Overcoming Conflict What makes these three authors unique is their seemingly innate ability to achieve a positive outcome a difficult predicament or with a difficult decision.
Overcoming Conflict Characters: Each character must overcome conflict Resolution of the short story or novel involves the character attaining victory Main characters of all three authors’ novels must overcome immense external or internal factors
Overcoming Conflict Authors: The authors have overcome factors within themselves. Many environmental situations have arisen throughout the authors’ life.
Ernest Gaines Born at River Lake Plantation in Point Coupee Parish in 1933. Based fictional setting of Bayonne, LA on this plantation Now a writer in residence at Southeastern Louisiana in Lafayette
Ernest Gaines: Published Works Multiple books and short stories– most popular include: The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman In My Father’s House A Gathering of Old Men A Lesson Before Dying
Ernest Gaines: Literary Aspects Writes in first person narrative Writes with multiple viewpoints Racism a major theme Discarded usual stereotypes of racism Integrated the landscape and cultures of south Louisiana throughout his novels and short stories
Ernest Gaines: Personal Conflicts Born in slave quarters on a plantation Fifth generation of his family to be born there, moved to California at 15 Only attended school a few months out of the year as a child up to grade six Overcame cultural and educational barriers to become a celebrated writer
Ernest Gaines: Character Conflicts Each of his characters overcome an amazingly difficult situation: Ex. A Lesson Before Dying Grant and Jefferson – experienced immense personal growth due to their interactions
Henry Clay Lewis Born 1825 in South Carolina Entered doctor apprenticeship then medical school Settled in Madison Parish near the Tensas River Died 1850 trying to cross a flooded bayou to see a patient
Henry Clay Lewis: Published Works Published one collection of sketches after his death entitled Odd Leaves from the Life of a Louisiana “Swamp Doctor” Some sketches were first published in the Spirit of the Times, a journal in the 1800s.
Henry Clay Lewis: Literary Aspects Utilized pseudonym – Madison Tensas Genre was Southwestern Humor Main character involved in harrowing situation Dark, often satirical humor used to bring dire situations into a humorous light Infused sketches with swampy environment
Henry Clay Lewis: Personal Conflicts Wanted literary recognition despite using pseudonym to hide Works were autobiographical, main character, Dr. Tensas, performed some scandalous acts Internal conflict of wanting to hide his true self from his readers and craving their attention
Henry Clay Lewis: Character Conflicts Madison Tensas caught in multiple sticky situations Multiple conflicts with the barbaric swamp environment and its inhabitants As following southwestern humor, protagonist overcame these situations effortlessly and with the use of humor
Alice Dunbar Nelson Born 1875 in New Orleans Light complexion and often passed for white Politically active – supported the Anti- lynching Bill Active in issues that affected African – Americans and women in her time
Alice Dunbar Nelson: Published Works Authored short stories, lyric poetry, and Collections include: Violets and Other Tales,The Goodness of St. Rocque and Other Stories, and Give Us Each Day: The Diary of Alice Dunbar-Nelson Also had multiple fiction and nonfiction articles published in periodicals
Alice Dunbar Nelson: Literary Aspects Themes in her writings: racism, roles of gender in society and importance of love, death, war, and nature Authored short stories, lyric poetry and literary criticisms
Alice Dunbar Nelson: Personal Conflicts Overcame racial issues in New Orleans Often passed for white because she had a lighter complexion Was an activist for race and gender issues in society Unable to fully overcome these issues, but worked towards positive improvement
Alice Dunbar Nelson: Character Conflicts Wrote many short stories with a female main character Many of the characters were faced with overcoming ill fated love Characters also must overcome family and personal constraints