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Louisiana Purchase. Jefferson Political Cartoon Napoleon: Hornet Jefferson: Prairie Dog James Monroe: Negociator Maps: Florida Message: A gull for the.

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Presentation on theme: "Louisiana Purchase. Jefferson Political Cartoon Napoleon: Hornet Jefferson: Prairie Dog James Monroe: Negociator Maps: Florida Message: A gull for the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Louisiana Purchase

2 Jefferson Political Cartoon Napoleon: Hornet Jefferson: Prairie Dog James Monroe: Negociator Maps: Florida Message: A gull for the people.

3 Issues with the purchase… Jefferson and others: Strict Interpretation of Constitution. Secretary of Treasury Albert Gallatin: Implied Powers of Constitution. Jefferson and others: Strict Interpretation of Constitution. Secretary of Treasury Albert Gallatin: Implied Powers of Constitution. Can the government be imposed upon people of New Orleans? Can the government be imposed upon people of New Orleans? Can slavery be introduced to the new region? Can slavery be introduced to the new region?

4 Meriwether Lewis Captain in the Army Captain in the Army Served as Jefferson’s personal Secretary before the expedition. Served as Jefferson’s personal Secretary before the expedition. May 14, 1804 Expedition Begins (Lewis 29yrs.) May 14, 1804 Expedition Begins (Lewis 29yrs.) September 23, 1806, returning to St. Louis. September 23, 1806, returning to St. Louis. 30 enlisted men were part of the expedition. 30 enlisted men were part of the expedition. Following year: Governor of Louisiana Following year: Governor of Louisiana Died: October 11, 1809 Died: October 11, 1809

5 William Clark Born 1770 Died 1838 Born 1770 Died 1838 From Virginia, moved to Kentucky at 14. From Virginia, moved to Kentucky at 14. Joined the army at 19. Rose to rank of Captain. Joined the army at 19. Rose to rank of Captain. Left the army in 1796 to manage family lands in Kentucky and Indiana Left the army in 1796 to manage family lands in Kentucky and Indiana 1803: Lewis invites Clark to be co-captain of the Corps of Discovery 1803: Lewis invites Clark to be co-captain of the Corps of Discovery After Trip: Brig. Gen. of Louisiana Malitia. After Trip: Brig. Gen. of Louisiana Malitia. Indian agent for the Louisiana Territory. Indian agent for the Louisiana Territory.

6 Journey Preparation Lewis studied astronomy, botany, navigation, medicine, biology, and other scientific fields. Lewis studied astronomy, botany, navigation, medicine, biology, and other scientific fields. Lewis purchased nearly two tons of supplies for the journey using $2500 allocated by congress. (sample supply list follows) Lewis purchased nearly two tons of supplies for the journey using $2500 allocated by congress. (sample supply list follows)

7 Supplies Mathematical Instruments: Mathematical Instruments: surveyor’s compass surveyor’s compass hand compass hand compass quadrants quadrants telescope telescope thermometers thermometers 2 sextants 2 sextants set of plotting instruments set of plotting instruments chronometer (needed to calculate longitude) chronometer (needed to calculate longitude) Clothing: 45 flannel shirts coats frocks shoes woolen pants blankets knapsacks stockings

8 Supplies cont… Arms and Ammunition: Arms and Ammunition: 15 prototype Model 1803 muzzle- loading.54 caliber rifles 15 prototype Model 1803 muzzle- loading.54 caliber rifles knives knives 500 rifle flints 500 rifle flints 420 pounds of sheet lead for bullets 420 pounds of sheet lead for bullets 176 pounds of gunpowder packed in 52 lead canisters 176 pounds of gunpowder packed in 52 lead canisters 1 long-barreled rifle that fired its bullet with compressed air, rather than by flint, spark and powder 1 long-barreled rifle that fired its bullet with compressed air, rather than by flint, spark and powder Medicine and Medical Supplies: 50 dozen Dr. Rush’s patented "Rush’s pills" lancets forceps syringes tourniquets 1,300 doses of physic 1,100 hundred doses of emetic 3,500 doses of diaphoretic (sweat inducer) other drugs for blistering, salivation and increased kidney output

9 Supplies cont… Traveling Library: Traveling Library: Barton’s Elements of Botany Barton’s Elements of Botany Antoine Simon Le Page du Pratz’s History of Louisiana Antoine Simon Le Page du Pratz’s History of Louisiana Richard Kirwan’s Elements of Mineralogy Richard Kirwan’s Elements of Mineralogy A Practical Introduction to Spherics and Nautical Astronomy A Practical Introduction to Spherics and Nautical Astronomy The Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris The Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris a four-volume dictionary a four-volume dictionary a two-volume edition of Linnaeus (the founder of the Latin classification of plants) a two-volume edition of Linnaeus (the founder of the Latin classification of plants) tables for finding longitude and latitude tables for finding longitude and latitude map of the Great Bend of the Missouri River map of the Great Bend of the Missouri River

10 Supplies cont… Camp Supplies: Camp Supplies: 150 yards of cloth to be oiled and sewn into tents and sheets 150 yards of cloth to be oiled and sewn into tents and sheets pliers pliers chisels chisels 30 steels for striking to make fire 30 steels for striking to make fire handsaws handsaws hatchets hatchets whetstones whetstones iron corn mill iron corn mill two dozen tablespoons two dozen tablespoons mosquito curtains mosquito curtains 10 1/2 pounds of fishing hooks and fishing lines 10 1/2 pounds of fishing hooks and fishing lines 12 pounds of soap 12 pounds of soap 193 pounds of "portable soup" (a thick paste concocted by boiling down beef, eggs and vegetables) 193 pounds of "portable soup" (a thick paste concocted by boiling down beef, eggs and vegetables) three bushels of salt three bushels of salt writing paper, ink and crayons writing paper, ink and crayons

11 Supplies cont… Presents for Indians: Presents for Indians: 12 dozen pocket mirrors 12 dozen pocket mirrors 4,600 sewing needles 4,600 sewing needles 144 small scissors 144 small scissors 10 pounds of sewing thread 10 pounds of sewing thread silk ribbons silk ribbons ivory combs ivory combs handkerchiefs handkerchiefs yards of bright-colored cloth yards of bright-colored cloth 130 rolls of tobacco 130 rolls of tobacco tomahawks that doubled as pipes tomahawks that doubled as pipes 288 knives 288 knives 8 brass kettles 8 brass kettles vermilion face paint vermilion face paint 33 pounds of tiny beads of assorted colors 33 pounds of tiny beads of assorted colors

12 Route of Lewis and Clark Route from St. Louis up the Missouri River, across the Dakotas, and on to the Pacific.


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