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Expansion of the United States: The Northwest Ordinance and Louisiana Purchase 1785-1803.

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Presentation on theme: "Expansion of the United States: The Northwest Ordinance and Louisiana Purchase 1785-1803."— Presentation transcript:

1 Expansion of the United States: The Northwest Ordinance and Louisiana Purchase

2 The Land Ordinance--1785

3 Key Features of the Northwest Land Ordinance Required land to be surveyed into townships of 6 mile squares and divided into 36 one mile square sections (640 acres) A typical farm was equal to a ¼ section or 160 acres One section (N16) of every township was set aside for public education

4 The Northwest Ordinance Established territories for expansion and guidelines for becoming new states (after they reached a population of 60,000) Required a Representative Government SLAVERY WAS NOT ALLOWED! Guarantee Freedom of Religion and Rights to Trial by Jury (anticipated the Bill of Rights in 1789)

5 France Purchases Louisiana Louisiana was secretly dealt to France by Spain in the Treaty of Ildefonso in 1800 Napoleon hoped to re-establish a French presence in the New World The Haitian slave revolt eventually led to defeat of the French Army and their return to France –leaving Louisiana undefendable

6 The Louisiana Purchase-1803 Learning of the secret deal, Jefferson sent Robert Livingston and James Monroe to purchase Louisiana from Napoleon. Livingston Monroe Napoleon

7 The Louisiana Purchase $$$ Total Cost was $15 million Doubled the size of the United States President Thomas Jefferson sent Lewis and Clark to explore the new territory and find the source of the Missouri River (Hoping to find a Northwest Passage)

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