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  Baton Rouge = Red Stick  This marked the area between two Native American tribes and the French. La Capitale.

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Presentation on theme: "  Baton Rouge = Red Stick  This marked the area between two Native American tribes and the French. La Capitale."— Presentation transcript:


2   Baton Rouge = Red Stick  This marked the area between two Native American tribes and the French. La Capitale

3   Who founded the area?  The French; René Robert Cavalier de la Salle claimed it for France.  What is the origin of the name?  Named in honor of King Louis XIV  How did the U.S. obtain it?  In 1803 France (Napoleon) sold it to the U.S. for $15 million in the Louisiana Purchase, which doubled the size of the U.S. L’Histoire de la Louisiane

4  The Louisiana Purchase

5  L’Histoire des Acadiens

6  How did the whole thing begin? 1604  People from western France came to Nova Scotia, which was called Acadia (Acadie) at the time.

7   France gave Acadia to the British (due to a lost battle)  Acadia became a British colony.  The Acadians (who were French and had founded the area) refused to swear allegiance to the British crown. What changed it all? 1713

8   The British governor was fed up with the Acadians not cooperating, so…  …he decided to expel them…  Villages were attacked, people were imprisoned, houses were burned. Families were separated and put on boats, first men and then women and children.  This was one of the cruelest events in Canadian history. How did it get worse? 1755

9  How did it end up? 1760  Acadians bounced down the east coast (Virginia, Georgia, the Antilles) but did not stop. Why?  They were British colonies!  They ended up in Haiti and Louisiana. Why?  They were French colonies!

10   The Acadians rebuilt their community in Louisiana.  Other immigrants (German, Spanish, English, Blacks) became adopted Acadians.  Now close to 1 million Acadians in la Louisiane.  The Créoles were already there from (Part I) and the Caribbean in the cities. How did it end up? 1760

11   A changed form of the French word “acadien”; the Créoles couldn’t pronounce it.  These people came from Acadia (Acadie).  Settled in the bayous. Cajuns

12   A blend of French, Spanish, African, and American Indian language and food.  These people are from the Caribbean and France.  Arrived in Louisiana first.  Settled in the cities.  Créole

13   Cajuns  Fishing and farming  Créoles  Tourism and regular jobs How does each group make their living?

14   A distinct variation of French  A blend of Créole, French, and American Indian  Dying language now, the teachers aren’t French. Older people are upset about it because they don’t want to lose their culture. Language

15  Chop the g off the words that end with ing. Looking becomes lookin’ ; pinching becomes pinchin’. Substitute all long i sounds and short a sounds with ah. Time becomes tahm ; half becomes hahf. Sift out the hard consonants at the ends of words. Told becomes tol’ ; best becomes bes’. Boil all th sounds till the h evaporates. Throughout becomes t’roughout ; Thing becomes t’ing. Finely dice “correct grammar” to a pulp. Stir in a lilt, and add a pinch of music to the voice. Simmer into a rich stew. Spice with humor, a relish for festivity, a love for relaxation, and a dash of dramatic. Cook at approximately 80 to 90ºF. Bon appétit! Recipe for a Cajun Accent

16   A. There are no counties, people live in Parishes (from Roman Catholic France).  B. The laws are based on Napoleonic code, not British common law.  French Influences: Catholic religion, language, holidays, festivals, some food. Les Choses Uniques (Unique Things)

17   1 st city settled; the largest city  What is it called by the natives?  Nawlins  Le Vieux Carré?  Literally means “The Old Square”= The French Quarter; was originally a walled city.  Bourbon Street is the heart of the French Quarter. New Orléans

18   Food  Music  Mardi Gras 3 Biggest Attractions

19   En général  Seafood—crawfish (mudbugs), catfish, frog’s legs, alligator  Beignets  Po’ Boys  Spicy! Food

20   Cajun (Poor)  Rice, gumbo, jambalaya  Blackened with Cajun spices to cover poor quality or taste Food

21   Classic French (créoles & the rich)  French Revolution—chopped off heads; chefs needed jobs  1800’s—massive slave rebellion in Caribbean; owners fled to New Orleans and needed chefs. Food

22  BBirthplace of Jazz ZZydeco = accordian, fiddle, washboard; a blend of créole, cajun and african traditions. h Music

23   What would you see if you went there?  Mardi Gras World  St. Louis Cathedral  Street artists  fortune tellers, palm readers, caricature artists, clowns, jugglers…  Architecture  balconies and wrought iron balconies  Cemeteries  Can’t be buried, would be below sea level! La Nouvelle Orléans

24  Mardi Gras World

25  St. Louis Cathedral

26  Architecture

27  Cemeteries

28  WWhat to watch out for! VVery high crime, especially in cemetaries and during Mardi Gras MMurder capital of America  La Nouvelle Orléans

29  Mardi Gras

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