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Section 12.2 Exponential Functions

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EXAMPLE Solution Graph ƒ (x) = 2 x

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Exponential Functions An exponential function with base b is defined by the equations ƒ(x) = b x or y = b x where b > 0, b ≠ 1, and x is a real number.

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Graph Exponential Functions. Properties of Exponential Functions: 1.The domain of the exponential function ƒ(x) = b x is (−∞, ∞). 2.The range is the interval (0, ∞). 3.The graph has a y-intercept of (0, 1). 4.The x-axis is called an asymptote of the graph.

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Graph Exponential Functions. Increasing and Decreasing Functions If b > 1 then ƒ(x) = b x is an increasing function. If 0 < b < 1, then ƒ(x) = b x is a decreasing function.

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EXAMPLES Graph a)ƒ (x) = 10 x b)ƒ (x) = -10 x c)ƒ (x) = 10 x +2 d)ƒ (x) = 10 x-3 e)ƒ (x) = 10 x+4 - 5

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EXAMPLE The function values for t = 0 and t = 5 are computed as follows: Professional Baseball Salaries. The exponential function s(t) = 170,000(1.12) t approximates the average salary of a major League baseball player, where t is the number of years after 1980 and 0 ≤ t ≤ 25. Sketch the graph of the function. (Source: Baseball Almanac) Using a scientific calculator, we find the corresponding values of s(t) for t-values of 10, 15, 20, and 25 and list them in a table :

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EXAMPLE 5 Solution Professional Baseball Salaries. The exponential function s(t) = 170,000(1.12) t approximates the average salary of a major League baseball player, where is the number of years after 1980 and 0 ≤ t ≤ 25. Sketch the graph of the function. (Source: Baseball Almanac) Then we plot the ordered pairs and draw a smooth curve through them to get the graph.

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Use Exponential Functions in Applications Involving Growth or Decay. Formula for Compound Interest: If $P is deposited in an account and interest is paid k times a year at an annual rate r, the amount A in the account after t years is given by

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