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Microbials Viruses, Bacteria & Fungal Pathogens Macrobials Predatory mites & insects, nematodes Semiochemicals Pheromones, Plant volatiles Natural Products.

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Presentation on theme: "Microbials Viruses, Bacteria & Fungal Pathogens Macrobials Predatory mites & insects, nematodes Semiochemicals Pheromones, Plant volatiles Natural Products."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Microbials Viruses, Bacteria & Fungal Pathogens Macrobials Predatory mites & insects, nematodes Semiochemicals Pheromones, Plant volatiles Natural Products Plant extracts, Seaweed products & Basic substances Tools have been available for many decades

3 e~nema SME, producing nematodes, fungi + bacteria for IPM

4 Pests developed resistance against synthetic pesticides Farmers used pesticides more frequencly and in higher dosis Serious problems with pesticide residues in food Success Story: Biological Control in European Greenhouse Industry

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6 Accepted Residues (MRL) Supermarkets go beyond governmental levels Source: (Waldner W. Frutta e Vite, 2009) Maximal pesticide Residue Level requested by Supermarket chains in Italy Maximal pesticide Residue Level requested by Supermarket chains in Germany 100% Legal MRL 50% 40% 30%33% 70% 80% Fruitlogistica 2013

7 Governmental support of 1000 €/ha to pay for technical support 2004: 100 ha use of biocontrol 2010: All ha use BCAs Today greenhouse vegetables are produced by IPM including biological control agents In outdoor agriculture, however, biocontrol is not yet part of IPM

8  Exaggerating regulation of biological control agents (micro-organisms, pheromones, botanicals)

9  Biocontrol agents regulated according to EU Reg. 1107/2009, following rules developed for synthetic chemical compounds  EU Policy Support Action REBECA gave recommendations for improvement, but proposals have not been implemented

10  Accelerate registration process (9 years is too long)  Formation of expert teams to handle BCAs only  Priorities for BCAs

11  Exaggerating regulation following rules developed for synthetic chemical compounds  Although EU pesticide legislation and political outreach is supporting non-chemical measures, the support for introduction of biocontrol in MS is half-hearted

12 Integrated Pest Management in European PP legislation The Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market: Point 35: To ensure a high level of protection of human and animal health and the environment, plant protection products should be used properly, in accordance with their authorisation, having regard to the principles of integrated pest management and giving priority to nonchemical and natural alternatives wherever possible.

13 MS give Art. 53 “emergency authorisations” although biocontrol agents are available. Member States do NOT used PPP properly MS give priority to chemical products MS violate existing EU legislation

14  Exaggerating regulation following rules developed for synthetic chemical compounds  Although EU pesticide legislation and political outreach is supporting non-chemical measures, the support for introduction of biocontrol in MS is half-hearted  Implementation of pesticide reduction programmes exclude biological control

15 Sustainable Use Directive 2009/128 EC Article 14: “the MS shall take all necessary measures to promote low pesticide-input pest management, giving wherever possible priority to non-chemical methods, so that professional users of pesticides switch to practices and products with the lowest risk to human health and the environment As a consequence, MS must developed NAPs to reduce pesticide use in the EU

16  NAPs hardly consider biological control as a possible means to reduce pesticides  EU funded projects like ENDURE and PURE „re-invent“ IPM, but do little for implementation of biological control

17  Biological control is supporting greening of CAP  EU policy supports introduction of biocontrol  MS could do much more for implementation of biocontrol in the EU


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