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Friday, August 30, 2013 US History 1. Turn in 2.1 FIB reading 2. Write the following questions in your notes. Begin to answer them. In 5 minutes we are.

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Presentation on theme: "Friday, August 30, 2013 US History 1. Turn in 2.1 FIB reading 2. Write the following questions in your notes. Begin to answer them. In 5 minutes we are."— Presentation transcript:

1 Friday, August 30, 2013 US History 1. Turn in 2.1 FIB reading 2. Write the following questions in your notes. Begin to answer them. In 5 minutes we are moving to the Auditorium. 2.1 Spain’s Empire 1.Why did Spain create colonies in the Americas? 2.Which areas were colonized (2) to protect the colony in Mexico from other Europeans? 3.The system of racial hierarchy in the colonies was known as: 4.Who ended Indian slavery and worked for laws to protect the Indians? 5.Name the first colonial town in what would become the US:

2 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 Explain how the fur trade affected the French and the Indians in North America. Explain how and why Quebec was founded. Describe the French expansion in Louisiana. Objectives How did France’s American colonies differ from Spain’s American colonies?

3 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 French explorers sought a Northwest Passage to Asia. The French king claimed many of the lands they explored in their quest. Explorers for FranceArea explored Giovanni da Verrazano From present-day North Carolina to Maine Jacques CartierSt. Lawrence River area Robert de LaSalleMississippi basin Louis Joliet and Father Jacques Marquette Great Lakes, Mississippi basin Explain how the fur trade affected the French and the Indians in North America.

4 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 Fur traders and Jesuit missionaries settled France’s colonies in what is now Canada. Explain how the fur trade affected the French and the Indians in North America.

5 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2

6 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 The French sold the beaver pelts for high prices in Europe. Commerce was the dominant activity in the French colonies. Fur was scarce in Europe and the French traded with the Indians for valuable beaver pelts. Explain how the fur trade affected the French and the Indians in North America.

7 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 In exchange for the fur, the Indians got metal items such as arrowheads, axes, knives, hatches, and kettles. Indians trap beaver pelts Indians trade fur to French Indians get metal items French sell fur in Europe American Indians had never developed metal or iron items, and they eagerly traded fur pelts for anything metal. Explain how the fur trade affected the French and the Indians in North America.

8 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 Characteristics of a French Colony The French took little land because they were mostly fur traders and fishermen, not farmers. The French did not enslave Indians because they traded with Indians for beaver pelts. French fur traders married Indian women and raised families. The French king appointed a military governor- general to govern colony. The king did not permit an elected assembly. Explain how the fur trade affected the French and the Indians in North America.

9 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 Warfare broke out. The Indians who had metal weapons won the wars. Soon all Indian groups wanted to trade with the French for metal weapons. Because Indians hunted for a foreign market, rather than their own subsistence, they invaded hunting territories of other Indian groups. The market relationship between the French and Indians eventually caused conflicts. Explain how the fur trade affected the French and the Indians in North America.

10 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 Warfare also broke out among French fur traders as they competed to get more fur to sell in Europe. Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec on the St. Lawrence River in 1608 for protection. Quebec was the first permanent European settlement in Canada. Explain how and why Quebec was founded.

11 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 Having metal weapons, the French won the battle, but the Iroquois raided French settlements for decades and adopted metal weaponry. Not until 1701 did the French and their Indian allies defeat the Iroquois and bring peace to their colonies. In 1609, Champlain waged war against the Iroquois, the foes of the Indians who traded fur with him. Explain how and why Quebec was founded.

12 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 Guided by Indians, Robert de LaSalle sailed south on the Mississippi looking for the Northwest Passage in Instead, he discovered the Gulf of Mexico and the Mississippi River basin. He claimed the area for France and named it Louisiana, after King Louis XIV. Describe the French expansion in Louisiana.

13 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 Strengths of New Orleans Weaknesses of New Orleans Became France’s leading seaport and largest town in Americas. Located at tip of Louisiana, it was a valuable military base that protected French control of Mississippi watershed. Economy provided only trading with Indians or growing poor quality tobacco. Swampy landscape and hot climate promoted deadly diseases such as dysentery and malaria, and many colonists died. In 1718, the French founded New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi River. Describe the French expansion in Louisiana.

14 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 The French formed alliances with Indian groups throughout its colonies. The French became allies with Indian groups in the Louisiana district. This helped them stop English expansions into the west and south. Describe the French expansion in Louisiana.

15 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2

16 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 Catholic priests served as missionaries to convert Indians Colonies based on fur trade with Indians Colonies strictly controlled powerful monarch of the homeland Developed an urban culture Governed by military governor-general, civil administrator, and bishop Governed by viceroy appointed by the king, king-appointed council, & archbishop Large empire provided wealth of gold & silver Majority of colonists were men Many colonists married Indian women Many colonists were farmers or fur traders Place the following items in the correct spot on your Venn Diagram

17 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2 How did France’s American colonies differ from Spain’s American colonies? Seeing Spain’s wealth from its American colonies, other European nations established colonies in the Americas. France established trading settlements in present-day Canada, along the St. Lawrence River, and in what is now Louisiana. Describe the French expansion in Louisiana. Explain how and why Quebec was founded. Explain how the fur trade affected the French and the Indians in North America.

18 The Cold War BeginsThe French Empire Section 2


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