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VISUAL STRATEGIES Bill Nason, LLP Behavior Specialist

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Presentation on theme: "VISUAL STRATEGIES Bill Nason, LLP Behavior Specialist"— Presentation transcript:

1 VISUAL STRATEGIES Bill Nason, LLP Behavior Specialist

2 Written Lists & Schedules
We Rely On Visual Strategies To Organize Our Day

3 Why Visual Strategies? Poor auditory processing
Delayed information processing Problems with working memory Difficulties organizing information Visual information is more concrete, literal, and clear. Many children with ASD are visual learners; thinking in pictures. For nonverbal children pictures can be a communication tool.

4 Children With Disabilities
Visuals Provide: Clarity and predictability to routine. Helps organize child’s world. Provides concrete, visual information. Helps communicate expectations and consequences. Helps child communicate needs and wants. Reduces anxiety and behavior problems. .


6 Visual Schedules and Routines
Bedtime Routine Pajamas Brush Toilet Wash Hands Story Bed Visual strategies can help crystallize the patterns of routine. Helps child “see” what is coming up and in what order.

7 Jimmy’s Morning Schedule

8 Permanent Activity Schedule Before Dinner After Dinner
Hang Up Coat Dishes to Sink Feed Dog Load Dishwasher Use magic marker to check off each task as completed. Put Shoes Away Take Trash Out Homework TV Computer Snack

9 Master Schedule To Be Done Finished Velcro Board Have child transfer pictures from one side to the other, as tasks are completed. Or Place pictures in an attached envelope.

10 Using Portable Schedules
Master Schedule Portable Schedule Portable schedules allow you to break down the master schedule into simple routines, ending with a preferred activity.

11 Chain Routines Into Schedules
Master Schedule Chain Routines Into Schedules Each sequence ending with a preferred activity. Work from one routine to another.

12 Always End With Preferred Activity (Reinforcer)
Always try to end with a reinforcing (preferred) activity If needed, start with “First and then”, and gradually add on. Then build larger schedules of several smaller routines.

13 Using Reinforcers Use picture reinforcement menu.
Build in frequent reinforcers into picture routine. Use picture reinforcement menu. Have child pick the item/activity he wants at that time Place the item on the board as visual reminder. If not providing immediate reinforcer, than use a token system (star chart or tokens to carry).

14 Reinforcement Menu Computer DVD MP3 Player Video Games
Toys Cards TV Reading

15 = Sally’s Star Chart Choice Of Reward
Sally earns a star for each day she completes her picture schedule


17 Visual Task Sequence Brushing Teeth

18 Combining Schedules and Task Routines
Activity schedules tell you what to do. Task sequences show you how to do it. Activity Schedule Task Sequence Wet Hands Soap Hands Rinse Hands Turn Water Off Dry Hands Wash Hands


20 Now and Next Boards First we do ________, then we do __________.
First Then Bath Computer First we do ________, then we do __________. Usually a nonpreferred task, followed by preferred task. If child is resistant, start with preferred/preferred, then move to a nonpreferred/preferred. Then begin to expand to three sequence (now, next, and then).

21 Teach By Chaining = Picture Exchange: Child exchanges picture for something they want. Now and Next board: First ___, then ___, to get preferred item. Now, Next, and Then board: Chain three tasks together. Simple Routine Board: four or five picture routine. Master Schedule: Series of simple routines on master schedule. First Then Now Next Then

22 Choice Boards Chore Chart “Do you want…..” Start with two options.
Dust Sweep Start with two options. Build in four or five opportunities a day. Gradually expand choices. Vacuum Mirrors Laundry Dishwasher

23 Taking It Into The Community

24 Community Gas Bank Grocery McDonalds Portable Schedule

25 Grocery Shopping Grocery store Sally push cart Mom gets items, Pay for groceries Hands stay on cart not Sally. Sally rides horse Load groceries Drive home Play computer

26 Grandpa’s Birthday Party
Talk With Grandparents Play With Dutches Play Game Boy Eat Dinner Birthday Cake Open Presents Drive Home Play Computer Game


28 Teaching Consequences
Angry Hitting No computer Everyone Sad Talk with adult Solve Problem Everyone Happy

29 When I Am Angry Angry No hitting!
Talk to adult Write in journal Jump on tramp. Happy

30 Getting Started Determine type of visuals: written, line drawing, clipart, photos, etc. Determine type of use: schedules, task sequences, instruction sheets, choice menu, reinforcement chart, consequence sheet, behavior options, etc. Determine type of representation: Picture board, portable boards, picture ring, baseball card pages, picture books, etc. Materials: Poster board, valcro or magnetic tape, lamination or contact sheets, etc. Start simple, build gradually.

31 Resources Pictures: Magazines, Catalogs
Digital Camera Software: Boardmaker, Picture It, Visual Essentials ( Books: “Visual Supports for People with Autism”, Cohen & Sloan “Making Visual Supports” Savner and Myles

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