Presentation on theme: "U.S. History. He rose to power in France through a coup that overthrew the constitutional government. He instituted many positive changes in France."— Presentation transcript:
He rose to power in France through a coup that overthrew the constitutional government. He instituted many positive changes in France such as higher education and a system of civil law called the Napoleonic Code. To counter the plans by several factions in France to overthrow his government, Napoleon reinstituted hereditary monarchy in France by declaring himself Emperor. The significance of Napoleon’s rule includes the establishment of a modern secular state in France and the development of modern warfare. His military might in Europe motivated other European nations to ally with each other and laid the foundation for many of today’s international systems.
Describes France’s sale of New Orleans and a large amount of land west of the Mississippi to the United States in the early 1800s. President Thomas Jefferson sent James Monroe to France to negotiate the purchase. In 1803, Napoleon agreed to sell not only New Orleans to the United States but also the entire Louisiana Territory for $15 million. As a result, the United States nearly doubled in geographic area.
1800, France acquired Spanish Louisiana & New Orleans Because of pressure from the west and national security threats, Jefferson offered to buy New Orleans from France Offered Napoleon $10 million to buy New Orleans
Great Britain after the Revolution. United States after War Spanish land after Revolution Spanish Land 1800 New Orleans
Great Britain after the Revolution. United States after War Spanish land French Land in 1801 New Orleans
New Orleans Under My Wings The French and Spanish developed this port city during the eighteenth century. By century's end many in the United States saw New Orleans as a key to the new nation's future expansion and prosperity. (Chicago Historical Society) New Orleans Under My Wings The French and Spanish developed this port city during the eighteenth century. By century's end many in the United States saw New Orleans as a key to the new nation's future expansion and prosperity. (Chicago Historical Society)
Toussaint L’Ouverture, former slave led a slave rebellion in French Haiti. Napoleon unable to put down this rebellion which he wanted to use this island as stepping stone into America…. Forced him to abandon his dream of a French America.
Louisiana purchase Since Napoleon was at war with Great Britain he offered entire Louisiana Territory to US for $15 million Needed the money for his war with Great Britain Jefferson purchased Louisiana Territory for $15 million, about 3 cents an acre Doubled the size of the US Jefferson’s greatest accomplishment Why? Didn’t fight a war, no blood shed. Since Napoleon was at war with Great Britain he offered entire Louisiana Territory to US for $15 million Needed the money for his war with Great Britain Jefferson purchased Louisiana Territory for $15 million, about 3 cents an acre Doubled the size of the US Jefferson’s greatest accomplishment Why? Didn’t fight a war, no blood shed.
Third President of the United States Sent Lewis and Clark to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase Sent Robert R. Livingston and James Monroe to negotiate with the government of Napoleon I for the sale of New Orleans
Ruler of France during the Louisiana Purchase One of the greatest military commanders in history
Appointed resident minister at the court of Napoleon by President Jefferson Negotiated the Louisiana Purchase with the French
Studied law under the governor of Virginia, Thomas Jefferson Involved in the negotiations for the Louisiana Purchase in France, Spain and England Eventually became fifth President of the United States
U.S. Congress appropriate $2,000 to fund an expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory, which was led by Lewis and Clark Sent to study the Indian tribes, botany, geology, Western terrain and wildlife in the area Expedition lasted many months and almost 8,000 miles
Lewis possessed many intellectual and physical qualities, which were refined during additional training prior to the start of the expedition. Physically, he was in superb condition, over six feet tall with a lean frame. Given his army conditioning, he was fiercely loyal, disciplined, and flexible. His keen sense of observation and knack for writing detailed naturalistic and ethnographic accounts would prove to be invaluable for a man who would lead this strategically important expedition.
Lewis had an especially sharp eye for the details of flora and fauna, which is reflected in his journals. Immediately after Congress’ approval, Lewis began preparing himself and defining requirements in terms of supplies and men who would be recruited to accompany him. Lewis learned the theories and practices of navigation first from Jefferson, then later from trained astronomers and cartographers in Philadelphia. He took in all the data known about the Western frontier at the time, including distances, topography, and potential enemies, much of which his expedition would end up revising.
Explored Louisiana and the western lands all the way to the Pacific Ocean. On their expedition, Lewis and Clark charted the trails west, mapped rivers and mountain ranges, wrote descriptions and collected samples of unfamiliar animals and plants, and recorded facts and figures about the various Native American tribes and customs west of the Mississippi River.
Before Lewis met up with Clark, he began the expedition on August 30, 1803 in Pittsburgh PA. Lt. William Clark would offer to join Lewis on the expedition weeks later on October 13, 1803 at Camp Dubois (in present-day Indiana). From there, they sailed down the Ohio River towards St. Louis. In spring 1805, they continued to the headwaters of the Missouri River, struggled across the Continental Divide, and headed west along the Salmon, Snake, and Columbia Rivers to the Pacific. They landed at the mouth of the Columbia River, Astoria, Oregon. The expedition then ended on September 23, 1806 upon their return to St. Louis from Oregon.