note that the third person singular verb form is used with singular nouns and the third person plural form is used with plural nouns: Se vende ropa. Se venden camisas.

5 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive You often see the impersonal se in signs, advertisements, and directions. Se prohíbe nadar. Se necesitan programadores. Se entra por la izquierda. Impersonal constructions with se

6 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive Se is also used to form statements that describe accidental or unplanned events. In this construction, the person who performs the action is de-emphasized, so as to imply that the accident or unplanned event is not his or her direct responsibility. These statements are constructed using the pattern on the next slide. Se for unplanned events

7 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive se + INDIRECT + VERB + SUBJECT OBJECT PRONOUN Se me cayó la pluma. In this type of construction, what would normally be the direct object of the sentence becomes the subject, and it agrees with the verb, not with the indirect object pronoun. Se for unplanned events

8 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive I.O. PRONOUN VERB SUBJECT me, te, le quedó la receta. cayó SINGULAR la taza. Se dañó la radio. nos, os, les rompieron las botellas. olvidaron PLURAL las pastillas. perdieron las llaves. Se for unplanned events

9 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive ¡ATENCIÓN! While Spanish has a verb for to fall (caer), there is no direct translation for to drop. Dejar caer (let fall) is often used to mean to drop. El médico dejó caer la aspirina. The doctor dropped the aspirin.

10 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive The following verbs are the ones most frequently used with se to describe unplanned events. Verbs commonly used with se caer to fall; to drop dañar to damage; to break down olvidar to forget perder (e:ie) to lose quedar to be left behind romper to break

11 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive Se me perdió el teléfono de la farmacia. I lost the pharmacy’s phone number. Se nos olvidaron los pasajes. We forgot the tickets. Verbs commonly used with se

12 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive To clarify or emphasize who the person involved in the action is, this construction commonly begins with the preposition a + [noun] or a + [prepositional pronoun]. Al paciente se le perdió la receta. The patient lost his prescription. A Diana se le olvidó ir al consultorio ayer. Diana forgot to go to the doctor’s office yesterday. A mí se me cayeron los cuadernos. I dropped the notebooks. A ustedes se les quedaron los libros en casa. You left the books at home.

13 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive ¡INTÉNTALO! Completa las frases de la columna A con se impersonal y los verbos correspondientes en presente. A 1. (enseñar) ______ cinco lenguas en esta universidad. 2. (comer) ______ muy bien en El Cráter. 3. (vender) ______ muchas camisetas allí. 4. (servir) ______ platos exquisitos cada noche. 5. (necesitar) ______ mucho dinero. 6. (buscar) ______ secretaria. 1 of 2 

14 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive ¡INTÉNTALO! Completa las frases de la columna B con se y los verbos en pretérito para expresar sucesos imprevistos. B 1. (I broke) ______ las gafas. 2. (You (fam.) dropped) ______ las pastillas. 3. (They lost) ______ la receta. 4. (You (form.) left) ______ aquí la radiografía. 5. (We forgot) ______ pagar la medicina. 6. (They left) ______ los antibióticos en la clínica.  2 of 2

15 Passive “se” & Third-Person Plural Passive


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