Presentation on theme: "Manifest Destiny Chapter 13 “from sea to shining sea”"— Presentation transcript:
1Manifest DestinyChapter 13“from sea to shining sea”
2Manifest DestinyManifest Destiny - the belief many Americans had that we should expand all the way to the Pacific “from sea to shining sea.”By 1844, this became government policyFrom sea to shining sea!Pacific OceanAtlantic Ocean
3Manifest Destiny pictures Pictures of people movingThe desire to move west and expand
4How did we get all the land? The U.S. got land many different ways.Through treatiesThrough war NegotiationsThrough agreements with other countriesThe United States already had the land in green from winning the Revolutionary War with the British
5Louisiana PurchaseLouisiana Purchase – 1803 – Thomas Jefferson purchased this land from the French for $15 million.It doubled the size of the United States
6FloridaAdams-Onis Treaty – 1819 – Spain gave Florida to the United States.U.S. paid $5 million as part of the treatySpain was having problems with the Indians in Florida and gave up its claim.
7Texas AnnexationOriginally Texas was owned by the Spanish and was called Tejas.In 1821, Mexico gained its independence from Spain and Tejas became Mexico.Stephen Austin began attracting Americans to Tejas soon there were more Americans in Tejas than Tejanos.
8Texas AnnexationA rebellion began – Americans fought for independence from Mexico and won.The Lone Star Republic was formedTexas Annexation – 1845 – President James Polk added Texas to the United States in 1845To annex – to addProblem: Mexico and the US disagreed on the Southern border of Texas Rio Grande v. Nueces River miles difference
9Oregon TerritoryOregon Territory – 1846 – the United States and Britain agreed to divide the Oregon territory in half.This serves as the border between the US and Canada
10Mexican CessionAs a result of the Texas border dispute, Mexico and America went to war.In Feb. 1848, the war officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
11Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Mexican Cession – 1848 – Mexico ceded (gave up) this land to the U.S. as part of the treaty after the war.U.S. would pay $15 million to MexicoArea includes present-day California, Nevada, Utah, parts of New Mexico and ArizonaMexico also agreed that the Rio Grande would be the southern border of Texas.
12Gadsden PurchaseGadsden Purchase – 1853 – Mexico sold this land to the U.S. for $10 million. It is the last piece to complete the U.S.The U.S wanted it for the railroad – to avoid the Rocky Mtns.
16Heading WestOnce all this new land and territory was gained, people began to move west.Reasons people moved west:Land speculators bought huge amounts of land hoping to make moneyIn search of new markets to sell goodsIn search of gold and wealthReligious reasons
17Santa Fe Trail Oregon Trail People in New Mexico were eager for new merchandiseMany traveled the Santa Fe Trail to Santa Fe New Mexico in search of new markets for goods.Oregon TrailTales of Oregon’s great land and climate tempted people to travel there.Many traveled the Oregon Trail to head northwest and begin new lives.
18Mormon TrailWhile most pioneers went in search of wealth, the Mormons went for religious reasons.Mormons traveled to Salt Lake City on the Mormon Trail and settled in Utah.Brigham Young, the Mormon leader, moved his people to Utah hoping his people would be left to follow their faith in peace.Not all agreed with the Mormon teachings.
19Gold!John Sutter, a Swiss immigrant, bought 50,000 acres in CaliforniaJames Marshall, a carpenter, was building a sawmill on Sutter’s Mill when “my eye caught a glimpse of something shining… I reached my hand down and picked it up; for I was certain it was gold!”
20Gold RushThousands of Americans raced to California in hopes of finding gold themselvesThis became known as the California Gold RushA forty-niner became known as someone who went to California in 1849 to seek gold.
21Rush is over The gold rush was over by 1852. While it lasted 250,000 people (mostly men) flooded to California in search of goldEffects of the gold rush:This huge migration of people cause economic growth that changed California forever.Native Americans died from disease and were pushed off land.California applied for statehood.
22Primary and Secondary Sources Where do historians get their information??
23Where??Historians use a wide variety of sources to answer questions about the past. In their research, history scholars use both primary sources and secondary sources
24Primary Source What is a primary source? Primary sources are actual records that have survived from the past.Examples include:lettersdocumentsphotographs/postersarticles of clothingoriginal speeches written by actual people
25Primary Source Examples Primary sources are actual records that have survived from the past.An original slave reward posterWashington’s handwritten farewell addressDeclaration of IndependenceAn actual drawing from Meriwether Lewis from his journal
26Secondary Source What is a secondary source? Secondary sources are accounts of the past created by people writing about events sometime after they happened. Examples include:history textbookBooks written about famous people in history (biographies)A conversation with someone about famous people in history
27Secondary Source Examples Secondary sources are accounts of the past created by people writing about events sometime after they happened.A conversation about Thomas Jefferson with Thomas Jefferson’s great-great-great granddaughterA book written about George Washington (a biography)