Presentation on theme: "Philosophi-ball Part 1."— Presentation transcript:
0 Daily “Bell Ringer” Warm Up Bell Ringer #11 (8 Oct)11.) Napoleon chose to sell Louisiana to the United States during PresidentJefferson’s administration because:a.) he could use the money for his schemes at home.b.) he hoped the territory would one day help America thwart the ambitionsof the British.c.) he did not want to drive America into the arms of the British.d.) all of the above.CORRECT ANSWER: D
3 Philosophi-ball Discussion Philosophi-ball Topic:- A government has a right to use force, including the forced removal of a group of people & killings of civilians, to achieve their goal or rid their country of perceived threats to their economic, social, & political structure.(i.e. Syrian crisis of 2012)
4 Westward Expansion Part 1 U.S. History & The Constitution Unit 3 Notes:Westward Expansion Part 1U.S. History & The ConstitutionMr. Weathers
5 Today’s Lesson Standard / Indicator Standard USHC - 2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of how economic developments and the westward movement impacted regional differences and democracy in the early nineteenth century.USHC – 2.1: Summarize the impact of the westward movement on nationalism and democracy, including the expansion of the franchise, the displacement of Native Americans from the southeast and conflicts over states’ rights and federal power during the era of Jacksonian democracy as the result of major land acquisitions such as the Louisiana Purchase, the Oregon Treaty, and the Mexican Cession."The Trail of Tears"by Robert Lindneux
6 Chapter 6.3: United States Expands West (pgs. 199-201) 1.) Define the concept of nationalism that is emerging during the early 1800s? (use glossary to define)2.) What is the concept of manifest destiny that rises from this nationalistic spirit of Americans at this time? (use glossary to define)- A deep devotion to the interests & culture of one’s nation.- The 19th-century belief that the United States would had a divine mission to inevitably expand westward to the Pacific Ocean & into Mexican territory.
8 Chapter 6.3: United States Expands West (pgs. 199-201) 3.) Why was Jefferson interested in obtaining the Louisiana Territory from France?4.) How did the Louisiana Purchase affect the United States & its government?5.) Who were Meriwether Lewis & William Clark? What was their significance?See the primary source reading & questions on the worksheet for the answers to #6-8.- He feared that strong French presence in the middle of continent would threaten U.S. security and force the nation into an alliance with Britain.- Doubled the size of U.S. territory; expanded the power of the presidency & the central government- Explorers & Co-Captains recruited by Jefferson to lead the Corps ofDiscovery Expedition into the uncharted lands of the Louisiana Purchase.
9 6.3 Jefferson Alters the Nation’s Course 1803 Louisiana Purchase (Territory)- Purchased from France $15 million = doubled size of the U.S.- Jefferson’s loose interpretation of the Constitution’s elastic clause set theprecedent for future land acquisitions.- Secured Mississippi River as a highway for U.S. farm products. - Provided additional gov’t land for sale(Land Ordinance).- New land spread democracy = new statescreated on equal terms as the original 13.
11 6.4 The War of 1812 The War of 1812 Causes Key Events Aftermath 1.) Seizure of Americanships by Britain.1.) Admiral Perry defeats the British on Lake Erie.1.) The U.S. & Great Britaineventually resume tradewith each other.2.) British eventually exerttheir naval superiority &blockade the Atlantic Coast.2.) Impressment ofAmericans sailors byBritain.2.) Rush-Bagot agreementlimits the number ofwarships on the Great Lakes.3.) British seize WashingtonD.C. & burn the WhiteHouse.3.) Revelations that Britainsupplied Native Americanswith weapons.3.) Both nations agree onnorthern boundary of theLouisiana Territory & agreeto 10-year joint occupationof the Oregon Territory.4.) Andrew Jackson leadsU.S. forces to victory inBattle of New Orleans.5.) Treaty of Ghent ends the war.
12 Chapter 6.4: The War of 1812 (pgs. 202-205) 10.) What, if anything, did the War of 1812 accomplish? Support your ideas.11.) How does the war of 1812 shape theconcept of nationalism that was discussedat the start of this worksheet?- Solidified our standing as an independent nation, built a greater senseof nationalistic pride; spurred the westward movement on.- We proved ourselves for a second time,as a legitimate nation that could stand upto opposing world powers. We had arenewed sense of pride that we were trulyunited as one nation.
13 Oregon Oregon Territory - U.S. claim to Oregon = based on the Lewis - U.S. claim to Oregon = based on the Lewis& Clark expedition.- Americans moved to Oregon in order tofarm & trade in furs.- British & U.S. had joint occupation rightsfrom 1818 until a treaty was signed (1840s).- “54’ 40º or Fight!” 1844 DemocratPres. James K. Polk’s slogan.- Treaty of Oregon (1846) = SetCanada/U.S. border at 49º N Latitude.
16 Early 1800s Political Scene Politics- 1820s & 1830: states dropped propertyqualification for voting & expandedthe vote to all white males.- Disenfranchised Af. American propertyowners.- Andrew Jackson (Dem) = 1st presidentelected from the West- “Champion of the common man.”- Westward expansion strengthened theDemocratic Party.
18 Philosophi-ball Discussion Philosophi-ball Topic:- A government has a right to use the concepts of manifest destiny & nationalism to expand its borders, including the forced removal of a group of people & killings of civilians, to achieve their goal or rid their country of perceived threats to their economic, social, & political structure.
19 Indian Removal Act Indian Removal Act - U.S. westward movement displaced Native Americans.- Pres. Jackson’s Indian Removal Act (1830) = removednatives to the west = made room for whites.- S.E. Indians resisted (Seminoles = Florida) & Cherokee(Georgia) were assimilated.- Neither method successful.- Seminoles = defeated; Cherokee = lost legal land rights.- S.E. Indians = forced move to the Indian Territoryin Oklahoma (“Trail of Tears” ).- Removed by Pres. Martin Van Buren.- Moved 800 miles west on foot.- ¼ of the population died (4000+ out of 15000).
22 Impact on African American Slaves - Not all slaves trekked west with the owners = left family behind.- Westward expansion increased regional tensions.- Southerners defended their ‘peculiar institution’ & pushed slavery’sexpansion = Civil War.
23 Unit 3 Part 1: Westward Expansion Part 1 “I Am” Poem is a poem about a person, a group of people, or even an inanimateobject which uses the ideas of emotions and senses.I am __________________________I amI wonderI hearI seeI pretendI feelI touchI worryI cryI understandI sayI dreamI tryI hope“I Am” Poem Topics- A Federalist- A Democratic Republican- A pioneer moving west (man, woman, etc.)- A displaced Indian (Cherokee, Seminole,etc.) on the “Trail of Tears”.- An American soldier escorting the Indiansto the Indian Territory (Oklahoma).- A slave displaced from his family.
24 Today’s Lesson Standard / Indicator Standard USHC - 2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of how economic developments and the westward movement impacted regional differences and democracy in the early nineteenth century.USHC – 2.2: Explain how the Monroe Doctrine & the concept of Manifest Destiny affected the United States’ relationships with foreign powers, including the role of the United States in the Texan Revolution & the Mexican War.
25 Role of the Federal Government & the Courts Supreme Court:- Marshall Court ( ) strengthened role of the federal gov’t.- McCullough v Maryland (1819) - Court ruled Maryland could not stop theBank of the U.S.’s operations by imposing a tax. (penalty taxes = unconstitutional- Upheld federal gov’t’s right to establish a national bank.- Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) - Court ruled only the federal gov’t could controlinterstate commerce.
26 Role of the Pres. Jackson & the Federal Government Nullification Crisis (1830s)- Economic differences & North vs. South tensions over slavery’s spreadwest to the territories led to a conflict.- Fight between states’ rights & federal power.- North = wanted a high tariff to protect industries from foreign competition.- South = cash crops & consumers of manufactured goods; wanted thosegoods to be available at a cheaper price.- Viewed a high tariff as an “abomination.”- West sided with the North = supportfor internal improvements & cheaperland.
27 Role of the Pres. Jackson & the Federal Gov’t Cont. Nullification Crisis (1830s) Cont.- 1830s: S.C. used the states’ rights argument to declare the tariff null & void.- Pres. Andrew Jackson was determined to uphold the federal gov’t’s right to collect the tariff in SC &- Threatened to occupy S.C. with troops to enforce the tariff.- Compromise tariff was created & threat of federal force = S.C. rescinded their nullification of the tariff, but not to reject the right to nullify an act of Congress.- The immediate threat to the Union was averted, for now…US PresidentAndrew JacksonSC PoliticianJohn C. CalhounVS.
28 Monroe Doctrine Monroe Doctrine: - Early 19th century: S. American revolutions ended Spanish colonial rule & mercantilist relationship with Spain.- Britain then made strong trade ties withLatin America.- End of Napoleonic wars = Europeanmonarchs wanted to re-establish coloniesin Latin/South America.- Britain encouraged the U.S. to join inopposing any new colonial claims.- President Monroe warned Europeannations not to attempt to reestablishthose colonial claims.- American military was weak = Britishnavy helped enforce the Doctrine.
29 Manifest Destiny“Manifest Destiny” - ethnocentric confidence that other peoples were less favored by divine providence & should give way before the Americans.“Manifest Destiny” by Ken Salazar
30 Texas Annexation & the Mexican War - Americans moved to Texas at the invitation of Mexico to have more land forcotton & slavery.- Terms included that Texans would obey the laws of Mexico.- Texas revolted & won their independence after Mexico outlawed slavery.- Mexico did not recognize Texan independence.- U.S. delayed Texas’ annexationto avoid controversy that theaddition of a new slave state.- Texas was independent for almost10 years.Final Battle of the Alamo: March 6, 1836
31 Texas Annexation & the Mexican War - Manifest Destiny - rallying cry for James K. Polk’s election in 1844.- Texas was annexed by Congress shortly thereafter (1845).- Pres. Polk sent emissaries to purchase additional Mexican territory = offerwas rejected.- Polk sent troops to a region indispute between Texas & Mexico.- Interpreted by Mexico as a hostileact = shots fired.- Pres. Polk interpreted the actionas an act of war.Siege of Veracruz, Mexico (March 1847)
32 Major General Winfield Scott & U.S. Troops March into Mexico City September 1847
33 Texas Annexation & the Mexican War Mexican War & the Mexican Cession- U.S. forces pushed into Mexican territory.- Peace treaty = U.S. got land that includes modern states of California,Arizona, & New Mexico (present southwestern U.S.).- Established an adversarial relationship carried into the 20th century.
34 Mexican-American War Political Cartoon – “Plucked”