Presentation on theme: "What is Mario doing?. Starter Questions Have you ever played baseball? Which countries enjoy playing baseball? Baseball is sometimes called “American’s."— Presentation transcript:
Starter Questions Have you ever played baseball? Which countries enjoy playing baseball? Baseball is sometimes called “American’s pastime”; what do you think this means?American’s pastime
Baseball which comes from Rounders that the British invented for small kids, became an extremely popular sport during and just after the American Civil War. It was called "America's Pastime" because during the late 19th and early 20th century it was probably the most widely played sport in the country. Before the invention of TV, Baseball was what kids did after school and on the weekends and during the summer...etc. It was literally how America passed the time.
In baseball, the bullpen (or simply the pen) is the area where relief pitchers warm-up before entering a game. Depending on the ballpark, it may be situated in foul territory along the baselines or just beyond the outfield fence. Also, a team's roster of relief pitchers is metonymically referred to as "the bullpen". These relievers usually wait in the bullpen when they have yet to play in a game, rather than in the dugout with the rest of the team. The starting pitcher also makes his final pregame warmups in the bullpen. Managers can call coaches in the bullpen on an in- house telephone from the dugout to tell a certain pitcher to begin his warmup tosses What does “Bullpen” mean?
Where do baseball players practice? Wang in bull pen.Wang in bull pen 牛棚（ Bull pen ）一詞來自於美國職棒大聯盟，通 常用以指稱「後援投手練習區」或「後援投手群」 Bull pen美國職棒大聯盟後援投手
Why does it call “Bullpen”? The origin of the term "bullpen" has long been debated in baseball. One popular notion is that the term came from Bull Durham tobacco. At one time most ballparks had ads on the outfield fences and Bull Durham was always near the spot where the relief pitchers warmed up. In those days all games were day games and the signs provided much needed shade. In 1910 the Bull Durham name was so closely associated with the ballpark, that signs where in almost every park in the country. These signs stood 40 feet long by 25 feet high. The company offered a $50 reward to any hitter who could hit a ball off one. In addition, any player hitting a home run in a park with a bull on the fence got a carton of tobacco. In 1909 there were 50 signs in place and 14 players won. The next year with nearly 150 Bull Durham signs being hit 85 times, $4,520 in cash and more than 10,000 pounds of tobacco was given out.
Why is it ‘bull pen’, not ‘pig pen’ or ‘chicken pen’ ？ 美國職棒在很早很早以前就有廣告看板的設置，而在 1920 年前後，有一家叫做「 Bull Durham 」的煙草公司，在很 多棒球場的後援投手練習區上方就掛著他們的廣告招牌。 而「 Bull Durham 」唸快了，就有點像「 Bull pen 」（牛 棚），所以後來大家就習慣稱呼那個區域為「 Bull pen 」。 而「 pen 」就是圍欄的意思。 美國職棒 1920 年 另外，也有人說投手群聚在投手練習區裡面，感覺有點像 牛群集合在牛棚裡面一樣，所以才會有這樣的暱稱。
While this seems to be the most convincing theory of the terms origin, it should be noted that the term "bullpen" had long been used in the United States to denote either a log enclosure for holding cattle or a holding area for prisoners. This concept of it being an enclosure, along with some help from the Bull Durham promotion, may have strongly influenced the terms use. Another theory likens the relief pitchers to the reserve bulls in bullfighting, who are pinned nearby the arena should the starting bull be deemed unable to fight. Reference-The New Dickson Baseball Dictionary,Paul Dickson
How many baseball terms do you learn from this lesson? What are they? What do we call the person who throws the ball? What shape is the infield area? What is the person who is trying to hit the ball called? What is the place where he stands called? What is the person who sits behind the home plate and tries to catch the pitched balls called? What is it called, if the batter hits the ball and runs around the bases and to homeplate. Quick Review
What is it called if the batter misses the thrown ball? What is it called, if the pitcher's throw is too low, too high or too wide? Who decides if it is 'a strike' or 'a ball'? What is it called when the pitcher throws four balls and the batter goes to first base? What is one 'round' of play called? What happens if the batter has three 'strikes'? What happens if the player is tagged before he reaches the base? How many innings are there in a game?
Cross-cultural Superstitions 跨文化迷信 Take one minute and think about if there are any superstitions for basketball and baseball. 同學們，請花 一分鐘想想看，籃球與棒球運動有哪些迷信呢。 For baseball, it is said that many baseball players like to spit into their hand before picking up their bat to bring good luck. 許多棒球員喜歡在拿球棒之前吐口水在手上以 求得好運。 Many baseball players also believe that a wad of gum stuck on their hat will bring good luck. 有學多球員也相信 把口香糖黏在帽子上會帶來好運。 However, it is bad luck if a dog walks across the diamond before the first pitch. 然而，如果在比賽投出第 一支球之前有狗穿越球場，那將會有霉運。