Presentation on theme: "Our Dreams of Manifest Destiny"— Presentation transcript:
1 Our Dreams of Manifest Destiny Westward ExpansionOur Dreams of Manifest Destiny
2 The louisiana purchase and lewis and clark expedition The effect of thomas jefferson’s incredible vision
3 Thomas Jefferson Purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803 France was desperate for moneyWas about to go to war with BritainU.S. paid $15 million
4 Effects of the Louisiana Purchase The purchase doubled the size of the United StatesWater route to New Orleans was vital in trading
5 Lewis and ClarkJefferson asked them to explore the Louisiana TerritoryAttempted to find a route to the Pacific OceanCreated a map of the route they tookFollowed the Missouri River west
6 Facts about the expedition They carried all supplies with them, including boatsso they could sail homeYorkClark’s slaveHelpful because of his hunting skillsWas freed in 1811SacagaweaIndian girl who acted as a guide along the wayShe negotiated with Indians they met for horses and suppliesExpedition took 2 years time (1804 – 1806)Returned with a journal, plant samples, and drawings of animals and the landscape
7 War of 1812 War fought against Great Britain James Madison was U.S. President at the timeFought for freedom of the seasU.S. did not want to be attacked by BritishBritish were taking U.S. sailors and forcing them to work on their shipsWas our last war against BritainThey finally recognized us as a nationThey have been our ally ever since
8 War of 1812, continued The war was a draw No land won or lostWorld knew U.S. was a strong nationBritish burned the White HouseFirst Lady Dolly Madison saved important documents and painting of Pres. WashingtonBattle at Fort McHenryFrancis Scott Key watched from afarKey could see an enormous U.S. flag during the battleInspired to write the Star Spangled Banner
9 Star Spangled BannerOh, say, can you see, by the dawn's early light, What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight, O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming? And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof thro' the night that our flag was still there. O say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
10 The Texas Revolution In 1821, Texas was part of Mexico Many Americans settled in TexasLand good for growing cottonMexico upset that Americans wereBringing slavesNot learning SpanishNot becoming CatholicTexans fought for independenceBattle at the AlamoTexans used Alamo as their fortFought for 13 daysMexican president Santa Anna won the battle
11 Texas Revolution, continued Jose Antonio Navarro wrote Texas constitutionSam HoustonCommanded Texas army“Remember the Alamo” was his war cryAt battle that lasted 18 minutes, which he and his men wonThis battle won the war, and gave Texas their independence from Mexico
12 The Mexican War US wanted Texas to become a state President Polk Tried to buy California and New Mexico from Mexico, but they refused to sellCongress voted to make Texas a stateThis started a war with Mexico in 1846During war, U.S. captured California and New MexicoAlso captured Mexico City, Mexico’s capitalMexico then surrenderedTreaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ended the war
13 Result of Mexican War U.S. gained Texas U.S. also gained “Mexican Cession” (land ceded to U.S. by MexicoLands that today make up the states of California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and New MexicoGadsden PurchaseBought a piece of land to extend the railroads in America
14 ReviewHow might things be different if Jefferson hadn’t made the purchase?How did the United States achieve Manifest Destiny?Was it fair how we got our land? Explain your answer.