Presentation on theme: "Current Status of Shipyard Competent Person Programs in Louisiana and Texas Laura Hartline Weems United States Coast Guard Safety and Environmental Health."— Presentation transcript:
Current Status of Shipyard Competent Person Programs in Louisiana and Texas Laura Hartline Weems United States Coast Guard Safety and Environmental Health Officer
What do you think of when you think of the South? Perhaps...
POPEYES Fried Chicken
Drive through Package Stores
Or maybe you think of the boats...
Objective of research n n Evaluate Shipyard Competent Person programs and facility safety programs
Background- Marine Inspectors n n Coast Guard has Marine Inspector program for commercial vessels n n Inspectors often conduct inspections on vessels in shipyards n n Principle hazard- confined space entry on vessels (fuel tanks, cargo tanks, voids)
Background- confined spaces n n Confined space entry is serious hazard CG definition: Limited openings, unfavorable ventilation, & not designed for continuous human occupancy Ships have many confined spaces Ships also carry many hazardous chemicals -cargoes, fuel, cleaners
Background- confined spaces n n Confined space are normally first verified as “Safe for Workers” by Marine Chemist n n OSHA allows Shipyard Competent Person to recheck spaces to maintain MC Certificate n n Safety is rarely their primary duty
Background- SCPs n n OSHA only requires that SCPs know how to do their job, does not require formal training n n SCPs are usually the new employees at a facility. Receive little training on instruments & recognizing hazardous conditions n n There is no formal audit program in place to evaluate SCPs
Background- CG’s position n n Coast Guard safety policies are more stringent than OSHA’s n n OSHA’s regulations -29 CFR 1915- Safety standards for shipyard employment n n OSHA allows for: Oxygen 19.5% - 22.0% 10% of Lower Explosive Limit Toxic vapors/gasses < PEL
Background- CG’s position n n Coast Guard Marine Safety Offices usually add more restrictions to CG safety policies n n Policies for each MSO may differ n n Shipyards are expected to abide by all policies when CG inspectors are at their facility
Background- Why District 8?
Background continued è Examples of common shipyards in Louisiana and Texas...
Description of research n n Survey tool was designed to gather info shipyard competent persons facilities policies and procedures n n Planned visits to shipyards in Louisiana and Texas to conduct survey
Research Methods n n Questionnaire used to survey SCPs and facilities n n 3 main sections Background Information (6 questions) Basic Knowledge (15 questions) Facility policies and procedures (17 questions)
Example Questions n n 9. Define LEL (Lower Explosive Limit): _________________ n n 16. What is the normal atmospheric level of oxygen? _______% n n 20. What does it mean to visually inspect a space? _____________ n n 30. How often do you zero your instrument(s)? ______________
Research Methods n n Pilot administration in Rhode Island 2 SCPs at 2 shipyards n n Revisions made n n Over 3 weeks, visited 46 SCPs in 24 shipyards in New Orleans, Morgan City and Houston
Research Methods PortNo.No. SCPsShipyards New Orleans2210 Morgan City179 Houston75
Research Results n n 35 of the questions had point values of 0-4 pts for total possible score of 140 pts. Lowest: 55 pts Highest: 125 pts Mean: 95 pts n n Very broad distribution of scores
Comparison of zone scores
Project Results- Distribution n n The distribution of scores was determined. Surprising results: 40% knew term Lower Explosive Limit 30% knew term Adjacent Space 75% knew what normal atmospheric level of oxygen was 65% knew what results constituted safe oxygen levels and Lower Explosive Limits
Project Results- Summed Score n n Tests were performed to compare scores between different groups of SCPs n n Chose the 95% confidence interval as significant
Project Results- Summed Score n n Not significant: High school graduate vs. not a high school graduate More than 3 years on the job vs. less than 3 years n n Significant: NFPA 3-day course vs. other courses Large (>200) shipyards vs. small (1-99) or medium (100-199)
Project Results- Summed Score n n Significant: NFPA 3-day vs. Marine Chemist course &/or in-house training programs n n Not significant: Marine Chemist course vs. in-house training
Conclusions n n Questionnaire is good survey tool n n SCPs & facilities are not up to regulatory standards Average score for basic knowledge: 70% For facility practices and procedures: 75% n n The Coast Guard should continue to set stringent safety guidelines for its personnel
Conclusions n n Inadequate evidence that CG inspectors can uniformly rely on SCPs & facilities n n Training appears to have strong influence on SCP competency n n Larger shipyards had better programs in place than the smaller ones
Recommendations n n Surveys should be done of SCPs & facilities by CG units every 12-18 months n n Coast Guard should make policies even more conservative to match needs of units
Recommendations n n OSHA should require that SCPs be trained in a course similar to NFPA’s “empowerment” education 3 days versus 1 or 2 days professional instructors n n Biannual refresher training should also be required