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International universities mini UAV competition Philippe Choy, ONERA.

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Presentation on theme: "International universities mini UAV competition Philippe Choy, ONERA."— Presentation transcript:

1 International universities mini UAV competition Philippe Choy, ONERA

2 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 Subsidized by DGA, organized by Onera Open to engineering schools and universities (2 nd cycle degree program) Goals :  Demonstrate the operational interest presented by mini UAVs to seek objectives in an urban landscape  Bring forth innovative concepts and solutions, constitute a library of technological subsets Original method : an initial financing is awarded to the competitors (leaded by a French team) because of the difficulty of the technological challenge Context

3 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003  Stimulate the university research in the field of mini UAVs and micro-technologies  Favor the French-French and international cooperation, if possible to discover competence (laboratories) abroad which could lead to future cooperation  Competitions are highly esteemed by students (Shell Marathon, E=M6 cup) Why appeal to engineering schools and universities ?  Because the "academics" (students and teachers) can have simple and original ideas, and can afford to take more technological risks than the manufacturers  Most of the schools and universities have research laboratories  This subject can easily join a motivating educational project (multidisciplinary aspect) Why organize a competition ?

4 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 What already exists in the States –University MAV competition  low navigation autonomy  low size is privileged –Flying robots competition  fully autonomous  very heavy (and expensive) –Direct DARPA funding to university laboratories The competition organized by DGA and Onera proposes an intermediate approach

5 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 To know everything about the DGA competition : Bilingual French / English –Regulation download (final version: September, 2003 ) –Application form –List of the registered competitors –Frequently Asked Questions –Latest news

6 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 Schedule Academic years Sept 02 Sept 03 Sept 04 June 03 June 04 June 05 Year 1 Pricegiving Application ends April 05 June 04 end k€ awarded to 9 other teams Second defence of technical dossiers In flight demonstrations Safety dossiers Operational and static testing Year 2Year 3 Application year 1 Financial contribution (only teams leaded by a French school or university) 40 k€ awarded to 10 teams May 03 Defence of technical dossiers 

7 Journées Micro-drones Octobre A static judgement - An “operational” judgement Marking criteria (appendix IV of the regulation) Design : miniaturization, micro-technologies, endurance, vulnerability, assembly / disassembly / transport… Navigation autonomy : take-off and landing, tele-piloting or autonomous navigation in free space or below the tops of buildings Operational capacity : achievement of mission objectives, real-time transmission and\or data storage, stabilisation, images quality, targets identification… The great day : June 2005

8 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 The operational testing (2005) 7/ moving towards destination (team + material) 5/ search for snipers (pre-indicated facades) Point of departure 1/ arrival of the competitors 2/ system deployment ; UAV(s) launch Final destination 3/ search for simples objectives 4/ stabilized image transmission Soldiers / check point 6/ UAV recovery - system packing 8/ end barricade sniper Zone area :  1 km 2 vehicle

9 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 Considered site for the final test –Artificial village (thus uninhabited) streets width : m 1 ou 2 floors ; only one 3 floors building (< 10 m) highest point : church’s bell tower (10 m) ; trees  20 m  Place not revealed today for security reasons (army area, near a shooting range)

10 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 Applications result in June 2003 (first financial assistance allocation) –23 teams registered –20 technical dossiers presented from 6 to 60 students & professors one team associated with foreign university (Mexico) association between 2 schools / universities for 8 teams –10 financial assistance allocated

11 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 Beneficiaries of the 10 first financial contributions Université de Technologie de Compiègne (projet AURYON) École Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechnique (projet AMADO) École Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et des Microtechniques École Nationale Supérieure des Arts et Métiers (Paris) – Université de Clermont-Ferrand École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris et École Centrale de Paris (projet Oiseau artificiel) École Centrale de Paris et École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris (projet Quadricoptère) Groupe ESIEE (projet Puls’ESIEE) Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Strasbourg (projet Cigognes) Université d'Évry Val d'Essonne (Laboratoire des Systèmes Complexes - projet XSF) École Supérieure de Conception et de Production Industrielle et CNAM (projet AéroDRONES)

12 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 The jury of June 2003 : 16 members –Chairwoman : Mrs Fargeon, DGA –Ministry of Defence DGA (SPMT, CTA) (2), French Army Staff (1) –French research organisations ONERA (2), École des Mines (1) –European organisations Saint-Louis Institute (2), European Spatial Agency (1), Royal Military Academy of Brussels (1), Pisa University (1) –Manufacturers (4) Dassault Aviation, EADS, Sagem, Thales –+ some observers (Ministry of Defence) not having participated in the vote

13 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 The proposed technical solutions Aerodynamic concepts (1/2) : Tilting wing & body (2) Coaxial ducted rotors with cyclic and collective pitch (3) Coaxial ducted rotors with fins (1) 4 tilting rotors (1)

14 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 The proposed technical solutions Aerodynamic concepts (2/2) : Ducted main and tail rotors helicopter (2) Fixed wing(s) (2) 4 rotors (6) Flapping wings (2) California University R/C helicopter (1)

15 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 Computer The proposed technical solutions Human-Computer Interaction : R/C transmitter+ video glasses Graphic tablet with sensitive screen  (« high level » navigation orders ) Joystick or « piloting glove » Joypad

16 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 The proposed technical solutions Onboard equipment : Motorization : electric or fuel (choice sometimes remaining to make) Camera(s) : fixed, directional (1 or 2 axes) or panoramic Generally Inertial Measuring Unit + GPS + additional systems Rangefinders / obstacles detection : IR, laser, ultrasound, stereoscopy Development of sensors / actuators using MEMS technology

17 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 The proposed technical solutions Specific softwares developments Images analysis (environment reconstruction, help for targets or obstacles detection) Often ambitious piloting-navigation function (high level of decision-making autonomy), requiring a step by step approach « by increasing difficulty levels » « AI type » algorithms for navigation

18 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 Comments of the jury –For the first series of financial contributions, the jury has decided to support the projects proposing innovative developments (aerodynamics, components, algorithms...) the human and educational means implemented also influenced the choices of the jury –But certain projects (even among the first 10 prize-winners !) contain gaps which it will be necessary to try hard to fill before the final test. It remains in particular to refine : the aerodynamic concepts and the piloting systems the choice of numerous components the balances of masses, volumes and powers …and it will be necessary to manage well the available time (only 2 years left !)…

19 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 The continuation –February 2004 : Second exam of the technical dossiers and allocation of 9 new financial contributions The technical solutions should begin to converge (and be more concrete…) –June-September 2004 : Safety test Foreseen during the “JMD 2004” (see final version of the regulation, appendix II) Exam of the safety dossiers : will allow the jury to make a technical point one year before the final test and to give the last recommendations Demonstration test (optional, public) : will allow the competitors to demonstrate the advancement of their project (and possibly to have the last contacts in case of difficulties)

20 Journées Micro-drones Octobre 2003 Conclusion The competition is today on the right track Important number of competitors Ambitious, interesting projects from the organizers’ point of view but… The jury regrets the low foreign participation (however, the application deadline is still far)

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