Presentation on theme: "1783 United States Wins Independence. Thirteen Colonies In 1775, American Patriots in the 13 colonies began fighting for independence from G. Britain."— Presentation transcript:
1783 United States Wins Independence
Thirteen Colonies In 1775, American Patriots in the 13 colonies began fighting for independence from G. Britain. Later, Spain joined the fight against the British. The Spanish governor of Louisiana helped us tremendously. He had victories over the British in the Bahamas, Florida, and Louisiana.
Louisiana’s Spanish Governor While Galvez the Spanish Louisiana governor was fighting he requested cattle from Texas to feed his men. Between 1779 and 1782 Tejanos drove around 10,000 cattle into Louisiana from Texas. This was the first ever cattle drive!
The New Nation The 13 colonies became a republic - a government in which voters elect officials to represent them. The new nation quickly grew, leading some Spanish officials to see it as a threat. U.S settlers soon pushed to the Mississippi River and into Louisiana. Spanish Officials allowed this because it boosted population.
France Forces Spain to Give back Louisiana In 1800 France forced Spain to give back Louisiana.
Background There had been conflicts between Spain and the U.S. concerning the Mississippi River before. The conflict was resolved in 1795, a treaty was written in which Spain allowed the U.S to use the Mississippi River and port of n. Orleans. Jefferson was uneasy about this treaty. He felt that at any moment Spain might cut off the U.S.’s use of the river.
The Louisiana Purchase
1803 A land deal between France and the United States. The U.S acquired approximately 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River. The land was purchased for $15,000,000.
President Thomas Jefferson As the U.S was expanding westward, navigation of the Mississippi River and access to the port of N. Orleans was critical. It was critical to ship and receive goods by vessel.