# The Physics of Sports Main Injector, 2 miles around Tevatron, 4 miles around Fermilab.

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The Physics of Sports

Main Injector, 2 miles around Tevatron, 4 miles around Fermilab

Argonne National Laboratory

Physics explains things that are very, very large.

Physics explains things that are very, very small.

Physics explains things that are right in front of us.

Newton’s First Law

Objects at rest remain at rest Objects in motion remain in motion UNTIL YOU APPLY A FORCE

Newton’s First Law

Objects tend to resist a change in motion. This is called: Inertia

Newton’s Second Law This is an equation F = (something) X (something)

Newton’s Second Law F = ma Force = mass X acceleration What forces are important in sports?

Flight Path

Energy in the baseball/bat collision

The Home Run Swing Ball arrives on 10 0 downward trajectory Big Mac swings up at 25 0 Ball takes off at 35 0 The optimum home run angle! Courtesy of A. Nathan, University of Illinois. http://www.npl.uiuc.edu/~a-nathan/pob/

Newton’s Third Law For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

Newton’s Third Law

Conservation of Energy Potential Energy Kinetic Energy Compression Energy Heat and Sound Energy

Conservation of Momentum If m 1 = m 2, then v 1 = v 2

Conservation of Momentum

Ball material, size, shape, and texture Properties of the club, bat, racquet, or stick Equipment features

http://ffden-2.phys.uaf.edu/211_fall2002.web.dir/Daniel_Lenord/vault.html

Air Resistance (drag)

FRICTIONFRICTION

Resistance & Friction

The Power of Spin

Spins in Figure Skating

Reaction Time

Downhill skier speed: 80 mph

Reaction Time in Baseball Courtesy of R. Adair through A. Nathan.

Compare your reaction time… Equation used: t = √((2d)/g)

Physical laws explain the world Newton’s Laws of Motion Conservation of Energy Conservation of Momentum These laws help us explain everything about sports. Physics really is everywhere!

Visit Fermilab www.fnal.gov Buffalo viewing Bicycling Walking Roller blading Canoeing Fishing

Visit Fermilab Lederman Science Center Tours Saturday morning physics Ask a Scientist On-line activities: www-ed.fnal.gov

The Physics of Sports

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