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Became the 1 st African-American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB) Started 1 st base for Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947 Played 10 seasons – 6.

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Presentation on theme: "Became the 1 st African-American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB) Started 1 st base for Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947 Played 10 seasons – 6."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Became the 1 st African-American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB) Started 1 st base for Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947 Played 10 seasons – 6 World Series – Dodgers World Champs in 1955 – Selected for 6 consecutive All-Star Games – National League Most Valuable Player Award in 1949

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4 Jack Roosevelt “Jackie” Robinson Born January 31, 1919 Youngest of 5 Middle name honor of former President Theodore Roosevelt (died 25 days before he was born)

5 Parents: Jerry and Mallie Robinson, dad left family in 1920 (1 year old) Moved to Pasadena, California Mom worked odd jobs to support family Lived in poverty in an affluent area Joined a neighborhood gang, but his friend got him to leave

6 Married Rachel Isum in 1946 – Met at UCLA 3 Children – Jackie, Jr. (died at age 25) – Sharon – David

7 High School Was encourage to pursue sports by older brother Mack (silver medalist at 1936 Summer Olympics) Lettered in 4 sports: football, basketball, track, and baseball College 1 st athlete to earn varsity letter in 4 sports 1938, won region’s Most Valuable Player for baseball Played football for semi- professional Honolulu Bears

8 Drafted to a segregated Army cavalry unit in Fort rile, Kansas in Court martialed for refusing to sit in back of bus – Was acquitted by all white panel of officers – Prohibited him from being deployed overseas Served as a coach for Army athletics Honorable discharge in November 1944

9 Was athletic director at Sam Huston College in Austin, TX While at Sam Huston College was asked to play professional baseball in the Negro leagues – Contract $400 ($5,240 in 2014 dollars) per month

10 1946 – Montreal Royals Class AAA International League (Dodgers affiliate team) Very controversial in racial area like Florida – Not allowed to stay in team hotel – Some spring training events cancelled – Some games called off

11 1947 – Called up to Dodgers at age 28 Still racism – Some players sit out of games Ended when Manager Leo Durocher stood up for him – Threatened to trade players if they did not play

12 Teams threatened to strike Ford Frick, National League President – Said striking players would be suspended – Caused rough playing towards Robinson

13 Retired from baseball at age 37 – Medical problems from diabetes (hard to control it in those days) Baseball Hall of Fame 1966 – 1972 TV analyst and commentator – 1 st African-American TV sports analyst 1972 – Dodgers retired his uniform number 42

14 Son, Jackie Robinson Jr. died June 17, 1971 – Automobile accident Jackie Robinson died October 24, 1972 – Had heart disease, diabetes which made him almost blind by middle age – Died of heart attack

15 #42 retired throughout MLB – 1 st time a jersey retired throughout a sport Main entrance of New York Mets, Citi Field called “Jackie Robinson Rotunda” Brookside park in Pasadena, California - #42 on center field wall

16 April 15, 2004 – 1 st “Jackie Robinson Day” – Initiated by Major League Baseball – An annual tradition – April 15 every player on every team wears #42

17 Great at all sports After retirement was vice president of personnel for a coffee company – 1 st African-American VP of a major American corporation Co-founded Freedom National Bank – black owned and operated bank in Harlem, NY

18 ml ml facts-about-jackie-robinson facts-about-jackie-robinson robinson robinson history/jackie-robinson history/jackie-robinson


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