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The Navajo Nation Background 1868 Treaty Right to Exclude – Williams v. Lee Education Frye Law Firm, P.C.

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Presentation on theme: "The Navajo Nation Background 1868 Treaty Right to Exclude – Williams v. Lee Education Frye Law Firm, P.C."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Navajo Nation Background 1868 Treaty Right to Exclude – Williams v. Lee Education Frye Law Firm, P.C.

2 Congressional Treatment circa Appropriation Utah Land Exchange/Airport (1949) Navajo-Hopi Rehabilitation Act (1950) 25 U.S.C. § 633 Subsequent amendments Austin v. Andrus (1981) NN v US (2009) Frye Law Firm, P.C.

3 1964 Civil Rights Act – Title VII “race, color, religion, sex, or national origin” discrimination Mundt amendment (“Indian preference programs now in operation or later to be instituted”) 1988 Guidance (per Thomas) 638 amendment (1994) Frye Law Firm, P.C.

4 Early Navajo Nation Initiatives Tribal preference guidelines (1973) Department of Labor position U.S. Commission on Civil Rights position (1975) EEOC involvement (SRP settlement) Frye Law Firm, P.C.

5 DOI Leasing IMLA, Long-term Leasing Act, Rehabilitation Act Austin v. Andrus (1981) S. Udall deposition Frye Law Firm, P.C.

6 Judicial Backdrop Dawavendewa I (1998) cert. denied Karuk (2001) Dawavendewa II (2002) cert. denied Frye Law Firm, P.C.

7 Peabody I (D. Ct.) Rule 19 dismissal – Navajo Nation absent Frye Law Firm, P.C.

8 Peabody II (9 th Cir.) Reversal: EEOC join Navajo Nation if no affirmative relief sought against it cert. denied Frye Law Firm, P.C.

9 Peabody III (D. Ct.) Rule 19 dismissal – EEOC indeed sought affirmative relief against Navajo Nation Rule 19 dismissal – Secretary of Interior absent National trusteeship policies Leasing Regulations Consistent Practice Frye Law Firm, P.C.

10 Peabody IV (9 th Cir.) Ignore EEOC’s pleadings Secretary can be impleaded under Rule 14 cert. denied Frye Law Firm, P.C.

11 Peabody V (D. Ct.) Peabody impleaded Secretary Secretary’s position – consistent with Solicitor General’s position Frye Law Firm, P.C.

12 Peabody VI (9 th Cir.) Argued May 2014 Strong Federal bri ef Frye Law Firm, P.C.


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