Primary: Bat Baseball Secondary: Glove Home Plate Cleats Helmet Batting Gloves
Batter must stay within the batter’s box There are 4 balls and 3 strikes allowed per batter *Swing and a miss= strike *Foul ball= strike (Can’t strike out if foul ball=3 rd strike) *Ball=outside of strike zone *4 balls= batter allowed to advance to 1 st base *batter hit by pitch= allowed to advance to 1 st base
If the batter steps out of the batter’s box, the pitcher must wait to pitch the ball Foul balls (as mentioned previously)= count as strikes
Batter must maintain control of bat during and after swing If ball is fair, batter must lay bat down nicely next to plate If teammate is attempting to steal while you’re at bat, depending where attempt is taking place, allow catcher appropriate space to make a play
To successfully contact the ball with the bat and put into play, with an attempt of avoiding defenders and reaching base safely. To give best attempt at not striking out. To provide teammates and yourself opportunity to score as many runs as possible.
Stance Stage (Right Handed)- Isometric Contractions Feet shoulder width apart, toes toward home plate Knees slightly bent R and L flexion- Biceps femoris, Popliteus, Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus Glenohumerus R and L flexion- Biceps brachii short and long head, brachialis, brachioradialis, pronator teres Shoulders R and L- *Horizontal abduction of R- Deltoid middle fibers, deltoid posterior fibers, lattisimus dorsi, infraspinatus, teres minor *horizontal adduction of L- Pectoralis major upper fibers, Pectoralis major lower fibers, coracobrachialis, deltoid anterior fibers Wrist R and L Hyperextend- Extensor carpi radialis longus, Extensor carpi radialis brevis, Extensor carpi ulnaris Hand R and L flexion- Flexor digitorum superficialis, flexor digitorum profundus, flexor pollicis longus
Preparatory Stage Everything similar to Stance Phase minus trunk movements in preparation R arm abducting L arm adducting Both arm movements going away from pitcher Body slightly leaning backwards in preparation for pitch
Movement Stage External and Internal Oblique perform counterclockwise trunk rotation R hip Extends while L hip Flexion R and L knees Extension R and L ankles invert and plantar flexion Trunk rotation counterclockwise R shoulder Flexion while L shoulder Extension R and L elbows are Extension R wrist Supination and L wrist Pronation Starts in left Cervical Rotation and finishes in right Cervical Rotation
Follow Through Stage Follow through stage is very similar to the movement stage Biceps
Recovery Stage Most batters step out of the batters box following their swing. They do not have a specific recovery stage besides getting themselves ready to go back in the preparatory stage. If the batters make contact will place the bat on the ground and begin to run.
Most important Muscles to Strengthen and Stretch are: Hamstrings, Hips, Quadriceps, Abdominals, Chest, Forearms, and Shoulders
Hit by a Pitch- Head Injuries (concussions and broken jaws) Bruises or contusions Pulled hamstrings often occur due to not staying ‘loose’ Shoulders injuries can occur due to unstable nature of shoulder joint Patella Dislocation