Presentation on theme: "VISUAL STRATEGIES Bill Nason, LLP Behavior Specialist"— Presentation transcript:
1VISUAL STRATEGIES Bill Nason, LLP Behavior Specialist
2Written Lists & Schedules We Rely On Visual Strategies To Organize Our Day
3Why Visual Strategies? Poor auditory processing Delayed information processingProblems with working memoryDifficulties organizing informationVisual information is more concrete, literal, and clear.Many children with ASD are visual learners; thinking in pictures.For nonverbal children pictures can be a communication tool.
4Children With Disabilities Visuals Provide:Clarity and predictability to routine.Helps organize child’s world.Provides concrete, visual information.Helps communicate expectations and consequences.Helps child communicate needs and wants.Reduces anxiety and behavior problems..
6Visual Schedules and Routines Bedtime RoutinePajamas Brush Toilet Wash Hands Story BedVisual strategies can help crystallize the patterns of routine. Helps child “see” what is coming up and in what order.
8Permanent Activity Schedule Before Dinner After Dinner Hang Up Coat Dishes to SinkFeed Dog Load DishwasherUse magic marker to check off each task as completed.Put Shoes Away Take Trash OutHomework TVComputer Snack
9Master ScheduleTo Be Done FinishedVelcro BoardHave child transfer pictures from one side to the other, as tasks are completed.OrPlace pictures in an attached envelope.
10Using Portable Schedules Master SchedulePortable SchedulePortable schedules allow you to break down the master schedule into simple routines, ending with a preferred activity.
11Chain Routines Into Schedules Master ScheduleChain Routines Into SchedulesEach sequence ending with a preferred activity.Work from one routine to another.
12Always End With Preferred Activity (Reinforcer) Always try to end with a reinforcing (preferred) activityIf needed, start with “First and then”, and gradually add on.Then build larger schedules of several smaller routines.
13Using Reinforcers Use picture reinforcement menu. Build in frequent reinforcers into picture routine.Use picture reinforcement menu.Have child pick the item/activity he wants at thattimePlace the item on the board as visual reminder.If not providing immediate reinforcer, than use atoken system (star chart or tokens to carry).
14Reinforcement Menu Computer DVD MP3 Player Video Games Toys Cards TV Reading
15= Sally’s Star Chart Choice Of Reward Sally earns a star for each day she completes her picture schedule
18Combining Schedules and Task Routines Activity schedules tell you what to do.Task sequences show you how to do it.Activity ScheduleTask SequenceWet Hands Soap Hands Rinse Hands Turn Water Off Dry HandsWash Hands
20Now and Next Boards First we do ________, then we do __________. First ThenBath ComputerFirst we do ________, then we do __________.Usually a nonpreferred task, followed by preferred task.If child is resistant, start with preferred/preferred, then move to a nonpreferred/preferred.Then begin to expand to three sequence (now, next, and then).
21Teach By Chaining=Picture Exchange: Child exchanges picture for something they want.Now and Next board: First ___, then ___, to get preferred item.Now, Next, and Then board: Chain three tasks together.Simple Routine Board: four or five picture routine.Master Schedule: Series of simple routines on master schedule.First ThenNow Next Then
22Choice Boards Chore Chart “Do you want…..” Start with two options. Dust SweepStart with two options.Build in four or five opportunities a day.Gradually expand choices.Vacuum MirrorsLaundry Dishwasher
28Teaching Consequences Angry Hitting No computer Everyone SadTalk with adult Solve ProblemEveryone Happy
29When I Am Angry Angry No hitting! Talk to adult Write in journal Jump on tramp.Happy
30Getting StartedDetermine type of visuals: written, line drawing, clipart, photos, etc.Determine type of use: schedules, task sequences, instruction sheets, choice menu, reinforcement chart, consequence sheet, behavior options, etc.Determine type of representation: Picture board, portable boards, picture ring, baseball card pages, picture books, etc.Materials: Poster board, valcro or magnetic tape, lamination or contact sheets, etc.Start simple, build gradually.
31Resources Pictures: Magazines, Catalogs www.images.google.com Digital CameraSoftware: Boardmaker, Picture It, VisualEssentials (www.silverliningmm.com)Books: “Visual Supports for People with Autism”,Cohen & Sloan“Making Visual Supports” Savner and Myles