2 Jefferson Political Cartoon Napoleon: HornetJefferson: Prairie DogJames Monroe: NegociatorMaps: FloridaMessage: A gull for the people.
3 Issues with the purchase… Jefferson and others: Strict Interpretation of Constitution. Secretary of Treasury Albert Gallatin: Implied Powers of Constitution.Can the government be imposed upon people of New Orleans?Can slavery be introduced to the new region?
4 Meriwether Lewis Captain in the Army Served as Jefferson’s personal Secretary before the expedition.May 14, 1804 Expedition Begins (Lewis 29yrs.)September 23, 1806, returning to St. Louis.30 enlisted men were part of the expedition.Following year: Governor of LouisianaDied: October 11, 1809
5 William Clark Born 1770 Died 1838 From Virginia, moved to Kentucky at 14.Joined the army at 19. Rose to rank of Captain.Left the army in 1796 to manage family lands in Kentucky and Indiana1803: Lewis invites Clark to be co-captain of the Corps of DiscoveryAfter Trip: Brig. Gen. of Louisiana Malitia.Indian agent for the Louisiana Territory.
6 Journey PreparationLewis studied astronomy, botany, navigation, medicine, biology, and other scientific fields.Lewis purchased nearly two tons of supplies for the journey using $2500 allocated by congress. (sample supply list follows)
7 Supplies Mathematical Instruments: surveyor’s compass hand compass quadrantstelescopethermometers2 sextantsset of plotting instrumentschronometer (needed to calculate longitude)Clothing:45 flannel shirtscoatsfrocksshoeswoolen pantsblanketsknapsacksstockings
8 Supplies cont… Arms and Ammunition: 15 prototype Model 1803 muzzle-loading .54 caliber riflesknives500 rifle flints420 pounds of sheet lead for bullets176 pounds of gunpowder packed in 52 lead canisters1 long-barreled rifle that fired its bullet with compressed air, rather than by flint, spark and powderMedicine and Medical Supplies:50 dozen Dr. Rush’s patented "Rush’s pills"lancetsforcepssyringestourniquets1,300 doses of physic1,100 hundred doses of emetic3,500 doses of diaphoretic (sweat inducer)other drugs for blistering, salivation and increased kidney output
9 Supplies cont… Traveling Library: Barton’s Elements of Botany Antoine Simon Le Page du Pratz’s History of LouisianaRichard Kirwan’s Elements of MineralogyA Practical Introduction to Spherics and Nautical AstronomyThe Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemerisa four-volume dictionarya two-volume edition of Linnaeus (the founder of the Latin classification of plants)tables for finding longitude and latitudemap of the Great Bend of the Missouri River
10 Supplies cont… Camp Supplies: 150 yards of cloth to be oiled and sewn into tents and sheetsplierschisels30 steels for striking to make firehandsawshatchetswhetstonesiron corn milltwo dozen tablespoonsmosquito curtains10 1/2 pounds of fishing hooks and fishing lines12 pounds of soap193 pounds of "portable soup" (a thick paste concocted by boiling down beef, eggs and vegetables)three bushels of saltwriting paper, ink and crayons
11 Supplies cont… Presents for Indians: 12 dozen pocket mirrors 4,600 sewing needles144 small scissors10 pounds of sewing threadsilk ribbonsivory combshandkerchiefsyards of bright-colored cloth130 rolls of tobaccotomahawks that doubled as pipes288 knives8 brass kettlesvermilion face paint33 pounds of tiny beads of assorted colors
12 Route of Lewis and Clark Route from St. Louis up the Missouri River, across the Dakotas, and on to the Pacific.