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The Diplomat Taipei, Taiwan Preliminary Issue

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1 The Diplomat Taipei, Taiwan Preliminary Issue
Sister City of Indianapolis since 1978 Resource Packets for K-12 students to learn about the world through a study of the Sister Cities of Indianapolis0 The Diplomat 1

2 Table of Contents About Indianapolis Sister Cities International………………………. Education Resource Packet……………………………………….…………. Taipei, Taiwan Resource Packet About Taipei…….…………………...…………….……….……….. Taipei History…….…………………...…………….……….………. Taiwan & China …….…………………...…………….……….…… Taipei Attractions ..…………………..…………………….……… Taipei-Indianapolis Comparisons ..…………………………. Climate …….…………………...…………….……….…………….. Geography…….…………………...…………….……….…………. School…….…………………...…………….……….………………… Language…….…………………...…………….……….………….. Sports ………………………………………………………………….… Baseball Comparisons……….………………………………….. Taipei Fashion ………………………………………………………… Notable people in Taipei history………….…………….…. Cuisine……………………………………………………………………. Festivals………………………………………………………………….. 4. Appendix (Lesson Activities) Remake the Flag of Taipei….…………………………….……. Find Taiwan. ………………………………………………………….. Color a Baseball Scene..………………………………….……… Color an Ice Hockey PIcture……………………………………. Word Search…………..…. .……………………………………….. Make a Paper Lantern…….…………………...…………….…… Sculpt a Dragon Boat .……….…………………………………… Decorate a Dragon..….……………………………………………. Taiwan Quiz………. …………………………………………………. History & Geography Activity…………………………………. 3 4 5 6 7 8 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 21 23 22 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 2

3 About Indianapolis Sister Cities International
Greetings, In today’s world economy, it is more critical than ever for Indianapolis to be a city that is globally recognized as a great place to live, work, and raise a family. Moreover, we must be a city that is welcoming and inclusive to all who make Indianapolis their home. I’m proud to report that Indianapolis is very connected to the world. Today, we have numerous global connections through our international businesses, foreign students that study in our universities, and our thriving sports and arts communities that bring many visitors from around the globe to our city. Since I became Mayor, we have doubled the number of Sister Cities. I believe our Sister City partnerships represent one key initiative in our international growth strategy, as they provide natural international connections via cultural, educational and economic ties. This resource packet has been designed by professional volunteers in our Indianapolis Sister Cities International program. We hope you find them useful across grade levels and subject areas, including extracurricular activities. We hope you have fun learning more about our Sister Cities! Sincerely, Gregory A. Ballard Mayor, City of Indianapolis Indianapolis Sister Cities International (ISCI) is a program of Mayor Ballard’s Office of International & Cultural Affairs. Each Sister City relationship is managed by a volunteer committee that identifies and leads various cultural and educational initiatives. The Sister City program helps promote Indianapolis as a global city, advancing cultural understanding, developing global connections, strengthening international partnerships and supporting economic development. To learn more, contact us at or visit Taipei, Taiwan 1978 Cologne, Germany 1988 Monza, Italy 1994 Piran, Slovenia 2001 Hangzhou, China 2008 Campinas, Brazil 2009 Northamptonshire County, UK 2009 Hyderabad, India 2010

4 Indianapolis Sister Cities International Education Resource Packet
This packet is designed to introduce teachers to our Sister City of Taipei, Taiwan. It is set up as a PowerPoint format for easy editing and adaptation for use in the classroom at all grade levels and in various subject areas. It is hoped that this packet will provide teachers with sufficient background information about the Sister City along with ideas for activities for classroom and extracurricular use. The information presented here is collected and/or adapted from reputable online sources, which are cited. The Appendix includes ideas, activities, and teacher lesson plans, some designed by the ISCI Education Committee members. We hope you find the contents of this packet helpful. If you have comments, ideas, or activities to add, or would like to become involved in one of the Sister City Committees, please contact or find contact information at our website Education Committee Contributors to the Indianapolis – Taipei Education Resource Packet Mayor Ballard’s Office of International and Cultural Affairs Director: Jane Gehlhausen Interns: Danielle Law, Trevor Oakerson, ITSCC Committee Dr. Chao-Hung Lee Ernie Wu ISCI Education Committee Susan Tomlinson, President

5 About Taipei Taipei City is the capital of the Taiwan. Situated at the northern tip of the island of Taiwan, Taipei is located on the Tamsui River. It is about 16 miles southwest of Keelung, a port city on the Pacific Ocean. Taipei City is home to an estimated 2,600,000 million people. Taipei, New Taipei, and Keelung together form the Taipei metropolitan area with a population of 6,900,000. Taipei is the political, economic, and cultural center of Taiwan. Considered to be a global city, Taipei is part of a major industrial area. Railways, high speed rail, highways, airports, and bus lines connect Taipei with all parts of the island. Taipei was founded in the early 18th century and became an important center for overseas trade in the 19th century. The Qing Dynasty in China made Taipei the provincial capital of Taiwan in 1886. Taipei City is divided up into 12 administrative districts. Each district is further divided up into villages, which are further sub-divided up into neighborhoods The downtown area is culturally divided into East and West. The West side, with its narrow streets and road side vendors, is considered the center of old Taipei life, whereas East Taipei, with its classy malls, chic boutiques, and stylish restaurants and cafes, reminiscent of those found in Hong Kong, Paris or New York represents the city's metamorphosis into a modern and international city.

6 Taipei History The recorded history of Taipei began when the Han Chinese settled in the Taipei Basin in However, the region known as the Taipei basin was home to Ketagalan tribes before the 18th century. Han Chinese began to settle in the Taipei Basin in In the late 19th century, the Taipei area, where the major Han settlements in northern Taiwan and one of the designated foreign trade port, Tamsui, were located, gained economic importance due to the boosting foreign trade, especially that of tea exportation. Taipei’s rapid growth started with the annexation of Taiwan by Japan in the As settlement for losing the Sino-Japanese War, China ceded the entire island of Taiwan to Japan in After the Japanese takeover, Taipei emerged as the political center of the Japanese Colonial Government. Much of the architecture of Taipei dates from the period of Japanese rule, including the Presidential Building which was the Office of the Taiwan Governor-General. Upon the Japanese defeat in the Pacific War and its consequent surrender in August 1945, Taiwan was taken over by Chinese Nationalist troops. On December 7, 1949, the Kuomintang (KMT) government under Chiang Kai-shek established Taipei as the provisional capital of the ROC after the Communists forced them to flee mainland China. In the 1950s, the United States provided financial help to the Republic of China’s dictatorial but efficient government, which allowed the city to start fast structural and industrial growth, leading to the current high-tech world leadership. As approved on December 30, 1966 by Executive Yuan, Taipei became a centrally administered municipality on July 1, 1967. The Main Street of Taipei

7 Taiwan & China The Republic of China was founded in 1912 on the Chinese mainland. At that time, Taiwan was under Japanese colonial rule as a result of the 1895 Treaty of Shimonoseki, by which the Qing court ceded Taiwan to Japan. The Nanjing-based ROC government began exercising jurisdiction over Taiwan in 1945 after Japan surrendered at the end of World War II. Four years later, when the Kuomintang (KMT) was defeated in the Chinese Civil War, the ROC government relocated to Taiwan. Since then, the ROC has continued to exercise effective jurisdiction over the main island of Taiwan and a number of smaller ones, leaving Taiwan and the Chinese mainland each under the rule of a different government. In 1947, the ROC Constitution was promulgated in Nanjing on the mainland. In the following months, ROC troops were dispatched from the mainland to suppress a large-scale uprising of Taiwan residents. The authorities in Beijing have never exercised sovereignty over Taiwan or other islands administered by the ROC government in Taipei. There are differences of opinion among ROC citizens over whether it is best to maintain this status quo indefinitely or work out a different relationship with the Chinese mainland. Regardless, they share the conviction that their future must be based on freedom, democracy, human rights and the rule of law, and that only they have the right to decide their own future. The ROC exercises effective jurisdiction primarily over Taiwan. The subject of Taiwan as part of China is still debated.

8 Taipei Attractions National Palace Museum Mengjia Longshan Temple
The National Palace Museum is an art museum in Taipei City. It is the national museum of the Taiwan, and has a permanent collection of 693,507 pieces of ancient Chinese artifacts and artworks,making it one of the largest in the world. The collection encompasses over 8,000 years of Chinese history from the Neolithic age to the late Qing Dynasty. Most of the collection are high quality pieces collected by China's ancient emperors.The National Palace Museum and Palace Museum, located inside the Forbidden City in the People's Republic of China, share the same original roots, which was split in two as a result of the Chinese Civil War. Mengjia Longshan Temple Mengjia Longshan Temple was built in 1738 by settlers from Fujian, China. It served as a place of worship and gathering for the Chinese settlers. The temple has been destroyed both fully and partially on numerous occasions due to earthquakes and fires. During World War II, the temple was hit by American bombers during the Raid on Taipei. The main building and the left corridor were damaged and many precious artifacts and artworks were lost in the ensuing fire. Taipei residents have nevertheless consistently rebuilt and renovated it, and did so again after the end of the Second World War. Like most temples in Taiwan, the Temple worships a mixture of Buddhist, Taoist, and folk deities.

9 Taipei Attractions New Beitou Hot Spring Taipei 101 Building
Beitou has become a famous hot spring tourist area since the time of Japanese Colonization. With valuable hot spring resources, historic buildings, rich traditional culture, professional huge hospitals, and sensitive ecological environments of Guangdu and Yangmingshan nearby, Beitou is a perfect tourist district fusing tradition and Modernity. Beitou was once a special area where Taiwanese aborigines and Han people lived together. This history has made Beitou home to many different racial backgrounds and a diverse culture. Taipei 101 Building Taipei 101 is a skyscraper that ranked as the world's tallest from 2004 until the opening of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai in The tower has served as an icon of modern Taiwan ever since its opening. Fireworks launched from Taipei 101 feature prominently in international New Year's Eve broadcasts and the structure appears frequently in travel literature and international media. Taipei 101 comprises 101 floors above ground and 5 floors underground. The tower is designed to withstand typhoons and earthquakes.

10 Taipei Attractions Taipei Railway Station Shilin Night Market
Taipei Railway Station refers to the old downtown region where different modes of public transport systems converge. The station is at the center of this region. The station handles over half a million passengers daily on conventional rail, metro, and high-speed rail. Taipei Station and its surroundings are currently undergoing intensive renovation and redevelopment. Shilin Night Market Shilin Night Market is a night market in the Shilin District and is often considered to be the largest and most famous night market in the city. The night market encompasses two distinct sections sharing a symbiotic relationship: a section formerly housed in the old Shilin Market building, containing mostly food vendors and small eateries; and the surrounding businesses and shops selling other nonfood items. The food court holds 539 stalls, and the second floor serves as a parking lot for 400 cars. Businesses continue operating well past midnight and close around 1 or 2 AM.

11 Taipei-Indy Comparison
Indianapolis State Taiwan Indiana Country Republic of China United States of America Founded 1709 1820 Population 2,600,000+ 820,000 +; ranked 12th largest city in USA Waterways Tamsui River White River University National Taiwan University Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis Nickname The City of Azaleas The Circle City Major industry Commerce, Transportation, Banking Insurance, pharmaceutical, transportation Festivals & Traditions Taipei Lantern Festival, Double Ten Day, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival 500 Festival; Independence Day; Christmas Tree lighting at Monument Circle

12 Climate Taipei has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, which is slightly short of a true tropical climate. Summers are very hot, humid, and accompanied by occasional heavy rainstorms and typhoons, while winters are short, mild and generally very foggy due to the northeasterly winds being intensified by the pooling of cooler air in the Taipei Basin. Due to Taiwan's location in the Pacific Ocean, it is affected by the Pacific typhoon season, which occurs between June and October. Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Max Temp. 66 67 72 78 85 90 94 93 88 82 76 69 Min 57 58 60 79 77 Sun Hour/mo. 80 71 114 122 179 189 154 124 99 91 Rain (in.) 3.28 6.7 7.1 7 9.2 13 9.6 14 5.9 3.3 2.9 Taipei in the rain

13 Geography Taiwan is located in Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, the Philippine Sea, the South China Sea, and the Taiwan Strait. The island is located north of the Philippines and off the southeastern coast of China. Taipei City is located in the Taipei Basin in northern Taiwan. It is bordered by the Xindian River on the south and the Tamsui River on the west. The generally low-lying terrain of the central areas on the western side of the municipality slopes upward to the south and east and especially to the north, where it reaches 3,675 feet at Cising Mountain, the highest volcano in Taiwan in Yangmingshan National Park. The northern districts of Shilin and Beitou extend north of the Keelung River and are bordered by Yangmingshan National Park. The Taipei city limits cover an area ranked sixteenth of twenty-five among all counties and cities in Taiwan. Two peaks, Cising Mountain and Mt. Datun, rise to the northeast of the city. Cising Mountain is located on the Tatun Volcano Group and the tallest mountain at the rim of the Taipei Basin, with its main peak at 3,670 feet. Mt. Datun's main peak is 3,583 feet. These former volcanoes make up the western section of Yangmingshan National Park, extending from Mt. Datun northward to Mt. Caigongkeng. Located on a broad saddle between two mountains, the area also contains the marshy Datun Pond. To the southeast of the city lie the Songshan Hills and the Qingshui Ravine, which form a barrier of lush woods.

14 School in Taipei The public education system in Taiwan spans nursery schools through university. Public education has been compulsory from primary school through junior high school since 1968. Access to high school and university is controlled by a series of national exams. Discipline in public schools of all levels is generally very tight with school uniforms and morning reveille being the norm. Students of all levels through high school are responsible for cleaning their own classrooms and areas around the school, cleanup time being a daily ritual. Corporal punishment is officially banned, but many reports suggest it is still practiced by many teachers, due in no small part to the fact that most parents support it. The school year consists of two semesters. The fall semester begins in early September and runs till late January or early February. Winter vacation typically runs from two to three weeks around the Lunar New Year. Spring semester begins following the Lantern Festival in mid February and ends in early June. From middle school on, many schools hold "optional supplementary classes" during winter and summer vacation as well as after normal school hours. Despite the name, in many cases participation is compulsory. The language of instruction is Mandarin.

15 Language Mandarin is spoken fluently by almost the entire Taiwanese population, except for some elderly people who were educated under Japanese rule. In Taipei, where there is a high concentration of mainlanders whose native language is not Taiwanese, Mandarin is used in greater frequency than in southern Taiwan and more rural areas. Pinyin is the official system to transcribe Chinese characters into Latin script in Taiwan. English Mandarin Pinyin Pronunciation Hello 你好 Ni Hao Nee how Goodbye 再见 Zhai Jian Jai Jee-in I’m sorry 我很抱歉 Dui bu qi Dway Boo Chee Friend 朋友 Peng you Pung Yo Thank You 谢谢 Xie Xie Shay Shay How are you? 你好吗 Ni hao ma? Nee how mah? I am fine 我很好 Wo hen hao. WO hun how. A Little 一点点 Yi Dian Dian Ee Dee-in Dee-in School 学校 Xue Xiao Sh-way Shee-ow Student 学生 Xue Sheng Sh-way Shung

16 Sports Due to Taiwan being under American and Japanese influence over the years, the sports of baseball and basketball have become popular in the city. Taipei, like the rest of the country, has featured most prominently in baseball and has often been the venue for the Asian Baseball Championship. Baseball The Brother Elephant are a professional baseball team in Taipei. It was originally established as an amateur team in 1984, and later joined the Chinese Professional Baseball League (CPBL) in 1989.The Brother Elephants team has worn yellow uniforms throughout its history. Ice Hockey The Chinese Taipei Ice Hockey League is based in Taipei. The league is divided into two divisions: The Open Division for local players and The International Division for foreigners living in Taiwan. The league plays their games every weekend out of the Taipei Arena.The International Division also assembles an all-star team, the Taiwan Typhoon, to play in various tournaments around Asia each year. Major Sporting Events Taipei has also hosted multiple major sporting events recently. Some of the most notable are the 2001 Asian Baseball Championship, the 2001 Baseball World Cup, the 2001 AFC Women's Championship, the 2004 FIFA Futsal World Championship, and the 2007 Baseball World Cup. Taipei Arena

17 Baseball Comparison Taipei and Indianapolis both love baseball. Check out these comparisons between the two teams! Team Indianapolis Indians Brother Elephants League International League Chinese Professional Baseball League Stadium Victory Field Sinjhhuang Baseball Stadium Established 1902 1989 Notable Alumni Ken Griffey, Dave Concepcion, George Foster Carlos Castillo, Matt Perisho Mascot Rowdie Elephant Colors Red & Black Yellow & Black Logo

18 Taipei Fashion Clothing is an important part of the Taiwanese culture. The clothing worn by indigenous Taiwanese people was traditionally manufactured from locally available materials derived from plants and animals, and was of crude construction when compared with the garments of the mainland Han Chinese. Later, when Taiwan was incorporated into China during the Qing dynasty, Taiwan was subjected to the same dress regulations as the rest of China, and Taiwanese aboriginal groups were largely assimilated into the society of the mainland emigrants. Taiwanese dress began to diverge from mainland dress when Taiwan was occupied by Japan. Traditional Taipei Fashion Current Taipei Fashion

19 Notable Taipei People Justin Lin
Justin Lin, born 1971, is a Taiwanese American film director whose films have grossed $1.2 billion worldwide. He is best known for his work on Better Luck Tomorrow, The Fast and the Furious franchise, and the television show Community. Rod Langway Rodney Cory Langway, born 1957, is a retired American professional ice hockey defenseman who played for the Montreal Canadiens and Washington Capitals in the NHL and Birmingham Bulls of the World Hockey Association. A two-time winner of the James Norris Memorial Trophy as the top defenceman in the NHL, Langway was elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2002. Tze-Chung Chen Tze-Chung Chen, born 24 June 1958, is a Taiwanese professional golfer. In the U.S., he is often referred to as T.C. Chen. In 1982, T.C. Chen became the first professional golfer from Taiwan to earn a PGA Tour card. He played a total of 132 tournaments on the PGA Tour, making the cut in 78, with 13 top-ten finishes, and over $633,000 in total earnings. David Jones David Jeffrey Jones, born October 25, 1961, is a former American football offensive lineman in the National Football League for the Detroit Lions, the Denver Broncos, and the Washington Redskins. He played college football at the University of Texas and was drafted in the eighth round of the 1984 NFL Draft. He won a Super Bowl with the Washington Redskins. Lin Chi-ling Lin Chi-ling, born 29 November 1974, is a Taiwanese model and actress. Famed for her gentle demeanor and physical beauty, Lin has been referred to as "The First Face of Taiwan" by members of the Taiwanese media. Lin's meteoric rise to fame caused Taiwanese commentators and scholars to coin the phrase "The Lin Chi-Ling Phenomenon".

20 Notable Taipei People Lee Teng-hui
Lee Teng-hui, born 1923, is a politician of Taiwan. He was the President of the Republic of China and Chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT) from 1988 to He presided over major advancements in democratic reforms including his own re-election which marked the first direct presidential election for the Republic of China. The first native Taiwanese to become ROC president and KMT chairman, Lee promoted the Taiwanese localization movement and led an aggressive foreign policy to gain diplomatic allies. Critics accused him of betraying the party he headed, secret support of Taiwanese independence, and involvement in corruption. After leaving office Lee was expelled from the KMT for his role in founding the pro-independence Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU), which forms part of the Pan-Green Coalition alongside Taiwan's Democratic Progressive Party. Lee is considered the "spiritual leader" of the TSU. Lee has been outspoken in support for Taiwanese independence. Elaine Chao Elaine Lan Chao, born March 26, 1953, served as the 24th United States Secretary of Labor in the Cabinet of President George W. Bush from 2001 to She was the first Asian Pacific American woman and first Taiwanese American to be appointed to a President's cabinet in American history. She is married to U.S. Sen. Mitch McConnell, the current U.S. Senate Minority Leader. Brigette Lin Brigitte Lin, born 3 November 1954, is a Taiwanese actress. She was a popular actress, regarded as an icon of Chinese cinema, who acted in both Taiwanese and Hong Kong movies. At the height of her popularity she was arguably one of the most sought-after actresses in the Chinese film industry. She starred in more than 100 movies

21 Taiwanese Cuisine Taiwanese cuisine has several variations. Taiwanese cuisine is often associated with influences from mid to southern provinces of Mainland China, most notably from the province of Fujian, but influences from all of Mainland China can easily be found. A notable Japanese influence exists due to the period when Taiwan was under Japanese rule. Traditional Chinese food can be found in Taiwan, alongside Fujian and Hakka-style as well as native Taiwanese dishes, includes dishes from Guangdong, Jiangxi, Chaoshan, Shanghai, Hunan, Sichuan, and Beijing. Pork, seafood, chicken, rice, and soy are very common ingredients. Beef is far less common, and some Taiwanese (particularly the elderly generation) still refrain from eating it. This is in part due to the considerations of some Taiwanese Buddhists, a traditional reluctance towards slaughtering precious cattle needed for agriculture, and an emotional attachment and feeling of gratefulness and thanks to the animals traditionally used for very hard labor. Still, the Taiwanese version of beef noodle soup remains one of the most popular dishes in Taiwan, in spite of this traditional aversion. Xiaochi, a common term used for many kinds of snack foods, is an important part of Taiwanese food culture. Xiaochi are on the cutting edge of imbuing Taiwanese cuisine with foreign influences. Portuguese-style egg tarts, Middle-Eastern-derived shawarma, American steaks, Japanese udon noodles, and many mainland Chinese foods have all factored prominently in Taiwanese xiaochi. As Taiwan has become increasingly affluent, xiaochi have become an important part of the culinary culture. Taiwanese xiaochi can be divided into several categories including poultry, meat, fish and seafood, rice and noodle dishes, tofu and vegetarian dishes, pastries, sauces and pickles, and beverages. Although often associated with street food and night markets, Taiwan also has award-winning restaurants based on xiaochi. A type of xiaochi being made at the Taipei night market

22 Taipei Recipe Taiwanese Beef Noodle Soup Ingredients 5 cups water
1 cup soy sauce 1 cup apple juice or apple cider 1/4 cup packed light brown sugar 1 (1-inch) cube peeled fresh ginger, smashed 1 bunch scallions, chopped 3 garlic cloves, smashed 10 fresh cilantro stems plus 1/2 cup packed fresh cilantro 2 (2-inch-long) pieces Asian dried tangerine peel 4 whole star anise 1/4 teaspoon dried hot red pepper flakes 2 1/2 pounds meaty beef short ribs 1 3/4 cups reduced-sodium chicken broth (14 ounces) 10 ounces dried Chinese wheat noodles or linguine 1 cup fresh mung bean sprouts 4 tablespoons Chinese pickled mustard greens 1 (4-inch-long) fresh red chile (optional), thinly sliced Directions Bring water, soy sauce, rice wine, brown sugar, ginger, white parts of scallion, garlic, cilantro stems, tangerine peel, star anise, and red pepper flakes to a boil in a 5- to 6-quart pot, then reduce heat and simmer, uncovered, 10 minutes. Add short ribs and gently simmer, covered, turning occasionally, until meat is very tender but not falling apart, 2 1/4 to 2 1/2 hours. Let meat stand in cooking liquid, uncovered, 1 hour. Transfer meat to a cutting board with tongs and discard bones and membranes, then cut meat across the grain into 1/2-inch-thick slices. Pour beef broth through a cheesecloth-lined sieve into a bowl and discard solids. Skim fat from cooking liquid and transfer liquid to a 3-quart saucepan. Add chicken broth and meat and reheat soup over moderately low heat. Meanwhile, cook noodles in a 6- to 8-quart pot of (unsalted) boiling water until tender, about 7 minutes (14 to 15 minutes for linguine). Drain noodles well in a colander and divide among 4 large soup bowls. Ladle broth over noodles and top with meat, scallion greens, bean sprouts, pickled mustard greens, cilantro sprigs, and red chile.

23 Taipei Festivals Lantern Festival Double Ten Day
The Taiwan Lantern Festival is an annual event hosted by the Tourism Bureau of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications. There are many activities all over Taiwan during the Lantern Festival. During the Taiwan Lantern Festival, thousands of lanterns light the sky. These lanterns are decorated with wishes and images relating to the owner. Since 1997, the Taipei Lantern Festival has been the most-anticipated extravaganza for the Lunar New Year Period in Taiwan. With 15 years of history, the cultural occasion featuring lights and lanterns has achieved significant fame among residents and tourists. Double Ten Day Double Ten Day is the national day of the Republic of China (ROC) and celebrates the start of the Wuchang Uprising of October 10, 1911, which led to the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in China and establishment of the Republic of China on January 1, It is therefore designated by the government as National Celebration Day. As a result of the Chinese Civil War, the Government of the Republic of China lost control of mainland China and relocated to Taiwan in The National Celebration Day is now mainly celebrated in the Free Area which remains under control of the Republic, but is also celebrated by some Overseas Chinese.

24 Taipei Festivals Dragon Boat Festival Mid-Autumn Festival
The Dragon Boat Festival is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month. Since the summer is a time when disesases most easily spread, the Dragon Boat Festival began as an occasion for driving off evil spirits and pestilence and for finding peace. The festival is highlighted by the dragon boat races, in which competing teams drive their boats forward rowing to the rhythm of pounding drums. This lively and colorful tradition has continued unbroken for centuries to the present day. Mid-Autumn Festival The Mid-Autumn Festival is a popular lunar harvest festival. A description of the festival first appeared in Rites of Zhou, a written collection of rituals of the Western Zhou Dynasty from 3,000 years ago. The festival is held on the 15th day of the eighth month in the Chinese calendar, which is in September or early October in the Gregorian calendar, close to the autumnal equinox. It is a public holiday in Taiwan.

25 Appendix Indianapolis is a global city. In the quest to become globally aware, connected, and ready to compete on the world market, schools are seeking to internationalize their curriculum. The Indianapolis Sister Cities International program seeks to promote these goals. The information presented in this Resource Packet can be utilized to meet the Core Curriculum Standards at many grade levels with a view toward teaching our students about our own city and its connections to our Sister Cities. The following pages provide sample activities for classroom use. Sample Lessons and Activities Find Taiwan on the Map Color a Baseball Scene Color an Ice Hockey Picture Complete a Taipei Word Search Make a Paper Lantern Sculpt a Dragon Boat Decorate a Dragon Taiwan Quiz History & Geography Activity Additional Activities Sister Cities in a School Year. Choose one Sister City to highlight each month of the school year. This could be done in the classroom or school wide. Cultural Elements. Compare and contrast cultural elements of Indianapolis and Taipei. Create a multi-media presentation. Make a scrapbook. of Indianapolis’ history, architecture, geography and cultural events. Photos of this scrapbook could be posted online or sent to a school in Taipei. Events/festivals. Organize an in school or after school event highlighting a celebration or festival as practiced in Taipei. Geography. Compare and contrast the surrounding geography and city plan for Taipei as compared to Indianapolis. Discuss the ways in which the river setting has affected the cities. 6. Poster project. Choose one of the mentioned festivals and create a poster about it.

26 Find Taiwan Find Taiwan on this map. Mark any other Asian countries you can find! Find at least 10. Israel China Japan Philippines Malaysia Thailand Russia Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Cyprus Georgia India Indonesia Iran Iraq Jordan Kazakhstan North Korea South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Oman Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Tajikistan Timor-Leste Turkey Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen

27 Color a Baseball Scene The city of Taipei loves baseball! Color this baseball scene to celebrate Taipei’s baseball heritage. Color the uniforms in the Brother Elephants’ colors (yellow & black) or use your creativity and make your own uniform colors!

28 Color an Ice Hockey Picture
Help celebrate the Taipei’s love of ice hockey by coloring this picture! Write a brief paragraph to describe what you think is happening in the hockey match.

29 Word Search Taipei Taiwan China Republic Dragon Autumn Lantern Boat
Asia Sea Hockey Baseball Noodles Elephants Xiaochi Temple Museum Hot Spring

30 Make Your Own Paper Lantern
Make your own paper lantern to help celebrate Taipei’s Lantern Festival! Supplies: 1 Piece of Construction Paper. Pencil Ruler Scissors Markers or Stamps Stapler or Tape Directions: Use the ruler and make a straight line about 3/4" away from one of the 6.5" long edges. Cut this strip off and set it aside to be the lantern handle. Next, fold the piece of paper in half, lengthwise, making sure you line up all the edges. If your paper has a 'right' and 'wrong' side, you will want to make sure the wrong side (the side that will be on the inside of your lantern) facing out at this point. Draw a line along the open, long edge, of the paper, about 3/4" of an inch from the edge. Now, take your scissors and, starting at the folded edge, cut a strip from the folded edge up to the line you drew. Make the first strip about 3/4" away from one of the short edges and continue to cut several strips along the piece of paper like shown in the picture above. Once all your strips are cut, you should unfold your piece of paper and refold it lengthwise so the pencil mark will be hidden on the inside. Color or embellish the outside of the lantern. To assemble the lantern simply roll the paper into a tube shape as shown in the photo above and staple or tape the edges together. Finally, using the strip you cut of the paper in step 3, attach the handle by taping or stapling the ends of the strip of the paper just inside the top of the lantern.

31 Sculpt a Dragon Boat Sculpt your own dragon boat for the Dragon Boat Festival! Dragon boat racing began more than 2000 years ago. Design your own dragon boat using any clay modeling compound. Dragon boats are usually long and narrow. They often have a dragon's head at the front and a tail sweeping up the back. 

 Choose which color(s) of clay to use for your dragon boat. To make your own shades, mix two or more colors. Knead until the color is evenly mixed. 

 To shape your boat, make a long, thick roll of clay. Hollow out the center of the boat by pressing into the roll with your fingers.  Smooth the inside edges. 
 Shape more modeling material into a dragon's neck and head.  Many dragons have long jaws. Their necks are often long and graceful. Press the bottom of the neck onto one end of the boat. 

 Use more clay to sculpt your dragon boat's tail. You might roll the modeling material into a snake that is thicker at one end than the other. Fold the roll back and forth on itself to make a wavy tail. Press the thick end of the tail onto the other 

 Add finishing features to your dragon boat head and tail with contrasting colors of Model Magic.  You could add eyes, teeth, a nose, or decorations on the boat if you'd like. Shape small pieces of clay for detail work.

32 Decorate a Dragon Decorate this dragon with glitter, paint, markers, rice, or anything else creative you can find!

33 Taiwan Quiz 1. What are the colors of the Taiwanese flag?
Red and white
 Red and Yellow Blue, white and red
 Blue, Yellow, and Green 2. From which province in China did the majority of the initial Chinese migrants come? Henan
 Szechuan Canton
 Fujian 3. Who is considered to be the Founding Father of the Republic of China? Mao Tse Dung Chiang Kai Shek Dr. Sun Yatsen
 Chen Shui Bian 4. What's the highest mountain in Taiwan? Alishan
 Yushan Tienmu
 Chushan 5. What is the traditional color for weddings in Taiwan? Yellow

 Red White
 Green 6. 13 is an unlucky number in the West, but which number is unlucky in Taiwan? 4
 3 8
 7 7. This Taiwanese company ranks among the world's top ten branded PC vendors. Established in 1976, this company Group employs 7,800 people supporting dealers and distributors in over 100 countries. Giant
 Acer Gigabyte
 EVA 8. Which one of these European nations never occupied any part of Taiwan? The Netherlands

 Portugal Sweden Spain

34 History & Geography Activity
Taipei, located on the western bank of the ____________ River at the northern end of Taiwan Island. Taipei, which means ________________ in Chinese, is the political, economic, cultural, and transportation center of Taiwan. The city owes its prominence and growth to its designation as an administrative capital in ___________, a role that was enlarged in 1949 when the _____________________ lost the Chinese civil war against the Communists and retreated to Taiwan. Taipei has a humid _______________ climate, with _____________ summers and __________ winters. Rainy precipitation occurs year round, though rainfall is greatest from October to March when the northeast monsoon prevails. _____________, sometimes quite destructive, are common from June to October. Taipei covers a total area of ___________ square miles. East and west of the central railroad station is an old central business district, and north and south of this area lie the old major commercial neighborhoods. Southeast of the central business district is the main administrative area, where the Presidential Building, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and other central government buildings are located. Also here is the National Central Library, which lies across from the ___________ Memorial Hall. East of this administrative district are two industrial zones, divided by a small commercial area. Several new commercial districts were established north and east of old Taipei. The Hsinyi area in the east is a commercial center containing major new businesses as well as cultural and administrative institutions, including the Taipei City Hall, the ______________ Memorial Hall, and the Taipei World Trade Center.

35 Answer Keys Blue, white, red Fujian Dr. Sun Yatsen Yushan Red 4 Acer
Sweden Taipei, located on the western bank of the Tanshui River at the northern end of Taiwan Island. Taipei, which means "northern terrace" in Chinese, is the political, economic, cultural, and transportation center of Taiwan. The city owes its prominence and growth to its designation as an administrative capital in 1894, a role that was enlarged in 1949 when the Kuomintang lost the Chinese civil war against the Communists and retreated to Taiwan. Taipei has a humid subtropical climate, with warm summers and mild winters. Rainy precipitation occurs year round, though rainfall is greatest from October to March when the northeast monsoon prevails. Typhoons, sometimes quite destructive, are common from June to October.Taipei covers a total area of 106 square miles. East and west of the central railroad station is an old central business district, and north and south of this area lie the old major commercial neighborhoods. Southeast of the central business district is the main administrative area, where the Presidential Building, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and other central government buildings are located. Also here is the National Central Library, which lies across from the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall. East of this administrative district are two industrial zones, divided by a small commercial area. Several new commercial districts were established north and east of old Taipei. The Hsinyi area in the east is a commercial center containing major new businesses as well as cultural and administrative institutions, including the Taipei City Hall, the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, and the Taipei World Trade Center.

36 The Taipei skyline at night
Mayor’s Office 200 East Washington St. #2501 Indianapolis, IN Contact: Created: July 2012 36

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