Presentation on theme: "ROMANIAN SPORT-OINA. Oina is considered to be the national sport in Romania. Oina is a Romanian traditional ball sport, similar in many ways to baseball."— Presentation transcript:
Oina is considered to be the national sport in Romania. Oina is a Romanian traditional ball sport, similar in many ways to baseball. Oina is considered to be the national sport in Romania. Oina is a Romanian traditional ball sport, similar in many ways to baseball.
Oina (or hoina) practiced continuously at least since the 14th century and the foundation charter as chronicles of time, being first mentioned in documents from 1364, during the reign of Vlaicu Voda.
The Etimology – deriveds from the Latin word,,voinum”- a similar games played by the Romans white others claim that our,,oina” has to do with sheep - hearding (in Romanian,,oi” means,,sheep”) – one of the most spread occupation in the 14 th century Romania. OINA In Romanian PAUME In French BASEBALL In American PALSEPOOL In Finnish SCHLAGBAL In German
Oina is an outdoor sport, game, on a rectangular, preferably covered with grass, between two teams of 11 players. The bat is used by players in team batting, hitting the ball during the game. The bat must be made from a hardwood. It is shaped like a truncated cone. Oina ball is spherical It is made of leather and filled with horse hair.
The pitch is a rectangle, 70m long by 32m wide divided into: the in game ("în joc") area, which is 60x32m
the batting zone ("zona de bătaie") - 5m long - delimited from the game area by the batting line the back zone ("zona de fund") - a 5m long safe zone during a run - delimited from the game area by the back line The attacking side player that has commenced a run will have to cross the following four lines in order: The game area is further split into the advance and return triangles and squares. At the intersection of the lines inside the game area and the pitch limits or other lines within the game area, there are circles which determine the positions of the midfielders ("mijlocaşi") and side players ("mărginaşi"). The 1m and 3m semicircles are used for batting and serving. A waiting line is drawn for attacking players to wait their turn to bat.
Rules The team at bat is selected by a ritual where the players have to grab the bat, thrown by the referee, and the last one to be able to place at least 4 fingers on the bat wins. The game begins with the team at bat, with one of the players throwing the ball while another player of the same team has to hit it with a wooden bat ("bâtă") and send it as far as he can towards the adversary field.
After that, if the ball is caught by the adversaries, the player can run (if he wishes, or if he is forced to run by the referee) the advance and return corridors/lanes ("culoarele de ducere şi întoarcere"), without being hit by the defenders. If he stops the ball with his palm, it is not considered a hit. The player is not allowed to catch the ball, and he must release it immediately. If the player doing a run is hit he goes out of field and into the back zone, or he finishes his tasks, depending on which lane he is running.