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Missions and Settlements p.118 First Missions are Built.

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Presentation on theme: "Missions and Settlements p.118 First Missions are Built."— Presentation transcript:

1 Missions and Settlements p.118 First Missions are Built

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3 Spain looks to Texas Mission of Corpus Christi de la Ysleta – 1 st permanent settlement of Europeans in Texas. Mission of Corpus Christi de la Ysleta – 1 st permanent settlement of Europeans in Texas. Near present day El Paso. Near present day El Paso. Spain made stronger effort to colonize Texas after the arrival of La Salle in Spain made stronger effort to colonize Texas after the arrival of La Salle in Presidio – military outpost Presidio – military outpost Spain built missions, presidios and towns in lands occupied by Native Americans. Spain built missions, presidios and towns in lands occupied by Native Americans.

4 A Tejas Mission Tejas is Native American word for friend. Tejas is Native American word for friend. San Francisco de los Tejas – First Spanish mission in east Texas. San Francisco de los Tejas – First Spanish mission in east Texas.

5 A Mission Abandoned The San Francisco de los Tejas Mission had trouble: The San Francisco de los Tejas Mission had trouble: Drought ruined crop Drought ruined crop Disease killed many Native Americans Disease killed many Native Americans The Tejas rejected the Catholic religion and resented the Spaniards The Tejas rejected the Catholic religion and resented the Spaniards It was abandoned, but the presence strengthened Spain’s claim to Texas. It was abandoned, but the presence strengthened Spain’s claim to Texas.

6 France Threatens Again France makes another attempt to claim lands by the Mississippi River. France makes another attempt to claim lands by the Mississippi River. French were not interested in taking territory or converting the Native Americans French were not interested in taking territory or converting the Native Americans French traded with the Native Americans and became their friends. French traded with the Native Americans and became their friends.

7 France Threatens Again The French attempted to establish a French mission for trade at the request of a Spanish priest. The French attempted to establish a French mission for trade at the request of a Spanish priest. When Louis de St. Denis arrived to negotiate the trade he was arrested and sent to the Spanish viceroy. When Louis de St. Denis arrived to negotiate the trade he was arrested and sent to the Spanish viceroy. The viceroy did not believe that France had no plans to occupy East Texas. The viceroy did not believe that France had no plans to occupy East Texas. Spain built new missions in East Texas using Louis de St. Denis as their guide and interpreter. Spain built new missions in East Texas using Louis de St. Denis as their guide and interpreter.

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9 Missions are Established in East Texas Within a year, the Spanish had established 6 missions and a small fort in east Texas. Within a year, the Spanish had established 6 missions and a small fort in east Texas.

10 San Antonio is Founded Spanish officials realized the need for a mission midway between New Spain and the new missions. Spanish officials realized the need for a mission midway between New Spain and the new missions. Presidio San Antonio de Bexar was set up near the San Antonio River. Later called San Antonio. Presidio San Antonio de Bexar was set up near the San Antonio River. Later called San Antonio. In 1718, Mission San Antonio de Valero was built. This mission became known as the Alamo. In 1718, Mission San Antonio de Valero was built. This mission became known as the Alamo.

11 Aguayo Defends the Missions War broke out between Spain and France in 1719 War broke out between Spain and France in 1719 This halted the settling of East Texas. This halted the settling of East Texas. French soldiers from Louisiana seized the Spanish mission near present day Nacogdoches. French soldiers from Louisiana seized the Spanish mission near present day Nacogdoches. The viceroy of New Spain sent Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo to take back East Texas. The viceroy of New Spain sent Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo to take back East Texas.

12 Aguayo Founds Two Cities Aguayo built a large presidio, Nuestra Senora del Pilar de los Adaes, in Louisiana. Aguayo built a large presidio, Nuestra Senora del Pilar de los Adaes, in Louisiana. French commander St. Denis claimed the presidio was in French territory, but never tried to drive them away. French commander St. Denis claimed the presidio was in French territory, but never tried to drive them away. Aguayo established Los Adaes which became the unofficial capital of Texas in 1722 and remained it for 50 years. Aguayo established Los Adaes which became the unofficial capital of Texas in 1722 and remained it for 50 years.

13 Plains People Resent Missions Spanish missionaries traveled among Native Americans converting them to Catholicism. Spanish missionaries traveled among Native Americans converting them to Catholicism. Most Native Americans were not interested in Catholicism but were rarely threatening. Most Native Americans were not interested in Catholicism but were rarely threatening. Plains Indians (Apache and Comanche) resented the Spaniards and raided their settlements regularly. Plains Indians (Apache and Comanche) resented the Spaniards and raided their settlements regularly.

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15 Life in the Missions Friars tried to persuade Native Americans to live close to the missions. Friars tried to persuade Native Americans to live close to the missions. Sometimes they forced Native Americans to settle near the missions. Sometimes they forced Native Americans to settle near the missions. Native Americans who lived on the mission were kept busy from dusk to dawn. Native Americans who lived on the mission were kept busy from dusk to dawn. Some adapted to mission life, but most left. They were not accustomed to regulated life. Some adapted to mission life, but most left. They were not accustomed to regulated life.

16 Soldiers Face Hardships Spanish soldiers duties included: Spanish soldiers duties included: Protecting the mission and nearby settlements. Protecting the mission and nearby settlements. Maintaining control over the Native Americans Maintaining control over the Native Americans Scouting the countryside for intruders. Scouting the countryside for intruders. The military men were often equipped and lived under difficult conditions. The military men were often equipped and lived under difficult conditions. Soldiers were accused of taking advantage of the Native Americans, who did not know Spanish ways. Soldiers were accused of taking advantage of the Native Americans, who did not know Spanish ways.

17 Imported Settlements in Spanish Texas San Antonio – largest settlement and by 1772 served as the capital. San Antonio – largest settlement and by 1772 served as the capital. Spanish officials imported 15 families from the Canary Islands in order to increase the population at San Antonio. Spanish officials imported 15 families from the Canary Islands in order to increase the population at San Antonio. Other important settlements: Other important settlements: Goliad Goliad Los Adaes Los Adaes Nacogdoches Nacogdoches

18 Living in Spanish Texas Spaniards made a living as farmers, ranchers, shopkeepers, shoemakers, fishers, barbers, etc… Spaniards made a living as farmers, ranchers, shopkeepers, shoemakers, fishers, barbers, etc… The population was made up of Spaniards, Native Americans and Mestizos- both Spanish and Native American heritage. The population was made up of Spaniards, Native Americans and Mestizos- both Spanish and Native American heritage.

19 A Tejano Heritage Takes Shape Tejano describes people of Mexican heritage who consider Texas their home. Tejano describes people of Mexican heritage who consider Texas their home. This heritage is reflected in the population, religion, language, institutions, and customs of Texans today. This heritage is reflected in the population, religion, language, institutions, and customs of Texans today. Tejanos started the first community school in San Antonio. Tejanos started the first community school in San Antonio.

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