Presentation on theme: "Westward Expansion Our Dreams of Manifest Destiny."— Presentation transcript:
Westward Expansion Our Dreams of Manifest Destiny
The louisiana purchase and lewis and clark expedition The effect of thomas jefferson’s incredible vision
Thomas Jefferson Purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803 France was desperate for money –Was about to go to war with Britain –U.S. paid $15 million
Effects of the Louisiana Purchase The purchase doubled the size of the United States Water route to New Orleans was vital in trading
Lewis and Clark Jefferson asked them to explore the Louisiana Territory Attempted to find a route to the Pacific Ocean Created a map of the route they took Followed the Missouri River west
Facts about the expedition They carried all supplies with them, including boats –so they could sail home York –Clark’s slave –Helpful because of his hunting skills –Was freed in 1811 Sacagawea –Indian girl who acted as a guide along the way –She negotiated with Indians they met for horses and supplies Expedition took 2 years time (1804 – 1806) Returned with a journal, plant samples, and drawings of animals and the landscape
War of 1812 War fought against Great Britain James Madison was U.S. President at the time Fought for freedom of the seas – U.S. did not want to be attacked by British – British were taking U.S. sailors and forcing them to work on their ships Was our last war against Britain – They finally recognized us as a nation – They have been our ally ever since
War of 1812, continued The war was a draw – No land won or lost – World knew U.S. was a strong nation British burned the White House – First Lady Dolly Madison saved important documents and painting of Pres. Washington Battle at Fort McHenry – Francis Scott Key watched from afar – Key could see an enormous U.S. flag during the battle – Inspired to write the Star Spangled Banner
Star Spangled Banner Oh, say, can you see, by the dawn's early light, What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight, O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming? And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof thro' the night that our flag was still there. O say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
The Texas Revolution In 1821, Texas was part of Mexico Many Americans settled in Texas – Land good for growing cotton – Mexico upset that Americans were Bringing slaves Not learning Spanish Not becoming Catholic Texans fought for independence – Battle at the Alamo Texans used Alamo as their fort Fought for 13 days Mexican president Santa Anna won the battle
Texas Revolution, continued Jose Antonio Navarro wrote Texas constitution Sam Houston – Commanded Texas army – “Remember the Alamo” was his war cry At battle that lasted 18 minutes, which he and his men won This battle won the war, and gave Texas their independence from Mexico
The Mexican War US wanted Texas to become a state President Polk – Tried to buy California and New Mexico from Mexico, but they refused to sell – Congress voted to make Texas a state This started a war with Mexico in 1846 During war, U.S. captured California and New Mexico Also captured Mexico City, Mexico’s capital – Mexico then surrendered – Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ended the war
Result of Mexican War U.S. gained Texas U.S. also gained “Mexican Cession” (land ceded to U.S. by Mexico – Lands that today make up the states of California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico Gadsden Purchase – Bought a piece of land to extend the railroads in America
Review How might things be different if Jefferson hadn’t made the purchase? How did the United States achieve Manifest Destiny? Was it fair how we got our land? Explain your answer.